Military Review

Heroes of the air rams of the first day of the war

29
Heroes of the air rams of the first day of the war



Everyone knows that the first ram was made by captain P. N. Nesterov in the distant 1914 year. Many people know that the world's first night ram was carried out on October 27 1941 by the Soviet pilot V. V. Talalikhin. However, the names of the Stalin falcons who committed a ram on the very first day of the Great Patriotic War, for some reason, remain in the shadows for many years. It is hard to disagree that their exploits, their willingness to give their lives for the freedom of their native land are no less significant. Pilots of the Leningrad Military District — P. T. Kharitonov and S. I. Zdorovtsev — were the very first to go on a ram during the Great Patriotic War. What is not surprising: after all, Leningrad was behind their backs. It was these pilots who became the first Heroes of the Soviet Union who received 8 July 1941 of the Year by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR this title for the feat accomplished in the Great Patriotic War. But there were other heroes who rammed 22 on June 1941 of the year, and their names are practically unknown to a wide circle of people. We will restore the events of that time and name them.

Zhukov MP, Zdorovtsev S.I. and Kharitonov P.T. y-xnumx

Literally in the first moments of the war in 4 hours of the morning, the link of the fighter regiment №124 under the command of junior lieutenant D. V. Kokarev rose to intercept the enemy. Almost over the runway, he saw the fascist Dornier Do 215. Having established a turn, the MiG-3 Kokarev took a favorable position for opening fire. And then it turned out that machine guns refused. How to be? The Hitlerite had already turned the car on the reverse course. The decision matured instantly: Kokarev increased the engine speed, came right up to Dornier and over the city Zambrow hit his propeller blades on the tail. The bomber, losing control, spun and crashed to the ground. So in 4 hours 15 minutes 22 June 1941, was committed one of the first rams in the sky of World War II. Kokarev managed to land his damaged aircraft. After the ram, the brave pilot fought in the skies of Moscow and Leningrad, made more 100 sorties and shot down 5 of the Nazi aircraft. He died in a battle for the city of Lenin 12 October 1941 of the year.

Almost simultaneously with Dmitry Vasilyevich Kokarev, piloting the I-16 fighter, was carried out by a ram and the commander of the fighter regiment of the squadron No. 46, senior lieutenant I. I. Ivanov. He made it in 4 hours 25 minutes near the city Zholkva (now part of the Lviv region of Ukraine). It is significant that in the same year, in 1914, Peter Nesterov and his air ram committed. 2 August 1941 was awarded posthumously the title Hero of the Soviet Union to Ivan Ivanovich Ivanov. The feat of Ivanov was immortalized by the fact that his name was given to one of the streets in Schelkovo.

At dawn 22 June 1941, the deputy commander of the squadron for the political part of the fighter regiment No. 127, senior political officer A. S. Danilov and his pilots patrolled over the city of Grodno (Belarus). Suddenly, fascist bombers and fighters began to approach the city from different sides. Squadron dispersed. Group air battles ensued. Danilov shot down two enemy aircraft. But in the whirlwind of the air battle, they were used up all the ammunition. Then, approaching the enemy's plane closely, A.S. Danilov sent his I-153 to the enemy machine and with a screw cut off her wing. The fascist plane broke out and began to fall. Soon Pravda published the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on awarding A. S. Danilov with the Order of Lenin posthumously. But Andrei Stepanovich did not die. Severely wounded, he landed on a plane. The farmers of the village Cherlen delivered the brave pilot to the medical battalion. After recovery, the senior political officer Danilov returned to service and led the air battles on the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts. The end of the war caught A. S. Danilov on the Trans-Baikal Front.

Political Commander Danilov A.S. is the only Soviet pilot who committed 22.06.1941 rams and survived to the end of the war.

In 5 hours 15 minutes near the airfield, located near the city of Stanislav (now the Ukrainian city of Ivano-Frankivsk), the pilot of the 12 th Fighter Aviation Regiment, a Komsomol member, junior lieutenant L. G. Butelin, received an air battle. Shooting down one Junkers Ju-88, he rushed to pursue another enemy plane trying to break through to the airfield. The Junkers were quite robust machines, it was not so easy to knock them down, having only machine guns on a fighter. Shoot down the second plane with onboard fire weapons Did not work out. All ammunition was consumed. And then Butelin sent his plane to the bomber.

In 5 hours 20 minutes, the deputy commander of the squadron of the fighter regiment No. XXUMX, Lieutenant S. M. Gudimov, took to the air, having the task of repulsing the raid of Henkel Not-33 bombers on the Belarusian city of Pruzhany. S. M. Gudimov managed to shoot down one bomber. During the battle, the lieutenant's fighter was hit and caught fire. SM Gudimov rammed the second fighter Henkel with a burning fighter.

In 7.00, the squadron of the high-speed bomber aviation regiment No. XXUMX, Captain A. S. Protasov, flew into the air above the airfield in the Belarusian village of Cherlene, which was attacked by enemy aircraft 54. In an air battle, despite the fact that Me-16 fighters were pressing on his plane, the crew of Protasov managed to shoot down an enemy bomber. The second fascist bomber captain rammed his Pe-109. It was the first ram in the air on a bomber during the outbreak of World War II.

Captain Anatoly Protasov

At 8:35 am, the pilots of fighter regiment No. 110 Evgeny Panfilov and Grigory Alaev started an air battle with nine Me-126 near their airfield. Two Nazi vehicles were shot down. Lieutenant Alaev died in an unequal battle. Panfilov went to the ram. Upon impact on an enemy aircraft, he was thrown out of the cockpit. He landed safely with a parachute. Later Panfilov fought in the 148th and then 254th fighter aviation regiments on the Southwestern Front. A brave pilot died in an air battle on August 12, 1942.

In 10 hours of the morning Peter Sergeevich Ryabtsev accomplished his feat over Brest. That's what's written about him in stories Fighter Aviation Regiment №123: “4 fighter captain Mozhaev, lieutenants Yidov, Ryabtsev and Nazarov- engaged in battle with eight German Me-109 fighters. Lieutenant Zhidov's plane was shot down and went down. Three fascists from above began to attack him, but the captain Mozhayev, covering the exit from the battle of Zhidov, struck down one of the fascist fighters with a machine-gun line, and the second Messer was intercepted by Lieutenant Zidov and set on fire. At the end of the battle, Lieutenant Ryabtsev spent all the ammunition. But Ryabtsev, regardless of the danger to life, took the plane to the enemy ram. ”

The deputy commander of the squadron of the fighter air regiment No. XXUMX, senior lieutenant A. I. Moklyak, continued the count of ram attacks of the first day of the war. In an air duel over Moldova, he shot down two enemy vehicles. Having spent all the ammunition, Moklyak rammed the third fascist bomber.

On the first day of the Great Patriotic War, a fascist plane and the commander of the fighter air regiment No. XXUMX, junior lieutenant N. P. Ignatiev destroyed the ramming strike. “Where, in what country, could such an attack be born as a rammer,” wrote the famous ace, three times Hero of the Soviet Union A. I. Pokryshkin. “Only among us, among pilots who are infinitely devoted to their Homeland, who put it above all, ahead of their own lives ... A ram is not a boldness, not a meaningless risk, a ram is a weapon of the brave, skillfully owning an aircraft of Soviet soldiers. Taran demanded virtuoso machine ownership. ”

During the Great Patriotic War, ram attacks on the enemy caused more than five hundred pilots. The ramming was carried out not only on fighters, but also on attack aircraft and bombers. More than half of our pilots after ramming enemy aircraft managed to save their combat vehicles. Two rams during the war years made 25 pilots. There were pilots who committed and three rams, this is the deputy commander of the squadron, Senior Lieutenant A. S. Khlobystov and Senior Lieutenant B. I. Kovzan.

Studying the history of air ramming committed 22 June 1941, it is impossible to bypass one more detail. All the pilots who made the decision to go to a ram were either members of the Komsomol, or Communists, or candidates for the party. Let everyone draw conclusions himself.



Sources:
Burov A.V. Your heroes, Leningrad.
Abramov A.S. Courage inherited.
Immortal exploits. Digest of articles.
Burov A.V. Fiery sky
Zhukova L.N. I choose a ram.
History of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. 1941-1945.
Wings of the motherland. Digest of articles.
Smirnov S.S. There were a great war.
Shingaryov S.I. I go to the ram.
Aviation and Cosmonautics 1971, No. 6.
Aviation and Cosmonautics 1979, No. 8.
Aviation and Cosmonautics1991, No.6.
Author:
29 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. parusnik
    parusnik 29 December 2014 07: 27
    +13
    Only among us, among pilots who are infinitely loyal to their homeland, who put it above everything else, above their own lives ... A battering ram is not a dare, not a meaningless risk, a battering ram is the weapon of the brave Soviet warriors skillfully owning an airplane. Ram demanded masterly mastery of the machine... And do not diminish or add ...
  2. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 29 December 2014 07: 45
    +4
    . Ram demanded masterly mastery of the machine.
    what more often because of running out of ammunition rammed, or in the heat of battle, courage is certainly needed, ours rammed most of all, we had something to give our lives for! but we must pay tribute to both the Germans and the British resorted to this last weapon ... (
    Commander 5./JG3 Lieutenant Münster Leopold
    On May 8, 1944, during the reflection of an American air raid on the city of Heidelsheim, a B-109 bomber rammed on a Me-6G-24 fighter and died in doing so.) Or (Commander IV. (Sturm) / JG-3 Hauptmann Gert V. On November 2, 1944, an American bomber B-190G rammed FW-8A-17 in an air battle over the city of Halle. It jumped with a parachute, but the parachute did not open.)
    digging up a drawing from a newspaper ...
    1. tkhonov66
      tkhonov66 29 December 2014 11: 33
      +2
      we must pay tribute to both the Germans and the British resorted to this last weapon ...
      (Lieutenant Münster Leopold on May 8, 1944 ...
      Hauptmann Geert W. November 2, 1944 ...
      )
      .
      - These TWO exceptions - only confirm the RULE.
      .
      "...
      Where, in what country could such a method of attack as a ram be born, ”wrote the illustrious ace, three times Hero of the Soviet Union A.I. Pokryshkin. - Only among us, among pilots who are infinitely loyal to their homeland, who put it above everything else, above their own lives ...
      .
      During the Great Patriotic War, ramming attacks on the enemy inflicted more than five hundred (!) Pilots. Rams were carried out not only on fighters, but also on attack aircraft and bombers. More than half of our pilots managed to save their combat vehicles after ramming enemy planes. Two pilots during the war years made 25 pilots. There were pilots who committed three rams, this is the deputy commander of the squadron, senior lieutenant A.S. Khlobystov and senior lieutenant B.I. Kovzan.

      Studying the history of air ramming committed 22 June 1941, it is impossible to bypass one more detail. All the pilots who made the decision to go to a ram were either members of the Komsomol, or Communists, or candidates for the party. Let everyone draw conclusions himself.
      ..."
  3. Professor
    Professor 29 December 2014 08: 02
    +8
    There were pilots who committed three rams, this is the deputy commander of the squadron, senior lieutenant A.S. Khlobystov and senior lieutenant B.I. Kovzan.

    Kovzan made 4 rams.
  4. Fitter65
    Fitter65 29 December 2014 08: 30
    +7
    It is good that this topic is periodically raised.
    Without ranks and attachment to parts.
    22.06.1941/4/15 XNUMXh.XNUMXm Kokarev D.V.
    4h25min Ivanov I.I.
    5h15min Butelin L.G.
    5h20min. Gudimov S.M.
    between 6 and 7 o’clock Loboda V.S.
    Also on this day air rams were performed by Danilov A.S., Kuzmin P.A., Malienko T.S.-made an air ram in the SB, Moklyak A.I., Moklyak A.I., Panfilov E.M., Pachin A.I., Protasov A.S., Ryabtsev P.S., Ignatiev N.About the town of Vygoda in the area of ​​the city of Bialystok-Lomza there was an air battle in which the I-16 fought an air battle with 2 Bf-109 , one messer was hit, and the second was shot down by ramming, the Soviet pilot burned out, to date his name is still unidentified, although there were witnesses to this battle.
    1. tkhonov66
      tkhonov66 29 December 2014 11: 38
      +9
      "...
      I-16 conducted an air battle with 2 Bf-109, one messer was hit and the second was shot down by ramming, the Soviet pilot burned out, to date his name is still unknown, although there were witnesses to this battle.
      ..."
      .
      Your name is unknown, your feat is immortal.
  5. bionik
    bionik 29 December 2014 08: 37
    +11
    Victor Talalikhin is still with the Order of the Red Star for the Finnish. The author was not much mistaken, he made a ram on August 7, and on October 27 he died.
  6. HUMANOID
    HUMANOID 29 December 2014 10: 48
    0
    and it’s interesting that the Germans had such heroes? Are there statistics anywhere?
    1. tkhonov66
      tkhonov66 29 December 2014 11: 40
      +1
      It seems that there were only TWO cases in the whole war ...
      (Lieutenant Münster Leopold on May 8, 1944 ...
      Hauptmann Geert W. November 2, 1944 ...
      )
      - Read the discussion first.
  7. Fitter65
    Fitter65 29 December 2014 11: 18
    +4
    No, they didn’t have such, at the end of the war special ramming squadrons were created, where the pilot documented that in case of something, he undertakes, etc., etc. Google this document somewhere. Although they were single cases of ramming hits here you can’t erase a word from a song
  8. ermak.sidorov
    ermak.sidorov 29 December 2014 11: 45
    +1
    Studying the history of air rams committed on June 22, 1941, it is impossible to get around another detail. All the pilots who decided to go ramming were either Komsomol members, or communists, or candidates for the party. Let everyone draw their own conclusions
    ideology is the strong side of Soviet Russia and the weak side of Modern Russia ... or ideology has nothing to do with it - there is no less evidence of the heroism of Russian soldiers in modern wars, despite the lack of ideology of the state. It may turn out that the heroic Russian Spirit is independent of ideology, but is determined by the situation itself (war, catastrophe), into which the Russian person falls.
    1. Bishop
      Bishop 29 December 2014 19: 00
      +5
      During the Second World War, the multinational Red Army fought, therefore it is somewhat incorrect to speak only of the Russian Spirit. For example, only among the Tatars were 160 Heroes of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, it seems to me that the point is precisely in ideology. When the postulates of the slogans do not diverge from the reality surrounding you, then mass heroism of people of various nationalities arises, for they defended not just Russia, but their Soviet Union. As far as modern military conflicts are concerned, then I agree: on the Russian Spirit and pull ...
  9. jurijsv
    jurijsv 29 December 2014 12: 50
    0
    Therefore, Russia is invincible
  10. surovts.valery
    surovts.valery 29 December 2014 13: 37
    +1
    Sources:
    Burov A.V. Your heroes, Leningrad.
    Abramov A.S. Courage inherited.
    Immortal exploits. Digest of articles.
    Burov A.V. Fiery sky
    Zhukova L.N. I choose a ram.
    History of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. 1941-1945.
    Wings of the motherland. Digest of articles.
    Smirnov S.S. There were a great war.
    Shingaryov S.I. I go to the ram.
    Aviation and Cosmonautics 1971, No. 6.
    Aviation and Cosmonautics 1979, No. 8.
    Aviation and Cosmonautics1991, No.6.

    I looked through the list of used literature, saw Sergei Sergeevich Smirnov, whom I respect. I read his book as a child, I don’t remember the title, there’s no book at hand, I remember that there was his research about the pilots who carried out the first ram in the Second World War, about the Brest Fortress, about the Adzhimushkai quarries in the Crimea and “The last sentry” (about a soldier 1st MV, a fortress warehouse heaped underground, which stood at the post for more than 20 years). Unfortunately, recently, in print publications, in bookstores, I have not seen his works.
    1. padded jacket
      padded jacket 29 December 2014 13: 47
      +1
      Thank you.
      Very interesting.
      1. surovts.valery
        surovts.valery 29 December 2014 15: 14
        0
        Are you teasing? The book seems to be called "Their feat is immortal." And the article in this book was mistaken, "The Permanent Sentinel".
        1. Gamdlislyam
          Gamdlislyam 29 December 2014 15: 55
          0
          Quite a decent book by the authors Mikhail Zhirokhov, Alexander Kotlobovsky "I'm going to ram". True, there the authors tried to collect information about all rams from WW1 to the end of the twentieth century.
          Download link:
          http://mirknig.com/knigi/military_history/1181305555-idu-na-taran-poslednij-dovo
          d-stalinskix-sokolov.html
    2. tomas.09
      tomas.09 29 December 2014 20: 05
      0
      Smirnova I read almost 50 times.
  11. LM66
    LM66 29 December 2014 14: 06
    0
    Pilots, of course, are heroes, but to go to ram is not from a good life, but because of imperfect technology, training or the overwhelming prevalence of the enemy.
    1. pcr onyx
      pcr onyx 30 December 2014 06: 03
      +1
      Or maybe because the pilots ran out of ammunition.
  12. Prager
    Prager 29 December 2014 14: 25
    +4
    Eternal memory to heroes-pilots! Your exploits will never be forgotten!
  13. TIMOHA76
    TIMOHA76 29 December 2014 17: 59
    0
    As, he is always as no matter what nation he is.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. moskowit
    moskowit 29 December 2014 18: 25
    +2
    Dear commentators. The book of S.S.Smirnov is called "Stories about unknown heroes". Publishing house of the Central Committee of the Komsomol "Young Guard" 1964. The book includes 11 essays. The second of them is "Battering ram over Brest". The hero of the essay, Lieutenant Ryabtsev P.S., having made a ram, successfully landed. He died a heroic death in a battle over his airfield on July 31, 1941.
  16. midshipman
    midshipman 29 December 2014 18: 34
    +5
    This month I published an article in "VO" "Battering ram is the lot of the brave." In it, I tried to show the high patriotism of our people in the fight against fascism using facts. However, the responses of an insignificant part of the readers were such that they associated this air maneuver with the impossibility of performing another maneuver, and not with self-sacrifice for the sake of defeating the enemy. I also cited cases of ramming already in the post-war period, when the pilots already had no other method of destroying the enemy on jet fighters. I think the article about patriotism should be published regularly. And the articles of Kudrin, who predicts the outbreak of conflicts in the country, will not be published with him. What is happening to the economy now in the Russian Federation is primarily to blame for him. We asked him to finance his own industry, not the American one. I have the honor.
    1. Stelth1985
      Stelth1985 30 December 2014 09: 01
      +2
      Everything is simple. In the heat of battle, no longer think about your life. There is only one thought - to get, catch, destroy. This is fighting excitement. The state of extreme fighting rage. But the fact is that when your ammunition is over, and the enemy is in front of you, and behind you are either civilians or your comrades who fall under attack and die ... then this happens. You go to ram, spit on your own life, for it is the Russian Spirit. There is nothing more valuable or honorable than giving your life for your brothers. And always, in 95% of cases it was the pilots who had combat and flight experience who rammed. Youngsters couldn’t, simply because they still had poor control over technology. Therefore, if, where the cases of ramming occurred in young animals, then this is not so often. These are mainly honored veterans. Those who passed the Spanish, Finnish, who had a huge raid on airplanes. In general, an experienced pilot and most often fired.
  17. Kombrig
    Kombrig 29 December 2014 22: 15
    +1
    Tell me, how much is the ram justified as a battle technique, in terms of the loss of your own plane — the destruction of the enemy’s aircraft?
    1. pcr onyx
      pcr onyx 30 December 2014 06: 06
      +1
      So more than half of the pilots were able to land the plane after the ram
  18. Ols76
    Ols76 30 December 2014 04: 27
    +2
    It was the way a couple of rams in the 80s. Here is a description of one of them.

    On July 18, 1981, the Canadair CL-44 transport plane of the Argentinean airline with a Swiss crew, carrying a batch of weapons to Iran, violated the USSR state border on the territory of Armenia.

    A pair of Su-15 fighters of the 166th IAP, a captain of the Crimean Guard and senior lieutenant Marakulin, were raised to intercept from the Sandar airfield (Georgian SSR). Not finding the target and having consumed all the fuel, they returned to the airfield. The next was aimed at the target Su-15 (b / n 37) of the same regiment, which was in the reinforcement of the duty link and piloted by the captain Kulyapin. He was tasked with imprisoning the offender on the territory of the USSR.

    Having discovered the intruder at an altitude of 11000 m, he became close to him and went in a parallel course. Kulyapin began to give signs to the intruder to follow him, he did not react and continued to fly in the direction of the border. The command received a command to bring down the intruder. The distance was insufficient to launch the R-98M missiles, but there was not enough time to make a new approach for the attack - the CL-44 intruder was approaching the border. Kulyapin became close to the intruder aircraft and, on the second attempt, hit the fuselage with the right stabilizer of the transport aircraft.

    After the ram, Kulyapin successfully ejected, and the CL-44 went into a tailspin and fell 2 km from the border. The crew of the offender died. Guard Captain Kulyapin Valentin Alexandrovich introduced himself to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, but was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
  19. Stas57
    Stas57 30 December 2014 10: 48
    +2
    there is an opinion.
    ---
    In the interval with Ilyushin went to smoke. It was crowded in the smoking room, they stood in the corridor (“smoke in the sleeve, as in a church,” Sergey taught me). He told me about his work: upgraded IL-4, a new machine will be released soon.
    ..
    “You still have a ramming aircraft, do you remember Volodya’s idea?”
    - I do not think to build it. Although he’s ready in his head. Who to ram? Bomber? Better to bring him down, cheaper. Fighter? Also. But if you do, you need to do it separately for both. With strong, indestructible armor, a hammer.

    ---

    In connection with the aviation front line, the day before yesterday he spoke with the commander of the Red Army Air Force Novikov. (in 3 hours on a turntable). He asked to ask the following questions: beat tanks and artillery first, beat bombers, disguise their vehicles well and change the face of the airfield every day, know the weapons (in particular the attack aircraft - “to hell with it”), change tactics.
    - And what about the ram?
    - I would not popularize it. Once came close - shoot.
    Last night I spoke for a long time (at 3 o’clock on a turntable) with Lieutenant General Golovanov, long-range aviation commander. He especially pushed for maneuver.
    - The maneuver allows you to strengthen the aircraft many times. One plane stands at the maneuver of three. And without maneuver, three planes work as one. Here are the Germans, look how to maneuver. Throw everything where necessary. First in Kerch, then - to the southwest. And do not get distracted. And they have fewer planes than ours. That's for sure, according to the docs

    ---

    ... I called the turntable to Air Force Commander General Novikov. He asked to speak first with the chief of staff, Lieutenant General Falaleev, and then with him.
    ...
    ... we went to Falaleev. A small clean office, on the wall - a large map of the USSR, on a perpendicular long table - maps for the entire length of the table, on the cabinet - a barograph. The general is tall, with an irregular face, tapering at the top, short-cropped and bald, field buttonholes, leather jacket in a cape (cold).

    - And how do you feel about ramming?
    - When I commanded aviation in the SWF, I ordered that those pilots who go to ram with un shot ammunition be put on trial. We have some kind of fashion went to rams. And they consider it valor: they say that a pilot is not a pilot if he did not ram.

    ---

    It's about ramming. I spoke out against. Novikov and Shimanov supported.
    “It’s the inability to shoot,” said Shimanov.
    “Yes,” agreed Novikov. “But sometimes the ram is justified: if an important object is entrusted.”
    He relied heavily on the art of disguising as cloudiness, the sun.
    - Here we say sometimes, the German fell out of the clouds. This means - he knew how to disguise himself. So we must.
    - Do you always need to get into a fight? I asked. - Two against fifteen, etc.
    “Nonsense,” he answered. - There is courage reasonable and reckless. There is no shame with unequal powers to leave. What good is being shot down.

    Brontman L.K. Diaries 1932 – 1947.
  20. gameover_65
    gameover_65 31 December 2014 13: 45
    +2
    in the most difficult days for our country in 1941, our pilots rammed the enemy themselves, and
    in Germany, in the most difficult days of 1945, it was necessary to force people to go to ram, under pain of execution,
    creating divisions of racks who pledged to shoot the ammunition to ram.
  21. lisiy prapor
    lisiy prapor 1 January 2015 08: 50
    0
    Yes, it is not nationality that makes a person, but the language he speaks, and he thinks best of all.
    Quote: gameover_65
    in the most difficult days for our country in 1941, our pilots themselves rammed the enemy, the Avot in Germany, in the most difficult days of 1945, we had to force us to go into the ram, under the pain of execution, creating divisions of the racks. who pledged to shoot the ammunition to ram.
  22. xomaNN
    xomaNN 1 January 2015 21: 25
    +1
    Russian ram is more abrupt than the fanaticism of Japanese kamikaze. People then adequately consciously rammed and used their disarmed or damaged aircraft as the last bullet.