Military Review

Happy holiday, military intelligence!

Russian military intelligence officers annually 5 November celebrate their professional holiday. In the calendar of military holidays, the Day of Military Intelligence in its current form appeared relatively recently - after the order number 490 of the Ministry of Defense of 12 of October 2000 of the year.

This holiday is a holiday of people capable of performing the most complex and important tasks, on which the fate of not only the local operation depends, but also, perhaps, the general outcome of the military confrontation. A military intelligence officer is a person who knows how to take a step, a thought, to get ahead of the enemy and to accomplish the task, regardless of the conditions and operational-tactical situation. The subtlety and lightning speed with which the military reconnaissance missions are performed served as the main guides to the bat becoming the main symbol of the military intelligence of the Russian Federation, spreading its wings over the globe. This symbol also says that for a professional military intelligence officer there are no borders and dividing lines.

Happy holiday, military intelligence!

Historians believe that the prototype of modern military intelligence could be the Order of secret affairs formed under the sovereign Alexey Mikhailovich. Despite the fact that the Order created in 1653 in many respects resembled a repressive state apparatus, there were also people who were responsible for obtaining information about the enemy (about the military successes of the enemy, the number of troops, their training and equipment, etc. ). The order of secret affairs was not subject to the Boyar Duma.

Already with the son of Aleksei Mikhailovich Peter I, more outlined grounds and functions of what is today called military intelligence appear. These bases and functions are prescribed in the military charter of the model 1716 of the year, which is often called Petrovsky. Certain intelligence functions were included in the functional series of the Secret Chancellery.

After decades of reform and change of monarchs in the Russian Empire, the Expedition of Secret Affairs, which was part of the War Department, appears. The Expedition of Secret Affairs appeared in Russia in 1810, and two years later it was renamed Special Office. The main task assigned to the staff of the office, in connection with the war against Napoleon’s army, was to collect strategically important information abroad: obtaining information about the size of the enemy’s army, the enemy’s agent network in Russia, through which (the network) the enemy drew information about Russian intentions .

The first head of the Expedition of Secret Affairs, and then the Special Office at the War Ministry, was Alexey Vasilyevich Voeikov, a native of the Oryol province. It was Alexei Voeikov who is considered to be the first director of the military intelligence service of the Russian Empire.

It is noteworthy that Alexey Voeikov is the grandfather of the great Russian painter Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov.

After the 1917 revolution, military intelligence was, for obvious reasons, reformatted. At the same time, the so-called Registration Directorate of the Field Headquarters became the main administrative body of military intelligence. This is a structural unit of the Revolutionary Military Council, which was engaged in the coordination of intelligence structures. In fact, this is the first Soviet Intelligence Agency, which was directly involved in working with agents, collecting military information, as well as work aimed at countering foreign counterintelligence. By the way, the date of 5 November, which is chosen as the date of celebration of the Military Intelligence Day in the Russian Federation, is connected with the creation of the Registration Department. It is exactly 5 of November 1918 of the year that the order No. 197 / 27 of the Revolutionary Military Council about the staff units of the Field Headquarters appears.

The first head of the Registration Directorate of the Field Staff of the Revolutionary Military Council was Semen Ivanovich Aralov.

Semyon Aralov - a native of the merchant family, still in his youth joined the revolutionary movement. He led the new department less than a year. Already in June, 1919 of the year, Semyon Aralov as the head of the intelligence department, was replaced by Sergei Gusev, a native of the Ryazan province, (the real name is Yakov Drabkin).

For the first time in the name of the department, the word "intelligence" appears in April 1921. It was at this time that the so-called Intelligence Directorate was created in Soviet Russia. This is the Intelligence Directorate of the Red Army Headquarters. With the changes in the name and subordination, the Intelligence Directorate existed until the Great Patriotic War. In 1942, the department was called the GRU General Staff of the Red Army. And from that moment on, the term "Main Intelligence Directorate" became the defining one for the domestic military intelligence. Major General became the first chief of the GRU General Staff of the Red Army tank Troops Alexei Pavlovich Panfilov - a native of the city of Kazan, a participant in the battles at Lake Khasan.

For the skillful command and control of the troops of the 3 Guards Tank Corps and the courage and heroism shown by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council of 29 on May 1945, Lieutenant-General of Tank Forces Alexei Pavlovich Panfilov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the title of the glide Panfilov Aleksei Pavlovich was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the order of the glory, and there is no position; Star". Alexey Panfilov was twice awarded the Order of Lenin and five times the Order of the Red Star. Also, Aleksey Pavlovich became the Cavalier of the Orders of Suvorov, I and II degrees, and was awarded the medal "For Courage".

The name of Alexei Panfilov became truly a household name for a military intelligence officer. As a symbol of courage and thoughtful decisions. This man gave himself without a trace to serve the Fatherland, develop and improve military intelligence, leaving behind a huge legacy for those who have already linked or only wish to link their lives with military intelligence activities.

On the Day of Military Intelligence, all representatives of this glorious military profession should be wished not only good health and indispensable success in all matters and undertakings, but also adherence to the ideals of military fraternity. These ideals allowed and allow our Fatherland to improve the security system and to be the links in the chain of many generations of military intelligence officers.

Happy holiday, intelligence!

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  1. svp67
    svp67 5 November 2014 07: 27
    Thanks to everyone involved in military intelligence for your very difficult and dangerous work and HAPPY BROTHERS !!!
    1. MIV999
      MIV999 5 November 2014 07: 30
      Raise the glasses for the visible fighters soldier and invisible bully fronts drinks
      1. nikrandel
        nikrandel 5 November 2014 07: 48
        The heads of intelligence of several countries agreed to find out whose scouts are the most persistent. By agreement, they declassified one least important resident. Interrogations were conducted with increasing severity. They bought an American. The Frenchman blurted out to the dummy beauty. The English intelligence officer demanded a hereditary right to bear the title of Lord with a coat of arms. The Russian intelligence officer was silent, as he had not been treated. Desperate, they installed equipment in the chamber. Once in the cell, the Russian began to bang his head against the wall and wail:
        - Here you have the girls! Here you have the restaurants! Ciphers had to learn, attendance to remember!

        Congratulations on Military Intelligence Day!
        1. insafufa
          insafufa 5 November 2014 08: 36
          drinks For health and peaceful sky above your head drinks
        2. Leviton
          Leviton 5 November 2014 08: 43
          I don’t know why only in 2000 we took this holiday .... we celebrated it back in 85 of the last century .....
          In general, the holiday of all involved !!!!
        3. Tiksi-3
          Tiksi-3 5 November 2014 10: 30
          Quote: nikrandel
          Congratulations on Military Intelligence Day!

          + + + + +
          We know very rarely,
          How intelligence works
          Because it should be so.
          For skillful scouts,
          Busy, smart, brave
          I suggest draining the glasses.

          one long three short !!
      2. Момент
        Момент 5 November 2014 07: 49
        You will tell the truth in advance
        That the enemy will not pass today.
        You scout, and all your contribution,
        It is worth a thousand rewards.

        Mark your holiday skillfully,
        Throw it inside, which boiled.
        Military you and let again
        You will destroy the enemy.

        We must drink for such a holiday. On the holiday, the fighters of the invisible front.
        1. ispaniard
          ispaniard 5 November 2014 08: 18
          Happy holiday, you guys! Low bow to you for your work, which we usually do not see. When I was still a child, the book "Aquarium" by Viktor Suvorov (Vladimir Rezun) came across, for me the discovery of the GRU was like the discovery of Atlantis, before that I had only heard about the KGB. Over time, I began to learn more and more about the GRU General Staff of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, and oh ... from the volume and importance of the work that these guys are pulling on their shoulders ...
          1. fedok
            fedok 5 November 2014 10: 37
            Yeah. Sam himself learned about the GRU, being an officer of the Navy, from the book of the TRAITOR in. Rezun.
            1. s1н7т
              s1н7т 5 November 2014 16: 50
              Quote: Fedok
              learned about the GRU as an officer in the Navy

              Cool! But what, didn’t they teach the structure of the native armed forces and their GS in the school? 2 GU GSH was GRU.
          2. Timeout
            Timeout 5 November 2014 10: 54
            Quote: ispaniard
            When I was still a child, the book "Aquarium" by Viktor Suvorov (Vladimir Rezun) came across, for me the discovery of the GRU was like the discovery of Atlantis, before that I had only heard about the KGB.

            Do not talk about the traitor on our holiday! Happy holiday guys! Today, the living will remember the fallen, and many will again do their military work. As always it was, nobody but us!
          3. 222222
            222222 5 November 2014 13: 24
            "A veteran of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff and a former employee of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs told in an interview with RIA Novosti how Russian intelligence officers differ from foreign colleagues, as well as the impact of Anatoly Serdyukov's reforms on the GRU."
            Happy Holiday !!!
        2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Shvonder
      Shvonder 5 November 2014 10: 25
      Happy holiday to all specialists! There are such people on this resource, a separate congratulation to them.
    3. Denis fj
      Denis fj 5 November 2014 21: 14
    4. bekjan
      bekjan 9 November 2014 01: 24
      Thank you, with a professional holiday !!!
  2. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 5 November 2014 07: 28
    Happy holiday EXPLORATION! drinks
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled 5 November 2014 08: 35
      I join in the congratulations! God grant you health scouts!
  3. Soldier
    Soldier 5 November 2014 07: 29
    Dear friends and colleagues. I congratulate all those involved in the professional holiday. Let the mouse, as before, cause respect from others and horror among the enemy. Happy men !!! drinks soldier
  4. shishakova
    shishakova 5 November 2014 07: 30
    Happy Holidays, dear Defenders of the Motherland!
    Military intelligence is beyond the power of the smart, brave patriots of their country.
    FACKtoREAL 5 November 2014 07: 31
    drinks be healthy, MILITARY EXPLORATION, happy holiday! good
  6. domokl
    domokl 5 November 2014 07: 32
    All in the mud and in the .. branch. The intelligence creeps ahead bully Happy holiday men ... Above us, only the stars! drinks 459 OR SPN GRU General Staff of the USSR separate greetings from 80's ... I remember everything and I remember everyone ...
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 5 November 2014 07: 37
    Happy holiday, intelligence .. eyes and ears! drinks
  8. asar
    asar 5 November 2014 07: 43
    Happy Holidays !!! Long, happy years to all! Peace be at home!
  9. Ilotan
    Ilotan 5 November 2014 07: 51
    If you believe the author, the holiday has existed since 2000. But I didn’t know, and I celebrated it in the early 90s. And the rest, thanks for the congratulations. Happy holiday, men!
  10. sea ​​peh
    sea ​​peh 5 November 2014 07: 51
    HOLIDAY !!!!!!!
  11. Ilotan
    Ilotan 5 November 2014 07: 54
    A scout is forever. There are no former or sick scouts, only living or dead.
  12. mamont5
    mamont5 5 November 2014 07: 57
    Happy Holiday Intelligence!
  13. alexvdv78
    alexvdv78 5 November 2014 08: 00
    And we took the oath that day! Happy holiday, intelligence! 282 OOSpN 14 brigades. Happy afternoon, military intelligence, bros!
  14. Stanislas
    Stanislas 5 November 2014 08: 01
    Military intelligence is my first dream of the army, at the age of 12. It did not happen, but with all my heart I wish Russia was always proud of you. Happy holiday!
  15. iov
    iov 5 November 2014 08: 04
    and nobody, by the way, is aware of the personnel nuances of the two departments .... is it true that after working in the FSB system the GRU does not take under any pretext ???? and in the FSB, on the contrary - after the GRU they still take ....
    1. Hleb
      Hleb 5 November 2014 11: 59
      there was always a secret behind the scenes, but this is at the leadership level. because the scouts, and not only went to the FSB fact, I know for sure the FSB special forces, I know from the GSR, the DShMG border guards, no problem. the conscripts are border guards without problems continued to serve in the army intelligence. what there is not up to date
      1. domokl
        domokl 5 November 2014 12: 25
        In Soviet times, there were only officers in the KGB and GRU specialists. There were very few ensigns. But they were specialists of the highest standard. The author of the question is right, there have never been such transitions. Corporate ethics, so to speak ... GRU are soldiers, and the KGB is power ... By the way, the same story was with the Ministry of Internal Affairs ...
        Those fighters are heroes who acted in Chechnya for the next generation of Special Forces of the GRU. Yes and Special Forces of the FSB. They have almost no such division ... and do not exist ... But, only at this level. Above everything remains as before .. .
        1. Hleb
          Hleb 5 November 2014 12: 31
          In Soviet times, only officers were in the KGB and GRU specialists
          Oh really?
          The author of the question is right, there have never been such transitions
          Oh really?
          GRU are soldiers, and the KGB are power
          already soldiers of the GRU? and above were only officers .. and "silovei" who are they?
          Those fighters are heroes who acted in Chechnya for the next generation of Special Forces of the GRU. Yes and Special Forces of the FSB. They have almost no such division ... and do not exist ... But, only at this level. Above everything remains as before .. .

          Domocles, I have the feeling that you yourself don’t understand what you want to say

          I don’t know what was going on there in your army, and for example, our guys went into heavy ones because there was such a thing as OShM when the same Gyurza’s unit didn’t need to (for example, because everyone knows ) ... here were articles about the Cossack who died in the Crimea. I knew him personally and he passed the test at the FSB. The scouts turned into heavy ones. It's just that the guy knows. And so I give examples. From the same unit of the Cossack guys took the attitude from the border guards. and this is the FSB. there in the GSR continued.
          if there are examples of what kind of graters there were between departments, then tell me, I’ll listen with pleasure
        2. s1н7т
          s1н7т 7 November 2014 20: 21
          The most "long-playing" beginning. The GRU is a native of the KGB, if anything. And in "Vympel" KGB / FSB there were many officers from the MRP, for example. So do not talk about what you don't know about.
  16. wladimir
    wladimir 5 November 2014 08: 05
    Happy Holiday Intelligence!
  17. 70BSN
    70BSN 5 November 2014 08: 16
    All who relate to intelligence HOLIDAY !!! URA URA URAAAAA soldier drinks
  18. fomkin
    fomkin 5 November 2014 08: 39
    I sincerely join the congratulations.
  19. RONIN-HS
    RONIN-HS 5 November 2014 08: 42
    Happy holiday guys ...! And especially everyone with whom he served in ZabVO - the 55th ORB ... good
  20. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 5 November 2014 08: 46
    I join all the congratulations !!! And especially

    In 1998, NIOCI was renamed the Novosibirsk Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation - a reconnaissance training complex (reconnaissance path; reconnaissance field) drinks
  21. 1398727
    1398727 5 November 2014 08: 50
    I join in the congratulations. To all veterans and who are in the ranks of the ORB 1398 a separate congratulation !!!!
  22. Vityok
    Vityok 5 November 2014 08: 53
    All military intelligence on a holiday! love drinks
  23. cobalt
    cobalt 5 November 2014 08: 56
    Armor is strong and guns are our marks,
    But the course of a war often depends on intelligence!
    The outcome of the battle, the loss possible score -
    Intelligence will predict what awaits us!

    And as if "the card is crooked not lying down"
    How weak defense sometimes didn’t let us down,
    In any battle, in any war
    Intelligence often helped us out sometimes.

    And therefore today, on this day,
    The time has come and the time to honor has come
    All staff officers and privates
    From combat personnel.

    For all the scouts, we give greetings,
    Under the toast, drink the contents of the glass
    And pull the trigger on the rocket launchers
    So that the flare flies up.

    Congratulations !!!, Special thanks for the Crimea.

    -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------
  24. avt
    avt 5 November 2014 08: 59
    C HOLIDAY !!!
  25. Pavlov A.E.
    Pavlov A.E. 5 November 2014 09: 01
  26. Wolka
    Wolka 5 November 2014 09: 03
    I congratulate you on your professional holiday!
  27. Gray 43
    Gray 43 5 November 2014 09: 09
    Happy holiday, intelligence! Your work is hidden, but this does not detract from its significance! A lot of scouts (?) Were killed in Ukraine in the statements of Avakov and Tymchuk)))))) maybe it is time to find out what they smoke ?????
  28. captain
    captain 5 November 2014 09: 13
    Congratulations to 781 ORB on the occasion. Health to all and all the best. The commander of the DDR.
  29. Loner_53
    Loner_53 5 November 2014 09: 18
    Happy Holidays! And take a bow and great respect! hi good drinks
  30. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 5 November 2014 09: 31
    Scouts, and especially their signalmen - happy holiday!
    1. warrior1979
      warrior1979 5 November 2014 09: 44
      hi drinks soldier
      Thank you!
    2. Hleb
      Hleb 5 November 2014 11: 08
      I haven’t met a communications agent anywhere during my service.
      1. uizik
        uizik 5 November 2014 19: 51
        In the base of the GRU GSH.VS of the USSR, the signalmen were a shaft! Happy holiday!
  31. aszzz888
    aszzz888 5 November 2014 09: 54
    How not to congratulate our glorious cohort of scouts!
    Everyone should only be alive !!!
  32. bear
    bear 5 November 2014 10: 07
    Happy Holiday EXPLORATION !!!!!!!!! soldier
  33. 31rus
    31rus 5 November 2014 10: 15
    ODERVIT 5 November 2014 10: 25
    Without intelligence, no where, in all its diversity. WITH A HOLIDAY SCOUTS !!!!!
  35. combat_65
    combat_65 5 November 2014 10: 30
    Happy colleagues !!
  36. justKyr
    justKyr 5 November 2014 10: 35
    I join in the congratulations ... Be alive !!!! Happy People !!!
  37. fedok
    fedok 5 November 2014 10: 42
    Happy Scouts! Special congratulations and deep bows to all those who worked and worked "in the cold" ...
  38. sever.56
    sever.56 5 November 2014 10: 58
  39. dmit-xnumx
    dmit-xnumx 5 November 2014 11: 02
    Someone above has already proclaimed your motto - "Only the stars are above us." - how amazingly true he is! To be alone in the camp of the enemy, not feeling the elbows of a comrade-soldier, knowing that the slightest mistake leads to the failure of an operation that has been prepared for years, if not decades - it is necessary to have such courage, such faith in your country ... that "Only stars!".
    Happy holiday to you and those who are waiting for you at home!
  40. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 5 November 2014 11: 10
    Happy holiday colleagues!
  41. razvedchik7
    razvedchik7 5 November 2014 11: 12
    With the holiday of all scouts of our country and separately with the holiday of scouts 76.
    Mouse return as a symbol., The best would be a gift.
  42. ROD VDVshny
    ROD VDVshny 5 November 2014 11: 22
    Good luck, bats .... fellow !!! drinks drinks
  43. bant_71
    bant_71 5 November 2014 11: 36
    Happy holiday! Success, Health and that at home, too, everything is fine!
  44. Bassoon
    Bassoon 5 November 2014 11: 40
    Battalion reconnaissance
    We rarely miss jobs. (WITH)
    Happy holiday, men soldier
  45. Nitarius
    Nitarius 5 November 2014 11: 40
    Thanks to the guys for their hard work!
  46. Altona
    Altona 5 November 2014 11: 57
    Happy holiday to all scouts! You are always ahead of everyone and at the forefront of events! soldier
  47. Alexey Lesogor
    Alexey Lesogor 5 November 2014 11: 58
    There are many examples of valor
    Among the history of the country.
    And in the war it was enough
    Where honor and courage are important.

    Peacetime, though, doesn’t mean
    That we don’t need intelligence.
    That the enemy is hiding away from us
    She will find and hunt down!

    We congratulate those whose service
    Huge difficulties full!
    Intelligence is not just needed!
    We really need intelligence!
  48. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 5 November 2014 12: 01
    Happy holiday intelligence!
  49. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 5 November 2014 12: 17
    Happy holiday intelligence! Recently, you have shown yourself as high-class world-class specialists.! Keep it up men! Russia is proud of you! drinks
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  50. Lord of the Sith
    Lord of the Sith 5 November 2014 12: 22
    Happy holiday intelligence! drinks