Military Review

Unmanned aerial vehicle Wing Loong (China)

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Aviation Airsow China 2014, held in Zhuhai, China, has become a platform for displaying both new developments and technology already known to the public. For example, on one of the platforms of the cabin, China showed a multi-purpose unmanned aerial vehicle Wing Loong. The existence of this development has been known for a long time. Moreover, devices of this type are sold to third countries and are used for various purposes. During a recent exhibition, Chinese experts reminded potential customers of the existence of a drone, which is why contracts for its delivery can be signed in the near future.


According to reports, the Wing Loong project (Pterodactyl) was launched in 2005 year. The development of a promising UAV began the Chengdu Aviation Research Institute (CADI), which is part of the Aviation Corporation of China (AVIC). It was reported that the project is being created taking into account future sales of equipment to third countries, which is why it will be carried out in compliance with intellectual property rights. Design work and construction of the prototype did not take much time. The first drone Pterodactyl took off in the 2007 year (according to other data, in the 2009). In 2008, the “world premiere” took place at the Airshow China exhibition with a layout demonstration, and from 2012, a full-scale sample of the new car was brought to the exhibitions.

Externally, the Chinese UAV Wing Loong resembles the American devices MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper. Nevertheless, according to Chinese aircraft manufacturers, this is a completely independent development and is not a copy of foreign technology. Thus, the external similarity can be explained by common problems and similar technical solutions. Nevertheless, it cannot be excluded that CADI and AVIC specialists were “inspired” by American technology.

UAV Wing Loong has a fuselage of a large elongation characteristic shape. In its nose there is a large fairing, giving the device similarity with manned gliders. The fuselage has a flat bottom and a rounded shape of the rest. In the nose, under a large fairing, the bottom has a curved shape. In this part of the drone is a module with surveillance equipment.

The device is made according to the "sredneplan" scheme and has a straight wing of high elongation, designed to ensure high flight characteristics. The tail plumage consists of one V-shaped stabilizer. The wing is equipped with advanced mechanization: ailerons and flaps. The stabilizer is equipped with two-piece rudders. Depending on the direction of deviation, they can work as elevators or rudders.

The drone is equipped with a three-point chassis. All racks have one wheel each. In flight, the nose strut retracts and fits into the fuselage niche. The main supports are also removed in the fuselage, turning around its axis so that the wheels can enter special niches.

In the rear fuselage there is an engine of unknown type and power. Probably, the Pterodactyl UAV uses a turboprop propulsion system. The engine rotates the three-bladed propeller with variable pitch. The power plant drone designed with the long stay in the air and the implementation of patrols in specified areas.

Under the bottom of the nose of the fuselage, the Wing Loong drone carries an optoelectronic unit. Inside the spherical fairing is a set of systems designed for round-the-clock monitoring of the situation in a given area. In addition, this equipment is proposed to use when performing percussion tasks. In this case, the opto-electronic system is used to search for targets and monitor the results of firing.

The Wing Loong UAV has a length of 9,05 m, a wingspan of 14 m and a parking height of 2,77 m. The dry weight of the machine is unknown. Normal take-off weight - 1100 kg. The maximum speed of the drone reaches 280 km / h, the range - to 5000 km. Practical ceiling - 5000 m. A fuel reserve, an economical engine and good flight data allow the Pterodactyl unit to be in the air for several hours and complete its tasks.

The Wing Loong can carry a payload weighing up to 100 kg. These can be containers with special equipment or some types of weapons. For suspension weapons the drone has two pylons with girder holders located under the center section. It is alleged that the Wing Loong UAV can carry various guided weapons of the corresponding mass.

At a recent exhibition, near the drone, mock-ups of several types of guided missiles and bombs were displayed. This suggests that when used as a shock tool, Pterodactyl can destroy a wide range of ground targets, including various types of armored vehicles and some enemy fortifications. A relatively small ammunition (no more than two means of destruction) must be compensated by the high characteristics of the weapon.

A few years ago, when the first information about the Wing Loong project appeared, it was claimed that the cost of one such machine would be approximately 1 million US dollars. Thus, it turns out to be several times cheaper than foreign equipment of a similar purpose. Since the UAV "Pterodactyl" was created with an eye on export deliveries, such a feature should have attracted the attention of foreign buyers.

Over the past few years, the Wing Loong unmanned aerial vehicle has managed to interest several foreign countries. Some of this technology was ordered by the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. In April of this year it became known about the conclusion of several contracts between China and Saudi Arabia. In accordance with one of the agreements, the Chinese company AVIC is to supply several Pterodactyls. The details of this contract remain unknown.

Probably, Wing Loong drones are also supplied to the Chinese armed forces, but there is no reliable information on this. There is also no information about the future of the project. In some sources, the Pterodactyl device appears under the designation Wing Loong 1, which may indicate the creation of a new modification of the drone, which will receive the “2” letter. Nevertheless, Chinese aircraft manufacturers are not in a hurry to announce such plans and continue to demonstrate the already well-known equipment at exhibitions.

It can be assumed that the UAE, Uzbekistan and Saudi Arabia will not remain the only buyers of the new Chinese drone. The car offered by AVIC is of great interest to many countries that need such equipment, but do not have the opportunity to purchase it from leading global manufacturers. In this case, the Wing Loong UAV worth about 1 million dollars has much greater potential than, for example, the American MQ-1 Predator, the price of which exceeds 4 million. The difference in characteristics and capabilities is fully compensated by lower cost, which can be a decisive factor when choosing the purchased equipment.














On the materials of the sites:
http://airwar.ru/
http://militaryfactory.com/
http://popsci.com/
Author:
Photos used:
Igor Korotchenko
19 comments
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  1. Alexander V
    Alexander V 19 November 2014 06: 41 New
    +1
    Maybe there is something in this? Take what is already there and dorobotat? for yourself. If only for the better.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 19 November 2014 07: 24 New
    +3
    Like an aircraft, a drone is easy to copy. As the saying goes, the devil is in the details. Electronics, management, software. It is necessary to gain experience and skills in this area. They make electronics in Russia, and control systems, too. Literate programmers too. It remains to collect them under one roof. This is with us. But in China there is only one policy. All the "non-Chinese" for them - which is not a sin and to cheat. That is why they, without any hesitation, copy the appearance of any product that they liked. At the same time, the filling may not work.
    1. new communist
      new communist 19 November 2014 10: 26 New
      +1
      If China has good intelligence, why is it soaring, something to invent? Massiveness and cheapness do not require know-how.
      1. GDP
        GDP 19 November 2014 15: 18 New
        +1
        Another know-how was stolen ...
        The Chinese firmly grabbed the world by the bells. No one is able to bring lawsuits against them for stolen technology, are they a joke - holders of 40% of US debt?

        Teachers of schools in Russia immediately come to mind who were tried for illegally installed American Windows.

        What can I say - well done Chinese - everything in the house is all for the benefit of the country and the people and they wanted to spit on the rest of the world if it suits them ...
        1. karabas-barabas
          karabas-barabas 26 July 2017 02: 47 New
          0
          But you won’t be confronted if the specialists who created the product to be copied and didn’t share information on production processes, calculations, up to high-quality components, dozens of top brands in a particular product, for example Bosch, Siemens, Festo ... Top automakers, motor builders constantly you present your motors of all possible sections, share information on the functionality .. but try to copy. The fact that China has mastered the production of shock Drones is not good for Russia in this. It is very strange that no shock or reconnaissance-targeting drones have yet to be created, when this would be an important investment for the army, even a vital one.
      2. clidon
        clidon 19 November 2014 19: 15 New
        +1
        Here is a conversation about what Wing Loong actually is - a working device with good characteristics or a self-PR tool.
  3. saag
    saag 19 November 2014 07: 30 New
    0
    Such a device takes off and lands from a hard surface, if in the field the front pillar falls into the hole and there may be consequences, but in general against whom is a drone with missiles? As an observer, jammer, retranslator, evacuation module, okay, the only one, in my opinion, single-use drone with warheads versus armored vehicles and artillery systems
  4. Professor
    Professor 19 November 2014 08: 20 New
    +7
    Another "original" Chinese development. Let's just say they do not know how to be shy.
    1. svp67
      svp67 19 November 2014 09: 10 New
      +3
      Quote: Professor
      Another "original" Chinese development. Let's just say they do not know how to be shy.
      Why be ashamed, after all, NO ONE claims a violation of rights, and therefore you “believe” that
      Externally, the Chinese UAV Wing Loong resembles the American MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper. Nevertheless, according to Chinese aircraft manufacturers, this is a completely independent development and is not a copy of foreign technology
      and what else remains to be done. Although I think that the Chinese bastard isn’t up to its American dad
    2. cherina
      cherina 19 November 2014 12: 51 New
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      Another "original" Chinese development. Let's just say they do not know how to be shy.

      Iranians also go along this path that they saw that they copied, then they have a super fighter in which the pilot cannot fit, then after a month they copied an American drone that does not fly shorter than the nation printers
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 20 November 2014 14: 15 New
      0
      They showed on telly what size plant they
      drank off for the production of drones ...
      Mom do not cry. From half-Tel Aviv.
      Compete with them ... crying
  5. arslan23
    arslan23 19 November 2014 09: 45 New
    0
    Well done Chinese. The only question is the quality of the equipment and the resolution of the cameras. Indeed, it influences the cost. And so I am impressed by the number of missiles that this miracle can bullet. The nomenclature is rather big. This indicates a good system capacity. 1 million bucks is certainly very little for such a miracle of technology. And max range will also go. Given that such a device is not difficult to bring down, then I would not want it to cost a lot of money. And so, for border control and target designation of artillery under the cover of air defense and all that, this is not a very bad adaptation (and most importantly, it is much cheaper than an airplane or a helicopter, if you omit the fact of a break in the performance characteristics). For ATO is also suitable. Mini aviation for mini operations.
    1. new communist
      new communist 19 November 2014 10: 32 New
      0
      The only question is the quality of the equipment and the resolution of the cameras. After all, it is precisely this that influences the cost .-- And why do they need a strong resolution, the invisible Zimfall destroyer can be discerned, and on land they always have a numerical advantage.
    2. saag
      saag 19 November 2014 13: 47 New
      0
      In my opinion, the drone should be such that it, more precisely, the glider could be printed on a 3D printer, put electronics, a motor, batteries and into flight
    3. Mister X
      Mister X 19 November 2014 18: 19 New
      0
      Quote: arslan23
      I am impressed by the number of missiles that this miracle can bullet.

      Four new types of ammunition are used for its armament:
      - high precision guided bomb YZ-102A,
      - Air-to-surface UR with a semi-active laser seeker VA-7,
      - miniature 50-kilogram UAB LS-6 / 50
      - laser-controlled bomb YZ-121 for equipping shock UAVs.
  6. new communist
    new communist 19 November 2014 10: 30 New
    0
    In general, China is a sea power, and patrolling the ocean, playing on the nerves of the Japs and Koreans is a wonderful thing considering the price. Here such a thing flies past a Jap helicopter carrier, you knock it down, the Chinese will howl, and will throw a bomb on the deck, they will tell the Japs themselves that something exploded. Cool and necessary thing
  7. Zerstorer
    Zerstorer 19 November 2014 12: 01 New
    +3
    Most likely he doesn’t have a theater of operations but a piston engine. In the photo you can see the “crouch” around the cylinder heads. The propeller is too small in diameter. The propeller cock does not fit well with the fuselage. The air intake of the water radiator has a "clumsy" design - you can make it more aerodynamically clean, especially behind it the propeller. The rib from the bottom of the fuselage also does not improve aerodynamics, especially on takeoff and landing. It is possible that a mock-up has been demonstrated. Although the chassis struts look real, the rack lock in the retracted position is located close to the axis of rotation of the rack. There is no dorsal keel - which should, among other things, protect the propeller from contact with the runway. Although the propeller is very small ... There is still a lot and can be picked for a long time))
    1. Simple
      Simple 19 November 2014 13: 07 New
      +1
      Quote: Zerstorer
      Most likely he doesn’t have a theater of operations but a piston engine.


      The conclusion is that with the turboprop, the Chinese are not going smoothly.

      I think that’s why

      Quote: from article
      In some sources, the Pterodactyl device appears under the designation Wing Loong 1, which may indicate the creation of a new modification of the drone, which will receive the letter “2”.
      1. Zerstorer
        Zerstorer 19 November 2014 13: 20 New
        +1
        I think Wing Loong2 will be 1.5-2 times more ... Amers on the MQ-1 also have a piston engine .. In my opinion, Rotax. Hence the conclusion in the dimension of up to 1 ton of take-off weight and a ceiling of 6-8 km makes sense to put PD.
    2. Koshak
      Koshak 22 November 2014 03: 26 New
      0
      Quote: Zerstorer
      Most likely he doesn’t have a theater of operations but a piston engine. In the photo you can see the “crouch” around the cylinder heads. The propeller is too small in diameter. The propeller cock does not fit well with the fuselage. The air intake of the water radiator has a "clumsy" design - you can make it more aerodynamically clean, especially behind it the propeller. The rib from the bottom of the fuselage also does not improve aerodynamics, especially on takeoff and landing.

      Yes, it looks like it has a star-shaped air-cooled engine on it and therefore, most likely, there is not water, but an oil cooler from below. And the cook "is not consistent with the fuselage" in order to ensure the passage of air cooling the cylinders. And the cook itself with a pushing screw as such has not an aerodynamic, but a decorative function, i.e. covers screw pitch control mechanisms. And for a speed of 280 km / h licking aerodynamics is not particularly required.
  8. said46w
    said46w 19 November 2014 14: 48 New
    0
    Well done Chinese will soon be ahead of the rest.
    1. Prahlad
      Prahlad 19 November 2014 16: 03 New
      0
      Where will we be then?
      1. Green
        Green 19 November 2014 17: 17 New
        0
        Now and / or in the coming years)
  9. hudjuk
    hudjuk 20 November 2014 10: 01 New
    0
    Interestingly, the Americans will sue?)))
  10. nvn_co
    nvn_co 20 November 2014 15: 54 New
    0
    Abstract on the topic: "Wing Loong unmanned aerial vehicle (China)" for the course "General Aerospace Engineering Device" for a five-minute report on a practical lesson or laboratory work ... Or maybe they tore it off, so what? It’s not worth praising the quality of the MQ-1 Predator, you saw it, you touched it, and especially if you look inside, under the hatches ... You’ve even seen how they fall and know about how much they lost ... lol The Chinese turned out better ... Well done, the Chinese do, did, and will do. Thank you for the photo, interesting, and most importantly useful. Now, when will we show ours? That is the question! And then at the MAX we show a lot, but where is it in the ranks? Or the guys just did it, and no one needs him. Or denyuzhku washed and disowned the layout. Information transfer channels - no, normal control systems - no. There are no bot systems of UAVs, no weapons systems! We are sawing, sawing budgets, slandering, slandering denyuzhku, but we don’t do niiii what, so much as a temptation, and praise others (this applies to me). Probably only the “Butsky” guys do both flying and necessary and what they can ... We have a design bureau and bought it in our historical homeland ... It's sad however recourse