Military Review

Russia and India are entering a qualitatively new level of relations

14
Russia and India are entering a qualitatively new level of relations



In 2015, Russia and India will celebrate 40 years since the launch of the Indian satellite Aryabhata into space with the help of the Soviet Soyuz launch vehicle. By the 50 anniversary of this event, the leaders of our countries expect to reach a higher level of relations. And not only in the space field. A significant role in expanding cooperation is assigned to enterprises of Rostec State Corporation.

History Russian-Indian relations dates back several centuries. The beginning of them belongs to the XV century - the time when the first trade contacts were established between our countries. Since then, relations between Russia and India have continuously developed and for all 550 years have never passed into the stage of confrontation.

Diplomatic relations between the USSR and India were established on 13 on April 1947 of the year. And by now this country has become one of Russia's largest partners in the Asia-Pacific Region (APR).


Soviet-Indian space crew. 1984 year


The basic documents of Russian-Indian relations are the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of India, concluded in 1993, as well as the Declaration on Strategic Partnership, signed in 2000. Commodity turnover between our countries is constantly growing, in 2012, it reached the level of 10 billion US dollars, and by 2015, according to forecasts, it should double.

In December 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin, at the invitation of the Prime Minister of the Republic of India, Narendra Modi, paid an official visit to this country. The trip resulted in the signing by the parties of a plan to strengthen the Russian-Indian partnership over the next decade.

“The leaders stressed that the time has come for a significant expansion of bilateral cooperation and bringing friendship between the two countries to a qualitatively new level,” says a document published on the official website of the President of Russia.

To this end, both countries intend to deepen the partnership in various areas: energy, technology and innovation, economic cooperation, ensuring global order and peace on Earth, as well as expanding contacts between people.

SECURING ORDER AND PEACE

Military-technical cooperation (MTC) of Russia and India has been carried out since 1960, and has traditionally been large-scale. Over the years, 50 Moscow delivered Delhi weapons and military equipment to 35 billion dollars. By 2007, India in terms of purchases of Russian weapons came out on top.

Currently, almost 60 percent of the weapons and military equipment in service with the Armed Forces of India are Russian-made. And most of this technology was developed, designed and manufactured at the enterprises of Rostec State Corporation.



Every year, Russia and India are increasingly becoming not just a seller and a buyer, but multifaceted partners in the development of new technologies, modernization of weapons and the production of military products. So, in accordance with intergovernmental agreements, licenses and technical documentation for the production of Su-30MKI aircraft were transferred to the Republic of India, aviation engines RD-33 and AL-31. Russian enterprises are participating in the Indian program for the Kaveri aircraft engine.

Recently, India purchased a large batch of Su-30MKI fighter jets from Russia. In addition to the aircraft itself, Su-30MKI vehicle sets are produced in Russia, which are then sent to be assembled at the enterprises of the Indian corporation HAL.

Russia also supplies India and other types of aircraft. In particular, MiG-29 airplanes of various modifications, Mi-17В-5 helicopters. According to the contract (worth 1,34 billion dollars), the holding company "Helicopters of Russia" will produce 80 machines. Helicopters are made according to customer requirements. In particular, they are adapted to the hot and humid Indian climate, as well as high mountains.

In addition, an agreement was recently signed to open in India an assembly production of Russian Mi and Ka helicopters at the joint venture of Russian Helicopters and the Indian Elcom Systems Private Limited.



Another vivid example of cooperation between our countries is the contract between Rosoboronexport and BrahMos Aerospace for the revision of the Su-30MKI aircraft for the use of the Brahmos supersonic rocket. The Indian side is ready to invest heavily in the creation of the fifth generation fighter, created on the basis of the Russian T-50.

At the Aero India exhibition - 2015, which will be held from 18 to 22 in February in Bangalore, it is planned to hold talks with representatives of the Indian Air Force and aircraft manufacturers from HAL corporation on equipping Russian-Indian aircraft with communication complexes: FGFA fighter aircraft and MTA transport aircraft.



For many years, Russian Tanks T-90s are considered strategic weapons in India. Even after creating their own Arjun machine in Delhi, they did not refuse additional purchases of our T-90s.

For over 10 years, the Russian frigates of the 11356 project have been successfully serving in the Indian Navy. Some of them are equipped with the Russian Club missile strike complex, and the other part with the Russian-Indian BrahMos strike complex.



In the fall of India's 2013, the aircraft carrying cruiser Vikramaditya, built on the basis of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Gorshkov, was transferred to India through deep modernization.

At the end of 2013, VSMPO-AVISMA supplied titanium products for Indian nuclear submarines, which are being built at the shipyards of an Indian shipbuilding company. VSMPO-AVISMA Corporation plans to develop relations with its partners in Delhi.

In total, over the 45-year cooperation period on naval issues, the Soviet Union, and then Russia, built more 70 warships for India.

Thus, military-technical cooperation has been and remains one of the main directions of Russian-Indian relations. According to experts, even in the face of fierce competition and the ongoing financial and economic crisis, our country will be able to maintain the level of sales of its weapons and military equipment to India in the amount of about 3 billion dollars a year.

COOPERATION IN CIVIL AREAS

One of the most important issues for India is energy security. The country is experiencing a shortage of energy carriers and, of course, seeks to expand energy cooperation with Russia, including the oil and gas sector, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency.

The Plan to Strengthen the Russian-Indian Partnership for the Next Decade states that the parties will increase the volume of exploration and production of oil and gas, LNG production and supplies, as well as examine the feasibility of building a pipeline connecting the Russian Federation with India.

Both countries view nuclear power as a clean, reliable and competitive source of energy, therefore, they intend to increase cooperation in this area. To this end, the Indian side agreed on an expedited basis to allocate a second site, in addition to Kudankulam, for the construction of nuclear power units in India on Russian projects.

Russia and India plan to pay special attention to the expansion of scientific cooperation and cooperation in the field of high-tech products, communication and information technologies. An example is the recently signed agreement on the use of the Russian GLONASS satellite system by Indian companies.

The space agencies of Russia and India intend to cooperate even more actively in the field of application of space technologies, space transportation, satellite navigation, space science and the study of planets.

Particular attention is paid to the production of civil aviation and helicopter. The Indian side is showing interest in the supply of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft, to the MS-21 aircraft family. The Russian Helicopters holding is working on a project to organize the assembly of a modified Ka-226T helicopter for the country's civilian market in India, and is exploring the prospects of supplying other light helicopters to India.

There is a mutual interest in the further development of Russian-Indian cooperation in the metallurgical and mining industries, the modernization of metallurgical enterprises built with the support of the former Soviet Union and Russia.

The huge untapped potential of the governments of both countries is seen in the sphere of bilateral trade, economic and investment cooperation. To realize this potential, the parties outlined a number of measures. For example, the promotion of such major infrastructure projects as the Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor, smart cities and freight traffic corridors. Indian companies will be encouraged to participate in industrial parks and technology platforms in Russia in areas such as pharmaceuticals, fertilizer production, the coal industry and energy.

As a result, by 2025, the turnover of goods and services between Russia and India, according to the leaders of our countries, could be increased to 30 billion dollars. A level of mutual investment will exceed 15 billion dollars from each side.

In conclusion, not to mention that the parties also intend to strengthen ties in the field of education by establishing direct contacts between universities and academic institutions of the two countries.
Originator:
http://rostec.ru/news/4515515
14 comments
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  1. Nayhas
    Nayhas 22 February 2015 08: 19
    +3
    Another blah-blah-blah ... "Sleep well, residents of Baghdad!"
    The trade turnover between our countries is constantly growing, in 2012 it reached the level of 10 billion US dollars, and by 2015, according to forecasts, it should double.

    So then in 2012. commodity circulation between Russia and India amounted to 11 billion. dollars, but in 2013 fell to 10 billion, while exports to India fell and imports increased. (Information on trade and economic cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of India. Department of Asia and Africa of the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia).
    Accurate forecasts for 2014 no, but according to RIA Novosti, in January-October, 7,2 billion dollars.
    For comparison, trade between the United States and India is $ 100 billion, and they want to increase it by five times. What actually Obama and Modi agreed a month ago. What will it be due to?
    Well, partly due to the exclusion from the Indian market of other exporters, including Russia.
    So there will be no development ...
    To this end, the Indian side agreed to expedite the allocation of a second site, in addition to Kudankulam, for the construction of nuclear power units in India under Russian projects.

    For reference: "The station is being erected as part of the implementation of the Interstate Agreement of 20.11.1988 (signed by Rajiv Gandhi and Mikhail Gorbachev)"
    1. dr.Bo
      dr.Bo 22 February 2015 08: 49
      -3
      You probably need another site, Nayhas, where they say different things about Russia (for example: http: //tvrain.ru/ or http://www.svoboda.org/)!
      No offense.
      There you will see what you want. hi
      1. Samarin
        Samarin 22 February 2015 13: 22
        -4
        Here you go in there.
      2. Nayhas
        Nayhas 22 February 2015 17: 19
        +2
        Quote: dr.Bo
        You probably need another site, Nayhas, where they say different things about Russia (for example: http: //tvrain.ru/ or http://www.svoboda.org/)!
        No offense.

        In difficult times, you always want to hear that everything is for the better ... no matter what is done ... But there is a reality that is often far from mantras like
        Russia and India are entering a qualitatively new level of relations

        Have a desire to believe in it? Yes, please, only then to be surprised that the desired has not become valid is not worth it.
        Quote: dr.Bo
        There you will see what you want.

        I prefer to communicate with you, which implies mutual respect ...
    2. APASUS
      APASUS 22 February 2015 19: 01
      +2
      Quote: Nayhas
      For comparison, trade between the United States and India is $ 100 billion, and they want to increase it by five times. What actually Obama and Modi agreed a month ago. What will it be due to?

      Where does infa come from?
      Open source
      number
      Country Export Import Trade Turnover Trade
      1
      China 14,8 51,1 65,9 -36,2
      2
      US 39,2 22,3 61,5 16,8

      Source: Ministry of Commerce and Industry of India
      1. barbiturate
        barbiturate 22 February 2015 19: 23
        0
        and he doesn’t answer uncomfortable posts, but he firmly believes in the impossibility of double increase in the trade turnover of India and Russia, but in India’s fivefold growth with the USA - yes) the Indians apparently looked at chewing Obama and forward, for contracts ...) there is really nothing in the United States buy, usa consumes a lot and produces little, only if weapons
      2. Yars
        Yars 23 February 2015 11: 00
        0
        Nayhas a troll paid for, I think everyone has already become clear
  2. Arktidianets
    Arktidianets 22 February 2015 08: 47
    -2
    Not everything is so rosy, the latest failures of our technology at Indian tenders are an example, a course towards rapprochement with the United States in the field of military-technical cooperation is noticeable. It is possible that instead of the Rafales, they will prefer the product of North American manufacturers.
    1. dr.Bo
      dr.Bo 22 February 2015 09: 17
      +2
      Quote: Arctidian
      Not everything is so rosy, the latest failures of our technology at Indian tenders are an example, a course towards rapprochement with the United States in the field of military-technical cooperation is noticeable. It is possible that instead of the Rafales, they will prefer the product of North American manufacturers.

      Divide any news by 2. And you get the result, there is nothing bright, but the Indians, for a second, saved our tank building from collapse (t 90).
      And they are well aware of the quality of our weapons. Amers hard to compete with us (without sanctions)
  3. Blondy
    Blondy 22 February 2015 09: 53
    +1
    As soon as China began to acquire its own aircraft carriers, India transferred the modernized Gorshkov. Surely our export policy is finally becoming reasonable.
    1. clidon
      clidon 22 February 2015 19: 13
      0
      We began to transmit it to them long before the Chinese announced their aircraft carrier program. It just lasted a long time ...
  4. barbiturate
    barbiturate 22 February 2015 10: 36
    -1
    Quote: Nayhas
    Another blah-blah-blah ... "Sleep well, residents of Baghdad!"

    and what, in Russia someone doesn’t sleep at night, because of trade with India?)

    Quote: Nayhas
    So then in 2012. commodity circulation between Russia and India amounted to 11 billion. dollars, but in 2013 fell to 10 billion, while exports to India fell and imports increased. (Information on trade and economic cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of India. Department of Asia and Africa of the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia).
    Accurate forecasts for 2014 no, but according to RIA Novosti, in January-October, 7,2 billion dollars.


    Well, in different sources there are slightly different numbers, but the numbers really decreased, apparently other players pressed us and this is directly stated, if they wanted to deceive you, then the numbers would be reported by others, where does such anger like "blah blah blah" come from) And What is it that they want to increase this turnover, what is unrealizable? There is a desire, maybe it will work out.

    Quote: Nayhas
    For comparison, trade between the United States and India is $ 100 billion, and they want to increase it by five times. What actually Obama and Modi agreed a month ago. What will it be due to?
    Well, partly due to the exclusion from the Indian market of other exporters, including Russia.
    So there will be no development ...


    Did you comprehend your digital figure yourself? Due to the complete crowding out of Russia, they will have 104 billion dollars worth of goods, so it’s not Russia that will suffer at all) And if ours is talking about a double increase, then the Americans are about five times)) This is already fantastic, but they are smart, they are only Russians fools and dreamers, well, at least feed your mind, thank you for not forgetting us, you cut the truth of the womb.


    Quote: Nayhas
    For reference: "The station is being erected as part of the implementation of the Interstate Agreement of 20.11.1988 (signed by Rajiv Gandhi and Mikhail Gorbachev)"


    How interesting) And what, poor fellow hunchback and Rajiv agreed to build the station in 2015? what a foresight, how brilliantly they anticipated everything) and apparently then they paid for everything and produced and stocked up the equipment, and now they looked at the clock in silence (what to bazaar about, back in 88 we got to work decades ahead) and started building)
    And who are signing the agreements now, it’s probably for 2045 and beyond, well, the Russians need the roadmap, where do they poor fellow
  5. zenit4ik
    zenit4ik 22 February 2015 13: 34
    -1
    The last point is superfluous. it would not be necessary ....
    1. barbiturate
      barbiturate 22 February 2015 14: 20
      -3
      maybe superfluous, just this Nayhas is so eager to crap in everything, distort or pervertly submit, which is just ridiculous)) See how it presents:

      Quote: Nayhas
      To this end, the Indian side agreed to expedite the allocation of a second site, in addition to Kudankulam, for the construction of nuclear power units in India under Russian projects.
      For reference: "The station is being erected as part of the implementation of the Interstate Agreement of 20.11.1988 (signed by Rajiv Gandhi and Mikhail Gorbachev)"


      As if everything was agreed in 1988, there was no collapse of the USSR, there was no Protocol to the agreement of 1994, there was no Supplement in 1998, there was no 10 years of resistance to the construction of nuclear power plants by the United States (supposedly does not meet the requirements of a group of nuclear suppliers). Nayhas brings us to the idea that what kind of cooperation guys, what are you talking about?) Signed in 1988, and we hand in the second block only in 2015 (what lazy and stupid these Russians are, but the United States is five times ...), he won’t tell you, that the Indians did all construction and installation work themselves and the implementation was delayed, including for this reason, it won’t tell about the protests of the local population, which also dragged on the project (I already spoke about the collapse of the USSR and the US resistance) and with all this At the same time, NPPs have been built and at least 2 more units will be built, but this is not presented as evidence of Russia's ability to implement large-scale high-tech projects, but as a sign of backwardness, because the foundation was laid back in 1988, when they decided it would be nice to build NPPs))
  6. sharp-lad
    sharp-lad 22 February 2015 19: 07
    +3
    Big things require a lot of effort and a lot of time in full favor! Well talk about the times when everything and everyone is against you! But they broke through! They do it! Planning for the future! Everything will be the way, the main thing is not to give up and look forward!
  7. Andrei946
    Andrei946 23 February 2015 13: 16
    +1
    India, represented by Russia, has already chosen a long-term strategic partner for itself, which India will not fail. To the hand of Russia is the fact that India abandoned the French Rafale in favor of Russian aircraft. I think that soon, and Egypt will withdraw from the Raphael agreement in favor of Russia.