On the eve of the Strategic Missile Forces Day, several Newsconcerning the further development of this type of troops. In parallel with the operation of existing missile systems, it is planned to create new ones. One of the new projects involves the creation of a military railway missile complex (BZHRK). In the past few days, a series of reports have appeared on the progress of this project.
On December 16, Colonel-General Sergei Karakayev, Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, spoke about various aspects of the work and development of a kind of troops, and also touched on the topic of promising projects. According to him, in accordance with the instructions of the President, it is planned to create a new BZHRK, designed to complement existing rocket systems. The project received the symbol "Barguzin". The development of this complex is carried out exclusively by Russian enterprises. BZHRK "Barguzin" should combine the most advanced achievements of national science and technology.
S. Karakaev noted that the Barguzin complex will embody a positive experience in the development and operation of the previous system of this class - the Molodets BZHRK 15P961. Creating a new railroad missile system will fully restore the composition of the strike force of the strategic missile forces. Thus, the latter will include mining, soil and railway missile systems.
The development of the project “Barguzin” is carried out by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering (MIT). Over the past decades, this organization has created several types of missile systems for various purposes. Thus, the Strategic Missile Forces are operated by the Topol, Topol-M and Yars missiles developed at MIT, while the newest submarines of the Borey 955 project carry the Bulava missiles. Soon the list of complexes created by MIT specialists should be updated with another entry.
S. Karakaev said that the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering has completed the draft design of the Barguzin BZHRK. Now MIT employees have started preparing design documentation. Thus, the creation of a new missile complex has entered the main phase. The “Barguzin” complex should surpass the “Well done” system in its characteristics. Design characteristics will allow him to remain in service, at least until 2040 year.
For obvious reasons, the technical details of the new project remain unknown. Nevertheless, the press is trying to find out what the new railway missile complex will be like. Interesting information recently published a publication "Gazeta.ru". The publication, referring to an unnamed source in the defense industry, reveals some of the details of the new project.
According to the source, when creating a new BZHRK, some of the best practices of the Good system are used. In this case, however, the complex should receive a completely new rocket, which does not have a direct relationship to the product used in the old complex. The rocket for the new complex is created on the basis of the Yars rocket, now supplied to the Strategic Missile Forces. The design of the product will undergo some changes, but will have a great similarity with the base.
It should be noted, information about the construction of a new railway complex based on the developments under the Yars project appeared at the end of last year. A year ago, on the eve of the Day of the Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General S. Karakayev spoke about the methods of creating a new rocket technology. At the same time, the Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces noted that the launch weight of the new missile should not exceed 47 tons, and the dimensions should be in line with the size of standard railway cars.
The relatively low weight of the rocket is an important feature of the new BZHRK, which distinguishes it from the “Well done” and gives an advantage over it. The 15IX62 missiles weighed more than 100 tons, which is why the car with the launcher was equipped with special equipment to distribute the load on the neighboring cars. Such a design of the aggregates of the complex made it possible to bring the load on the way to acceptable values. The use of a much lighter rocket will allow you to do without the complex systems connecting the cars and redistributing the load.
Last year S. Karakayev also said that the new project BZHRK will be completed by the end of this decade. Thus, the strategic missile forces will receive a new technique by 2020 year.
Since the appearance of the first reports about the beginning of the development of a new combat railway missile complex, about two years have passed. During this time, several options have emerged for the possible appearance of a promising weapon system. Most likely, the new architecture of Barguzin will be very similar to the “Well done” complex in terms of overall architecture and appearance. In view of the need for masking, the missile system should look like an ordinary train with passenger and cargo cars, inside which all the necessary equipment will be placed.
The Barguzin missile system should include several locomotives, several cars to accommodate the crew and special equipment, as well as special cars with missile launchers. Launchers BZHRK "Molodets" were disguised as refrigerated cars. Probably, "Barguzin" will get similar units. According to the available data, the main element of the complex, the rocket, is developed on the basis of the Yars product, due to which, according to its capabilities, the railway complex will be approximately equal to the ground-based Yars.
The well-known characteristics of the RS-24 “Yars” rocket make it possible to approximately imagine what the Barguzin BZhRK rocket will be like. The Yars product has three stages, the total length is about 23 m. The starting weight is estimated at 45-49 t. The maximum launching range reaches 11 thousand km. Detailed information about the combat equipment is not available. According to various sources, the PC-24 rocket carries a split head with 3-4 warheads of individual guidance. Rocket "Yars" can be used with both mine and mobile launchers.
Like the existing mobile ground-based missile systems, railway systems have high mobility. However, the use of the existing railway network provides the BMRD with a much greater strategic mobility, since the composition with the missiles, if necessary, can be transferred to the necessary area. Given the size of the country, this possibility increases the already considerable range of the missiles.
According to the information announced, the new Barguzin BZHRK will be ready by the end of this decade. By this time, the preparation of infrastructure for new missile systems should begin. The estimated characteristics of the complex will allow it to operate for more than two decades.
On the materials of the sites:
Development of the promising Barguzin BZHRK continues
- Ryabov Kirill