The future of fighter aircraft for heavy vehicles

In the coming years, the Russian Air Force can be replenished with a completely new combat aircraft developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau - T-50, whose tests are coming to an end. 17 August 2011, this promising aircraft was first introduced to the public during the 10-th MAKS-2011 aerospace show. However, experts argue that even the creation of the T-50 can not remove all the issues with the arming of the Russian Air Force with new modern fighters.


The creation of the aircraft, which today became known as the T-50, was launched in the late 90-s of the last century. The R & D on the topic of a promising fighter that had been conducted in the USSR since the early eighties, from the very time that the 4 generation machine was launched into mass production, was a huge plus in the work. In 1990-s, after the collapse of the USSR, these R & D could be realized in two experimental developments: the S.37 “Berkut” by the Sukhoi Design Bureau and the MiG-1.44 by the Mikoyan Design Bureau. Their potential, various experts estimate differently, however, one thing remains unquestionable: ground tests, purges and flights of these two machines, equipped with all sorts of test equipment, provided a huge array of information. This whole period can be quite compared, for example, with test and flight tests of prototype YF-22 aircraft in the United States, which were the first step before creating an experienced F-22A and, as a result, launching into a series.



From the outset, the T-50 was developed as a heavy machine. The maximum take-off weight at the beginning of the project was determined in more than 30 tons and today, according to preliminary information, is almost 37 tons. The range exceeds 2,5 thousands of kilometers, the useful combat load can reach 10 tons - with similar characteristics of a T-50 combat aircraft, the Russian Air Force can replace the heavy MiG-31 and Su-27 interceptors.

The development of such an aircraft was obviously justified. Heavy fighters today are the basis of the Air Force of developed countries, and the manufacture of cars of this class from scratch occurs only in three countries with really powerful Air Force, which has thousands of units, and powerful military-industrial complex. These are the United States, Russia and China, the latter having completely copied the Russian Su-27. Other countries around the world either cost a licensed assembly, like Japan and India, or simply buy these cars.



The first production aircraft of the 5 generation F-22 belongs to the heavy fighters, and with this in mind, it was hardly possible to start work in Russia with the creation of a lightweight vehicle. Plus, by the beginning of 2000-s, Mikoyan’s firm with the greatest experience in developing light front-line machines was in objectively worse condition than Sukhoi’s cooperation, meaning the design bureau and all the productions involved in serial production based on Su-27.

As a result, today the situation has developed as follows: our country has objectively two cars that are in serial production, and one promising one, which can replace the Su-27. These are the Komsomol Su-35С, the Irkutsk Su-30М2 and, of course, the T-50 being discussed. The signed contract for the supply of Su-35 fighters with the prospect of increasing the order in the future, the planned contract for the promising Su-30 and work on the improvement of the Su-27 should significantly strengthen the condition of the domestic heavy fighter fleet before the launch of the T-50 series.



T-50 tests are carried out according to the schedule, and the term of their full completion can be predicted with a sufficient degree of confidence: today two units fly, by the end of 2011 two more will join them. In 2013, the production of pre-production fighters will begin. 8-10 units to be transferred to the Air Force in 2013-2014. The first combat-ready squadron can be expected by 2018, and the T-50 heavy fighter will become a full-fledged combat aircraft. However, even with the adoption of the T-50, the problem of providing the Russian Air Force with a fighter aviation will not dare.

This question is sharply aggravated if you turn your eyes to the West. With enormous difficulties, overcoming a host of organizational and engineering problems, investing billions of dollars, the Americans are stubbornly pushing the F-35 fighter into the series, which is a fifth-generation light machine and should be replicated in almost 3000 instances in a huge number of countries around the world States and their allies F-16 fighters, created in 70-ies, and a number of other machines, including carrier-based fighter aircraft Navy F / A-18 earlier versions (A / C).

In such conditions, Russia is suddenly left without a car, which could well have been opposed as a competitor to the F-35. There can be only one way out of this situation - the development of a modern 5 generation light machine with the active application of the results achieved while working on the creation of the T-50. In the coming years, the Russian Air Force should receive a worthy successor to the MiG-29, and it is extremely easy to formulate the basic technical requirements for this aircraft. This aircraft in serial production cannot cost more than half of the price of the T-50, it must also be combined with the T-50 in the power unit, have all the characteristic capabilities of 5-generation machines - cruising supersonic, low visibility, super maneuverability, maximum integration into the overall data exchange system and much more.
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  1. Civil 15 September 2011 10: 53 New
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    what shisha? in the form of light, you probably need to immediately develop an unmanned version,
  2. ytqnhfk
    ytqnhfk 15 September 2011 11: 06 New
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    If you believe the calculated data, our will be better although larger in size! Well, it’s too early to talk about the rest of the data. Our aviation did not lag behind the amers.
    1. dmitri077
      dmitri077 28 January 2012 14: 32 New
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      "If you believe the calculated data, it will be better for us, although the size is larger! Well, it’s too early to talk about the rest of the data. Our aviation has not lagged behind the amers." - The Russian Air Force lags behind the US Air Force on ALL topics, and seriously and for a long time! forever! be honest with yourself winked
  3. rumpeljschtizhen 15 September 2011 11: 30 New
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    Yeah, she’s not left behind .... then we’re catching up all the time ... F-22 has been flying for 10 years ... by the time we build the T-50 sparkline .. the cameras will release something new
    1. Vadivak 15 September 2011 13: 24 New
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      I don’t want to talk about today, but it seems to me when the Yak-141 took to the air about the creation of the F-22 there weren’t even plans, by the end of the existence of the USSR our engineers issued such that the Americans could not even come up with, it’s a pity that they all merged the Yeltsinoids , But that's another topic
    2. Denis 7 October 2011 16: 26 New
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      and the super-best F 22 weren’t sent to Libya ...
      it seems that the same scam as with the "super invisible" F 117
      lovers they lie
    3. protopop avvakum
      protopop avvakum 24 February 2012 12: 34 New
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      F-22 crashed 2 airplanes pilots died because oxygen equipment failed, now they are allowed to fly up to 7 km, the stealth coating is bleeding, therefore, they decided to leave the assembly line for repair. although production was closed on 187 aircraft (planned 750), but as McCain said, they will not throw money away. generally unsuccessful aircraft, at an exhibition in Farnborough conducted a survey of experts on the best aircraft, su-35 was recognized as the best f-22 in second place, there are autralian analysis on wikipedia (see su35) (for each unsurpassed parameter 1-point) T-50 -5 points : Su-35 -2point: F-22 -2point
  4. slan
    slan 15 September 2011 23: 00 New
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    The title of the article states that the future lies with heavy fighters, while the article calls into question. Maybe in the title "?" missed?
  5. Insurgent
    Insurgent 19 September 2011 20: 02 New
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    There is a good airplane Mig35 what else do you need to develop a new one to exhaust this 10 years
  6. 916-th
    916-th 20 September 2011 21: 07 New
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    More recently, on this site there was an info that the MO considers the MiG-35D only as temporary fighter - before launching the T-50 series, and that they will refuse it further without continuing the line of light (medium) fighters.

    What place do they think? The basis of IA has always been and will be composed of relatively cheap and massive fighters. The task of gaining superiority in the air has not yet been canceled. And her decision is inevitably associated with her own losses. How to quickly make up for them? Piece T-50?

    The Yankees are far from fools when they focus not on the F-22, but on the F-35. The creation of the Russian opponent F-35 is a topic for the MiG RSK (possibly in cooperation with the UC). But to someone, the MiG design bureau stood across the throat, and oxygen is methodically blocked for him.