Military Review

Russian Navy has tested the rescue capsule of the nuclear submarine "Severodvinsk"

60
10 November The Russian Navy tested a rescue capsule (VSC) of the newest nuclear submarine Severodvinsk, confirming its reliability and reasonableness, reports "Journal of the center of nuclear shipbuilding in Russia - Severodvinsk".



A special feature of this combat training event was that the nuclear submarine with a displacement of more than 13 thousand tons and a length of about 140 meters needed to be submerged to a depth of 40 meters in a relatively small area of ​​the West Face Bay, and to stabilize under water without running to imitate a fixed position on the ground.

After that, the VSK test team of five people worked out a set of measures to leave the conditional emergency ship. The rescue capsule also contained a ballast, equal in mass to the total weight of all crew members.

The second technical feature of the tests carried out was that after the VSK was disconnected, the submarine crew needed to provide stabilization in order to compensate for the mass of the separated capsule.

After surfacing, the VSC was towed to a rescue vessel. In addition to the crew of Severodvinsk, the search and rescue support forces of the Northern fleet: teams of divers and the ship "Mikhail Rudnitsky".

Currently, similar rescue capsules are on board all modern nuclear submarines as part of the Russian Navy.





Photos used:
http://kuleshovoleg.livejournal.com/
60 comments
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  1. panfil
    panfil 12 November 2014 11: 47
    +22
    A very necessary thing! However, I would like to wish the submariners that they never need this capsule!
    1. Anton Gavrilov
      Anton Gavrilov 12 November 2014 11: 47
      +4
      And most importantly, no one else has this thing except our boats!
      1. The comment was deleted.
  2. Wedmak
    Wedmak 12 November 2014 11: 48
    0
    Something did not think that she just right out of the hull and floats like a float. Can people leave it alone? On rafts?
  3. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 12 November 2014 11: 48
    +4
    the knock of the guys in the "KURSK" ... when you look at the capsule, nothing else comes to mind ...
    1. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 12: 29
      +11
      On Kursk, the compartment where the VSK was located was destroyed, so that of course there was no access to it ....... And the only time when the camera was actually used ... this was the case when K-278, "Komsomolets" died on April 7, 1989 years in the Norwegian Sea ....... already from the ship leaving the depths of the ship, the camera surfaced successfully ... though of the three sailors who were in it, only warrant officer Slyusarenko survived, and two people, including the Commander, died after surfacing, apparently in a hurry they did not equalize the pressure with the outboard and hurt themselves from impact on the camera body ......... Eternal Memory to them!
      1. bubla5
        bubla5 12 November 2014 12: 34
        -3
        That's when the capsule will help the crew in case of an accident, then you can talk about its suitability, during training tests they always show a positive result, but in reality it’s zilch
      2. Drednout
        Drednout 12 November 2014 12: 39
        0
        Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
        ....... And the only time when the camera was actually used ... this was the case when K-278, "Komsomolets" died on April 7, 1989 in the Norwegian Sea ....... already from the ship leaving the depths of the camera successfully surfaced ...

        After hitting the boat on the ground! Prior to this, she did not want to undock (in the words of one diver from the north). The hatch was opened when it surfaced and, accordingly, it simply threw people out of the capsule. A terrible tragedy. SS testing is necessary, but duplicate options should also not be underestimated.
        1. FREGATENKAPITAN
          FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 15: 20
          +1
          There was an accident there ... a huge temperature difference with sea water ... when the VVD broke into the aft compartments, the effect of a blast furnace was created ......... plus the ship must be de-trimmed, and she (K-279) left with a big degree to the stern .... plus again I add they managed to drop into it at the last moment ... in a hurry, it is quite possible the separation algorithm was in some way violated ..... so that what it all still worked there is a big plus ....
          1. Drednout
            Drednout 12 November 2014 16: 02
            0
            Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
            ..... so that the fact that she did work is a big plus ....

            I agree. And I think it is undoubted that if there were training with emergency evacuation through the capsule, then more people would have been saved.
  4. lwxx
    lwxx 12 November 2014 11: 49
    +5
    The news is undoubtedly good! Here are just tormented by doubts: will all crew members fit in it?
    1. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 12: 31
      0
      Yes ... the camera is designed for the whole crew ... it is closely true .... but .... you want to live!
  5. Alexander
    Alexander 12 November 2014 11: 49
    -1
    Is it not airtight? Should the crew with breathing apparatus pop up?
    1. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 12: 33
      0
      The crew is evacuated with breathing apparatus and in SCS (wetsuits) because at the top it goes out into the cold, sea water where the temperature can be close to zero! The camera will most likely sink. Again, remember "Komsomolets"
      1. undusk
        undusk 12 November 2014 14: 27
        +1
        In SGP-K, and more precisely in the SSP, no one will leave the emergency ship with the help of the VSC, since it is really problematic to fit the whole crew in such equipment, in addition, consider the time for dressing ... For this there is ARO-80 a special orange jumpsuit providing positive buoyancy of the submariner (seaman) on the surface of the sea and protection from low temperatures for quite a long time. The camera after surfacing is tight and does not sink, even when fully loaded, for which this test was conducted. On new ships of the 3rd and 4th generation, crew members are mainly in the compartments adjacent to the camera and, if necessary, to leave the emergency submarine, taking up places in the camera does not take much time.
        1. undusk
          undusk 12 November 2014 15: 06
          +2
          It looks like ARO-80
        2. FREGATENKAPITAN
          FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 15: 23
          +1
          ARO-80 just appeared ... before that they used only SHG ....... and I will repeat it again ....... leave the ship in VSK, in gear
          1. undusk
            undusk 12 November 2014 22: 02
            0
            ARO-80 has been in service since 2005 (at least). Regarding leaving the MTP - look 47 seconds. roller exit from the camera submariners to the surface. They were generally without equipment ...
            1. NikWik
              NikWik 12 November 2014 22: 58
              +4
              we on Ave. 705 costumes ARO appeared in the year 90. about a year after the death of K-278. and at the expense of training, my colleagues are right - according to this VSK, they began to work on rafts only after K-278. And fit, to the article all.
            2. NikWik
              NikWik 12 November 2014 22: 58
              +4
              we on Ave. 705 costumes ARO appeared in the year 90. about a year after the death of K-278
            3. undusk
              undusk 12 November 2014 23: 05
              0
              Add a little. When leaving the submarine crew with the help of the APU, 3 sets of SGP-K (without IDA-59M) are taken to the APU for keeping watch on the surface. (To argue is useless ...)
  6. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker 12 November 2014 11: 50
    +1
    Apparently the lessons of the Kursk trench were not in vain. In appearance, the capsule is small. Will all submariners fit into it? And if it fits like in a barrel with a herring?
    1. Bort radist
      Bort radist 12 November 2014 12: 12
      0
      Quote: Peacemaker
      In appearance, the capsule is small. Will all submariners fit into it?

      It is logical to assume that not one. Compartments are sealed from each other. There must be a few.
      1. FREGATENKAPITAN
        FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 12: 34
        +1
        One, one .... and the whole crew!
        1. Bort radist
          Bort radist 12 November 2014 14: 49
          0
          Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
          One, one .... and the whole crew!

          It turns out - a fire in the compartment or .... and "cut off ?!" Yes, the sub is a special dimension. On an air board, at least everyone has a parachute for singing.
          1. FREGATENKAPITAN
            FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 15: 30
            +1
            In addition to the VSK, there are other ways to exit the emergency submarine, by locking in the wheelhouse, through torpedo tubes ........ You will be surprised ... but, for example, in the United States in the submarine fleet, the main way of rescue is to surface in an air bubble ... ...those. just like that .... In the film "72" meters "the exit through Makovetsky's TA is superbly shown! -" ..... And on musings, on musings! "and to do VSK in each compartment .........? ? We cannot afford such a luxury .......And the parachutists just have the CGP used for free ascent ....
            1. Wedmak
              Wedmak 12 November 2014 15: 53
              +1
              And the parachutists just have the CGP used for free ascent ....

              And the pop-up caesonic disease will not? Will he break his ears with pressure?
              1. Drednout
                Drednout 12 November 2014 16: 05
                0
                Quote: Wedmak
                And the pop-up caesonic disease will not?

                Will be. Even with the ascent of meters from 30. o if immediately into the chamber, then nitrogen from the blood can gradually be removed.
              2. undusk
                undusk 12 November 2014 17: 58
                0
                To prevent the occurrence of decompression sickness when a diver exits an emergency submarine, measures have been taken such as: a special gas composition of the breathing mixture, the flow rate and composition of which varies depending on the depth of ascent, control of the time of ascent and delays (stops) at certain depths during ascent using ASB according to buoy-turnip, braking with the SP-1 parachute system, with free ascent. Free ascent without SP-1 is acceptable from a depth of 100 meters, but depends on many factors - the time spent inside the emergency submarine under pressure, the depth of the submarine, the gas composition of the air in the compartment.
            2. Bort radist
              Bort radist 12 November 2014 17: 11
              0
              Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
              RCC VSK, there are other ways to exit the emergency submarine

              A bubble is an impromptu, through torpedo tubes I even feel uneasy to watch. Everyone has their own characteristics. We were raised by 5 thousand meters in a depressurized cabin (there was no camera bar) but a submarine, although there were frames there.
            3. undusk
              undusk 12 November 2014 17: 46
              0
              The braking parachute (SP-1) has been removed from the SSP set, and for a long time. The reason is that it needs to be serviced - "shifted", and this requires a specialist paratrooper, who are not in the fleet, in addition, the conditions for storing SP-1 on a submarine are also unsuitable.
    2. donavi49
      donavi49 12 November 2014 12: 27
      +5
      Yes - there are two sedentary tiers in a circle and in the center like herrings - but you want to live and you’ll not get up. Fresh water supplies and pressed nutrient briquettes on sedentary tiers, like on 5-7 days.

      There was a capsule on Kursk, even more spacious - for there are more people. But it blew everything to the aft compartments. And at the stern the platform warped. There was also a capsule on Komsomolets, but due to a violation of the rules, in a stressful atmosphere - there was only one person who experienced a pressure drop.
  7. sever.56
    sever.56 12 November 2014 11: 50
    +2
    Such a capsule and dead boats ... How many lives would be saved. The crew, even purely psychologically, will be more comfortable to serve.
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 12 November 2014 12: 19
      0
      Quote: sever.56
      Such a capsule and dead boats ...

      They were there too. Remember "Komsomolets" - the capsule surfaced, but outboard water got into it after opening the hatch, after which it sank along with a part of the crew that had already escaped ...
      1. muginov2015
        muginov2015 12 November 2014 12: 23
        0
        There was a bell on the Komsomol member. are they saying a capsule, an interesting statement, or fundamentally different things?
      2. muginov2015
        muginov2015 12 November 2014 12: 23
        0
        There was a bell on the Komsomol member. are they saying a capsule, an interesting statement, or fundamentally different things?
        1. Drednout
          Drednout 12 November 2014 12: 49
          0
          Quote: muginov2015
          There was a bell on the Komsomolets

          Are you kidding me?
          About the bell?
  8. SPLV
    SPLV 12 November 2014 11: 51
    +4
    Deja vu?
    The text of your comment is too short and in the opinion of the site administration does not carry useful information.

    Thanks to the administration for the reminder. Just yesterday saw.
    http://topwar.ru/62262-na-severodvinske-ispytali-spasatelnuyu-kapsulu.html
    1. Viktor Kudinov
      Viktor Kudinov 12 November 2014 13: 04
      0
      Repetition is the mother of learning. However, there are recent comments in which you can find something new.
    2. Eggor
      Eggor 12 November 2014 13: 37
      +1
      Quote: SPLV
      Just yesterday saw.

      Groundhog Day yes

      Quote: Victor Kudinov
      However, there are recent comments

      And the rest is just like one to one. And fit - not fit, and about Kursk necessarily.
  9. The comment was deleted.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 12 November 2014 12: 36
      0
      But do not underestimate our submariners. smile
      Specialists wrote that the entire crew gets into the cell. Naturally, there is no comfort in this - "sprats in a bank".
  10. dr.star75
    dr.star75 12 November 2014 11: 52
    0
    It's great, of course, only the Kursk is remembered ..
  11. tundra
    tundra 12 November 2014 12: 00
    +1
    Quote: Andrey Yurievich
    the knock of the guys in the "Kursk" ... when you look at the capsule, nothing else comes to mind ..

    Why only Kursk? There events developed like an avalanche. But on Komsomolets, something was not tightly closed in the cell, and after the people surfaced, it threw up pressure and the cell sank.
  12. crazy boiler
    crazy boiler 12 November 2014 12: 01
    +1
    Well, the whole crew will not fit into it.
    she looks just tiny ...
    comrades tell me maybe I’m looking the wrong way.
    1. GRAY
      GRAY 12 November 2014 12: 21
      0
      Quote: crazyboiler
      Well, the whole crew will not fit into it.
      she looks just tiny ...

      Here in this pelvis in the state 20 people fit. In the "wheelhouse" you can stay standing.
  13. kolyhalovs
    kolyhalovs 12 November 2014 12: 02
    0
    The rescue capsule also contained ballast, equal in weight to the total weight of all crew members.


    A stupid question. And how will ALL crew members fit into this capsule? their own man is half a hundred ...

    P.S. I understood, approximately, when I saw what size hole in the cabin was from the boat (from where, in fact, this capsule) there under the water four more times as much.
  14. Cosmos1987
    Cosmos1987 12 November 2014 12: 03
    0
    Here on the site there was already a discussion about this and the debate boiled down to whether the entire crew fit or not. By wiki
    There is one rescue chamber on the boat; it can fit the whole crew. The crew, according to data from various sources, ranges from 85 to 93 people
    . If you take into account that not even the entire camera is tight, as can be seen from the photo, there are 10 people from the strength to fit, or even less. although the overall height of the chamber can be much greater than the height of the deckhouse and the chamber itself can go into a sturdy case by design. Like that:
    1. UralMan
      UralMan 12 November 2014 12: 11
      +1
      Cool thing WHAT YOU SAY HERE
      AND NEEDED
      without koment ....

      and you want to cram live ...

      sorry may not be so, but in the subject of a joke

      Policeman stops at the post Cossack
      A drunk crowd of 11 people spills out of it
      Policeman to the driver:
      Now, if you get into everything again, then go ...
      Climbed ... climbed 10, and 11 well, no matter how
      Policeman to the driver:
      Well, everything to you ... bring 10 or ...
      11 (he is with an accordion), how it turns out, and who will play the accordion then
      1. i80186
        i80186 12 November 2014 12: 19
        +1
        Here I looked on NTV (http://www.ntv.ru/novosti/1261454/) this news and there is an interesting phrase - "The camera is located at the central post, it is understood that it will be able to evacuate all sailors who will get there in case of an accident. " Apparently, not everyone, but those who get there in conditions of damage control (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0owtop_cEqc).
        1. Fin
          Fin 12 November 2014 12: 38
          0
          Quote: i80186
          Apparently, not all, but those who get in the struggle for survivability

          VSK for the whole crew.
        2. Homo
          Homo 12 November 2014 12: 42
          +1
          Quote: i80186
          Apparently, not all, but those who get in the struggle for survivability

          Have you thought well before writing this? So give the command to the Lord God so that in case of accidents there are no wounded and dead. And give the submarine designers the control center so that the entire crew (during the entire voyage) is in a rescue capsule or in emergency situations the boat is not divided into compartments (to increase survivability). Do not write nonsense !!! This capsule is designed to save the entire crew if it is impossible to surface without damaging the hull, and in other cases those who can get there are saved. On earth, too, not everyone gets to the sanbat and dies.
    2. pv1005
      pv1005 12 November 2014 12: 16
      +2
      Have you come up with a drawing yourself? In general, for such allegations, visit the nuclear submarines at least once and understand for yourself that they carried a complete heresy.
      1. Cosmos1987
        Cosmos1987 12 November 2014 12: 23
        0
        And you were on a submarine, and tell me how 90 people fit in such a small box? And in general, who said that technological solutions from submarines of 3 generations are completely transferred to 4.
        1. pv1005
          pv1005 12 November 2014 12: 51
          +2
          Quote: Cosmos1987
          And you were on a submarine, and tell me how 90 people fit in such a small box? And in general, who said that technological solutions from submarines of 3 generations are completely transferred to 4.

          Was not once and not on one project. How to fit? Someone silently, someone joking with jokes, but a boatswain, as laid out with ebooks. And who told you they didn’t pump it over? In your opinion it turns out that on the 3rd generation it was supposed to save the entire crew and on the 4th generation only part? We have that the life of a submariner began to cost less or divers in excess and part of the crew is not a problem for us ???
    3. Homo
      Homo 12 November 2014 12: 37
      0
      Quote: Cosmos1987
      If you take into account that not even the entire camera is tight, as can be seen from the photo, there are 10 people from the strength to fit, or even less.

      You have a spatial problem perception. Compare the dimensions of the rescue boat (in which 10 people will fit), the size of the visible (above the water) part of the capsule and the size of the hole in the boat’s hull and everything will fall into place!
    4. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 12 November 2014 12: 41
      +2
      There can’t be a dispute ... because the current submariners inform you and the divers are in reserve ....... Here I understand that not everyone understood the meaning of the article .... it is said that for the first time they actually tested the camera, but not it is said that it has been adopted for 30-40 years, at least ..... Submariners are placed in several tiers in a circle ... as in the picture, only there are many more tiers
  15. Midshipman
    Midshipman 12 November 2014 12: 08
    +1
    VSK was in Kursk, there was no one to use the camera, the entire crew would not enter, there are other ways to get out of the sunken submarine.
    The camera itself is tight.
  16. vdtomsk
    vdtomsk 12 November 2014 12: 25
    +1
    In the Northern Fleet, a pop-up rescue chamber of the newest nuclear submarine Severodvinsk was tested

  17. Wedmak
    Wedmak 12 November 2014 12: 25
    +5
    There was once a report on "Borea" on the Star. And they showed the capsule from the inside. Places there are certainly not enough, but the crew can accommodate. They sit close to the perimeter of the capsule with food and water.
  18. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 12 November 2014 12: 34
    0
    If you imagine the real situation, for example, a fire blocked part of the crew in the aft compartment, those who were in the central and bow were saved in a capsule, the rest write suicide notes. In theory, there should be three smaller cameras, in the bow, in the center and in the stern. In general, ideally, the entire crew should always be in one isolated part of the boat, which, in case of need, completely pops up, dropping the emergency compartments. Management of all units and weapons is remote, with the possibility of short-term presence in the compartment for inspection and minor repairs.
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 12 November 2014 12: 52
      +1
      In general, ideally, the entire crew should always be in one isolated part of the boat, which, in case of need, completely pops up, dropping emergency compartments.

      Ideally, there should be such a capsule on passenger aircraft, however, nobody even bothers parachutes under the seats. You can’t even write a note.
      Walking under water, with weapons, with a nuclear reactor less than 50 meters away from you, without seeing the sun for weeks, in tight cubes, is already a huge risk and courage. But you still have to carry out a combat mission. It’s good that there is at least something for salvation.
  19. alesayka
    alesayka 12 November 2014 12: 34
    -1
    So in Kursk, too, something was wrong but the explosion deformed, or this device will be on all modern boats - this one is on trial and the others are at the shipyard.
  20. hyperion121
    hyperion121 12 November 2014 13: 27
    -1
    It seems to me that it would be nice to provide the submarines with lock compartments besides the VSK, like spaceships, and in which case they would lower the bathyscaphe from above and take the submariners, or another submarine could come up, dock and pick up the crew. Plus an additional bonus in the form of a hypothetical use of such submarines in the future, for peaceful purposes of developing the underwater space, when the submarine could dock to the underwater base.
    I don’t know much about submarines, maybe a similar technology is already being used?
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 12 November 2014 13: 46
      0
      I don’t know much about submarines, maybe a similar technology is already being used?

      Yeah. There is such a hatch, and I think there are two of them. And the bathyscaphe-rescuer joins him. On the same Star, there is a report from the video on how this happens.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Ruswolf
        Ruswolf 12 November 2014 14: 17
        +1
        Wedmak
        There is such a hatch, and I think there are two of them. And the bathyscaphe-rescuer joins him.

        The only problem is that the scheme of its operation is based on the throwing of an emergency buoy with a line and a communication cable. The capsule connects along a line. A couple of times, I saw that these emergency buoys were welded so as not to disrupt during a storm. Their fastening is weak, designed to discharge from an impact in an accident. It was calculated for salvation up to 500m. But efficiently, the 200-300m is the working depth for divers working for emergency operation.
        It looked like this somewhere
        1. Drednout
          Drednout 12 November 2014 16: 16
          0
          Quote: Ruswolf
          It looked like this somewhere

          Greetings buddy! This is just the bell.
    2. rumata63
      rumata63 12 November 2014 13: 46
      +1
      there are such things on the submarine and on Kursk only coaming was skewed, they wrote and the rescuer could not, so it was reported, to dock.
  21. rumata63
    rumata63 12 November 2014 13: 48
    0
    but in general, is it somehow full of holes, all in the holes, can it float for 40 meters and in the easily-diving choir in it?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Ruswolf
      Ruswolf 12 November 2014 14: 26
      +1
      In autonomous equipment and in SGP-K it is possible to go out from a much greater depth ... through the torpedo
    3. Wedmak
      Wedmak 12 November 2014 14: 32
      0
      It is not full of holes, it’s just a wheelhouse fence. The capsule itself is lower, the lower conical part is visible in the photo.
  22. ed65b
    ed65b 12 November 2014 14: 18
    0
    I, too, did not understand everything in the holes, how would they all fit there and would someone throw out through the numerous holes upon ascent? Honestly, I imagined her quite differently.
  23. Lionsio
    Lionsio 12 November 2014 15: 25
    +2
    A lot of comments about Komsomolets.
    And, accordingly, innuendo. As a person who has plunged into the "can" more than once, I recommend reading to everyone who leaves their statements here, material based on the stories of participants in the events, eyewitnesses and experts.
    Author Nikolay CHERKASHIN. The mystery of the "killer camera". Exactly so in quotes.
    http://mypage.sbor.net/psv/SeaWolf/komsomol.htm
  24. undusk
    undusk 12 November 2014 21: 44
    +1
    By the way, there’s a good video on YouTube that reveals all the questions about VSK and so on.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hB2nlzpdTeoе.