"Ash" for the Russian fleet

"Ash" for the Russian fleet



The USSR simultaneously with the USA in 1977 began to create a new look of nuclear submarines of the 4 generation. It was supposed to create several types: anti-submarine, multipurpose, anti-aircraft. Later, we limited ourselves to working on a single multi-purpose submarine project, but capable of solving a wide range of tasks. Designer of the new submarine was the Malakhit design bureau, which at that time had a wealth of experience in creating successful multi-purpose submarines.
The new submarine, created by the project 885, received the secret code "Ash" (NATO - "Gra-nay"). The laying of the lead ship under the name “Severodvinsk” took place at the end of 1993 in the city of Severodvinsk at the enterprise Sevmash. Soon, due to insufficient funding, construction slowed down.

The new submarine, created by the project 885, received the secret code "Ash" (NATO - "Gra-nay"). The laying of the lead ship under the name “Severodvinsk” took place at the end of 1993 in the city of Severodvinsk at the enterprise Sevmash. Soon, due to insufficient funding, construction slowed down.

Submarines project 885 built on a single-shaft scheme. The strongest case from special steel. Nuclear power plant submarines class "Ash" refer to the closed reactors 4-th generation, which uses an integrated layout scheme. The advantage of this arrangement is the localization of the embedded coolant of the primary circuit in a separate monoblock case, as well as the complete absence of nozzles and pipelines of considerable diameter. Such a scheme involves the use of equipment that has ultra-high reliability. According to a number of specialists, new unique ship reactors will be able to serve for much longer time without additional recharge than they are used now. It is known that the existing power plants have the ability to operate 25-30 for years. In other words, the life of a nuclear reactor is comparable to the life of the submarine itself.



The exact date when the Severodvinsk, the lead ship of a series of new submarines will go to pass the "final examinations" in the White Sea, is not advertised in advance, but they no longer make any special secret of this. "Expect news in the 2-th half of August," said the administration of the city of Severodvinsk, which established full official patronage over the crew of the ship of the same name with the city. An agreement on this was signed in December 2009, and the document was signed by Mayor of Severodvinsk Mikhail Gmyrin, the commander of the combat crew of the submarine, Captain I rank Serey Mityaev, as well as the official representative of the Sevmash enterprise. And in July, 2010, the APRK "Severodvinsk" was launched to carry out construction works and the first mooring trials. Here are the main TTX submarines of the 885 project: the maximum length is 120 meters, the maximum width is 15 meters, and the draft is 10 meters. Maximum displacement - 11800 tons. Submarine cruising speed - 30 sea knots. The crew is a 85 man. The submarine is equipped with a rescue pop-up camera for the entire crew.

“This is the first multi-purpose submarine of the fourth generation, and it’s quite symbolic that it is named after your beautiful city,” said Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, who specially visited the northern shipyard to attend the launch ceremony, addressing the residents of Severodvinsk.



The construction period, which was a record for almost 18 years, was the result of an unprecedented and drastic reduction in defense orders and the collapse of research and production cooperation directly in military shipbuilding. Many other significant factors, both objective and subjective, have been added here.

However, anyway, the modern ship is afloat, the necessary outfitting work has been completed, the combat crew has been trained. According to Vladimir Pyalov, the general designer of the Malakhit SPMBM, the readiness of the submarine cruiser is estimated at about 98,9 percent. Complex mooring trials are now being completed. Literally after this the first access to the open sea will follow. And not just an easy walk, but an intense test program of running capabilities, calculated for a period of two months.

Such a long birth of the first “Ash”, as its creators point out, is connected not only with the economic difficulties that have arisen in the country, but also with fundamentally new weapons and architecture of the submarine. Severodvinsk carries a powerful armament complex onboard, which includes supersonic cruise ballistic missiles Onyx. It combines the qualities of a high-speed and unobtrusive torpedo submarine with the combat capabilities of the missile cruiser, to which the dead Kursk belonged. The submarine also received the latest navigation and communications complexes, equipped with a fundamentally new and unique in its characteristics nuclear power plant. Observers point out that Severodvinsk differs from previous missile submarines, including the 949A and 971 projects, both in terms of the striking effect of the weapons on board, and in size, and technical capabilities. Given these indicators, we can conclude that the 885 “Ash” project is not intended for the upgraded replacement of any previous outdated series, but as necessary fills the existing “niche” in the underwater defense of the state. Such an extremely “non-standard for Russians” version of the approach to one’s own defense is very alarming for foreign analysts.



Western experts suggest that Yasen-class submarines, equipped with subtle, high-precision cruise missiles, will be able to take on a significant portion of non-nuclear deterrence, while remaining a very serious threat to enemy submarines and transport and warships.
The crew of the submarine "Severodvinsk" was formed on the basis of the eleventh division of the submarine Northern fleet In 2005, he studied at the special 270th Navy Training Center located in Sosnovy Bor. In October 2009, the crew members from the Zapolyarye arrived at the base in Severodvinsk and for eighteen months, together with the delivery crew, were preparing their submarine for entry into the Russian Navy.

The Russian Navy (Navy) will receive at least eight multipurpose Severodvinsk-type multipurpose nuclear submarines (2020 project, Yasen cipher) by 885, the RIA News"referring to the commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky.
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  1. zczczc
    zczczc 15 August 2011 12: 21 New
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    What are 8 boats until 2020?
    We had about 150 ordinary boats:



    It is necessary to rivet, rivet tirelessly. At least 80.

    Kudrin said a couple of years ago that oil should be dug up and converted into dollars for “valuable storage” in the USA, otherwise, if this money is put into the construction of roads / factories, etc., there will be economic instability right inside the economy from what money will be a lot and places.

    Who prevents the money from making 150 boats the same?

    And by the way, how is this article different from this?
    http://topwar.ru/3291-apl-severodvinsk.html
    1. SAVA
      SAVA 25 August 2011 01: 17 New
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      LOOK AT THE U.S. UNDERWATER FLEET AND UNDERSTAND THAT EVERYTHING IS LOST IF THEY JUST TURNED US ON, EVEN AT LEAST 20 PIECES MADE, CONSIDERING SOON THE ARCTIC IS GROWING AND IT WAS ABOUT YOU.
  2. CARTRIDGE
    CARTRIDGE 15 August 2011 18: 00 New
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    Yes, now it’s such a time that, God forbid, they’ll build a dozen boats by 2020, or even disrupt the state order again.
  3. runway 15 August 2011 19: 07 New
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    Have a nice trip to you, handsome. Seven feet under the keel!
  4. Pole 15 August 2011 20: 43 New
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    The video is not new. But just now he drew attention to the propeller. He is sheathed! Maybe ours embodied something worthwhile? Yes, and shook well, even the blades can not be counted (obviously there is a props in the case) ...
    1. Superduck
      Superduck 15 August 2011 20: 53 New
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      Something there de father shone like it was a crooked bottom, I think that low noise is not ice. Although xs.
    2. figwam 15 August 2011 21: 04 New
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      They talked about the screws earlier, they are low-noise with a new processing, the appearance is classified.
      1. komTMG 6 December 2011 17: 27 New
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        They were always secret. Only pictures pop up on the internet. Greetings to Indian comrades.
  5. Professor 16 August 2011 11: 02 New
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    Strategic extended-range cruise missiles (up to 5000km) - most likely a typo.
    1. Joker
      Joker 16 August 2011 11: 09 New
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      The word strategic implies approximately this (5 km) range.
      1. Professor 16 August 2011 11: 22 New
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        From the way the rocket was called, it suddenly did not fly on 5000 km. There are no such cruise missiles in nature!
        1. Joker
          Joker 16 August 2011 12: 52 New
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          Quote: Professor
          Long-range strategic cruise missiles (up to 5000km) are most likely a typo.


          - whether they are or not, the conversation is not about that, but that it is not a typo.
          1. Professor 16 August 2011 18: 38 New
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            It is clear that theoretically a rocket launched on 5'000 km is strategic, but if this is not a typo, then an open lie or misinformation of the enemy. repeat Is it possible to believe then everything else that is written here?

            1. Joker
              Joker 17 August 2011 13: 46 New
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              I think you can believe it.

              Sea Wing Guard: Barrier
              http://www.popmech.ru/article/8614-morskaya-kryilataya-strazha/

              In response, in 1954, Lavochkina Design Bureau began to design an intercontinental winged shell, which became known as the "Storm". ...................... But even with such an enormous fuel supply, it was possible to achieve a range of only 6500 km.
              1. Professor 17 August 2011 15: 25 New
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                http://www.testpilot.ru/russia/lavochkin/la/350/burya.htm
                http://www.buran.ru/htm/afan.htm
                Then the project was closed and brought the development to the end and since then it has not been returned. Therefore, I repeat, There are no such cruise missiles in nature!
                1. Joker
                  Joker 18 August 2011 23: 45 New
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                  I wrote that this range is technically possible, as for open sources - not everything can be found now, some secrecy remains, so that the “defeatists” would not scream.

                  Personally, my resume (IMHO) - and why not?