Military Review

Contactless Wars - a revolution in the art of war

Contactless Wars - a revolution in the art of war

It has long been no secret that humanity can not live without wars. All known world история, according to some estimates, over the course of 6, for thousands of years, 235 has absolutely peaceful days in total — during which there have been no armed conflicts anywhere on the planet. After 1945, there were only 26 days like this.

Over time, with the development of science and technology, methods and methods of warfare and solving geopolitical problems changed. weapons. For several thousand years, people have come a long way from cold weapons to nuclear weapons, constantly honing their strategic and tactical techniques. By 21 century, humanity has come to the threshold of a new arms revolution, comparable in scale to that which occurred with the massive introduction of firearms in the 15-17 centuries.

The fighting, to which we are “accustomed”, changes its face and the very logic. In addition to standard armed conflicts, we are increasingly talking about cyber attacks, terrorist acts, ethnic secessionism, financial and commercial blockades, acts of civil disobedience and propaganda in mass media. Attempts to qualify all of these processes lead to the emergence of new terminology: from hybrid and asymmetric wars to informational operations with an ideological bias and fighting beyond the conditions of war. All this can be combined under one name - contactless war.

It no longer needs to display hundreds tanks on the field near Prokhorovka, conduct front-line operations by forces of military formations, numbering hundreds of thousands of personnel. In the end, a contactless war is much less expensive for the budget of a country that uses this method of warfare, and does not lead to large losses and destruction. But, the end result of such wars is not comparable with the victory in the “ordinary war” - the defeated country goes to the winning side of the conflict with the fully preserved infrastructure and population.

The very first war in the history of modern military art, combining elements of contact and contactless warfare, was Operation Desert Storm in 1991. The Iraqi armed forces in the 90s were a typical army of the period of the second half of the 20th century, having an organizational structure formed under the influence of World War II and the Cold War - with fighter and bombing aviation, motorized rifle and tank units, artillery and air defense systems, which on the battlefield were supposed to interact with each other during front-line operations. According to both Western and Soviet military analysts, Iraq could resist the coalition forces for a long time and inflict significant losses on them. But, as it turned out in practice, the Iraqi military could not oppose anything to the form of war that the enemy in the person of the United States imposed on them.

At the tactical level, members of the coalition forces avoided direct participation in hostilities (except for aviation pilots that attacked Saddam Hussein’s facilities), which was certainly in the hands of politicians behind the levers of war. For the first time, hostilities were shown live: according to CNN, they showed the US military power to the whole world and worked out information manipulation technologies online. It was the first invasion of Iraq that led to the emergence of such a term as “television war”. Also, for the first time, high-precision weapons were used - the so-called smart bombs and missiles, satellite navigation was used (then - for the first time GPS technology was used to support the armed forces). During the first hours of the fighting, the communication systems of the Iraqi army were damaged and put out of operation, due to which entire units were practically blind and the command actually lost control of the troops. The actions of the special-purpose coalition units demoralized the soldiers of the Iraqi army, and the population was seriously influenced by information through massive disinformation and the submission of information from the conflict zone in the interpretation of the interests and tasks of the US army. As a result, Iraq lost the war, not even having time to use a significant part of its armed forces and mobilization resources. The tanks, airplanes and artillery systems that were modern at that time actually turned out to be useless in front of such a form of warfare.

The author of the new military concept, which the world was first able to observe in Iraq, was Colonel of the US Air Force John Warden. Later, Warden continued to develop his theory of the five rings, which was published in a specialized publication of the US Air Force called "The Enemy as a System." On the basis of comparisons and historical examples, he drew up a convincing logical concept, in which the term “strategic paralysis” was used in addition to the ring structure. “At the strategic level, we will achieve our goals, causing changes in one or more parts of the enemy’s physical system, so that he will have to adapt to our goals, or we will not physically allow him to oppose us. We will call this “strategic paralysis,” the author noted. So, you just need to calculate the centers of gravity in the enemy's system and apply point blows to them.

Five rings to be affected by non-contact warfare, according to the concept of John Worden

General David Deptula expanded the views of Worden on new type of operations - from their use exclusively in the US military to all national levels, including diplomatic, informational and economic. Most importantly, he called for an emphasis on understanding the enemy as a system and believed that non-military actions are an integral part of the new theory of conflict. It is no coincidence that in the USA special groups were set up to work in Iraq and Afghanistan, which included sociologists, ethnographers, linguists, and other narrow specialists. Human Terrain teams communicated with the local population, created a favorable image of the occupying forces and purposefully engaged in penetrating the enemy’s mind by sending reports to the center, which described in detail the habits, behavior, hierarchical structure, weaknesses and strengths of a particular ethnic and religious group.

In practice, this concept is implemented through the use of so-called organizational weapons, which is a system of organizational (coordinated by purpose, place and time — reconnaissance, propaganda, psychological, informational, etc.) influences on the enemy, forcing him to move along the appropriate active side. Using a system of such influences, you can direct the policy of the opposing side to a strategic dead end, exhaust the economics of the object of aggression with ineffective and overwhelming programs, ruin the social sphere, distort the foundations of the national culture, create a “fifth column” among the intelligentsia, etc. As a result, a state of internal political chaos is created in the state, leading to a decrease in its socio-psychological potential, economic and military power.

The activities of a psychological military operation are differentiated, selective, have a specific recipient. The object of influence are all the constituent elements of social consciousness. Moreover, if we consider the concept of "five rings", the American theorists offer the main psychological blow to inflict on not just the armed forces, which, in their opinion, are less susceptible to psychological treatment, and according to the growing scheme - influencing the population through psychological attacks, basic production - economic sanctions, on infrastructure - through its physical decommissioning and, finally, - a combination of all the above methods to apply against the military-political leadership of the country. To oppose such forms of combat operations with “classical forms” - familiar from the Second World War - is practically useless. In fact, such a war leads to the fact that the state “explodes from the inside”: the government loses public confidence, the leadership of the country and the armed forces are disoriented, because any management decision causes sabotage during local execution, and as a result, the enemy’s army is welcomed as liberators . Even if the army of such a state retains moral and psychological stability and combat power, without having the support of the population and management decisions coming from the country's leadership, it will, at best, be able to provide only focal resistance - organized at its own risk and risk by individual commanders. That, in fact, was observed during the second operation of the coalition forces in Iraq in 2003.

By the way, the color revolutions known by the recent events in Ukraine and Georgia became a by-product of such a military concept - in principle, this is also a type of contactless war, in which direct participation of the armed forces is not required at all.

One more confirmation of the fact that the “color revolutions” is, first of all, a war conducted by new methods, has become the same type of weapon used in their course.

Leaflets, instructions on the conduct of "peaceful protest actions" from Tahrir Square in Egypt and Kiev Maidan.

As practice has shown, the army in both cases simply distanced itself from the internal political processes taking place, even though they had obvious signs of outside interference, even if produced by non-military means.

A state defeated in an information-psychological war is a much more profitable booty than a country destroyed in the course of "classic" hostilities. The winner, having saved the resources, the army and the population of such a state, can use them at his own discretion - for example, in the informational or "classical" war against his geopolitical opponents. War by proxy is, in fact, a logical continuation of the concept of contactless war, when a state that has turned from a potential adversary to an dependent satellite becomes the main military force used in global confrontation.

That is why, in recent times, the fears of opponents of Russia are caused not so much by the development and adoption of new promising models of military equipment, as by ideological opposition to the policies of the West and NATO, which our country is leading. For example, the media, which broadcast abroad, bloggers and activists, reflecting a point of view different from the interests of the United States, are under attack, and there are psychological influences on Russian politicians. By the way, attempts to distort history, moreover, in the right direction for potential opponents of Russia, are the same element of the new concept of warfare, like the other methods of psychological operations discussed above.

What can Russia oppose to such contactless aggression? It is clear that tanks, combat aircraft and submarines, although still a formidable weapon and play the role of a serious factor holding back the military threat, are good only for use in direct, classic military conflict, but are practically useless against new methods of warfare now they are making a revolution in resolving geopolitical contradictions. In the future, they will be assigned the role of auxiliary forces, complementing the new military concept of psychological wars by the West and the United States. Specialists in psychological, ideological and informational struggle will come to the front line of new-type wars.

Therefore, specialists in counteracting the methods of conducting contactless wars must be trained now, especially since such wars are actively waged already at the very borders of Russia. These specialists must be sought among analysts, historians, journalists, ethnographers, psychologists, specialists in the field of computer technology and information protection, and finally, just stupid and not indifferent citizens - who can contrast their knowledge with a new military concept. Of course, the classical military art will also survive, having undergone some changes, since the concept of contactless warfare does not deny the implementation of targeted military operations by special forces, mobile army aviation units and fleet. They will undoubtedly disable infrastructure, destroy communications and telecommunications systems, compromise the country's military and political leadership, and block defense systems. But it is unlikely that in such a war of a "new type" there will be a place for strategic front-line operations, which were characteristic of past world wars. The actions of the armed forces will complement and combine with psychological operations, striving to maximize their effect, which has already been repeatedly demonstrated not only in Iraq but also in Yugoslavia, Libya and Afghanistan. Therefore, Russia must now be ready for the new forms of warfare that are emerging, and still are likely to appear in the course of a new revolution in military art.
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  1. el.krokodil
    el.krokodil 17 November 2014 06: 23
    good article + .. glory to GOD, we can strangle such a revolution in the bud ... now, if it were to be done in the United States, it would be good for the inventors of these dirty technologies ... not to relax ..
  2. Lyton
    Lyton 17 November 2014 06: 28
    I hope our leadership takes into account the presence of such threats and is not idle.
  3. lwxx
    lwxx 17 November 2014 06: 30
    A very interesting article, I hope our generals are preparing for a future war, but not the last one. Well, the fifth column must be harassed, and there should be no cause for discontent. Do not allow the impoverishment of the people and eliminate illiteracy, the illiterate people are easy prey for the enemy.
  4. i80186
    i80186 17 November 2014 07: 17
    For the first time, hostilities were shown live: according to CNN, in this way they showed the US military power to the whole world and worked out online information manipulation technologies.

    Well, the first television war is like Vietnam. She was even too "TV" smile

    The Iraqi armed forces in the 90s were a typical army of the second half of the 20th century, having an organizational structure formed under the influence of World War II and the Cold War - with fighter and bomber aircraft, motorized rifle and tank units, artillery and air defense systems, which are on the field battlefield had to interact with each other during front-line operations.

    Coalition forces were no less traditional.

    The united armed forces of the allies were headed by the American General N. Schwarzkopf by the UN decision. He and the chairman of the American Chiefs of Staff, General C. Powell, developed a plan for an operation to liberate Kuwait, code-named "Desert Storm." By its beginning, the coalition troops numbered about 600 thousand people and had 2 thousand combat aircraft, 4 thousand tanks and 3,7 thousand guns and mortars. From the sea, they were supported by more than 100 warships of the 6th and 7th US fleets, including 6 aircraft carriers and 2 battleships - World War II veterans "Wisconsin" and "Missouri"(C)

    Actually, they never achieved victory. They managed to free Kuwait, which they called victory. The Hussein regime existed for another ten years. smile
  5. GRF
    GRF 17 November 2014 07: 36
    Just a golden era for liars ...

    The method of struggle is simple:
    people should know everything ...
    And do not talk about state secrets when making political decisions ...
    Authorities should consult with people more often.
    All people should become an army ... Able to provide at least focal resistance
  6. ammunition
    ammunition 17 November 2014 07: 46
    The total system of propaganda and surveillance of everyone in the United States, gives some answer .. regarding the antidote to such wars.
    I believe, that :-
    1) The Stalinist system of social and economic life, with the replacement of the false ideology of Marxism - Leninism .. on Christian patriotism.
    2) Preemptive operations and strikes against the enemy .. in full compliance with "contactless wars"
    This should completely nullify given war strategy

    PS It’s a pity .. of course, that now we do not have 20% of the industrial, scientific and technical resources of the planet, as in the 1975 year (together with the allies, 33%)
  7. Belopolyak
    Belopolyak 17 November 2014 10: 19
    Contactless wars have always been, just had a different look and corresponded to the realities of their time - a banal example of political behind-the-scenes intrigues. Through conspiracy and deceit, entire countries also surrendered.
    Now this is also everywhere, only the speed of influence on the opinion of the population has changed and that's it.
  8. komel
    komel 17 November 2014 12: 49
    In my opinion there is not a revolution, there have always been agitators who tried to lure to their side. Iraq is not an indicator here, although it is really interesting to study. So Hollywood put his hand to the collapse of the USSR. Films with Rambo, Schwarzenegger, etc. showed where the good and the bad, who is the hero.

    Chinese answer to Hollywood. China's richest man and chairman of the board of directors of the Dalian Wanda Group entertainment conglomerate, Wang Jianlin, said he was going to invest between 30 billion and 50 billion yuan. It will be partially ready by 2016, fully - in 2017. It will include a film studio with an area of ​​33 thousand square meters and 19 auxiliary units, one of which will be under water. There will also be a theme park in Metropolis, like Universal Studio in the USA, a permanent exhibition of cars, hotels, restaurants, cinemas, a movie museum and even an international hospital.

    I would watch Chinese science fiction which will show the vision of China for the future in space, under water and on earth. Perhaps a historical movie such as an action movie with a pronounced hero based on the history of China.

    What Chinese movie would you suggest?