On the subject of the January events I wrote in the "Century" and not only more than once. Therefore, only briefly recall. In January 1991 in Vilnius killed 14 Lithuanian citizens. In the bodies of the majority of those killed by gunshot wounds, Lithuanian forensic examination found bullets from hunting and small-caliber guns, as well as from a Mosin rifle of the 1891 / 1930 model.
Moreover, bullet wounds in the bodies of the dead, as a rule, were directed from top to bottom, at an angle of 40-60 degrees. Meanwhile, the Soviet servicemen, who were accused of being shot, were not on the roofs of houses, like the militants of Sayudis, but in front of the crowd surrounding the TV tower. Victims who allegedly died at the TV tower from Soviet collision tanks, were qualified by Lithuanian forensic experts as injured in car accidents.
But the conclusions of forensic scientists are not arguments for the Prosecutor General’s Office of Lithuania, which, fulfilling the political order of President D. Grybauskaite and her patron V Landsbergis, stubbornly declares that the January victims are the work of the Alpha group of the USSR KGB and Soviet paratroopers. Condemnation, even in absentia, of 69 Russians for “committing war crimes” in January 1991, will allow the Lithuanian authorities to launch a campaign to recognize the USSR as a “criminal state”.
In the future, this will justify the advancement of demands to Russia to compensate for the damage caused by the aggression of the “criminal Soviet Union” in January 1991 against Lithuania. It can not pull one billion dollars ...
In order to make the absurdity of the charges formulated by the Lithuanian prosecutors clear, I will present to the readers the accusation brought against the Russian guard reserve colonel, the tankman Yuri Melyu, who was detained by the Lithuanian authorities on March 13, 12, at the Panemuno checkpoint.
The Lithuanian Themis incriminates him with five acts qualified as war crimes: treatment of people prohibited by international law, murder of persons protected by international humanitarian law, injury to health, torture or other inhuman treatment of people protected by international humanitarian law, as well as forbidden military actions.
It is known that Lieutenant Y. Mel’s tank on the night of 13 in January 1991 was at the TV tower and, by order of the command, fired a cannon-gun three times with an idle charge. However, Lithuanian prosecutors say: this is enough to demand a life sentence for him!
In support of their accusations, Lithuanian prosecutors formulated an absurd and unprovable allegation, which should confirm that Mel, knowingly and deliberately committed crimes against citizens of the Republic of Lithuania. In this regard, they claim that Lieutenant J. Mehl allegedly knew the following:
- Lithuania between the two world wars was an independent state;
- 15 June 1940, it was "occupied" by the USSR;
- 11 March 1990. The Supreme Council (SC) of the Republic of Lithuania proclaimed independence;
- From this moment on, no “other country's constitution" operated on the territory of the republic.
In support of the above, prosecutors enumerate almost all legal acts that the Lithuanian Armed Forces adopted on the night of 11 on 12 in March of 1991, which were also allegedly known to Stran. This is complete absurdity.
It turns out that yesterday's cadet of the tank school, six months before the events, arrived in Vilnius to serve in the 107 motorized rifle division, was obliged to know about the legal acts adopted by the Lithuanian Supreme Council on the night of March 12 1990 of the Republic of Lithuania. This statement is not something that is not serious, but indicates a serious problem with the logic of the Lithuanian prosecutors.
In addition, in their accusations, Lithuanian prosecutors proceed from another unprovable allegation: allegedly Yuri Mel was informed that the leadership of the USSR and the CPSU, in response to Lithuania’s proclamation of independence, began to implement a policy of overthrowing the “lawfully formed power of Lithuania”.
At the same time, according to the conviction of the Lithuanian prosecutors, Mehl allegedly knew that “the following legal acts of the USSR were adopted in the implementation of this policy”. In this regard, the prosecutors listed a number of Decrees of the President of the USSR, the laws of the USSR and the resolutions of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on issues related to the ultimatum declaration of independence by Lithuania.
It is unlikely that most of the suspects, including Mel, in January 1991 were aware of the above-mentioned legal acts of the Soviet leadership. However, they apparently knew about one legal act, but for some reason the Lithuanian prosecutors did not mention it. This is the Resolution of the Third Congress of the USSR People’s Deputies of March 15 1990, in which the following legal assessment was made of the fact that the Supreme Council of Lithuania had proclaimed the restoration of an independent Lithuanian state:
“The Congress of People's Deputies regards the above-mentioned decisions of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR, adopted by 11 – 12 in March of 1990, as having no legal force. The Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR states that, in accordance with Articles 74 and 75 of the USSR Constitution, the sovereignty of the Union of the USSR and the operation of the USSR Constitution continue to spread over the territory of Lithuania as the Union Soviet Socialist Republic. ”
It is said more than definitely.
But this is not an argument for the Lithuanian Themis. Its representatives say without a shadow of a doubt that Lieutenant Y. Melu was aware that “USSR Minister of Defense Dmitry Yazov, USSR Interior Minister Boris Pugo, Chairman of the USSR KGB Vladimir Kryuchkov and Politburo member, secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Oleg Shenin created at the end of 1990 “An organized group that involved military and political figures in 159”.
Indeed, the statement that Lieutenant J. Mehl, it turns out, knew that Oleg Shenin, secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, attracted the leadership of the Lithuanian Communist Party / CPSU, as well as eight employees of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania / CPSU, is truly deadly.
Apparently, Oleg Semenovich thought it necessary to inform Lieutenant Miel about this ?! Just how did he get in touch with him, didn’t Mel had an RF phone? Absurd and only.
When reading such pearls of prosecutorial thought, the question arises, is everything okay with the thinking of the prosecutors S. Slashinskas and G. Pashkavicius, who were responsible for the preparation of the accusations of Mel?
However, the seriousness of these charges is evidenced by such a fact. 27 March 2014, in the Prosecutor General’s Office of Lithuania, prosecutor Yurga Zeniute interrogated Y. Mel for five hours. She was particularly interested in whether she was commanded by a 22-year-old lieutenant in a tank division operating at the television tower?
I have no doubt that any Russian would have regarded such a posing of the question as mocking. This is how much it is necessary to be limited in knowledge, if you do not understand that a lieutenant in the Soviet Army could not command a division!
Further more. Zenyute, without a hint of embarrassment, demands that she tell her when and how many times Mel spoke with USSR Minister of the Interior Boris Pugo. Stranded decided to laugh it off: "I did not drive tea with the general, so I could not know his plans." But the prosecutor nearly accepted his answer as confirming conversations with Pugo. Apparently, in Lithuania, any lieutenant, or whatever he is called there, can easily call the Minister of Defense or the Prosecutor General by telephone.
The fact that the Stranded to B. Pugo had nothing to do, I do not even say. The highest chief for Milya was the USSR Minister of Defense, Marshal of the Soviet Union D. Yazov. All of the above looks funny, if it were not so sad.
However, Colonel Melu with such prosecutors and judges in Lithuania is facing life imprisonment ...
But I will continue the list of accusations that Melu is incriminated as a member of an organized criminal group. Lithuanian prosecutors claim that “members of an organized group, in order to carry out and promote the policies of another state - the USSR, as well as a foreign organization - the CPSU and its subdivisions in Lithuania - the CPL / CPSU, an unlawful change of the constitutional order of the Lithuanian state, an attempt on its independence, violations territorial integrity, decided to implement it by committing crimes against humanity and war crimes, in violation of the customs of international law and other international obligations ... " .
So, without a shadow of a doubt, the Lithuanian investigators presented the structure of the security agencies of the USSR as a kind of criminal organized group that in January 1991 carried out personal instructions from opponents of Lithuanian independence: D. Yazov, V. Kryuchkov, B. Pugo and O. Shenin. And this supposedly happened in one of the most centralized states in the world ?! This is not political speculation, and insanity Lithuanian prosecutors.
I note that the desire of the Lithuanian investigators to present the leadership of the security agencies of the USSR with a criminal “organized group” is understandable. It is known that crimes of members of an organized group are punished more severely. In addition, according to Article 3 of the Treaty on the Basics of Interstate Relations between the RSFSR and the Republic of Lithuania of 29 in July 1991, Russia and Lithuania pledged to "cooperate in the fight against organized and international crime."
On the basis of this agreement, Lithuania after the absentee process will require Russia to cooperate in the search and punishment of those responsible for the January events, up to their extradition.
In order to lend the prosecution Y. Melya, as a member of an “organized group,” legal justification, Lithuanian prosecutors listed the International Charters, Declarations, Covenants, Acts, Conventions, Protocols that allegedly intended to violate and violated the previously mentioned criminal “organized group headed by with D. Yazov, implementing the plan for the introduction of presidential rule in Lithuania ”.
It is particularly emphasized that "the criminal acts of the members of the group were committed in accordance with the plan previously developed by the organizers and with a clear distribution of roles." Just some kind of gang "Black Cat" of the state level!
The following formulation of the Lithuanian prosecutors concerning the relativity of the activities of the above “organized group” is striking. “Hiding behind the laws, decrees, decrees of the USSR government and administration, developed by the CPL / CPSU“ Introduction of the USSR Presidential Government ”plan, D. Yazov, together with V. Kryuchkov, B. Pugo and O. Shenin, entrusted to unidentified investigators , The General Staff of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the KGB of the USSR to develop a plan for interception of power in Lithuania ... ”.
It turns out that D. Yazov and his “accomplices,” including Lieutenant Mel, did not organize the execution of the Ordinance of the Third Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR, the Decrees of the President and the Laws of the USSR, but were covered by them, solving their personal problems of “intercepting power in Lithuania”. Yes, the fantasy flight of Lithuanian investigators is truly unbeaten ...
By the way, trying to present a forceful action in Lithuania, as a kind of amateur activity of the heads of the security forces of the Union of the USSR, the Lithuanian Prosecutor General’s Office thus removes the former President of the USSR M. Gorbachev from the blow. Without a doubt, this is the implementation of instructions from Washington.
It is known that the military action in Lithuania was not the first in the USSR, but the third, after Tbilisi and Baku. Therefore, it could not take place without the consent of the President of the USSR. Otherwise, the heads of the military leaders would fly. It is known how Gorbachev famously defeated 1987 in May with the elite of the Soviet Army for landing on Vasilyevsky descent of M. Rust.
Let me remind you that Gorbachev awarded D. Yazov the title of Marshal of the Soviet Union for a military action in Baku, allegedly carried out without his knowledge. How can one believe that Yazov acted in Baku and Vilnius without the consent of the President of the USSR? But Lithuanian prosecutors do not want to hear about it.
Summarizing the above, we can conclude that the Lithuanian establishment, in an effort to prove Soviet aggression against "independent Lithuania", allegedly organized by some high-ranking Soviet leaders, is trying to pass the desirable for reality. In the world stories there are many such attempts. But all of them, sooner or later, ended in complete fiasco. Such a fate, no doubt, awaits the attempts of the Lithuanian authorities.
In this regard, there is such an unpleasant forecast for the authorities in Lithuania. Imagine that the situation in Lithuania will change, as has happened more than once, and the real circumstances of the January 13 case will become clear. Then the current Lithuanian leadership and their legal assistants will sit in the dock.
They will probably be judged as members of a criminal organized group. They themselves created a precedent. Let me remind you that in Georgia, against the former president M. Saakashvili, a criminal case has already been initiated.
Within the framework of such a forecast, it is interesting how the document on the suspicion of these Ponaths (masters) of committing criminal acts aimed at hiding the true circumstances of the tragic January 1991 events in January would look if the logic of Lithuanian prosecutors is applied.
So, I start. Former Chairman of the Supreme Council of Lithuania Vytautas Landsbergis is suspected that in December 1990, having the goal of entering Lithuanian history, as a political figure who led the republic to independence, created an organized group of his deputy for the Armed Forces, Kazimeras Moteka (K. Moteka) and the General Director of the Department of Regional Security Audrius Butkevicius (A. Butkevičius), who provoked tragic events in January 1991 in Vilnius
Members of this criminal group in January 1991, urging civilians to protect strategic facilities in Vilnius, deliberately violated the 28 article of the Geneva Convention 1949 on the protection of civilians during war. International law and the aforementioned Geneva Convention qualify this as a war crime.
The aforementioned K. Moteka 12 January 1991 was irresponsible and criminally declared that Lithuania was in a state of war with the Soviet Union. This statement largely led to the destabilization of the socio-political situation in the republic, which subsequently led to tragic events.
At the direction of V. Landsbergis, A. Butkevicius, director general of the MLC (Department of Regional Defense), recruited MLC employees who were subordinate to him in an organized criminal group who, on the night from 12 to 13 in January 1991, not only shot civilians from the Vilnius TV tower, but also took action on pushing citizens under the tracks of Soviet armored vehicles.
In addition, A. Butkevicius with the consent of V Landsbergis prepared the building of the Supreme Council of Lithuania for arson in the event of a Soviet assault, placing in the outbuildings a large number of containers with flammable liquids. Considering that the building of the aircraft, according to A. Butkevicius (“Lietuvos rytas”, 12.01.2014), was a 3200 person and it had only four partially blocked sandbag exits, in the event of a fire, the victims would go into the thousands. Undoubtedly, this should be qualified as an attempt to prepare a particularly serious crime with a large number of victims.
After the January events, V. Landsbergis, noticing traces and taking advantage of the position of the head of the Armed Forces, recruited Lithuanian Prosecutor General A. Paulauskas to the criminal organized group, setting the task of ensuring that the events of the January military were falsified in order to present the politicians.
The aforementioned A. Paulauskas attracted to the criminal organized group of investigators and prosecutors subordinate to them, setting him the task of organizing falsification of the circumstances of the January events. This was done and made it possible to declare those responsible for the death of people at the television tower of Soviet servicemen who were directly involved in the military action to restore the validity of the USSR Constitution in Lithuania in January 1991.
In 1994, Mr. V. Landsbergis managed to involve the prosecutor of the Prosecutor General’s Office of Lithuania Kestutis Betingis (K. Betingis), who is leading the criminal case of “13 January” in a criminal group, who agreed to base the basic concept of this criminal case not on the results of an objective investigation of January 13, but on speculations of V. Landsbergis, who aim to avert from themselves the suspicion of organizing the tragic January events and are set forth in his book “Laisvės byla” (“The Case of Freedom”). This fact was recorded in the January 13 criminal case (v. 252, p. 153).
In 1996-1999 V. Landsbergis, using the position of the Chairman of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, involved in his criminal organized group of judges in January 1991 of the Vilnius District Court, forcing them to conduct a criminal process in the case of the leaders of the Communist Party of Lithuania / CPSU, ignoring the circumstances that prove their innocence, and also ignoring the clear evidence of the involvement of the head of the Seimas of the Republic of Latvia and his entourage in inspiring and organizing the January events in 1991.
In the spring of 2009, Mr. V. Landsbergis, becoming a European parliamentarian and remaining the leader of the Lithuanian conservatives, involved in its criminal organized group of LR presidential candidate Dalia Grybauskaite, entered into a criminal conspiracy.
His goal was to conceal the real criminals responsible for the tragic events of January.
Grybauskaite, in exchange for supporting the Lithuanian conservatives for her candidacy in the presidential election 2009, promised that if she won, she would ensure further criminal prosecution of Russian citizens who were former participants in the above-mentioned force rally in January 1991 in Vilnius.
After becoming president of the Republic of Latvia and fulfilling the promise made to V. Landsbergis, D. Grybauskaite in December 2010, attracted to the criminal organized group the Chairman of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania Irena Degutiene (I. Degutienė), which ensured the necessary adoption of the necessary amendments to the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania, introduced consideration of the Sejm by President Grybauskaite. These amendments allowed to accuse the participants of the above-mentioned military action in Vilnius of committing war crimes, which led to their indefinite prosecution.
Thus, the possibility of investigating the involvement of V. Landsbergis and his entourage in the tragic events that occurred in January 1991 in Vilnius was excluded.
In an organized group headed by V. Landsbergis, D. Grybauskaite attracted the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Latvia Darius Valis (D. Valys), who in turn attracted the senior prosecutor of the Department of Criminal Prosecution of the Prosecutor General Simonas Slapsinskas (S. Slapšinskas) to his group .
He, in turn, attracted into the organized group the prosecutor of the same Department Gintautas Pashkevicius (G. Paškevičius) and other prosecutors of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Republic of Lithuania, who continued to falsify the circumstances and evidence of the January 1991 events.
The purpose of the above-mentioned criminal organized group was to ensure in absentia the condemnation of Russian citizens with the aim of finally concealing the real perpetrators of the January tragedy and creating an additional pseudo-legal basis for presenting material claims to Russia.
I want to believe that sometime the participants in a criminal conspiracy who are trying to hide the real perpetrators of the tragic January events in 1991 will ever hide a document with a similar text. Let me remind you that the leaders of Nazi Germany never thought to sit on the dock. However, they sat down.