Military Review

Two-link snow and swamp-going vehicle GAZ-3344

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The two-link snow and swamp-going vehicles produced by the Vishyaz Ishimbay plant are widely known. Thanks to the original design, these cars have good throughput and can be used as a convenient off-road vehicle. A few years ago, the all-terrain vehicle had a competitor - the GAZ-3344, developed by Zavolzhsky Tracked Tractor Plant.



The GAZ-3344 all-terrain vehicle was created by specialists of the Zavolzhsky plant of tracked tractor (Zavolzhye, Nizhny Novgorod region), which is part of the GAZ group of companies, and is intended for transportation of people or goods over rough terrain and off-road. In order to increase the carrying capacity and throughput, the machine is built according to a two-tier scheme: it is structurally divided into two blocks with its own undercarriage.

Blocks-links are interconnected by means of a special hinge with the possibility of blocking. This architecture significantly increases the machine's throughput due to the possibility of changing the mutual position of the links, as well as by blocking the hinge, which allows increasing the width of the crossed trenches. The hinge has four hydraulic cylinders, which ensure the interaction of machine links in two planes.

The bodies of both links of the GAZ-3344 all-terrain vehicle have approximately the same design. Their lower part is made of steel sheet in the form of a “boat” and should provide for all-terrain vehicle buoyancy. On these "boats" are mounted other units, including the power plant and cargo and passenger cabins. Two-tier architecture affected the layout of the units. So, the engine of the car is located in the front link and transmits torque to the drive wheels of both links through the transmission with the transfer case.

The power plant of the all-terrain vehicle is located in the front link. Modifications are available with the Yaroslavl-5402 Yaroslavl diesel engine with 190 horsepower. and the Cummins ISB4 / 5E3 engine with 185 horsepower The engine of the all-terrain vehicle is mated to a five-speed Allison 2500 gearbox. To optimize the load distribution on the tracks, the engine is located at the rear of the front link. The drive wheels of both links are in front of their bodies. Power is transmitted to the driving wheels of the rear link by means of a cardan shaft passing through the hinge.

Chassis two links all-terrain vehicle GAZ-3344 has the same design. On each side there are six road wheels with individual torsion bar suspension. The front and rear rollers of each link are also equipped with shock absorbers and travel stops that prevent damage to the undercarriage when driving in difficult conditions. Rubber asphalt boots can be mounted on the tracks of the all-terrain vehicle. The design of the shoes allows you to install them without dismantling the tracks. If necessary, shoes can be used to move not only on roads, but also on rough terrain.

Two-link snow and swamp-going vehicle GAZ-3344


Chassis of various types can be installed on the basic two-link chassis. GAZ-3344 snow and swamp vehicle can be the basis for various equipment, which was taken into account when developing it. The front link in all versions is equipped with a housing that accommodates the cockpit and engine compartment. The passenger part of the hull resembles a minivan-class car with its outlines. It has space for the driver and four passengers. The cabin is equipped with noise and heat insulation, as well as a heater. If necessary, cargo can be transported in the back of this cabin. The load capacity of the front link is limited due to the presence of the engine and transmission units. No more than 500 cargo can be carried in the front cabin. To avoid damage to the front cockpit, a frame with grilles covering the light equipment and the windshield can be mounted on it.

In the basic version of the snow and swamp vehicle, the rear link is equipped with a box body for the carriage of goods or passengers. The van provides 15 seats, several windows and aft door. Like the front cabin, the back is insulated and protected from noise, and can also be equipped with an autonomous heater. In addition to people in the back link, loads of appropriate sizes can be transported. If necessary, the crew of the machine can use the available beds. In the front cabin can relax at the same time two people, in the back - six. Maximum payload link - 2000 kg. Thus, the GAZ-3344 all-terrain vehicle is capable of transporting over rough terrain to 20 people (including the driver) or 2,5 tons of cargo.

The rear link of the GAZ-3344 can carry not only a passenger-and-freight cabin, but also various special equipment. According to the official website of the Zavolzhsky plant of tracked tractor, the all-terrain vehicle can be equipped with a cargo platform (load capacity 2500 kg), emergency rescue or fire module, a tower-lift, a drilling rig and other equipment. Such a modular rear link design should provide an all-terrain vehicle with a great future, since it may be of interest to many potential customers who need equipment for one purpose or another.

The two-link all-terrain vehicle GAZ-3344 turned out to be quite compact. Its length does not exceed 9,8 m, width - 2,02 m and height - 2,65 mm. Ground clearance - 430 mm. An interesting feature of the machine is the track width equal to 1520 mm. It is alleged that thanks to this all-terrain vehicle can move not only by road or rough terrain, but also by rail, leaning tracks on the rails.





The curb weight of the GAZ-3344 all-terrain vehicle (with 400 liters of fuel) is 8 tons. Considering the maximum permissible load, the total weight of the vehicle can reach 10,5 tons. The average ground pressure is approximately equal to 0,2 kgf per square meter. see The machine is able to climb the 35-degree slope and move with a heel to 25 °. Thanks to the two-link layout, the turning radius of the tracked vehicle is equal to 10 meters.

When driving on a highway, the snow and swamp vehicle is capable of speeding up to 60 km / h. Speed ​​on rough terrain depends on the terrain features. Sealed unit links allow the GAZ-3344 to overcome water obstacles by swimming. Movement is carried out by rewinding tracks. Maximum speed on the water - 6 km / h. When driving on a highway, fuel consumption is 50 liters per km 100. Cruising range - 800 km.

The GAZ-3344 snow and swamp-going vehicle is designed for operation in the Arctic, in Siberia, in the Far East and in other regions with a difficult climate and the absence of an extensive network of roads. The machine can be operated without specialized garages at temperatures from -40 ° to + 40 °. The engine retains sufficient power when operating at altitudes up to 4,6 km above sea level.

In early August of this year, it became known that the Russian Ministry of Defense showed its interest in the GAZ-3344 all-terrain vehicle. As part of the “Day of Innovation of the Ministry of Defense”, the leadership of the military department got acquainted with the GAZ-3344-20 vehicle. In addition, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu personally tested the all-terrain vehicle in a landfill. The result of this acquaintance was an order concerning the development of new modifications of equipment. The specialists of the Zavolzhsky plant tracked tractors assigned to create five modifications of the all-terrain vehicle, intended for use in the army.



The version of the GAZ-3344-20 all-terrain vehicle, proposed for army supplies, differs from the basic version in protected fuel tanks, the ability to install weapons and the protection system against weapons mass destruction. In this case, all-terrain vehicle for the military does not have a reservation. Commenting on the assignment of the Minister of Defense, the general director of the manufacturer, Valentin Kopalkin, said that the car must pass all tests before the end of the year, and its serial construction will begin in January. Adoption for the supply of the armed forces was planned for February 2015. The capabilities of the Zavolzhsky plant allow building GAZ-600-3344 all-terrain vehicles every year up to 20.

New all-terrain vehicles must replenish the fleet of vehicles of several units of the armed forces. Such equipment should be obtained by parts based in remote regions with poorly developed transport infrastructure and a difficult climate.

In early November, the Ministry of Defense announced the testing of all-terrain vehicles GAZ-3344-20. Employees of the Automotive Technology Test Center and the 3 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense went to the Rybachiy Peninsula (Kola Peninsula), where they have to spend a three-day transition length 500 km. In these tests must pass the test of two dozen types. The results of these tests should affect the future of all tested vehicles, including all-terrain vehicles GAZ-3344-20.


On the materials of the sites:
http://zzgt.ru/
http://zr.ru/
http://vestnik-rm.ru/
http://vpk.name/
http://function.mil.ru/
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38 comments
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  1. old staff
    old staff 19 November 2014 06: 26
    +9
    "VITYAZ" is ISHIMBAY, not Ishim, they are in different regions
    1. insafufa
      insafufa 19 November 2014 07: 29
      +9
      For what the hell in a tractor gas box alison and camiz engine
      In Ishimbay Vityaz, all components are domestic so here you have import substitution
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 19 November 2014 07: 48
        +1
        This unit is similar to the VITYAZ, then it is more angular, and hatches (in the roof) due to poor sealing flowed from it.
        1. EvgenSuslov
          EvgenSuslov 19 November 2014 08: 50
          +3
          Faced with Vityaz in 2008, we supplied welding equipment for pipelayers to Siberia. The base was Vityaz. The machine is kaneshno contradictory. But the most important thing that she has to do, and this is to deliver people and cargo through the taiga and swamps, she knows how. And if there is a need for such a technique, then it is necessary to modify the existing one and not invent a bicycle.
          1. Prapor-527
            Prapor-527 19 November 2014 09: 15
            +11
            Here is a more adequate all-terrain vehicle for the north ... Articulated “Ice ax” DT-3PB with YaMZ 238B engine with a capacity of 300 horsepower.
            1. bmv04636
              bmv04636 19 November 2014 09: 33
              +2
              you’re behind a snowstorm, what is the width of an all-terrain vehicle with a width of 2020 mm, it is easily transported by freight in the back of a vehicle; no trawl.
            2. avt
              avt 19 November 2014 09: 34
              +1
              Quote: Prapor-527
              Here is a more adequate all-terrain vehicle for the north ... Articulated “Ice ax” DT-3PB with YaMZ 238B engine with a capacity of 300 horsepower.

              Well, it’s good that there is plenty to choose from. And great Swedes gave a kick in the ass for their little artisan! laughing The angles on it climbed into Afghanistan already. Here and ours stirred good
              1. MGD
                MGD 23 November 2014 14: 07
                +1
                They bought ... licked ... and began to produce ... and the Knights in this topic for a long time, there are developments on everything necessary for the polar troops ...
            3. max702
              max702 19 November 2014 12: 28
              +1
              Quote: Prapor-527
              Here is a more adequate all-terrain vehicle for the north ... Articulated “Ice ax” DT-3PB with YaMZ 238B engine with a capacity of 300 horsepower.

              "Gas" belongs to Oleg Deripaska, here is the main answer, although if there is a modified design without obvious jambs, then this machine will be very useful, like other "articulated" members of various classes, our country is huge and 70% of the territory is not roads, but directions. So there is enough space and work for everyone ..
        2. combat192
          combat192 19 November 2014 11: 05
          +1
          Yes Yes. Only "Vityaz" is almost twice as large, almost three times heavier and carries cargo as the total mass of a GAZ car.
          Technical characteristics of DT-10 "Vityaz":
          Curb weight, t - 28
          Payload, t - 10
          Number of seats in the cab - 5
          The maximum length of the transported cargo, m - 6
          Engine power hp - 710
          Maximum land speed, km / h - 37
          Maximum speed afloat, km / h - 4
          Average specific ground pressure, kg / cm2 - 0,3
          Cruising range, km - 500
          Overcoming obstacles (with a full load):
          Max. angle of ascent or descent on dry soil - 30 deg.
          Max. roll angle - 15 deg.
          water barriers afloat
      2. bmv04636
        bmv04636 19 November 2014 09: 51
        0
        I agree with you all the more so that GAZ has a suitable engine of the YaMZ 534 series (I can only assume that these engines are not enough; these engines go to the Tigers, Lawns Next, Sadko, Sadko Next)
      3. cosmos111
        cosmos111 19 November 2014 11: 31
        +1
        Quote: insafufa
        Vityaz all domestic components

        and not only, this is the main thing ... The knight worked out ...
        minimum anti-shatter booking and articulated joint scheme ----- this is the future, for armored vehicles in the Arctic, both on the main and wheeled .....
        all-terrain vehicle xren
        1. dr.star75
          dr.star75 19 November 2014 21: 24
          0
          The technique is specific, but it will not work in mud and snow, unfortunately ..
          1. 110600122708
            110600122708 19 December 2014 23: 01
            0
            it’s a snow and swamp vehicle, in the snow with it only a snowmobile can compete, tracked vehicles did not stand nearby.
        2. usinsk 71
          usinsk 71 19 December 2014 22: 37
          0
          new body ... http: //www.drive2.ru/r/other/1101999/
        3. usinsk 71
          usinsk 71 19 December 2014 22: 37
          0
          new body ... http: //www.drive2.ru/r/other/1101999/
      4. Bayonet
        Bayonet 19 November 2014 12: 42
        +3
        Quote: insafufa
        For what the hell in a tractor gas box alison and camiz engine

        For the army will be domestic, and for the civilian - choose. It’s good when you have the opportunity to choose the best or suitable for yourself.
      5. MGD
        MGD 23 November 2014 14: 04
        0
        Especially if for security officials !!!
  2. bmv04636
    bmv04636 19 November 2014 07: 27
    0
    In the North, there are still many narrow gauges
  3. k174oun7
    k174oun7 19 November 2014 07: 47
    +4
    When developing military equipment and weapons, the last thing they remembered was that there should be people in the cabins who must fulfill their tasks for hours or even days. The dumbing rumble of engines, howling ventilation and drives, drafts and dog cold are familiar to many who have dealt with this. The article drew attention to the words about heat and noise emission. God forbid that this was actually the case and in a series that they didn’t remove it to reduce the cost and simplify it, so to speak.
    1. Metlik
      Metlik 19 November 2014 11: 56
      +1
      I hope the word modularity means that having arrived at the place, the rear cabin can be removed, turning it into a residential building. In general, a wonderful car, if you put the engine in the back and duplicate the control, then, perhaps, by survivability, it will be no worse than armored transporters.
  4. svp67
    svp67 19 November 2014 09: 15
    0
    Well, here's another machine for our Arctic grouping, because not everywhere you need heavy tractors, such as "Vityaz", where you can get by with light ones. One requirement must be achieved - the most maximal unification with the machines already in service or entering service, otherwise this machine is simply not needed now.
    1. Petrix
      Petrix 19 November 2014 10: 22
      +2
      Quote: svp67
      heavy tractors, such as "Vityaz", are not needed everywhere

      The Vityaz has various modifications. DT-3P with a carrying capacity of 3 tons.
      http://www.bolotohod.ru/ru/cat1/cat11/
  5. Throw
    Throw 19 November 2014 10: 28
    -1
    We started "for health" with another: http://izvestia.ru/news/535247
  6. Throw
    Throw 19 November 2014 10: 38
    +2
    Canadians with coconuts have long been chasing their red floating suitcases)
    1. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 19 November 2014 12: 26
      +1
      It looks like a World War I tank. repeat
    2. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 19 November 2014 12: 26
      0
      It looks like a World War I tank. repeat
      1. Throw
        Throw 19 November 2014 12: 31
        0
        They ripped off him laughing
    3. insafufa
      insafufa 19 November 2014 13: 28
      0
      just like kid willy
  7. stone
    stone 19 November 2014 11: 20
    -2
    I see we began to go along the Chinese path, that is, borrowing and copying foreign technology. It is somehow unpleasant to see new samples of our technology and again and again to recognize imported active samples in them.
    1. Throw
      Throw 19 November 2014 12: 18
      +2
      No, the first joint is ours. D-30 Knight.
  8. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 19 November 2014 11: 22
    0
    In early August this year, it became known that the Russian Ministry of Defense showed its interest in the all-terrain vehicle GAZ-3344. As part of the "Innovation Day of the Ministry of Defense," the leadership of the military department got acquainted with the GAZ-3344-20 machine. In addition, Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu personally tested the all-terrain vehicle in a training ground. The result of this acquaintance was an order regarding the development of new modifications of equipment. Specialists of the Zavolzhsky caterpillar tractor plant were instructed to create five modifications of the all-terrain vehicle, intended for use in the troops. (Quote)

    It looks like the old people MT-LB, GT-SM, GTT and GTS will soon have to give way to the young.

    The variant of the all-terrain vehicle GAZ-3344-20, offered for army supplies, differs from the basic version with protected fuel tanks, the ability to install weapons and a system of protection against weapons of mass destruction. Moreover, an all-terrain vehicle for the military does not have a reservation. (Quote)

    Well, not for nothing S.G. Shoigu instructed to develop 5 (FIVE-especially for those who are on an armored train) modifications of such all-terrain vehicles.

    The engine of the all-terrain vehicle is interfaced with a five-speed gearbox Allison 2500 (quote)

    Where are our GMFs? And when will our industry begin to produce them? To be no worse.
    It would be nice to set our engineers such a task.
    Because the need for such units today is very high.
    1. MGD
      MGD 23 November 2014 14: 10
      +1
      But in field conditions, at least he wouldn’t try to change the fuel / oil filter?
    2. usinsk 71
      usinsk 71 19 December 2014 23: 23
      0
      ours too - http://www.xpen.komi-nao.ru/
  9. zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 19 November 2014 12: 53
    +1
    Dumaetsa, that the caterpillar track for the north and especially the tundra will be worse, even low-pressure pneumatics, but the factories are developing them a little; and do-it-yourselfers have unique looks!
    1. vnord
      vnord 19 November 2014 13: 47
      +1
      Organizations and participants have enough factory equipment in Siberia on a knee of low pressure, but this is still a light platform, and from my point of view the basis of a heavy platform is a goose.
    2. vnord
      vnord 19 November 2014 13: 47
      0
      Organizations and participants have enough factory equipment in Siberia on a knee of low pressure, but this is still a light platform, and from my point of view the basis of a heavy platform is a goose.
  10. vnord
    vnord 19 November 2014 13: 44
    +2
    The caterpillar move for the tundra is harmful from an environmental point of view, but the problem is that you can’t load a lot on a chassis with low-pressure pneumatics. and it seems to me that you can’t put anything with heavy weapons on wheels. Under the USSR, in addition to the Vityaz, the Canadian swamp and Tyumenets swamps were operated here in Siberia. They are still meeting.
  11. el.krokodil
    el.krokodil 19 November 2014 17: 27
    0
    IMHO, better let there be a choice-than there will be nothing of their own ..
  12. ramsi
    ramsi 19 November 2014 20: 40
    0
    the turning radius of 10m is a bit too much: the right front works forward, the left rear back ... and if the internal ones also work part-time, it should easily be deployed in place