Frustrated friendship that could change the world

Frustrated friendship that could change the world



For many years after the end of the Second World War, the USSR government was silent about the Victory Parade of the Allied Forces, which passed 7 September 1945, in Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate immediately after the surrender of Germany’s ally Japan. Few people know, but the leadership of the Soviet Union had quite weighty arguments. The main reason is Stalin’s view that the Allies have downplayed the importance and importance of this Victory Parade. The fate of the participants in the parade was completely opposite - General Eisenhower soon became the president of the United States, and Marshal of the USSR Zhukov fell out of favor with Stalin and one of the blackest stripes came to his fate, when all his merits in the victory over Nazi Germany were only sound for the leadership of the Soviet Union and only the people continued to love and respect the national general.

After the world-famous Victory Parade, held in Moscow on 24 on June 1945, Marshal of the USSR Georgy Zhukov, as commander-in-chief of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, invited the commanders of all occupation garrisons of Allied forces to hold a joint parade in Berlin to mark the end of World War II. The idea was approved and supported, but its implementation was postponed until the end of the hostilities that were still taking place in the Pacific.

According to the preliminary agreement, the commanders-in-chief of the allied forces of the Soviet Union, the USA, France and Great Britain should have taken the parade. But at the very last moment, the diplomatic representatives of the Allies informed the Kremlin that the commanders-in-chief of the United States, Great Britain and France would not be able to take part in this parade for some reasons, it was also indicated that combat generals would arrive in occupied Berlin. In his memoirs about that time, Zhukov wrote: “I literally immediately called Stalin. After carefully listening to my report on this message from the Allied camp, he said: "They obviously want to belittle the importance and significance of the Victory Parade in defeated Berlin ... You accept the parade, especially since we have more rights to this than they."

As a result, the parade was received by Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov, and commanded by General Nares from the army of Great Britain. Circling the troops built on the Alexanderplatz guard of honor fully prepared for a solemn march, Marshal Zhukov, English Field Marshal Montgomery, Army General Eisenhower and French Army General Latre de Tassigny alternately congratulated the soldiers on the Victory.

5 thousand representatives of four coalition countries took part in the solemn march of troops. The parade march led the consolidated regiment of the 248th motorized infantry division of the USSR army, which stormed Berlin. Next was the combined regiment of the 2nd Infantry Division of the French Army. This was followed by the 131st Regiment of the Infantry Brigade of the British Army. The solemn procession was completed by the combined regiment of the American army. The passage of armored vehicles began 30 armored vehicles and 24 tank 7th Panzer Division of the British Army. Next - the French convoy of the 1st Armored Division consisting of 6 medium tanks, 24 armored personnel carriers. Following the American convoy: 16 armored vehicles and 32 tanks from the 16th cavalry motorized mechanized group. The parade was completed by 52 IS-3 tanks from the 2nd Guards Tank Army of the USSR.

The time of preparation and holding of the Victory Parade of the Allied Forces was also the beginning of a friendship between Zhukov and Eisenhower. Back in the last days of May 1945, Eisenhower presented Zhukov with the Legion of Honor order with a commander’s degree. In recognition of the merits of American General Zhukov, 10 Jun arrived at the headquarters of the American army and presented Eisenhower with the Soviet Order of Victory, and also officially invited him to the Victory Parade in Moscow, the capital of the USSR. The American, unfortunately, could not come, he was immediately summoned to the White House, where the plans for forthcoming hostilities against Japan were specified. But Eisenhower nevertheless visited Moscow - in August 1945, when he received a personal invitation from Stalin himself. Throughout his stay in the USSR, the American general was a guest of the Commander-in-Chief of the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces, Georgi Zhukov.

Eisenhower's visit was surrounded by unprecedented attention. Watching the 12 sports festival on August 1945, Joseph Stalin invited Eisenhower to stand next to himself and other members of the USSR government on the Mausoleum podium. Prior to this, no foreigner received such an honor. Eisenhower was even allowed to hold two more representatives of the United States at the government rostrum. They were the head of the US military mission in Moscow and the American ambassador.

In a conversation in which Zhukov also took part, Stalin repeatedly said that it was important for the Soviet Union and the United States to maintain friendly relations. He was interested in scientific achievements, industrial and agricultural successes of America: “We know that today we are lagging behind in these issues, and we understand that you can help us to some extent.” To these topics, as Eisenhower recalled, Stalin returned throughout their conversation, standing on the podium of the Mausoleum.



During this visit, Zhukov personally made sure that Eisenhower could see everything he wanted, no matter what corner of Moscow and Russia, it is: “Choose, we are ready to show you everything, if you wish, even visit Vladivostok”. Eisenhower made an excursion to the museums of the Kremlin, went down to the Moscow metro, visited an aircraft factory that produced attack aircraft. He spent several hours on the collective farm. Along with 80, thousands of fans attended the football championship match. The apotheosis of the visit was the dinner given in the Kremlin. As Eisenhower himself later recalled: “The marshals of the Red Army and the staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, who served as interpreters, were present in the huge, glittering room with lights. During lunch, a lot of toasts were uttered for the spirit of teamwork and cooperation that developed during the war that was won. ” Eisenhower appealed to Stalin with a request to give him a personal photo and a copy of a documentary film about the capture of Berlin, which was shown during a ceremonial dinner in the Kremlin.

November 7 at the official reception on the occasion of the anniversary of the October Revolution, in which General Eisenhower also took part, Zhukov once again confirmed the importance of preserving the alliance between the two peoples and the armed forces. From Dwight Eisenhower's memoirs about a conversation with Georgy Zhukov at this reception: “The Marshal stressed that in the liberated Berlin we both made some progress in resolving difficult problems, despite the obvious difference in political views. And he noted that if the United States and the USSR stand together, casting aside difficulties in understanding, the success of the UN will be ensured. ”



At the same time, the Soviet marshal, as historians write, was firm in defining and defending the zone of control of Soviet interests. When military pilots of the US Air Force attempted to secure the right to fly over the territory of the occupation zone under the control of the Soviet troops, Zhukov said that there was an agreement that he would not allow anyone to violate. And in the submitted applications for flights over the specified territory a stamp was put, which concisely, but clearly defined everything: “Flight safety is not guaranteed!”.

The archive of the President of Russia in the section relating to the years of the leadership of the country by Stalin keeps a letter dated November 1945. and written by Eisenhower Zhukov:

“Dear Marshal Zhukov!

Obviously, you know that a sudden illness prevented me from coming to Europe at the end of October. My main desire was to meet personally with you, and there are several good reasons for this. First, I set the goal to assure you that I highly appreciate the frank friendly attitude towards me personally and our cooperation at the business level, which has been going on for the past months. Secondly, I want to personally say goodbye to the staff with whom I had previously met.

Once again, I hope that you can make a visit to our country in the spring of next year. I sincerely believe that the establishment of this kind of contacts between the American and Soviet people, both civilian and military, will help to do much to develop mutual understanding, as well as trust between our so different peoples.

Throughout all this time that has passed since our acquaintance, I became more and more deeply penetrated by respect for the Red Army with its great leaders, for the entire people of the USSR.

I ask you, in the event that you feel and decide that I could do something for you personally, and perhaps to strengthen the friendly relations that are so important and necessary for the whole world, I will respond to your suggestions and do everything what will be in my power and capabilities.

Dwight Eisenhower.


There are no resolutions on this letter. But the fact is known that the one to whom this letter was addressed did not read it. The letter was handed over personally to Stalin.

There is an assumption that the letter was intercepted by a special department in the Group of Forces of the USSR in Germany and immediately, upon command, was transferred to Abakumov, who headed the counterintelligence at that time. He was faced with the task of strictly controlling all the activities of Georgy Zhukov. Abakumov, afraid and hated by Zhukov, of course, handed the letter to Stalin. At that time, relations between the United States and the USSR from allied ones gradually turned into confrontational ones. This letter became the reason for accusing Zhukov of unauthorized, on a personal level, relations with the army general of the opposing country and caused Stalin’s great displeasure.



It is not known whether the letter was the decisive factor, but soon Zhukov was removed from his post. It must be admitted that the prelude to this “execution” was a showdown on the fact of the captured property allegedly exported from Germany by the Soviet marshal. The intercepted personal letter of the American general could be the last straw that overwhelmed the cup of incriminating evidence, which over the years had gathered at a military officer and a famous marshal by his enemies. However, today we can be proud of the assessment that, in his message, Eisenhower gave to our army and our people.

Ten years later, the two heroes of World War II met again in person. This event took place during the Geneva Conference with the participation of the heads of government of the Soviet Union, the United States, Britain and France in 1955. Georgy Zhukov at that time was the Minister of Defense of the USSR, and Dwight Eisenhower - the president of the United States. When they met, they remembered the past, talked about working together in the Control Council in occupied Germany. Nikita Khrushchev was extremely displeased with the resumption of personal close contacts between the US President and the Soviet Minister. It is noteworthy, but after negotiations in Switzerland, Zhukov was removed from his high position and seconded to command a secondary military district.

Gone to history never found a continuation of the friendship of Zhukov and Eisenhower. The friendship between the USSR and the USA did not take place after the general victory won in the terrible and bloody war with the “brown plague” of the twentieth century. In fact, it was the first and only chance when two nations with different political views and different attitudes towards public life could become friends. One can only imagine how much this would change the world!
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  1. подводник 19 September 2011 11: 43 New
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    ON THE ACCOUNT OF FRIENDSHIP WHICH COULD CHANGE THE WORLD-PURG! THE GIRL IN PINK GLASSES WRITTEN THE ARTICLE YES BOUGHT THEY TOGETHER !!!! AND ABOUT THE ORDERS EVERYTHING WAS NOT SO!
    1. Ivan35
      Ivan35 19 September 2011 18: 59 New
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      I agree - no matter how much they drink together - a confrontation was inevitable anyway - Bretton Wood, the New World Order, Russia's climate and geography and the aggressive policies of the "world Masons" automatically made us enemies - or Russia should break up and reduce its population by ten times - and lie under a world government -
  2. подводник 19 September 2011 11: 46 New
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    And MARSHALL THERE WAS ONLY ONE BEETLES !!!
  3. cabin boy
    cabin boy 19 September 2011 18: 35 New
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    After reading the article, one gets the impression that the evil Stalin is to blame for the fact that "the friendship between the USSR and the USA did not take place after the common victory of the twentieth century brown plague that was won in a terrible and bloody war" because Zhukov and Eisenhower did not allow the friendship to continue .
    Did the author ever hear about Churchill's Fulton speech? Tried to figure out the background and reasons for the blockade of West Berlin?
    Another liberal in pink glasses, dreaming that the West is not our enemy and only the terrible communists are to blame for the fact that we did not merge with them in love ecstasy.
    1. Ivan35
      Ivan35 19 September 2011 19: 02 New
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      Right - I agree
      And even our communism has nothing to do with it - it’s just the optimal form of organization of Russia for survival and opposition to the “world devil”
      Russia is doomed to be an enemy for the pendosy of the arrogant Saxons and the "Masons" simply because of climate and geography - or break up into 10 very "democratic" principalities with oligarchs at the head - from which it will be so convenient for the West to suck out juices
      1. cabin boy
        cabin boy 19 September 2011 19: 45 New
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        To conquer the earth's space, the "world devil" invented Christianity, our civilization accepted it, digested it, and Orthodoxy turned out.
        Then the next infection was sent to us, communism (in the understanding of this term by Lenin and Trotsky), they accepted it well, digested it, it turned out Stalinism.
        Now we are being imposed with democracy, well, let’s take it, digest what happens, I don’t know, but we’ll wake up anyway in accordance with our worldview.
        Understanding is what has always distinguished us and what is the main reason for hatred towards us.
        1. Vadivak 19 September 2011 21: 34 New
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          Churchill could not stand the USSR, but he respected Stalin as a punks of authority, what friendship does the author write about?
        2. mind1954
          mind1954 20 September 2011 04: 00 New
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          What is there to know? We got classic fascism
          Latin American type. There are banana modes,
          and we have oil, gas, metal, wood!
          1. cabin boy
            cabin boy 20 September 2011 16: 54 New
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            How did you forget to mention Khodorkovsky and Lebedev as fighters against the hated fascist regime?
            1954 is it probably the year of birth? It’s like an adult, but you are being carried out on elementary manipulations of consciousness, like a child on Pepsi advertising. I understand youth at the age of 20 does not remember how they lived in the 90s, they can be drawn in, whatever, but a person who was living at that time at a conscious age cannot help but see a change in the vector of development of shit.
            1. Ivan35
              Ivan35 20 September 2011 18: 11 New
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              I support you, Jung! I myself am an opponent of the power of the "oligarchs" and always and everywhere I try to influence people in support of the Communists

              But to call "to the barricades" or completely denigrate the state or army - this is in the hands of the enemies - the British and pendos will be ready to pay everyone (even the "pseudo-communists") who together with Khodorkovsky Kasparov Novodvorskaya and so on and so forth will harm the state
              Therefore, Zyuganov abstains - he speaks only part of the truth - if the state is destroyed immediately — neither the Communists nor the people will benefit — one must try to “take the wheel” while preserving the country and continuing the integration of the 3 republics and Putin’s half steps that he started to - but stopped halfway - oligarchs he is not allowed to continue
              1. cabin boy
                cabin boy 21 September 2011 01: 08 New
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                In my soul I am the same communist, in the Stalinist sense of the term. At a graduation school in 1989, my friend and I mockingly called the "builders of communism." Now I’m reading A. Baygushev’s book “Party Intelligence”, he writes very well, and so he says that the CPSU consisted of two parties, the “Russian” and the “alien”. I understand that after the destruction of the CPSU, all these aliens smoothly went first under the wing of Yeltsin, and now, by the same way as they entered the CPSU, they ended up in United Russia, and I have a question: did the Communist Party develop protective mechanisms against strangers, cleaned it whether their ranks? After all, if the Communists win the Duma elections, all these strangers will again be in the party of power in an amazing way, to fight them you need a Person, with a capital letter. Is such a person Zyuganov? Did he grow a young shoot that would succeed him, did he temper it in battles, even if only political? Where, finally, is the trade union movement, which, even now, would be able to withstand the lawlessness of the effective capitalists? For all the questions I have, so far and unfortunately, have negative answers.
                Communicated with some members of the Communist Party, including that of my school friend, to my great regret, they still did not understand the situation in which we, our country, are now and what is happening in the country, such an impression is a branch of Nemtsov’s party.
        3. Ivan35
          Ivan35 20 September 2011 18: 16 New
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          I agree - the really great Stalin has moved away from the stupid "dogmatic" communism of Europe and Trotsky (and he is also unpleasant and incomprehensible to me - like any Russian)
          When we all speak a communist - we mean the communism of Stalin and the USSR - with concern for the country and people - not Trotsky's camp communism where Russia is destined to burn out in the furnace of revolution

          And I agree with Orthodoxy - we are not Catholics

          And I hope "democracy" digest without poisoning
          1. mind1954
            mind1954 22 September 2011 06: 02 New
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            Actually, I still saw IV Stalin at the mausoleum.
            Our fascism in 1998 changed the owners, here it is
            fascist "fifth column" and yapping. But from this
            the essence of our fascism has not changed. New
            our hosts are no better for our country
            former "foreign". And don’t need to be “led” to this
            rampant diarrhea of ​​campaign promises.
            In our country there are neither communists nor communist
            party.
  4. nnz226 19 September 2011 21: 34 New
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    By the way, as far as I know, Zhukov was the last to let our units on foot so that they would look great with their march after the "dancing-flancing" walk of the Allies. They don’t know how to march! And our 120 steps per minute with excellent bearing and the ability to keep the system under Soviet marches made a huge impression on the audience. For reference: remember the last Victory Parade, the main problem for the Allies was to withstand the rhythm of passing through Red Square. To see how the English troops crawl in their parades, he takes a dumb ass, though: "in every hut there are toys"
  5. Priest
    Priest 28 September 2011 00: 21 New
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    Friendship is not what, not when it can not be. Well, we don’t like anyone, but we like our territory.
  6. sirToad
    sirToad 14 October 2011 05: 06 New
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    how, for the sake of that friendship, did they conceive of an operation "unthinkable" so that friendship was stronger