Military Review

Forgotten Weapons of the Great War

18
Almost a hundred years ago, a great war began, which was called Great, and after a while - the First World War. Then they invented and even used many deadly pieces of iron, but some of them did not have time to get on the battlefield or did not become so famous.


Looking overseas, the United States, by the year 1917, also wanted to participate in the general fun. But there was a problem. According to rumors, in military fashion now there were some things on the tracks. And they decided to make a tank.

Forgotten Weapons of the Great War


The military looked at what seemed to be a solid Holt company (it actually produced a tractor), and something vaguely alerted them. We decided to try on.



Two bankers and one general went further - a tank burning a flamethrower. True, the engine is steam, but that's even better, right? No one tank no, but we will! Again did not like it.



Upstairs they realized that if it continued this way then they would have to fight without their tanks. Together, the United States and Britain gave birth to the project of the heavy tank Mk VIII "Liberty" aka "International" (for some reason, the usual Renault tank fits, but the American one, too). They wanted to do it really internationally - in France, receiving engines from the USA, and armor and weapon - from England. For 40 tons, 8 km / h, two guns, five machine guns. Everything you need for happiness.



Henry Ford decided that he was no worse than the others. And he made a two-seat tank: three tons, a gun or a machine gun, two engines from the Ford, the T model. The military was delighted, ordered fifteen thousand pieces. And fifteen pieces were delivered, but then the order for fifteen thousand was canceled - the war was over. Probably Ford was very upset.



The British managed to push inside the "amphibious tank" Mk IX, he is the first BTR, as many as thirty (or even more) people. Standing In what condition would they be in battle, if the usual heat tankers, exhaust gases and shaking would lead to a state incompatible with meaningful life - science is unknown. Those infantrymen who were still transported in other tanks, it was bad.



The French, too, were not badly sewn. And they decided that they didn’t need a heavy FCM tank with a 105-mm howitzer. And you need ... super heavy tank. Char 2, seventy tons, armor in 50 mm, electric transmission and twelve people inside. While inventing, there was no one to fight. But ten cars from 1919 year nevertheless made.



Tanks are good, but it would be nice to have other cars as well.



By 1917, we chose the standard model (so that all interested companies could do) of the three-ton Liberty B truck. Nine and a half of the thousand managed to do, the rest was cut.



Seven-ton trucks quietly dragged even the then light tanks (Renault), and in the back.



All-wheel drive Militor 474 truck brutally tested in the mountains in August 1918, but did not have time to send a war.



The gloomy Teutonic genius also decided to show off. But what? All-wheel drive trucks Daimler did more with 1908. And we will make a half-track. Under the name Marienwagen (somehow it doesn’t even look like a gloomy genius, it’s the case - Maschinengewehrkraftwagen Sd.Kfz.13).



"Surprised," the Yankees grinned wickedly and showed ... a self-propelled eight-inch howitzer at the Caterpillar base. And they were heavier. But worse - hardly.



Those who did not get either tanks, self-propelled guns, or trucks would have been given the works of Ivan Moiseevich Browning - BAR (at the end of September 1918 even managed to war up a bit, the soldiers praised).



Well, or Schmeisser (MP18, the real "Schmeisser") - as anyone lucky. Familiar helmet, is not it?



Or even the first Tommy-gans, who just barely had time to go into the trenches (for which they were prepared).



But we forgot about the air!

But the British, who completely got "Zeppelins" and other German fliers who threw bombs down to a ton (the one on the right), did not forget.



And the British did the Hendley Page V / 1500 - three and a half tons of bombs, a range of two thousand kilometers. For comparison - the miracle of 1914 of the year “Ilya of Murom” to 1917, in addition to machine guns and other payloads, raised bombs ten or twenty times less. Three cars were ready to fly directly to Berlin, but you would not believe it - again the war was over. This war. But there were others ahead. And in them, many ideas were tried, which they did not have time to indulge in then.
18 comments
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  1. Papakiko
    Papakiko 3 October 2013 08: 34 New
    +5
    Substantial historical excursion.
    It is necessary to continue immersion in the "evolution" of the means of warfare.
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 3 October 2013 11: 57 New
      -4
      first you need heroically obso * tsa
      before next to such a sfotstazza wassat
    2. jasper
      jasper 3 October 2013 20: 29 New
      +1
      that war is more of a Betrayed War for us. which began as the Second World War and the Great, became Betrayed by the Bolsheviks for the sake of the protection of hell for the Russian people
  2. Aubert
    Aubert 3 October 2013 08: 42 New
    +9
    Nowhere has man reached such heights as in the destruction of his own kind.
    1. Nuar
      Nuar 3 October 2013 11: 36 New
      0
      Quote: Aubert
      Nowhere has man reached such heights as in the destruction of his own kind.

      oh well, what about the sex industry? There, in Thailand, people are growing up little girls (and prototypes haven’t shown us this yet ...)
    2. sub307
      sub307 3 October 2013 22: 34 New
      +2
      There, there is no limit to "perfection."
    3. GHOST
      GHOST 3 October 2013 23: 48 New
      +1
      I support, everything that a person does but doesn’t do, he does in order to kill ...
  3. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 3 October 2013 08: 46 New
    +1
    Well, whatever you say, a war always gives impetus to the development of technology. But with the same aviation, if at the beginning of the 1st World War aviation was used for reconnaissance and communications, and pilots tried to shoot at each other in the air from revolvers, then in the end there were fighters, bombers ... They put machine guns, invented a synchronizer. ..With tanks, too, “run-in” the production of armored alloys. Well, anti-tank rifles appeared in 1918 ... A lot of things ... hi
  4. Senya Gorbunkov
    Senya Gorbunkov 3 October 2013 09: 01 New
    +2
    The war does not give a jolt, it is looping on itself, enormous limited resources are used instead of realizing really worthwhile ideas, but in order for a bright future to come, we are consistently "led" through the evolution of the consciousness of billions of people, so that people continue to listen " the owners of the "geopolitical pyramid of power ..
  5. King
    King 3 October 2013 09: 25 New
    +2
    In the first photo, a prototype of an pepelats from the movie Kin Dza Dza
  6. Poppy
    Poppy 3 October 2013 09: 56 New
    +1
    good comments on photos
  7. AX
    AX 3 October 2013 10: 16 New
    0
    To whom is war, and to someone mother dear ...
  8. ildar335
    ildar335 3 October 2013 10: 44 New
    0
    thanks for the photo to the collection! article +++
  9. Ka-52
    Ka-52 3 October 2013 11: 32 New
    +3
    Subtle, with humor, article plus good
  10. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 3 October 2013 16: 31 New
    0
    Great historical tour! Congratulations to the author, although he did not write his name!
  11. Evrepid
    Evrepid 3 October 2013 18: 40 New
    0
    And I liked the all-wheel drive truck. Very well thought out thing.
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 3 October 2013 18: 50 New
    -1
    Extremely funny tank designs turns out to not be ripe on the battlefield wassat Thanks to the author for the excellent photo selection!
  13. uzer 13
    uzer 13 3 October 2013 19: 11 New
    +1
    The name Schmeisser subsequently became a household name for all German submachine guns, and many even called MG38 and MG42 machine guns. If you pay attention to the store, you can see that they were the same on the long-barrel Parabellums that some units of the German army were armed with.
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 4 October 2013 00: 01 New
      0
      The Tsar Tank (also known as Lebedenko’s tank, Lebedenko’s car, “Bat”) is an armored combat self-propelled vehicle developed by the captain of the Russian army N.N. Lebedenko in 1914-1915 The Tsar Tank is the largest tank ever built. Although some researchers believe that it should be called a wheeled combat vehicle rather than a tank. The tank received the nickname “Bat” because its model, when carried behind the rear wheel, resembled a bat with folded wings. Also, Lebedenko’s tank was called the “Mastodont”, due to its colossal size. Technical characteristics of the Lebedenko tank:

      combat weight - 45 tons under the project (actual - 60 tons)
      length - 17,8 meters
      width - 12 meters
      height - 9 meters
      armament - Maxim machine guns (the possibility of installing 37 mm or 76,2 mm guns was also considered)
      booking - bulletproof (8-10 mm)
      power plant - 2 Maybach engines rated at 240 hp each
      highway speed - 17 km / h
      cross country speed - 10 km / h
      range on the highway - about 60 km
    2. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior 4 October 2013 07: 57 New
      0
      Well, here you are wrong a little. Only the MPhi was called the "Schmeiser", the 38th and 40th. They didn’t click machine guns, they called them “emgehs”.
      And about Luger-P08 (namely, "luger", by the name of the designer,"Parabellum"is the name of the cartridge) yes, there was such a modification with a 32-charge magazine. It was called" artillery " hi
      1. anomalocaris
        anomalocaris 6 October 2013 11: 00 New
        0
        Quote: Landwarrior
        namely, "luger", by the name of the designer, "Parabellum" is the name of the cartridge)

        You are here enough over the edge. Officially, this pistol was called P-08, Georg Luger called it parabelum, and overseas dealers who massively pushed this unit in the states after the Great War were called Luger.