Factories - the Chinese, the land - the Koreans, or a new program for the development of the Far East

Factories - the Chinese, the land - the Koreans, or a new program for the development of the Far EastAlready that year in our country recorded a decline in population. Departures abroad, unwillingness to give birth due to a low standard of living, numerous abortions in 20 in recent years have reduced the population of Russia by almost 10 million people. We can say that a large metropolis died out, comparable in the number of residents to the current Moscow. The state is trying to solve problems with increasing the birth rate through additional social guarantees. In some regions, this really gave a tangible increase in the number of babies, while in others it had practically no effect on the current situation. Huge mortality literally overwhelms Russia in recent years. At the same time, the number of deaths at the so-called working age increased significantly. They die from the use of poor-quality alcohol and tobacco, a huge number of young people die in car accidents, the number of deaths from drug use is growing. All this can neither make a negative mark on the development of the regions. The population of some subjects of the Russian Federation is rapidly decreasing as a result of migration.

Last year, a federal census was conducted in Russia. According to its results, it turned out that the most bad things are with demography in the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District. While in the country as a whole, the number of inhabitants decreased by a little less than 1%, in the Far East there was an 15-percent decrease in the population. If we talk about the national composition of the Far East, then every year the percentage of immigrants from the countries of Southeast Asia is growing, and the number of Russians in this region is steadily decreasing.

The Far East is the richest region, the potential of which is not even developed for a tenth share. With a serious reduction in the population in the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk and Primorsky Territories, in Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands, as well as in other regions of the region, there will soon be no one to conduct economic activity on this land. The situation is even more paradoxical, if we recall that people in the Far East literally go for money: oil, gold, diamonds and other natural riches. At the same time, even at large defense enterprises in the region, wages are several times lower than in the Federal Center. Do not forget that in the Far East 90% of goods - not local production. Something is brought from other regions of the country, but most are purchased in China, Japan and Korea. Most of the arable land became overgrown with weeds. The production of meat and milk fell almost 10 times compared with the last year of the USSR. This figure is surprising, because in many Far Eastern lands you can grow almost any crop, up to melons.

People are fleeing insecurity and poverty. Thousands of families leave their homes in order to have a better life closer to the Center. It should be remembered that for the majority of residents of the same Vladivostok or Khabarovsk to fly to relatives in Moscow or St. Petersburg is an unaffordable luxury. It’s no joke to say that a one-way plane ticket costs 1000 dollars. And this is just an economy class. How many times have words been spoken from the high tribunes that the Far East needs to be “brought closer” to the rest of Russia, by all means, otherwise problems will grow exponentially.

In this regard, regional and federal officials have various plans in their heads about how not only to stop the flow of migrants from the Far East to Central Russia, but also to significantly increase the number of inhabitants in this region. At the same time, it is often not a question of creating normal living conditions for Far Easterners: raise wages, build new high-quality housing, open kindergartens, hospitals and schools. Instead, we suddenly hear that officials are going to attract “helpers” to the Amur Region and Primorye for the development of Russian lands from foreign countries. So, after visiting Kim Jong Il in the region, some “hot heads” heard the words that it would be good to lease several hundred hectares of agricultural land to North Korean citizens. Suppose, they say, hard workers work - feed their people. What do we have - land, is it enough? ..

Whether this was said in a faint and dizzy state, or this fraternal help to friendly people, is still unknown, but the fact remains. Russian officials dispose of land for which the blood of their ancestors is shed, as if they were their masters.

You can already begin to imagine how friendly neighbors from North Korea erect huts along the border (on our side) and take up their affairs on our territory. At the same time, it is far from a fact that our “friends” will pay something to the local treasury for this semi-present-half-rent. Rather, it will happen the way the citizens of China flooded the same Far East. The quota of entry of citizens of the Middle Kingdom, for example, for the cultivation of cucumbers is given at the rate of 2 person per hectare, and in fact, on this hectare 100 people enter. The local migration service only throws up his hands and declares that, they say, we can not do anything - they all look the same. All this is more like a fairy tale about the chambers, which was allowed to warm one, and then the guests were added more and more. Everyone knows who came last, and what came of it.

Of course, the issue of empty lands must be addressed. But how many citizens of Russia remain in the country who would love to work on the land. Only according to official data, we have more than 7% of the unemployed. Without a doubt, if you invest in infrastructure development, open jobs, many of these people will go to the Far East to live and work.

If the policy of the authorities is aimed only at the fact that “immigrants from China and Korea will save us,” this will lead the Far East to complete degradation for Russia. Chinese or Korean farmers are unlikely to share business with the Russians. In the best case, the Russians from the number of Russians will be prepared for the role of attendants on farms and factories of citizens of neighboring states. Today in Blagoveshchensk the lion's share of enterprises with Chinese capital.

Apparently, for now, there is no one in Russia to pull up power and put an end to squandering state lands with the involvement of guest workers, who will be happy to assume the role of the owners of the Far East.
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  1. _arbit
    _arbit 12 September 2011 12: 31 New
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    It’s too late to do something already) it’s time to bring down how the free queue is suitable for 2 ton containers, you can go :)

    But seriously, the problem exists, and the worse the worse :( just a lot of people who have gone away for the last couple of years have left a lot, railway has a real problem with 2 and 5 ton containers (the main containers on which migrants take their scrub), the queue for them months already.
  2. zczczc
    zczczc 12 September 2011 14: 27 New
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    I don’t quite agree with the statement “How many times from high tribunes have the words been said that the Far East needs to be“ brought closer ”to the rest of Russia at all costs, otherwise the problems will grow exponentially.” You can approximate, of course, but this is not even the 20th task. It is necessary to equip life there so that the people multiply, so that it is good to live there.

    Judge for yourself - before the development of air transportation by the Soviet Union, the Far East did not die out, the Chinese did not occupy, life flowed on as usual. Those. You can make flights available, but this is not a condition for the development of the region. Look at the extinct villages near any city - they can reach the city in general 15 minutes by bicycle.
  3. AleksUkr 12 September 2011 16: 57 New
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    To give everything to the power of migrants is an old dream of our officials. How much can you say. that our neighbors are seizing our lands with a creeping quiet glanders. And to be more precise, we give them ourselves. We rent, without controlling how and what they fertilize, the fields become unusable after a few years, but our leaders give other plots. We have a lot of land, enough for the lives of officials. Our valiant leadership at all levels is not patriotic. Our ancestors collected, and we squander. Serdyukov buys boats, armored vehicles, small arms, and his production is destroyed. Postnikov claims that German tanks are better than ours, forgetting that it was our tanks that were beaten by German tanks. Medvedev - buy aircraft if you can’t do it yourself. And so everywhere we strengthen our dependence on the West. What do we get to? Wherever you poke a finger, there are punctures everywhere. Instead of improving the standard of living, we only worsen every year. Compare the level of wages in our products in the West. A wild difference. But as soon as the question of raising the salary becomes high inflation will shout Kudrins and others like them, not forgetting to increase it yourself. Life goes on clearly in the wrong direction.
  4. mitrich
    mitrich 12 September 2011 18: 48 New
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    I read the article by Alexei Volodin, from which only one conclusion can be drawn - the author, if not all of Russia, has already buried the Russian Far East, definitely. Well, he’s so dull in every paragraph, well, such a longing - that I want to go up a little to the moon lol !
    First of all, one should not forget that the Russian people rode to the Far East and Transbaikalia even earlier, in popular-optimistic times, without much enthusiasm. Chita, Belaya, Magdagach and Khorol were never the goal of the life of service people (since we are discussing at VO). For the entire XX century, I see only 3 relatively mass flows of immigrants to Siberia and the Far East: Stolypin, Gulagovsky (half of the salary and their descendants remained there) and BAMovsky.
    Secondly, it is impossible to rebuild the new look of the Far East without involving labor migrants from the PRC and DPRK, since
    Fourth, young people, including the Far Eastern ones, are not too keen to acquire working professions. Even the least-minded ones are striving for "education", at least in the form of commercial universities, and are in no hurry to build.
    Finally, you cannot see only the negative sides. Today, no less funds are pouring into the Far East and Transbaikalia than in the North Caucasus. There are growth points - for example, Vladivostok (for the APEC summit), the ESPO pipeline, Sakhalin projects, there are only large (that is, with investments of more than 100 billion rubles each) 29 projects.
    Perhaps, to attract Russians to the Far East, a new MEGA project may be required, for example, the construction of a railway to Magadan (as a continuation of the BAM).
    So I personally did NOT like the article, since the administrators introduced this form of assessment ...
    1. zczczc
      zczczc 12 September 2011 19: 18 New
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      And who said that it is easy to control territories, especially those remote from the center? Very hard.

      This is one of the reasons for the collapse of the Roman Empire.
    2. WADIM
      WADIM 15 September 2011 19: 01 New
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      totally agree with you...
  5. Aktium
    Aktium 12 September 2011 22: 41 New
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    You can, of course, say that “the article didn’t like.” Only the problem didn’t disappear anywhere. In general, the article is correct. Moscow, the Kremlin does not need the Far East - a burden, a yoke on its neck. Whether the Republic of Far East will be in the future is unknown .How the card will fall. And the problem must be solved.
  6. Marat
    Marat 13 September 2011 21: 07 New
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    One thing can be said - it’s dangerous to populate Koreans - you can lose land in the future

    Populating the Chinese - deadly - lose right now

    I agree that something is being done now (I recall the prohibitions on the import of right-hand drive trash - decisions on the construction of car factories, the laying of a gas pipeline - a great thing by the way - remember how they froze in perestroika - they brought fuel oil by sea)

    But all the same, I see the root cause in the "perestroika" in the general collapse of the country - now it’s clear and the outskirts are harder to keep. Perhaps it is necessary to "move" towards the USSR - back (I’m not saying to restore it as it was - this definitely will not work)
  7. rise
    rise 14 September 2011 06: 27 New
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    I myself am from Vladik, we do not have a state in the Far East, there is only a local p. Brotherhood who lives happily using the cattle of the bulk of the people. The power has completely decomposed in the field, only offices producing stamps and signatures on paper work.
    The people who live here just need to give land to each of 100 sq. Km, and let them work on it and then they will raise the region and establish order on their territory more than one bureaucratic face doesn’t turn up just like that. And it’s not like now that I would draw up 10 acres of clay soil for a summer cottage on which horseradish does not grow. I’ve been half a year from a city to another !!! I drive
  8. alexs3524 19 September 2011 04: 34 New
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    In our village there were two large city-forming enterprises, one enterprise went bankrupt in 2 years, and the second one breathes on fire. There was a large state farm where cattle was grown, the fields were planted with buckwheat, sugar beets, peas, soybeans, corn, potatoes. The village lived, was own hospital with a maternity hospital, a pioneer camp for children, a recreation area. Now this is not there, the village is slowly dying out. Our government is creatures.