Military Review

Black spring and autumn traitor

30
Black spring and autumn traitorThe regime of yet another African dictator, the President of Burkina Faso, Blaise Compaore, hangs in the balance: parliament is already in flames, and the television center is in the hands of the opposition. The revolt of the people, caused by rising prices and Kompaore’s desire to extend its 27-year rule, is fraught with another outbreak of Islamic extremism, but it can be an act of retaliation to the traitor who killed the legendary “African Che”.

The “black spring” is raging in Burkina Faso, as the opposition calls its fight against President Blaise Compaore. They say the success is phenomenal: in Ouagadougou (the capital of the country) the number of protesters has exceeded half a million. At first, the protests were pinpoint, then people headed to the parliament building and set it on fire. Parliament in this stories for them - a symbol of evil. After all, it was the parliament that was supposed to adopt amendments to the constitution, which would give Compaor the opportunity to be re-elected for another term and extend his rule, which lasts for 27 years.

Police responded with tear gas, then the combat weapon, at least five people died in a day, but this did not stop the protesters. Along with parliament, the mayor’s office and headquarters of the ruling party are ablaze, the building of the television center has been seized, and the broadcasting of the state television channel has been stopped. Next in line is the presidential palace: according to the BBC, it is already cordoned off, the city is waiting for an assault.

In fact, the opposition has already won: the government promptly withdrew the law, which caused the rebellion, after which Compaore dissolved the government, introduced a state of emergency and expressed readiness for "any negotiations." But, apparently, the protesters will not stop at this, since they do not wish to endure Compaore until the 2015 year, when, according to the laws in force, his last presidential term expires.

All this was already and also called “spring”: protests swept Burkina Faso at the same time that Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Syria, and Yemen were flushed, that is, in 2011 (true, then French journalists used the term “Burkini spring”) . At first, the soldiers rebelled, dissatisfied with the delay in wages. Then the students, who responded to the mysterious death of a teenager in a police station. Farmers followed the streets (they were not satisfied with low purchase prices), businessmen (authorities closed dozens of small businesses because of rent delays), teachers (street protest became a logical continuation of the strike for them). There was shooting, there were victims. In the end, part of the metropolitan police switched over to the side of the protesters, but over time everything calmed down. Compaore, who fled from the capital at the very beginning of "spring", voiced a number of social promises, raised teachers' salaries, changed a dozen governors, put the popular intellectual in the prime minister's seat, Luc-Adolf Tiao, agreed to start negotiations on amending the constitution, and just in case wrote off the post of Minister of Defense. So did many of his predecessors. And no one helped.

By and large, there was only one alternative to the revolution in Burkina Faso - a military coup. After the people Mosi achieved autonomy from the metropolis - France, and then - in 1960 year - gained independence within the framework of the Upper Volta state, the power in the country never changed in a peaceful, voluntary and democratic way.

The first president, a prominent fighter against Western colonialism, Maurice Yameogo, instantly introduced a strict one-party dictatorship and healed the typical life of an African dictator: a harem of beautiful women and 99,9% in elections. He was thrown off by exactly the same “spring”, and the power passed to the military with the popular brigadier general Sangule Lamizana at the head. For a while, he returned democracy and civilian rule to the country, but fearing a rebellion, he returned to the dictatorship in order to be overthrown as part of a military coup by Colonel Saia Zerbo. He, in turn, lost power following the results of the right-wing coup of Dr. Jean Battista Oedraogo. The doctor was guided by France in everything, therefore he first made the rising political “star” prime minister — the military and the Marxist Tom Sankar, and then dismissed him himself and took him under arrest — as too radical in the eyes of Western partners. The power of the doctor ended, of course, with another popular uprising, coupled with a military coup, and the persecuted Sankara stood at the head of the country - one of the most famous and almost legendary African politicians of the second half of the 20th century.

Sankara really was a staunch Marxist, as well as those who are classified as “charismatic leaders” - the people simply adored him. Firstly, for modesty: Sankara moved on motorcycles and bicycles, transferred his presidential salary to an orphanage, revealingly hated luxury, and therefore refused to even have an air conditioner as an item inaccessible to others. Secondly, in fact accomplished transformations. Under him, civil servants refused expensive cars and costumes (they replaced traditional cotton tunics for these places), made public all their incomes and had to pay special taxes to special funds, the main source of replenishment of which, however, was nationalization.

It was under Sankara that free education and free medicine were introduced in the country, and generous funding (along with total vaccination of children and contraception popularization) showed impressive results - mortality was decreasing before our eyes, and the literacy rate of the population, on the contrary, grew rapidly. When it began the struggle with deserts, and the country began to plant forests. When it launched a huge program of construction of social housing and road development. Under him, the inequality of women was eliminated, and polygamy and forced marriage were strictly prohibited. And most importantly, Sankara did away with feudalism, which was the norm for the state: tribal leaders lost their special rights, and their lands were redistributed in favor of the peasants, which ultimately doubled the yield.

His ideal was Cuba, and the world press aptly dubbed politics "African Che." It was Sankara who renamed Upper Volta to Burkina Faso (in translation “the land of free people”) and was the first among African leaders to recognize that the AIDS epidemic started on the continent. And, although his regime can hardly be called democratic by modern standards (“the enemies of the revolution” were destroyed, the “harmful elements” were sent to forced labor on the fields, the electoral and judicial systems existed only nominally), did not resemble a typical African dictator. Even the cult of personality, which was obligatory in such cases (it was somehow introduced by every African Marxist leader), Sankar refused — he was loved sincerely and voluntarily.

But neither this nor the arming of the people through the "committees for the defense of the revolution" did not save Sankar. First, France, which is still very meticulously observing the life of the former colonies, and, secondly, neighboring countries, where dictators, traditional for these places, feared the popularity of Sankara, successes of Burkina Faso and, as a result, revolutions on their estates. The altercation with France and Côte d'Ivoire, the main trading partners, eventually became the formal reason for the overthrow of Sankara. The leader of the conspiracy is a close friend, the Minister of Justice and professional military Blaise Compaore, thanks to the rebellion of the garrison of which Sankara once came to power.

The body of the “African Che” (along with the bodies of a dozen closest supporters) was cut into several pieces and buried in an unknown place (the UN has previously and unsuccessfully demanded that Burkina Faso investigate this murder). The resistance of the “defense revolution committees” was brutally suppressed, and soon the new regime of Compaore — for the sake of greater stability — returned all privileges previously taken away to the military and officials, and canceled all social taxes (for housing, medicine, education). The money to strengthen the new government was also found quickly: state property was sold out, and France acted as a guarantor to the IMF to provide the country with a loan.

Posthumously discrediting Sankar at Kompaore, however, did not work: all the property of the killed person was reduced to several guitars (he used to combine his military career with playing in a rock band), bicycles and an old refrigerator. Three years after the “African Che” came to power, the World Bank recognized that it was possible to almost completely eliminate corruption in Burkina Faso. Now it is one of the most corrupt, socially disadvantaged and impoverished states in the world. That, however, did not prevent Kompaore (for the first time he was officially elected president in 1991, being the only candidate at the turnout in 25%) to occupy the highest position as much as all his predecessors combined.

In 2000, against the background of regular protests and under pressure from the West, the country's constitution (already the fourth since independence, almost every new leader passed its own basic law) was amended: the same person may hold the presidency for more than two five-year terms contract. Previously, the law allowed Compaore to rule forever, however, in fact, little has changed: the court decided that the current term for the head of state was “zero”, which means that he could be elected two more times.

As already stated above, it is likely that Compaore will not reach his highest position last year. On the one hand, it can be considered that justice has somehow triumphed (or rather, can triumph), and Sankara will be avenged. But there is another side. Behind this "color revolution" it is useless to seek out the "hand of the West" (Compaore had normal relations with the Western world, he met with Bush, international corporations were free on his lands), but the Islamic factor, apparently, should be taken into account. Yes, it is primarily social protests, spurred by rising prices. However, the country has its own Islamic radicals, the benefit of the overwhelming majority of the population is Islam, and Compaore is a Catholic by religion. And it cannot be completely ruled out that Burkina Faso will be dragged into the “corridor of Islamic terror”, which now extends from Chad and Nigeria to Syria and Libya.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.vz.ru/world/2014/10/30/713161.html
30 comments
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  1. Sergey Sitnikov
    Sergey Sitnikov 1 November 2014 18: 40
    -15
    Navka! Sputnik flew around Beroev, and he))) - stupidly goof
    1. herruvim
      herruvim 1 November 2014 18: 54
      +15
      The regime of another African dictator - President of Burkina Faso Blaise Compaoré - hangs in the balance



      Blaise Compaore with Lyashko at the conference "Hai Live Vilna Ukraine"
    2. Giant thought
      Giant thought 1 November 2014 19: 13
      0
      Everything happens as usual in Africa, they see a tradition like this.
      1. sgazeev
        sgazeev 1 November 2014 19: 44
        +5
        Quote: Giant thought
        Everything happens as usual in Africa, they see a tradition like this.

        In Okra, too, as usual, traditions. Instead of Outskirts there will be Nema Volta with the capital Kuevaduga, with the theme of an African night. laughing
      2. Finches
        Finches 1 November 2014 20: 23
        +2
        Remove some identifying syllogisms and we get a picture of Ukraine in the month of February! laughing
        And, it seems, not only February 2014, but more than February 2015 ...
    3. Styx
      Styx 1 November 2014 21: 21
      +2
      I read, I read, I can’t get a grasp request is that what this pearl is for? laughing don’t minus the poor fellow, Saturday is all the same, maybe a person’s holiday, I decided to share the joy with us laughing
    4. Penzyac
      Penzyac 1 November 2014 21: 41
      0
      Quote: Sergey Sitnikov
      Navka! Sputnik flew around Beroev, and he))) - stupidly goof

      And what does this have to do with the article?
      Write anyhow, if only the first?
  2. alekc73
    alekc73 1 November 2014 18: 41
    +10
    There will be no second Sankara. Such people are rare in power. There will be either chaos or another dictator.
    1. sgazeev
      sgazeev 1 November 2014 19: 50
      +8
      Quote: alekc73
      There will be no second Sankara. Such people are rare in power. There will be either chaos or another dictator.

      The poorest president of the world, the head of Uruguay lives a little better than a Moscow migrant: the photo shows his household life, reminiscent of a crumbling Russian "dweller". José Alberto Mujica Cordano is the president of Uruguay, whose lifestyle is not very similar to how the powerful people of this world usually live. 78-year-old El Pepe (as the president is called by the locals) donates almost all of his presidential salary to charity, making him the poorest (or most generous) president in the world. The president earns 263 Uruguayan pesos (000 rubles) per month. He leaves only 400 pesos (000 rubles) to himself. There are still modest ones. recourse
    2. Penzyac
      Penzyac 1 November 2014 21: 46
      0
      Quote: alekc73
      There will be no second Sankara. Such people are rare in power ...

      Very, very sorry!
  3. Bronik
    Bronik 1 November 2014 18: 42
    +11
    These "color" and "spring" revolutions did not lead to anything good. Stable power is destroyed and internecine strife begins. For example, Libya, etc.
    1. mazhnikof.Niko
      mazhnikof.Niko 1 November 2014 19: 42
      +6
      Quote: bronik
      These "color" and "spring" revolutions did not lead to anything good. Stable power is destroyed and internecine strife begins. For example, Libya, etc.


      And why didn’t you consider, as an example, the revolution of T. Sankara !? There were successes, is it obvious? Or for you, Marxism is not acceptable - as a teaching?

      Can you argue rejection? Or your comment - just to be noted. Can K. Marx read?
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Userpic
      Userpic 1 November 2014 21: 43
      +1
      Quote: bronik
      Stable Power Destroyed

      Degradation is also stable.
    4. Wheel
      Wheel 1 November 2014 21: 52
      +1
      Quote: bronik
      These "color" and "spring" revolutions did not lead to anything good. Stable power is destroyed and internecine strife begins. For example, Libya, etc.

      Burkina Faso has a slightly different situevina.
  4. 7776665554
    7776665554 1 November 2014 18: 47
    +3
    It seems that this is the fate of all those who sat on the throne. Even Africa could not stand it!
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 1 November 2014 19: 38
      +3
      And what does the throne have to do with it? Another special operation.
  5. Denis fj
    Denis fj 1 November 2014 18: 50
    +4
    This is how the life of the country under the leadership of an authoritarian, but sincerely supported and wise "African Che" (reminds nothing?) Was completely destroyed with the direct help of the West and the countries neighboring Burkina Faso. And the West is now telling us that we should not be afraid that Russia is surrounded by NATO and hostile countries ?? ...
  6. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 1 November 2014 18: 51
    +5
    ... amid regular protests and under pressure from the West - in the constitution of the country ...

    As these "well-wishers" from the GeyrOPP and the USA have already FUCKED, as soon as they "CAREFULLY" about whom, so in the country - CHAOS, bloodshed, grief - for decades ...
  7. ALABAY45
    ALABAY45 1 November 2014 18: 58
    +3
    "Burki" - to Faso! ... "," Checkers - bald "... Squadroooon ..." Trot! " (informational) - "Ma-a-rsh!" (executive) ... We, at least "are not responsible for those who have tamed ..." ?! Petliura hundred, in exile ... Well, yes, there is a regulatory and methodological base, find ten differences ... from "euronist" ...
  8. A1L9E4K9S
    A1L9E4K9S 1 November 2014 19: 20
    +4
    And then the bonfire flares up brighter and brighter, Europe (Ukraine) the Middle East, Africa, where it will burn tomorrow, who knows?
    1. tol100v
      tol100v 1 November 2014 20: 20
      +1
      Quote: A1L9E4K9S
      , where it’s burning tomorrow, who knows?

      Middle East!!! There the "Americans" have already prepared practically everything!
    2. Penzyac
      Penzyac 1 November 2014 21: 57
      +1
      Quote: A1L9E4K9S
      And then the bonfire flares up brighter and brighter, Europe (Ukraine) the Middle East, Africa, where it will burn tomorrow, who knows?

      Hopefully somewhere in North America ...
  9. sanja.grw
    sanja.grw 1 November 2014 19: 28
    +11
    Black spring and fall traitor

    That's just about the traitors
    1. ALABAY45
      ALABAY45 1 November 2014 20: 31
      +4
      Class !!! "Siberians" golimy ...! Powerful Russian heroes and "heroes" silicone, soul and body for Russia to put ready ... At least recognize Palestine ...! To spite Israel .. Although, every nation, especially such a transcontinental as the Jews, has its own "miscarriages" ... Why is there an incredible accumulation of them in Russia, over the area of ​​the country, or what ...?!
    2. Ilotan
      Ilotan 1 November 2014 20: 47
      +3
      The enemy must be known in person. Thanks for the selection.
    3. svs49
      svs49 1 November 2014 22: 35
      +2
      Sick of these faces. Rot alone! negative negative negative
    4. Dreamwriter
      Dreamwriter 2 November 2014 00: 07
      0
      Wait - didn’t Novodvorskaya die before all these events in Crimea? Or is it already wedging me?
    5. Finches
      Finches 2 November 2014 00: 16
      +1
      Ah! Pi ... rock! laughing
  10. Major Yurik
    Major Yurik 1 November 2014 20: 16
    +2
    Burkinyaku on gilyaku! Who does not ride, that faso! Getator dictator! Damn, somewhere I heard it recently? stop
  11. Styx
    Styx 1 November 2014 21: 26
    +4
    For the educational and educational article - Pasip, don’t throw too much slippers, for me this is Amer’s discovery ... i.e. Africa. Especially African Che laughing de she saw how the people in the comments winked at the expense of this person, well, at least she found out about whom it was laughing
  12. petr28
    petr28 1 November 2014 21: 28
    +2
    and whom she does not give birth.
    1. Penzyac
      Penzyac 1 November 2014 22: 12
      +1
      Quote: petr28
      and whom she does not give birth.

      Well, yes, then Mandela, then Obama, then Santara, then Bokassa, then almost a saint, then almost a devil ...
  13. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 1 November 2014 23: 35
    +1
    It looks like a well-developed and polished coup program is launched into action without any special adjustments for the scene. It seems that all departments of the CIA, which deal with different continents and countries, work according to the same "manual". Moreover, it has not been completed. After the defeat of the institutions of power, it ends. Nobody knows what to do next. All the same, to break is not to build ...
  14. RobinBaD
    RobinBaD 2 November 2014 03: 31
    +1
    Damn it has long been clear that "someone who" is a specialist destabilizing the situation in different regions of the world. This will continue, and it has always been. It's just that you are boiling near our border and with our brothers and sisters of the Slavs. And when, say, the United States, Baghdad bombed one of you, did it really hurt? They said every day "Americans are bastards!" and that's it. Such is the person, until the next one does not give a shit - do not care. Something like this...
  15. strelets
    strelets 2 November 2014 09: 44
    0
    Author: "Compaore did not succeed in posthumously discrediting Sankara: all the property of the murdered person was reduced to a few guitars (before he combined his military career with playing in a rock band), bicycles and an old refrigerator."
    Do you know such a lot? This is the first time I hear. Unfortunately.
    1. Prager
      Prager 2 November 2014 12: 20
      0
      Burkina Faso greatly honors their native, national Che Guevara. Almost completely repeated his fate. the author is well done, the article is interesting and very informative. happy to have tested.
  16. Normal
    Normal 2 November 2014 09: 58
    0
    Well, here is the next and truly COLORED revolution. Savannah draft took to the streets to overthrow the popularly elected, uncontested, indispensable and beloved by all officials Guarantor of stability.
  17. Bronik
    Bronik 2 November 2014 21: 39
    0
    Quote: mazhnikof.Niko
    Quote: bronik
    These "color" and "spring" revolutions did not lead to anything good. Stable power is destroyed and internecine strife begins. For example, Libya, etc.


    And why didn’t you consider, as an example, the revolution of T. Sankara !? There were successes, is it obvious? Or for you, Marxism is not acceptable - as a teaching?

    Can you argue rejection? Or your comment - just to be noted. Can K. Marx read?

    mazhnikof.Niko
    I did not conduct a sociological study on the topic of all revolutions - in general, I spoke about the "color" and "spring" organized by the CIA. Or do you think that at least one went for the good of ordinary people? Where did you get the right to accuse me of political and economic illiteracy ? Where in my commentary about the rejection of the revolution and Marxism? To distort the facts is inappropriate for intelligent people. No?
  18. Vlad5307
    Vlad5307 2 November 2014 22: 15
    0
    the main thing is that the power will be the result not of those who are on the "Maidan", but those who organized. What is our "hero of the day" - he is still unknown. let's wait until the beginning of the calm period in Burkina Faso, then it will become clear where it (Burkino Faso) will go. What if the GDP decided to score a foothold in Africa - that would be a test as opposed to amers !!! wink
  19. carabiner sks
    carabiner sks 3 November 2014 00: 36
    0
    Quote: Dart2027
    And what does the throne have to do with it? Another special operation.

    Absolutely right! Someone completely does not need stability.