Military Review

The center of combat training in Mulino will take the military in February 2015

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Sergey Shoigu, the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, said on Tuesday, 13 in January, that the testing of technical means of training at Russia's first center of interspecific combat training in Mulino is scheduled to begin in full in early February, 2015. At the first conference call this year, Shoigu noted that at present, Russian industrial enterprises are engaged in the elimination of certain constructive inconsistencies of simulators and military equipment, as well as shortcomings in software. At the same time, the Minister of Defense expressed the hope that during January 2015, these works will be fully completed.


Since December 2014, in the combat training center in the village of Mulino (located in the Nizhny Novgorod Region), troops from the Western Military District (ZVO) began to work out various training tasks with testing technical training equipment for personnel. According to Sergei Shoigu, from February 1, 2015 for 7 weeks the center will undergo a full training cycle. 6 Separate tank brigade of the ZVO. At the same time, the center will conduct test tests of various technical training aids in full. The minister focused on the equipment that Russia was forced to replace due to supply failure and delays in equipment from Germany.

The Minister of Defense also told reporters that interspecific combat training centers should appear in every Russian military district. It is expected that by the year 2020 they will all be merged into a single virtual battle space. According to Sergei Shoigu, the existing material and technical base of the centers will help to conduct full-scale interspecific training of the Russian troops, as well as significantly reduce the time of combat coordination and increase the readiness of the formed combat groups to solve their combat missions. “As a result, we will be able to model the operational-tactical situation in any of the operational areas, regardless of the locations of subunits and units,” said Sergei Shoigu, stressing that this should significantly improve the quality of troops training.



Recall that in the summer of 2014, the German government decided to withdraw the permit from the company Rheinmetall, which, together with the Russian Federation, was engaged in the construction of a combat training center in Mulino. Rheinmetall supplied the necessary laser firing simulators for the center. Finish the landfill had already by the forces of domestic companies. At the same time, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation notified Rheinmetall of its own financial claims, which are based on the failure of the contract for the supply of equipment to the landfill under construction. On the claims of the Russian military in an interview with TASS, said Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Military-Industrial Commission of the Russian Federation Oleg Bochkarev. According to him, work in this direction has already begun. The first notices and documents of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in December last year have already gone to the German side. At the same time, Bochkarev stressed that in the case of the construction of a landfill of the Mulino type, Moscow will no longer cooperate with Rheinmetall.

As mentioned earlier, the German authorities finally froze the implementation of the transaction on the construction of a training center in the Nizhny Novgorod region. The cost of the agreement concluded between the countries was estimated at 120 million euros. At the same time, the Russian military began to prepare claims against the German company in the summer of 2014. In the event that the case eventually reaches the court, the process may end up at Rheinmetall at great cost.

It is known that the new interspecific training center for combat training in Mulino will be equipped with complex group simulators, with which you can create a real picture of the battlefield in the 3D format, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reports. At the training complex, 700 fighters will be able to immediately fight in the virtual space at once. They will also be able to undergo training with the use of laser shooting simulators, which allow real-time firing, including with the use of artillery firing from closed positions.

The center of combat training in Mulino will take the military in February 2015


The next step of the training is practical exercises on the scale of the whole brigade. It is important to understand that a virtual model of combat on the installed simulators and using laser simulation will be formed for each type and branch of troops, as well as for a specific theater of military operations, in which the serviceman will meet with his likely adversary.

“Today we are creating a model for a military unit, be it a marine brigade, an airborne assault brigade, or a ground brigade. If a brigade of marines passes the training, it will be unimportant that it is now located on the territory of the Nizhny Novgorod region: a model of those maritime theaters of operations will actually be created, on which it operates, ”said First Deputy Defense Minister Arkady Bakhin, explaining the essence used innovation. According to Bakhin, the training of each soldier at the Mulino training center is designed for a seven-week period.

The center for combat training of ground forces in Mulino is a unique project for Russia. In mid-December 2014, the official website of Spetsstroy of Russia reported on preparations for the delivery of the first phase of this object. The construction of the center is carried out by the General Directorate of Engineering Works No. XXUMX at Spetsstroy of Russia. The center of combat training in Mulino consists of two separate territories: administrative and tactical.



The design and construction work at the facility is carried out in the 4 phase (4 launch complex): the first and second launch complexes include the main buildings and facilities of the administrative zone of the center: the headquarters of the combat training center, the training complex, the erection complex, the repair complex and the technical services, a canteen, a warehouse of wealth, a contractor’s personnel building, a fire station, a pumping station, a car wash station, transformer substations, a checkpoint, and shelters for heavy equipment. The third launch complex includes structures and buildings of a tactical test site, which consists of 8 sites. The fourth launch complex is an energy center, a water supply system, a gas pipeline, a water intake unit, and on-site engineering networks of the tactical and administrative zones. Also at this stage should be carried out work on the improvement.

On the ground with an area of ​​more than 25 hectares, various elements of the village and cities will be assembled, intended for training the soldiers of the ground forces. At the moment, the buildings of the 3 building have already been built and handed over to the customers: a training and training complex, an installation complex and the headquarters of the combat training center. Full commissioning of the center for combat training in Mulino is scheduled for the second half of 2015.

According to the Acting Director of the General Directorate of Engineering Works No. 2 at Spetsstroy of Russia Oleg Sirazetdinov, currently the site employs more than 600 highly qualified specialists, as well as more 90 units of various construction equipment. The main difficulty in the implementation of work under this project, he called the great distance of objects from each other - up to 30 kilometers, as well as access roads on tank and dirt roads. Currently, more than 70 km of fiber-optic communication lines, more than 25 km of temporary roads, more than 10 km of sewage networks, heating lines and water mains, more than 12 thousand cubic meters of concrete, 3,5 thousand tons of steel structures, 40 thousand square meters of a three-layer sandwich panels and about 2 million pieces of bricks.



In early December, 2014, United Instrument Engineering Corporation, which is part of the Rostec state corporation, supplied its software simulators for the Mulino center. Training in the center, which is designed for a brigade tactical group, can take up to 30 thousands of Russian military personnel annually. Weapon motorized riflemen, infantry fighting vehicles and tanks in this center are equipped with laser pulsators, with the fixation of hits in the equipment equipped with sensors and military personnel. This solution not only allows you to recreate the tactical situation in the center as close as possible to the combat one, but also significantly saves ammunition, fuel and the life of combat equipment. Earlier in the Russian Defense Ministry they said that thanks to such savings, the center could be recouped already after 2 operating years.

In terms of aggregate training capacity, the interspecific training center in Mulino will become the largest in the world, since it will be possible to conduct training for a brigade tactical group here. The second largest training contingent and the first landfill in terms of area is located in the USA in the Mojave Desert in California. This polygon with an area of ​​approximately 260 thousand hectares is designed for the preparation of battalion tactical groups of 2-3. The third largest polygon located in Germany is the German Center for Combat Training of the Ground Forces, located near Magdeburg. A ground covering about 23 thousand hectares, from 2006, is designed for training one battalion tactical group.

The area of ​​the directly fighting ground in Mulino, intended for conducting bilateral exercises on it, should be about 200 square kilometers. In addition to training troops in the conduct of maneuvering combat operations and actions in urban environments, the center will be able to conduct training for other elements of an all-arms battle, such as building bridges, speeding up rivers, and providing air defense to ground forces. After completion of the training cycle, final exercises will be conducted, which should ensure uniformity of training and verification of its level. In addition, in the interspecific combat training center in Mulino it will be possible to train brigade commanders using a combination of staff, field and simulation training facilities.

Information sources:
http://www.vz.ru/society/2015/1/13/724102.html
http://www.rg.ru/2014/12/19/mulino-site.html
http://spetsstroy.ru/pressroom/spsnews/28762
http://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/zvo-rossii-tankisty-okruga-protestiruyut-oborudovanie-noveyshego-cifrovogo-mezhvidovogo-uchebnogo-centra-boevoy-podgotovki05-12-2013-11-44-00/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/311236.html
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  1. Noncombatant
    Noncombatant 20 January 2015 06: 14
    +2
    I don’t know what they’ve set up there, I go to Mulino at least once every half a year and a classmate serves in the 6th brigade - this is too loud an article. Of course I would like to believe. In 2011 - 2012, during the reign of the unforgettable Anatoly, there was complete silence.
    1. opus
      opus 20 January 2015 20: 28
      +1
      Quote: noncombant
      I don’t know what they’ve set up there, I go to Mulino at least once every half a year and a classmate serves in the 6th brigade - this is too loud an article.

      It's him?


















  2. Aleksiuss
    Aleksiuss 20 January 2015 08: 30
    +1
    I am following with interest the construction of this facility. We obviously lack them. Add a few photos to the article (for clarity), the author of the article would not have a price!
    However, after reading the article a few questions arose, I hope more knowledgeable people will clarify them for me.
    Как
    The center of combat training in Mulino will take the military in February 2015

    Как
    Since December 2014, in the combat training center in the village of Mulino (located in the Nizhny Novgorod Region), troops from the Western Military District (ZVO) began to work out various training tasks with testing technical training equipment for personnel.

    Как
    from February 1, 2015, for 7 weeks, the center will undergo a full training cycle of the 6th Separate Tank Brigade from the ZVO.

    Как
    At the same time, the center will conduct test tests of various technical training aids in full.

    If:
    In mid-December 2014, the official website of Spetsstroy of Russia announced preparations for surrender first queues of this object.
    And all these queues (if I understood correctly 4).
    If not delivered:
    ... structures and buildings of the tactical training ground, which consists of 8 sites. The fourth launch complex is an energy center, a water supply system, a gas pipeline, a water intake unit, and on-site engineering networks of the tactical and administrative zones.
    and yet I have not indicated objects from the second complex (because the author did not indicate them).
    If:
    ... more than 600 highly qualified specialists, as well as more than 90 units of various construction equipment, are currently working at the facility.

    Thanks in advance for the clarification.
    1. Noncombatant
      Noncombatant 20 January 2015 09: 31
      +2
      Colleague, the answer is "no way." Very competent questions, as they say in essence. Yes, construction has begun, but the point is that all deadlines will be shifted to a later one, and the article, to put it mildly, looks like an advertising brochure of low-quality developers who say that the house will be commissioned in the first quarter of the year, although the building's box is barely erected.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 20 January 2015 12: 21
      0
      It's simple: to start the CA, all of the above is not necessary.
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 20 January 2015 09: 04
    +4
    "Earlier, the RF Ministry of Defense said that thanks to such savings, the center could be recouped after 2 years of operation."

    An interesting term in relation to a military object is "recoup". winked
    1. s1н7т
      s1н7т 20 January 2015 15: 51
      0
      Yeah, I also thought - with l / s they will collect for a trip to the CA laughing drinks
  4. Noncombatant
    Noncombatant 20 January 2015 09: 27
    +1
    Curious, but for what "minus"? I don't care, but it's true. There, in 2012, the silence was complete, and even now not everything is as smooth as on paper.
  5. silver169
    silver169 20 January 2015 09: 29
    +1
    Is this the same Mulino that the Germans threatened to build? And then they retreated with their tail. As I see, they managed without any chances, on their own, well done. Another reminder to the West that no matter how hard they try, Russia cannot be brought to their knees.
    1. gispanec
      gispanec 20 January 2015 09: 40
      0
      Quote: silver169
      Is this the same Mulino that the Germans threatened to build? And then they retreated with their tail.

      these hans built it completely .... now let’s say so they didn’t completely install electronic software yes .... there the special system only completed 7% .... I really don’t understand where the electronic stuffing was communized? ...
      1. silver169
        silver169 20 January 2015 09: 45
        +3
        Yes, no matter where. It is important that the center seems to have worked, I can not believe that in the article everything is sucked out of a finger. We will be optimistic.
      2. lidiy
        lidiy 21 January 2015 00: 42
        0
        I don’t understand why the country that is part of NATO agrees to build the largest military facility in the world for us? And what, all without cheating? No bugs?
    2. sdvru
      sdvru 26 October 2015 13: 54
      0
      The Germans left, taking with them the whole ideology of the functioning of the complex.
      Without it, this is a maximum of a set of disconnected "slot machines" for which it was not necessary to "fence a garden".
  6. Robinzone
    Robinzone 20 January 2015 11: 57
    +1
    Bochkarev emphasized that in the case of the construction of a Mulinsky-style training ground, Moscow will no longer cooperate with Rheinmetall.

    Greetings to the Germans! laughing

    (It would be curious to look at the TUSTER that German businesses have sharpened on Merkel wassat )

    And our fellows! Keep it up!

  7. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 20 January 2015 12: 35
    0
    good luck ......... native training.
  8. Aleksiuss
    Aleksiuss 20 January 2015 20: 54
    0
    Quote: Spade
    It's simple: to start the CA, all of the above is not necessary.

    Seriously? Those. of the four complexes, according to official data, one was commissioned and such trifles as "power center, water supply, gas pipeline, water intake unit", etc. "optional"? Well that is there are monitors on the tables and educational tasks can be solved, but no one forbids washing with dew, and peeing in the nearest bushes?
    Shovels, since you are so special in the training process, please be so kind as to explain what is needed for it.

    Quote: Vladimirets
    "Earlier, the RF Ministry of Defense said that thanks to such savings, the center could be recouped after 2 years of operation."

    An interesting term in relation to a military object is "recoup". winked

    Do you have such a rating for the number of comments? Those. the more comments, the higher the rating? I am a new person here, so I ask. And as I understand it, it doesn’t matter what the level of comments is.
    What is not clear to you? What's not clear?
    Instead of driving a tank division back and forth, burning diesel fuel, paying for railway platforms and "teplushki" for soldiers, winding moto / watches and taking into account unforeseen expenses, you can safely, "without noise and dust" reproduce the same on simulators. Is this a savings? I think yes.
    Has money been invested in a "military facility"? Nested. Does it pay off at the expense of the above? It pays off. So I repeat once again: what is not clear to you?
  9. sdvru
    sdvru 26 October 2015 13: 51
    0
    O-GO-GO spent money, and the effectiveness of this pile of metal, to put it mildly, is not much.
    The most useful there are simulators operators, and drivers of vehicles .... EVERYTHING !!!
    (So ​​they themselves had a certain effectiveness before)
    There is no and will not be anything close about any single information space.
    Because neither Rusbitek nor GUBP had and still have no idea who and what this "complex" is supposed to teach.
    There are no clearly formulated: neither the goals of training, nor the list of trainees, nor the list of knowledge, skills that trainees will (should) have at the end of training.
    There are no training methods, no evaluation criteria for this training (with the exception, I repeat, of individual simulators of military equipment).
    The automated "parsing system" of the exercises was supposed to be built in the image of the German one, but the Germans left the project, and our developers, unfortunately, did not do research in this area.
    Thus, sitting, for example, at the so-called "simulator of motorized rifle subunits", what should the platoon commander learn? companies? shooter finally? How to check and record his knowledge and skills?
    Ask the "teachers" - you will not hear a specific answer, because they themselves do not know.
    The student will look at a beautiful picture on the monitor, twist with a joystick and mouse - that's it! Should an automated action assessment? on the basis of what criteria it is set ..... - NO !!!
    Everything that this simulator can teach can easily be studied in a classroom with the Charter of the Army in hand.
    Such an aggregation of multiple TCBs into one complex is possible and could have an effect, but so far this is just blowing dust and not efficiently spending budget funds.