Military Review

Monster Machines: Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster

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Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster are called unrealized projects of giant tanks Nazi Germany.

It has always been this way that the warring parties in the process of military actions pay attention to the enemy’s equipment, subsequently using the most interesting ideas for themselves when creating the equipment. An exception in this list was not Hitler’s Germany, at the time when World War II was on. Almost the exact replica of the tank of the Soviet army T-34 from the Germans was the tank "Panther". However, this does not mean that Germany did not have its own interesting solutions, which had no analogues at that time. They were based on ideas that were not previously used at all. Such innovations, without a doubt, can be called the projects of the largest tanks Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster, which could not be applied in practice.

23 June 1942, the German Ministry of Weapons, which was also responsible for the development of submarines, were proposed to the court of Adolf Hitler projects that include giant tanks, weighing 1000 and 1500 tons each. Hitler was a man approving all sorts of non-standard decisions concerning the field of weapons. For the engineering giant of Germany, he set a serious task, obliging to ensure the implementation of these projects. The first monster tank was supposed to be named Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte.



The approximate parameters of this tank should have been the following: the length of 35 meters, the width - 14 meters and the height - 11 meters. The movement of the monster was to be carried out using caterpillars whose width was 3.6 meters, they consisted of three sections, the width of the 1.2 meter. Having such a caterpillar width, the area of ​​interaction with the surface was ensured, which did not allow it to fall under its own weight.

The P1000 tank was controlled by a crew consisting of 20 people, and it had to be driven using two MAN V24Z12 / 32 44-cylinder engines with 8500 horsepower. In general, these engines were used in the production of submarines, and the tank they provided power, in the amount of which was 17000 horsepower. Then, after conducting various engineering calculations, it was proposed to replace the two above-mentioned engines with eight 20-cylinder engines, called Daimler-Benz MB501. They had horsepower each at 2000 and were used in the manufacture of torpedo boats.

Both versions provided the speed of the P1000 tank in 40-45 km / h, which is simply unbelievable for a machine of such impressive size.

The armament of the P1000 tank was based on two SK-C / 34 280 mm caliber guns on ships that were mounted on the main turret. The rear of the tank was equipped with an additional turret with one 128-mm gun. In order to be able to defend against air attacks, eight Flak20 X-mm anti-aircraft guns were installed, and the fire protection of this giant was provided by two heavy Mauser 38 / 151 guns.

The existence of the P1000 project was only on paper, but this did not prevent the developer to start creating the next project of the P1500 tank, which weighs in tons of 1500. Unlike the P100, whose armor thickness ranged from 150 mm to 220 mm, the armor of this exhibit was assumed to be from 250 mm to 360 mm. The P1500 tank was supposed to have one 800-mm gun, similar to the gun mounted on the Fat Gustav and Dora railway platforms. In addition, it was planned to equip the tank with two additional 150-mm guns and in a sufficiently large number of machine guns and anti-aircraft guns. The movement would be carried out with the help of four engines borrowed from submarines MAN V12Z32 / 44, which together have the power of 34000 horsepower.

Monster Machines: Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster



But these models of tanks were never put into production, the reason for this was their impressive dimensions, the creation of which would significantly complicate the work of the entire engineering industry in Germany, which already worked at an accelerated pace. To produce such tanks, we needed competent specialists from different areas, and in large numbers. In addition, for the maintenance of these machines would also require people whose number was close to the average army unit.

These reasons were convincing enough for the German Ministry of Arms and at the beginning of 1943, an order was issued by Albert Speer, demanding that all work related to each of the projects be stopped. At that time, the work on the main turret for the P1000 tank was already completed. It was later installed on the Trondheim line in Norway.
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  1. ZEBRASH
    ZEBRASH 2 September 2011 07: 32 New
    -1
    Powerful, of course, but vulnerable and difficult to maintain and build. Here is our analogue http://bronetehnika.narod.ru/ -> Heavy tanks -> Project Grotte
  2. Foamas
    Foamas 2 September 2011 08: 02 New
    +1
    I wonder how it was planned to deliver this "miracle weapon" from the manufacturer to the front line? Or was it supposed to conduct military operations only in the area immediately adjacent to the place of production?
  3. Volkhov
    Volkhov 2 September 2011 10: 57 New
    +2
    These tanks were planned to protect not 3 Reichs, but 4 - “Mice” and “Rats” were supposed to leave the holes (tunnels) near underground bases and fire at the landing. You don’t have to travel far - just change positions on the finished site. The mass made it possible not to tumble at close nuclear explosions, and large guns to fire tactical shells. Not everything is so stupid, although not everything is implemented. And the assembly is in place.
    1. Foamas
      Foamas 2 September 2011 11: 44 New
      +2
      Understandable .., then these weapons were planned to be used as maneuverable firing points in the coastal defense system.
  4. Dovmont
    Dovmont 2 September 2011 18: 33 New
    0
    Gigantism in military technology never brought victory to the rulers, but it took a lot of forces and means.
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 5 September 2011 21: 26 New
      +1
      The design of such tanks does not reflect the mania of gigantism, but the level of nuclear physics. The first tactical shells fired at Sevastopol (Mount Champagne, underground warehouses and baht. 30) were 800 mm in caliber (Dora), but the Doura was long to assemble, so the Monster project appeared. While he was being drawn, physics advanced, and there was enough Rat, but while he was doing, the shells became even smaller, and Mouse went into a small series.
  5. spirit
    spirit 2 September 2011 18: 44 New
    0
    Bunker on the tracks !!! lol I wonder what would become of him if they threw the Tallboy English bomb on him.
  6. Maksim
    Maksim 2 September 2011 21: 19 New
    0
    but the project of the Soviet tank (photo)
  7. Maksim
    Maksim 2 September 2011 21: 22 New
    0
    It should have looked like a 1-ton
  8. Maksim
    Maksim 3 September 2011 02: 51 New
    -1
    That was how the 1-ton tank Grote, USSR, project of 000 should have looked. here is a link to the images. http://www.vokrugsveta.ru/img/cmn/1931/2006/12/29.jpg
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 8 September 2011 22: 50 New
      +3
      Landkreuzer that's where the japanese copied their kruzak and called also winked
  9. kov
    kov 30 September 2012 23: 28 New
    0
    Military Secret video about ratte
  10. Alex
    Alex 28 June 2014 23: 45 New
    +3
    The author seems to be at odds with common sense, as are the authors of the project. To start:
    However, this does not mean that Germany did not have its own interesting solutions, which had no analogues at that time. They were based on ideas that were not previously used at all. Such innovations, without a doubt, can be called the projects of the largest tanks Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster, which could not be applied in practice.
    What is interesting in such a pile of weapons at the level of children's fantasies is not clear.

    Further. The declared characteristics give the estimated value of the specific pressure on the ground about 4,5 t / cm2, specific power - 17l.s. / t. For comparison, these characteristics of the "Tiger" - 1 t / cm.kv and 13l.s. / t. But the mobility problems for him were quite serious and they were solved with the help of rather complex and original technical solutions. So how could this creation be able to
    Do not fall under the weight of your own weight.
    and have
    speed in 40-45 km / h
    I can’t imagine.

    And the last one. Suppose this miracle rat was built. Suppose that she does not need to go on her own on the battlefield (miraculously, she appeared right in the right place and in finished form). Suppose that the battlefield is an ideal steppe (obviously it’s not fate to drive through the intersection). Suppose that the enemy has no bombers at all, and that it will be beaten off from fighters and attack aircraft (20-mm anti-aircraft guns are a force!). What are the targets for the 280-mm guns of naval caliber, barrel length and, obviously, ballistics (such 11,2 guns "stood on heavy cruisers (" pocket battleships)) like "Deutschland")? What is their rate of fire? Who took into account the recoil and how it will affect chassis, and so forced to hold 1000 t of cargo (there is no ship with a displacement of the order of 11000-15000 t, on which one GK tower weighed about 600 t)?

    In general, it is clear that shipbuilders simply could not go beyond marine thinking, which led to the emergence of the project "land cruiser" on the tracks. It was not for nothing that A. Speer, who really thought and counted money, ordered to stop this technical ugliness.
  11. BM-13
    BM-13 29 June 2014 21: 56 New
    +3
    What is the use of discussing technical nonsense. Complete nonsense, multiplied by the desire to grab a piece of military funding (the naval programs from 1942 almost completely froze, except for the submarine construction program).