Pantheon of Ukrainian Gods
Pu-ting - the supreme deity ukrov, menacing, omnipotent and unpredictable.
According to belief, absolutely everything in the world depends on the will of Puu-Tin, from the weather to the amount of hair on each person's head. Flooding, crop failure, fire, war, and even if just a cat throws newborn kittens - all this is Puu-Ting.
According to legend, Puu-Tin lives far away at Sunrise, in the terrible castle of Kare-Ma-Alin, whose towers are topped with stars scarlet from the blood of dead ukrovs. His throne is made of human bones, and at his feet rests a giant bear, able to devour the sun and the moon. Countless hordes of mighty and ruthless Green Demons serve this formidable deity, and even the nightmarish spirits of the underworld Nooh-chi, by one kind of his own, plunging any mortal into horror, he managed to subjugate to his will. In the dark kingdom of Puu-Tin is stored magic tube, givering fire. And woe to those who provoke the terrible god: a cold and hungry winter awaits him without fire and light.
This powerful deity inspires mortal terror so much that it’s impossible to call it by name, so as not to cause trouble. Two dozen metaphorical names and nicknames invented by ancient ukrami for Puu-Tin form the basis of modern Ukr verbal culture. They are based on hundreds of proverbs, songs and spells.
To appease Puu-Tin, tribal shamans several times a year arrange solemn ceremonies on the Holy Maidan with kindling bonfires (so that the Magic Pipe giving fire), with ritual dances and jumps, with collective reading of spells and singing hymns dedicated to Puu-Ting.
Lee-ning - an ancient half-forgotten deity, demiurge, father of Puu-Tin.
The ancient people have a co-wok, from which according to some sources ukry and 14 of other tribes originated, Lee-Ning was revered as the supreme deity, creator of the universe and the giver of all blessings. No wonder his idols are still preserved in the lands occupied by Ukrami and other descendants of the once powerful, highly developed civilization co-voc. However, over time, the idea of this deity, for an unexplained reason, changed to the opposite: the current Ukrainian shamans consider Lee-Ning an evil spirit, who dreams to eradicate the Ukrainian people. Despite the fact that in the modern pantheon he occupies only the second place after his son Puu-Tin, simple ukry feel no less awe in front of him. It is believed that the particles of the force of Lee-Ning are enclosed in idols, so he is always invisibly present on earth. According to one of the beliefs, to get rid of the eternal fear, you need to destroy them all, what ukry and do with enviable persistence. According to another legend, when the last stone Leie-Nin falls, this terrible god, on the contrary, will return to the world and punish the wicked.
Interestingly, the denial of Leie-ning and his cult created a serious logical gap in the entire ukrov mythological system. In their legendarium is missing история the creation of the world, and the shamans say about the origin of the tribe itself that ukry came from ancient ukrov, which in turn appeared by themselves from nowhere.
It is curious that the denial of the myth of the creation of the universe, Lee Ning does not prevent the Ukramians from counting their own lands, according to legend, donated by this deity to the Ancestors of the tribe, who at that time still belonged to the co-civilization. Ancient sanctuaries, mills and forges, built to the glory of Lee-Nin, also consider ukry to be theirs, although they use only a small part of them because of the loss of the knowledge necessary for this.
Staa lin - Another son of Lee-Nin, about which very little information remained. In the civilization of co-wok, he was worshiped as the god of crafts, who taught people to build forges and mills, and also to make weapon and make fire with a magic pipe. He was also credited with the functions of the patron saint of military art, who bestowed victory over neighboring warlike nations, and he, according to some sources, followed the harmony in the world and administered justice, sometimes very cruelly. In other words, it is obvious that the functionality of this deity in the beliefs of the ancient people was very diverse, and undoubtedly, Staa-Lin enjoyed considerable respect.
In modern ukrov beliefs, his image is considerably simplified. For some unexplained reason, at some point, the name Staa-ling began to denote various tragic events that shamans of the tribe, due to the loss of most scientific knowledge inherited from the collocations, could not give a reasonable explanation, such as a cold winter or a poor harvest.
One of the nicknames Staa-Lin - Holodomorets.
Giir-Kiin, Black Shooter - the terrible god of war in the service of Puu-Tin.
According to legend, Geer-Kiin appears where three or more members of the tribe are gathered, dissatisfied with the current leader. The Strelka, who saw it, is immediately imbued with his belligerent spirit and begins to whip his spear or look for a club. It is impossible to recover from such an obsession, so the obsessed, as well as their relatives, are trying to immediately destroy it. And the shamans of the Sacred Maidan vigilantly ensure that the members of the tribe did not meet for three or more, unless they are specially convened to conduct the ceremony.
Like the name Pu-Tin, the name of the Black Arrow is strictly tabooed.
This god has his own retinue of many demons and second-rate mythological creatures.
Moto-Ro - one of the companions of Geir-Kiin, depicted as an evil dwarf, dressed in armor.
According to the legend, it moves on a magic chariot invulnerable to arrows and spears. In battle, I can turn at once five hundred nooh-chi demons.
Koh-Zhu-Geth - Another militant deity, which is also attributed to the power over various elements, the leader of the Green Demons. His armies are innumerable, and no matter how much their bright spirits A-Too beat, the thinning ranks are invariably replenished with new creatures. According to legend, every Green Daemon can turn into a cat and in this form quietly penetrate anywhere. Ko-Joo-Get himself turns into a giant bear. According to one version - in the very thing that lies at the throne of Puu-Tin and wants to devour the moon and the sun.
Ram-zan - supreme demon nooh-chi. This kind of evil spirits is not as powerful as the Green Demons, but it is notable for its particular ferocity and high visibility.
According to legend, once nooh-chi waged a long bloody war with Puu-Ting, but in the end were forced to recognize the power of the supreme deity. What are these creatures, is not completely understood. Apparently, they have the ability to become invisible and create illusions.
Kis el oo - the cunning god of deception and lies from the retinue Puu-Tin.
His voice casts a wraith, forcing him to believe in what is not. For example, in the politeness of the Green Demons, in that Le-Nin created the universe or that the great leader drinks firewater and steals the best pieces of mammoths extracted, instead of taking care of the prosperity of the tribe.
The shamans of the sacred Maidan constantly struggle with the attempts of Kis-El-Oo to obscure the mind of ukrov, and if they hear his voice somewhere, they immediately try to drown him, singing the sacred hymn “Great Ukriya did not die”.
Ah-Lin-Aa - beautiful forever young goddess of love, consort Puu-Ting.
She knows three thousand love poses and is able to arouse passion even in a decrepit old man. It is believed that pronouncing her name helps to recover from male impotence.
In addition, Aa-Ling-Aa is revered as the patroness of sports games.
Nyash-Myash - goddess of justice
It is depicted as Aa-Ling-Aa, in the image of a beautiful maiden, but every Ukrainian knows that her appearance is deceptive and, having met Nyash-Myash by chance, in no case should you give in to her charm, especially if your conscience is unclean. The goddess reads his eyes about all the sins committed by man and punishes instantly and mercilessly.
Raa goz - the god-smith, the evil genius of the castle Kare-Ma-Alin, who bestows fire arrows and iron chariots on the Green Demons. According to legend, he taught some tribes to melt metal and make weapons of it.
If on the lands of a tribe they saw Raa-Goz in human form, this means that either the local leader will soon have a new spear with a unique bronze tip, or a war will begin.
Gia-Rick - the god-trickster, bringing discord and confusion in the world of gods and in the world of people. Its main function is to make speeches, on whose interpretation the destinies of the world depend. Ukry believe that Puu-Tin himself metaphorically expresses himself with the lips of Jii-Rik, so the priests discuss his every word for a long time, looking for hidden meanings in it.
In addition, this god sometimes interferes directly in earthly affairs, influencing them in the most unpredictable way. For example, once, when the light spirits of A-Too almost already defeated the evil dwarf Moto-Ro, Giii-Rik appeared and presented the eternal enemy with a magic chariot, invulnerable to arrows and spears, on which he fled from the battlefield.
A-Too - light spirits that protect Ukriya from Giir-Kiin and the Green Demons. Ukry believe that somewhere on the Rise, at the very borders of the ominous kingdom of Puu-Tin, the powerful and fearless A-Too in shining armor and snow-white wings behind him for many centuries lead an endless war with great evil. The priests of the god of truth Tym-Chuu say that the defenders of Ukriya are immortal and, no matter how difficult the battle would be, do not bear any losses. At the same time several times a year the great leader calls young men from Ukrainian villages to undergo initiation in A-to. The shamans of the sacred Maidan conduct a special ceremony that turns a simple Ukra in the immortal A-Too, after which he sets off for Sunrise. What happens to the initiates afterwards is not known to science, since none of them have ever returned.
The powerful patrons of Great Ukrii Sae-Man, Yayash-Roche and Lyash-Ook commanded the spirits of A-Too.
Band-er-aa - god of order and harmony.
With all the popularity of this deity, about him, little is known. According to ancient prophecy, Band-Er-Aa will come one day and bring order, but where and when it happens - the traditions are not specified. Nevertheless, the shamans and ordinary members of the tribe do not get tired to call him and even arrange colorful processions with torches in his honor.
Images of this deity are often found in the rock paintings of the Ukr caves.
Tym-Chuu - the great god of truth, the only one who is able to resist the treacherous Kis El Oo. Depicted as a man with an unreasonably large head (the Great Truth is stored in it). Tym-Chuu belongs to the sacred Helmet of Insight, which allows time and space to be pierced by the mind in search of Truth.
Psaa-ki - wife Tym-Chuu, herald of the bright spirits of the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo. Depicted as a beautiful maiden, shod in one sandal. The second according to the legend, she lost on the way to the Oo-fis sanctuary, where the secrets of the universe are revealed to the elect. And her head is so heavy from knowledge that it can fall off at any moment, so it has to be supported with the help of magical beads. Psaa-Ki speaks to mortals on behalf of the most radiant O-Ba-Maa, and sometimes even tells them the sacred knowledge about the secret device of the universe, which is not visible to the mere mortal. For example, she discovered the secret to the ukram that in the endless steppes of Ros-Too there are in fact hidden mountains, and under the roots of the Great Forest Be-La-Ruu the endless sea splashes.
So, something I currently have no time to do with the Pantheon, so the third part I will post individually.
Nuu-lan - the great goddess of satiety and prosperity, the antipode of the Famine. In winter, when the demon of darkness and cold, Mi-Leyer, closes the magic pipe and the fires in the dwellings of the ukrov are extinguished, the shamans summon their flock to the sacred Maidan in order to urge Nuu-Lan to ritual leaps and burning out the magic tires. According to legend, if ukry will jump hard enough, the goddess will appear at the call with a large basket of cookies.
Interestingly, the ritual of calling Nuu-Lahn, possessing tremendous sacral power, does not have a clearly directed vector of action, which leads to unpredictable results. Every time, starting the ceremony, the shaman does not know exactly what kind of forces will come at the call. So, for example, when in the village of Kyi-E the last time Nuu-Lan was called, E-Tiin-Ge, Eesh-Too, and a dozen more bright spirits of the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo responded with her. When some time later a similar ritual was attempted to be conducted near the village of Doo-Ne on the eastern outskirts of the Ukrainian lands, Giir-Kiin appeared with fifty demons, expelled the shamans and turned the villagers into militant vaat-ni.
Shakhcherti - Numerous third-rate dark creatures that live under the ground, where they produce light and heat for the Upper World. Shakhchert is black-faced, his third eye is burning in the forehead with an underground flame, and a pickaxe and a shovel are in his hands. Most of the time, miners drink firewater and lift up decent ukrovs, and when they get very hungry, they go down into their holes and bring people some black stones, which change for food and, again, for firewater.
Most miners live far away at Sunrise, where Trekhlisky keeps them from being lazy, forcing them to continually extract light and heat, which then changes to the leaves of the laa-ve tree. On the lands of Great Ukriya and other human tribes, these creatures also live. Once, the Great Light Goddess Teet-Cher imprisoned them all over the world so that they could inflate the Underground Fire day and night, bringing light and heat to the homes of gods and people. But the treacherous Giir-Kiin knocked the bolts from their dungeons in Ukriya, and they broke to the surface and began to create outrages ...
Waa-t-nick - the most numerous kind of dark creatures inhabiting the possessions of the great Puu-Ting. Once waa-t-nick was a tribe of people related ukram. Some ukry even traveled to the VA-t-Nick country to help their brothers grow laa ve trees and took a small fraction of the sacred leaves to their homeland. But therefore, waa-t-nick sold the souls of Puu-ting in exchange for light and heat from the Great Pipe. Since then, the foci in the dwellings of the baa-t-nick never faded away, but they themselves also ceased to be human beings, for the treacherous Kis-El-Oo clouded their minds. And never again be their brothers free ukram! Now they are the opposite.
As young men from Ukrainian villages undergo initiation, joining the ranks of the heavenly warriors A-Too, so the young waa-t-nik undergo the priest-cia-haa ritual to replenish the ranks of the wicked Green Demons. And if ukry love bright clothes of sky and sun colors, then waa-t-nik decorate their robes with sinister striped ribbons of colors of fire and smoke, for which they are also called koo-lo-raa.
Dressed vaa-t-nick most often in armor, protecting them from bullets, cold and the sobering words Tym-Chuu. Their favorite entertainment is to attack ukrov in small groups and try to convert them. The only salvation for the victim of such an attack is to call the baa-t-nickname a forbidden word and proudly withdraw, because at first, the small strength of these creatures increases if they are tried to fight them.
The legend of the betrayal of the land of Kıram and the treasure of the gods that befell her
There was in the Great Ukriy the blessed land of Kyram, where the sun always shone, the warm sea splashed and all sorts of flowers bloomed that there is in the sublunary world. And there lived evil, stupid, ungrateful people who could not appreciate the benefits bestowed upon them from above. Many times the leaders and shamans of Great Ukriya turned to the inhabitants of Kiram, urging them to come to the sacred Maidan, read with all the powerful spell, take the light path leading to the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo. But the fools have not heard these wise words. He did not go to the sacred Maidan, did not sing spells, did not perform rites, did not wait for the coming of the all-merciful Ban-Der-Aa, and instead of the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo turned their gaze to the cloister of the evil Kare-Ma-Alin.
And there was a day when, in all the villages in all the regions of great Ukriya, “Zdobuly!” Were shouting, and the new supreme shaman, the wisest Tuur-Chi, opened the gates to the heavenly kingdom, and the great Peremoga, which had been waiting for ukry for centuries and which in every way brought ritual jumps and burning sacred tires. And only the inhabitants of the land of Kyram did not jump, did not shout and did not bring the great Peremogh closer. Because the wicked Puu-Tin appeared to them and said these words:
- Oh, the inhabitants of the blessed land Kyram, cast off the faith of the great ukrov! Do not honor the mother of all things HaLa-Waa and do not wait for the great Peremoga, but worship me and give me your sea, and the shores, and all that is on them. In return, I will give you some warmth and light from the magic trumpet, dedicate you to Ko-Lo-Raa demons with the right to decorate your garments with ribbons of the color of fire and smoke, and teach you to grow the sacred trees of la-ve.
Shamelessly the wicked Puu-Tin lied, for everyone knows: La ve ve trees do not grow on the land of Kyram. And only the gracious leaders of the village KuuE can send there a small fraction of the sacred leaves. But the inhabitants of Kiram were stupid, and they did not know how to appreciate the mercy of the leader and the shamans. They believed in the sweet speeches of the wicked Puu-Tin and rebelled against the shamans, and called upon themselves the leaders of the rotten atheists of Ak-Syo and Chaa-Ly.
Then the Supreme Shaman Tuur-Chi decided to rationalize the foolish, and he addressed them with these words:
- Oh, foolish inhabitants of the land of Kyram! Ease your anger and worship, as before, our great mother HaLa-Baa and the all-merciful Band-Er-Aa. And for that I give you a great mov ukrov, so that you forget the foul language of the wa-tni and approached the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo.
But only the unreasonable inhabitants of the land of Kyram rustled louder and wrapped their homes with sheets of flowers of snow, water and blood, which the wicked Puu-Tin loved so much.
And then the second shaman Tuur-Chi addressed them the second time:
- Oh, foolish inhabitants of the land of Kyram! Remove from your homes the rags of the dark god and hang proud cloths of the colors of blood and smoke, as the great Ban-Der-Aa bequeathed. And in order to make it easier to do this, I will send you to help the priests and monks of the Ban-Der-Loo sect, so that they may help you to be cleansed of filth and return to the true faith.
But again they did not heed the foolish wise speeches, and they held on the square the Naa-chemical bloody rite, calling upon the dark gods of the Rise.
And on a moonless night out of the sea on the outskirts of the land of Kyram, which is looking at Sunrise, ten thousand cats. And everyone who saw them was speechless with horror, for they were black, like the abyss itself, and silent, and their eyes glowed in the darkness with an ominous green fire. And those cats entered the dwelling of all the inhabitants of the land of Kyram, who did not renounce the Great Leader and faith in Peremogh, and all the caves where the soldiers of Great Ukrii slept. And at dawn the cats hit the ground and turned into green demons
And then for the third time the supreme shaman Tuur-Chi raised his voice:
- Oh, foolish inhabitants of the land of Kyram! Rise up against the wicked minions of filthy Puu-ting! Throw him out of your land, but then you will be granted the right to continue to live as part of a single and indivisible, independent and independent, unitary Great Ukriya and deduct your taxes to the village of KuuE.
But for the third time the inhabitants of the land of Kiram did not heed the wise speeches of the shaman. And they went, driven by fiery swords of green demons, into the shrines, and sang the glory of the wicked Puu-Ting, and recognized him as the supreme god.
And then they raised their batons and bows with the glorious won of Great Ukriya, in order not to allow the fools to give the sacred land to the Ukrskaya under the power of darkness, and went out to battle with the green demons. But the cunning and cowardly were demons. They put in front of them the children and wives of the Ukrskys and promised to kill them all, if the soldiers did not lay down their weapons. And the soldiers laid down their bows and batons and left the land of Kyram in order to prevent innocent victims, because this is the eternal nature of Ukrainian knighthood.
Then the Supreme Shaman Tuur-Chi called all the inhabitants of the village of KuuE to the sacred Maidan. For seven days and seven nights they prayed to the bright gods of the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo, so that the gods of the green demons and the mean traitors of the land of Kyram would be punished. And their prayers were heard, and a terrible punishment befell the traitors. Forever closed for the wicked leaders of the land of Kyram the golden gates of the heavenly kingdom of Ev-Roo. And the rivers that feed the cursed land turned back, and the sun grew dim over it. Darkness and hunger came to Kyram. From now on, flowers do not bloom there, crocodiles do not grow and crocodiles do not milk, cattle do not breed and birds now fly around this place along a parabolic trajectory, and the sea is frozen along with fish and bathing inhabitants. Neither step now, nor dare to say a word to dastardly traitors, because their green demons with fiery swords keep watch over them, and all the discontented are exiled to the snowy land of Siibirr to sculpt snowmen. The traitors cry bitterly and implore the great leader Poro-Syo to take them back, but the leader is adamant. For every crime is a worthy punishment.
So says the legend.
It should be noted here that a somewhat different version of this legend has been preserved in the ballad “Kyram sailed away” by the famous bard Kaa-Gui from the Kolo-raa tribe. However, the Ukrainian sources clearly indicate that you should not trust the words of this writer, for “he was cursed three times by the great priest Tur-Chi for his mean lies, and his portrait was spat upon by every honest ukrom. And it is not a joy since then to the evil-tongued bard free light and heat from the magic pipe and even the green leaves of the tree la ve, with which the unholy Puu-Tin generously bestows for his foul songs. For there is nothing worse than the curse of great ukrov! "