We take care of ourselves. "MiG" responded to accusations of selling fifth-generation technology to China

Last Thursday, Western media reported that the fifth-generation Chinese fighter J-20 was built using Russian technology. The reason for this conclusion was the similarity of the J-20 with the experimental Russian prototype - the fifth-generation fighter MiG 1.44 MFI (product 1.44 of the Mikoyan Design Bureau), which never went into production.

We take care of ourselves. "MiG" responded to accusations of selling fifth-generation technology to China

“We do not supply any units, assemblies and technologies of the MiG 1.44 to China for the development of the fifth-generation fighter J-20”

"It seems that they got access to ... documents related to the Mikoyan project - an aircraft that the Ministry of Defense refused to tender for the construction of an invisible plane," a source told Reuters on condition of anonymity.

A week later, RAC MiG decided to come up with an official denial of this information. Russia has never delivered, does not deliver and will not supply components and assemblies to China to create the fifth generation fighter Chengdu J-20 "Black Eagle", said spokesman for RAC "MiG" Elena Fedorova. “We do not supply any units, assemblies and technologies of the MiG 1.44 to China for the development of the fifth-generation fighter J-20,” said a representative of the aircraft manufacturing corporation RIA “News».

The experts of the newspaper VIEW then also considered the transfer of any Russian aviation technology to China impossible. At least because Russia and China are direct competitors in the world market. weapons and the issuance of its "secrets" of Russia is unprofitable.

Meanwhile, a high-ranking source in the Russian defense industry said he didn’t know which way China acquired Russian technology — legal or through espionage. In the "MiG" about the possibility or impossibility of information leakage through spies did not say anything.

Interestingly, the accusations of using Russian technology in the design of the fifth-generation fighter fell on China immediately after the J-20 made its first flight at the beginning of the year. Then the US Congressman Buck McKeon said that China had stolen technology from Russia to create his fighter. For advanced technology, China should be grateful for cyber espionage in Russia, the congressman said, adding that such methods of China are of serious concern to the United States.

The same US also saw the similarity of the Chinese J-20 with the American F-22 fighter, especially their nose pieces. The United States also believes that China has unlawfully learned the technology of a cockpit-free lantern that is used on the F-22 and F-35 fighter jets.

It is worth noting that military experts judge the fifth-generation Chinese fighter from amateur photographs and videos found on the Internet. China has not officially shown its aircraft to the general public. Meanwhile, according to the assessment of aviation experts who studied the images, the photo showed a real-life aircraft. The existence of a new Chinese fighter is confirmed by US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates.

Rise and fall

Military expenses of the largest countries of the world

The Russian MiG 1.44 fighter began to be created back in 1979, as opposed to the American F-22 fighter, and surpassed its American rival in a number of characteristics. Requirements of supersonic cruising speed, super-maneuverability and stealth were made to the aircraft.

To implement these requirements, a number of industry research institutes conducted a large amount of research. The first working drawings were released in the 1986 year. However, in 1992, the funding for the program was sharply reduced, and the work was frozen until 1998. An experienced 1.44 fighter was first shown to 12 on January 1999 at the airfield in Zhukovsky, and on February 20, the fighter took to the air for the first time.

Serial production of the fighter was supposed at the Nizhny Novgorod aircraft plant "Falcon". However, it was never started. Due to insufficient funding in the 90s, Russian fighter technology has become obsolete and increasingly inferior to the US. As a result, the project was decided to close. MiG 1.44 remained the experimental Russian prototype of the fifth generation fighter.

August 17 at the International Aviation and Space Salon held a demonstration flight of the fifth-generation Russian fighter T-50. Two cars performed several aerobatic maneuvers, including flying at extremely low altitude with the engine almost shut off. This is the first flight of the T-50 to the public. The performance of the pilots watched by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin

At the moment, Russia, the United States and China are the only countries that conduct flight tests of fifth-generation fighter jets. The US is experiencing F-35 (this is the second fighter), in China - J-20, and in Russia - PAK FA (T-50).

Moreover, the United States turned out to be the highest of all, in which fifth-generation fighter aircraft were adopted since the 2005 of the year (this is the most expensive fighter in the F-22 Raptor world).

The Russian T-50 made its first flight a year earlier than the Chinese fighter - in January 2010. As the developer of the Sukhoi Design Bureau plans, in 2013, at KnAAPO in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, small-scale production of fighters for testing will begin, and in 2015, their mass production.

The fifth-generation Chinese fighter Chengdu J-20 "Black Eagle" was first announced in November 2009. In January of this year, he made the first demonstration flight during the visit of former US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates to Beijing. The Chinese authorities intend to put their fighter into service in 2017 – 2019.

According to Chinese official sources, the J-20 is capable of developing supersonic speed without the use of afterburner, as well as maneuvering with large overloads. Meanwhile, a single twin-engine J-20 is heavier than the Russian T-50 and the American F-22. The J-20 has a delta wing (like the J-10) with two tilted all-turning vertical stabilizers (like the T-50). The layout of the stealth fuselage is similar to the American F-22.

Cyber ​​espionage

China has repeatedly been accused of cyber espionage, including military aviation. For example, previously, experts found similarities between the Chinese C-602 cruise missile shown at the exhibitions and the Russian X-55. The Chinese carrier-based fighter J-15 looks like a Su-33. Experts suggest that Chinese engineers used the prototype previously received from Ukraine.

The loudest scandal broke out around the Chinese counterpart fighter Su-27 long-range aircraft. In 1995, the Russian and Chinese sides concluded an agreement on the licensed assembly of X-NUMX machines Su-200SK (in the Chinese version - J-27) at a factory in Shenyang. Only one hundred fighters were collected under the license, and China refused the rest. It turned out that China has managed to develop its components and during this decade has learned from them to assemble J-11 independently. Moreover, the Chinese engineers not only cloned the Su-11 in terms of avionics and radar equipment, but also decided the last stage of the technological puzzle - installation on a Chinese jet engine fighter.

Meanwhile, competition in the global market for military equipment between Russia and China has already begun. In 2009, the Chinese fighter JF-17 and the Russian MiG-29 participated in the tender for the supply to Myanmar, during which Russia won.

In 2010, the interests of Beijing and Moscow intersected in an Egyptian tender. For several years, Russia tried to convince Egypt to acquire about 40 MiG-29 fighters. However, the contract may be broken, since China, together with Pakistan, is offering Egypt to produce JF-17 fighter jets on its territory. The cost of the JF-17 is only 10 million dollars, while each copy of the MiG-29 will cost Egypt 35 million dollars.
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