"Bison" - the largest hovercraft




The Zubr class ship, or the 12322 Project, is a small landing craft equipped with an airbag and developed in Soviet times. After the project was declassified, the Zubr was recognized as the world's most powerful ship with an air cushion. The vessels of this class have in their arsenal countries such as Ukraine, Russia and Greece. It is noteworthy that the Zubr is the first ship produced in the USSR and subsequently acquired and put into service by the NATO countries.



"Bison" is designed to perform the following tasks: it transfers personnel of military units, military equipment and is engaged in cargo supply to unequipped coastlines. An air cushion allows landing on 70% of the coasts of the entire oceans. Cargo compartment holds three tank, whose total weight can reach up to 150 tons, or 10 armored personnel carriers (up to 130 tons) and another 140 marine corps.



In addition, 8 infantry combat vehicles or amphibious tanks with approximately the same size can be accommodated here. When re-equipping the load compartment, 366 people can be accommodated here. It turns out that the total number of people that the Zubr can deliver to the shore reaches 500 people.



The engine of the ship has a capacity of 50 in thousands of horsepower. The engine is a power plant M35, produced at the Nikolaev enterprise “Zorya-Mashproekt”. The vessel has four NO-10 injection units with a propeller, the diameter of which is 2,5 meters. Their rotation consumes all the power of the power plant. Three reversing screws are responsible for the horizontal movement of the Bison. The diameter of each 4-blade propeller is 5,5 meters.



The length of the "Bison" is 57,3 meters, width - 25,6 meters, height has 21,9 meters. Displacement reaches 555 tons. Fuel reserves in tanks are designed to overcome the distance in 300 nautical miles (550 km), the maximum speed limit - 60 nodes (111 km / h). Manages and maintains the vessel crew in 27 people.



The ship "Bison" has artillery and rocket armament. Artillery armament is reduced to two X-NUMX-mm AK-30 automatic artillery systems mounted on a ship. The ammunition of each is 630 shells. Two A-3000 “Fire” launchers for 22-mm unguided rockets are the ship’s missile armament. Their ammunition includes 140 NUR-s to each. 66 portable Igla anti-aircraft systems are designed for air defense.

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  1. ZEBRASH
    ZEBRASH 10 September 2011 08: 01 New
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    Handsome man! But again Soviet-built no And how long will we live on the legacy of the country of the Soviets?
    1. Vadivak 10 September 2011 11: 59 New
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      And what is bad in the Soviet building if it meets modern requirements? As they say ahead of their time
  2. Trevis 10 September 2011 11: 11 New
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    Without the legacy of the Soviets, we would have been bent long ago!
  3. datur 10 September 2011 12: 10 New
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    is it not his Ukrainians completely leaked to the Chinese?
    1. Vadivak 10 September 2011 13: 47 New
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      IMHO The Chinese, as always, will throw suppliers, buy one copy and copy it for the series, as it was when they bought the T-10
  4. CARTRIDGE
    CARTRIDGE 10 September 2011 15: 31 New
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    The best you can imagine after ekranoplanes!
  5. ZEBRASH
    ZEBRASH 10 September 2011 17: 21 New
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    Quote: Vadivak
    And what is bad in the Soviet building if it meets modern requirements? As they say ahead of their time

    There is nothing wrong with Soviet construction, but the Soviet Union has not been around for 20 years, and everything Soviet is aging, and little is being produced. Our Moscow region hopes that our army will fight with old weapons and budget money is sawing.
    1. Vadivak 10 September 2011 17: 53 New
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      I understood your idea, but they are not needed by the Moscow Defense Ministry considering how many “bison” are in the fleet
  6. zczczc
    zczczc 10 September 2011 19: 33 New
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    This is power!
    1. Banshee 11 September 2011 21: 22 New
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      Impressive thing!
  7. Comrade
    Comrade 1 March 2012 18: 06 New
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    Needless to say, an excellent car! And as it is said above that this is a legacy of the USSR, so the price is higher for it! I’m proud that we have such MDKs.
  8. Heapoiss
    Heapoiss 18 July 2012 00: 17 New
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    And why on the last photo "Jeyran"?
  9. Megatron 19 October 2012 18: 12 New
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    good cars!
  10. Basarev 5 February 2014 22: 02 New
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    I think that on the basis of this boat you can create larger vessels - right up to the hovercraft!