Military Review

Single submarine

29
Single submarine


The international naval salon Euronaval-2014 in France showed sanctions by sanctions, and we are among the leaders in breakthrough technologies. The West did not expect this at all.

For the first time, Rosoboronexport shows surface ships and submarines abroad that are in no way inferior to their western counterparts. Moreover, we are leading in a number of projects.

The exposition of the Central Marine Design Bureau "Almaz" was a real sensation. Its general director and general designer Alexander Shlyakhtenko told Rossiyskaya Gazeta in an interview:

- What we are doing today really has no analogues in the world. The cabin has a lot of high-speed ships of small displacement. But it should be noted, the higher the speed of the ship, the more difficult its service, including combat.

At high speeds, the effect of a “washboard” occurs - the ship rushes as if over rocks, it is difficult for both people and mechanisms to withstand this for a long time.

And we have created a mechanized bottom using aviation technologies. Our Sobol interceptor patrol boat today has a speed of 52 knots, is not afraid of waves and is equipped with powerful weapons. At great speed and excitement, he goes like a car on the Autobahn.

The range of its navigation 700 miles, autonomy for five days. This is our pride. Neither in the West nor in the East there is nothing like that.

The exposition of Euronaval-2014 confirms this. The Navy and the Federal Security Service for their coast guard order these boats in large quantities. And their export potential is great.

Our other pride is the 20382 Tiger Corvette. He is recognized as the third in the ranking of the best corvettes of the XXI century. The Tiger project is without a doubt a breakthrough ship. It has powerful and balanced weapons, quite comfortable living conditions for the crew and excellent seaworthiness.

With it in our country began the era of the construction of new generation ships. The world's best corvettes, and this is the most important thing, we first equipped the Russian Navy. Four ships are already part of the Baltic fleet.

Now we offer "Tigers" for export. Interest in them in the world is growing.

These ships carry onboard 8 cruise missiles Uran and 8 cruise missiles Caliber or Yakhont.

The air defense system consists of the Kashtan rocket-cannon launchers, the Palma, Igla and Reef rocket launchers. Artillery weapons: 100 mm rapid-fire gun and six-barreled 30 mm AK-630M assault rifles. Corvettes are also equipped with torpedo and anti-torpedo complexes.

There is even a DP-64 anti-sabotage rocket launcher. The ship may carry an Ka-28 anti-submarine helicopter or a Ka-31 long-range radar detection helicopter.

The cabin shows a mockup of a new amphibious assault ship "Moray". This fish can carry 24 tons of payload: 1 tank or 3 BTR, or 130 marines with full armament. Speed ​​- 55 knots, cruising range - 200 miles. These ships have already ordered South Korea.

The modernized "Murena-M" was created specifically for the universal landing ship of the "Mistral" type.

Another sensation in the Euronaval-2014 cabin is the St. Petersburg submarine Malakhit submarines. There are only two of them, but they were in the spotlight on the very first day.

Not surprising. Passions around the futile search by the Swedes for "Russian submarines" on their shores have not yet subsided. They even claimed that they had determined the type of submarine - this is "Piranha". Found nothing. But in the French naval cabin you can see them.

Baby boats with a predatory name became part of the Baltic Fleet at the end of the 1980 and immediately became a headache for the NATO naval forces. Alas, in the next decade they were written off, and then completely disposed of. Perhaps under pressure from the West. However, panic fear of them in NATO remained.

Now in "Malachite" at the new technological level several types of "Piranhas" are designed at once. These are sabotage boats for marine special forces and full-fledged combat "Piranha-T". They are designed to sail where small, and the most automated. The crew of the "Piranha" three people, and the "Piranha-T" - five. According to lead designer Igor Karavaeva, Piranha-T can also be managed by one person, because the level of automation is so high. They are also very quiet.

Armament "Piranha-T" - two mm 533 torpedo tubes, which can be placed and cruise missiles.

There are also outboard launchers for torpedoes of the 324 caliber mm - there are six of them. In addition, the submarine is eight minutes.

In the world of analogues again, no. And the Malachite exposition constantly had many sailors from other countries, including from Sweden. They looked and did not believe that submarines with such characteristics could be designed.

Projects of many of our ships are quite predatory names. Do not fall behind and foreigners.

Italians, for example, show, and in sections, the huge torpedo “Black Shark”. Assigned the name of the Russian military helicopter Ka-50. But this was not enough for them. And they brought a smaller-sized torpedo with the name “Black Arrow” and “Black Scorpion”. Even the towed sonar system was called the "Black Snake".

Naturally, all these products are painted black. There are also "Sea cats" and "Sea spiders".

On the whole, the Euronaval-2014 naval salon turned out to be more modest than the similar 2012 exhibition of the year. But there are some interesting novelties. First of all, these are conceptual projects of the ships of the near future, as well as numerous automated uninhabited underwater vehicles. The trend of designing ships with a minimum reflective surface remains. There are proposals even to hide artillery guns inside the tower and push them just before the opening of fire.

By the way, even in the age of missiles, artillery systems are experiencing in the fleet, one might say, a rebirth.

Today, these are quick-firing guns with very precise guidance. Small-caliber artillery is fully automatic with an abundance of optical-electronic target guidance and fire control systems. Our country is in the lead.

Russia shows 100 mm shipboard artillery A190, considered one of the best in the world.

Abroad, they were appreciated and, perhaps, it is they who will begin to re-equip ships of Soviet projects, of which there are many in India.

By the way, our exhibition stands are always very crowded. And business negotiations go all the day.

Sergei Ladigin, head of the Russian delegation of Rosoboronexport, said:

- many European weapons manufacturers are interested in closer cooperation with Russia, including on naval issues. In the current situation, such interaction is certainly complicated by the political agenda, however, we remain open to our partners and aim at a mutually beneficial dialogue. We consider participation in this exhibition as a good opportunity for “reconciling hours” and working out further steps.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.rg.ru/2014/10/29/euronaval.html
29 comments
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  1. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 8 November 2014 07: 31
    +5
    Informative. Thanks to the author. And RUSSIA was, is and will be a great sea power!
  2. psychologist
    psychologist 8 November 2014 07: 33
    +25
    and laughter and sin !!))) psaki shocked !!
    1. Danik_Rok
      Danik_Rok 8 November 2014 15: 03
      +1
      In a river with ducklings)
    2. tchoni
      tchoni 9 November 2014 11: 52
      0
      Laughter with laughter, and our commander wanted to put the decommissioned piranha into the museum of the unit - I didn’t manage to do it well .... And if it would have been a channel to the Baltic, they would have dug!
  3. Fantazer911
    Fantazer911 8 November 2014 08: 07
    +3
    The potential of Russia is very great, it was and will be, our people create for the soul and from the heart, all ideas must be embodied in the gland and be reliable and increase the defenses of our HOMELAND.
    Yankees fear the Russian bear and do not go to the den in the den.
  4. sv68
    sv68 8 November 2014 08: 09
    0
    and where are our submarines that have no analogues in the world with the Daewoo? and how many years have we been building any more or less large combat unit such as a frigate or a corvette for the fleet? and that it is impossible to create a new propulsion system? The "leader" will be seen by tugs along the seas.
    1. saturn.mmm
      saturn.mmm 8 November 2014 08: 49
      +6
      Quote: sv68
      how many years have we been building any more or less large combat unit such as a frigate or corvette for the fleet?

      Frigate? What kind of beast is this?
      1. Lelek
        Lelek 8 November 2014 14: 08
        +4
        Quote: saturn.mmm
        Frigate


        Frigate is a bastard, planed fries. And you did not know this, a Chinese dish. bully
      2. Genur
        Genur 9 November 2014 12: 24
        +2
        Quote: saturn.mmm
        saturn.mmm Yesterday, 08:49 ↑
        Quote: sv68
        how many years have we been building any more or less large combat unit such as a frigate or corvette for the fleet?
        Frigate? What kind of beast is this?



        So this is a "unit" !!!

        So every second "hack" is "boasting" on the forum - just to "light up"!
    2. Tirpitz
      Tirpitz 8 November 2014 10: 30
      -4
      Projects, projects ...... For that, the pace of construction of the Russian Federation probably closes the rating.
      1. Turkir
        Turkir 8 November 2014 11: 47
        +3
        Is Ukraine ahead of the rest?
        In pace .. I don’t know what.
        1. Tirpitz
          Tirpitz 8 November 2014 12: 15
          0
          There is no praise of Ukraine.
          1. wax
            wax 8 November 2014 23: 57
            +1
            He knows his place in Ukraine: Europe!
    3. bo bo
      bo bo 23 November 2014 22: 20
      0
      something like this http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/54996/
  5. Justme
    Justme 8 November 2014 08: 42
    +4
    Why is hard time useful? You can take a fresh look at our problems and, in particular, at our brakes.
    Indeed, very often - if you need a solution to some technical problem - the recipe is simple
    - remove the specialist-manager-impotent
    - agree and give opportunities for competent.
    I can give examples where ..

    If we already have positive trends in the defense industry, everyone will be happy if there will be even more successes.
    Often, you also need less money than you already have ..
  6. pahom54
    pahom54 8 November 2014 09: 23
    +2
    "Many European arms manufacturers are interested in closer cooperation with Russia, including on naval issues."

    It is glad that we, Russia, already have something to be proud of not only in the aircraft industry, but shipbuilders also know their business tightly. If there are orders, then experience and financial resources for their fleet will appear ...

    But it seems that this time even Piranha will not be ordered, due to today's bald accusations and assaults on Russia ... Business and politics today are inseparable, unfortunately ...
  7. voliador
    voliador 8 November 2014 10: 25
    0
    These are sabotage boats for naval special forces and full-fledged combat "Piranhas-T". They are designed for swimming where it is shallow, and are as automated as possible.

    So where are they? Why do not buy? Or is it again giving out what is not available for what is available?
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 9 November 2014 11: 35
      0
      Quote: Evgeniy667b
      So where are they?

      Ultra-small submarines of project 865 "Piranha" - a project of ultra-small submarines of the Navy of the USSR and the Russian Federation. The type was in service with the fleet from 1990 to 1999. In total, 2 submarines of this project were built: MS-520 and MS-521.
  8. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 8 November 2014 10: 34
    +4
    One of the best ways to disarm Russia, concocted in the West and successfully implemented, was and is to draw our country into the arms market. The potential for this is more than good - corrupt officials, greed and self-interest on the ground. The same Piranhas, as well as Alpha, Fin, and many other things, our leadership did well to please the Americans, not without a fee, naturally for our own pockets. Yes, the same Piranhas, it is necessary to deliver flocks to the domestic fleet and not to exhibit at various fucking exhibitions. And especially zealous figures from the military-industrial complex are only in court!
  9. saag
    saag 8 November 2014 10: 35
    +3
    And why on the basis of the same Piranha, since it has such a high degree of automation, it is impossible to make a completely uninhabited autonomous combat module, a kind of kamikaze?
    1. sniper
      sniper 8 November 2014 18: 28
      +3
      Quote: saag
      And why on the basis of the same Piranha, since it has such a high degree of automation, it is impossible to make a completely uninhabited autonomous combat module, a kind of kamikaze?

      Shhhhh! Well, again, you give out military secrets .... drinks
    2. Bayonet
      Bayonet 9 November 2014 11: 37
      0
      Quote: saag
      And why on the basis of the same Piranha not to make a completely uninhabited autonomous combat module, a kind of kamikaze?

      It will turn out the same torpedo, only big and slow ...
      1. saag
        saag 9 November 2014 12: 51
        0
        Quote: Bayonet
        Get the same torpedo

        get a carrier of torpedoes or missiles
    3. schumrik
      schumrik 9 November 2014 20: 57
      0
      Quote: saag
      And why on the basis of the same Piranha, since it has such a high degree of automation, it is impossible to make a completely uninhabited autonomous combat module, a kind of kamikaze?
    4. schumrik
      schumrik 9 November 2014 21: 36
      0
      You know, one Russian science fiction writer has described one situation, moreover, an obsessive one, the creation of a military artificial intelligence aimed solely at achieving a goal, a conventional processor in which people’s memories, feelings, emotions, during the battle, respectively of the dead, and their death, system are protected it has no restrictions, control, remote access, autonomy is 100%, the goal is victory, no feelings, no compassion, no condolences, no emotions (only for this ++++++++), there is only goal achievement, and paranoia, the system not everything is mounted, from the tank to the sp.pr.s. system, the system is capable of developing itself, everything is only to achieve the goal, the goal is life, in any manifestations. I think this is V.S.'s future ... it's their development, and it will wean people to fight, those who have time to escape from the planet. PS ready to bet, the term is 50-70 years. damn, but it would be interesting, to live out, just to see, it is interesting.
  10. vass
    vass 8 November 2014 14: 14
    +1
    These are all floodlights and rehashings of old developments of the Soviet period. So far, we have only single pieces and it is unlikely that our Navy will have many of them. But Piranha probably just will not. So they will remain in the projects. According to the old tradition, we either do not do the best developments, or destroy the most dangerous ones under the guise of various restriction treaties ...
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 9 November 2014 11: 39
      +1
      Quote: vass
      But Piranha probably just will not. So they will remain in the projects.

      Ultra-small submarines of project 865 "Piranha" - were in service with the fleet from 1990 to 1999.
  11. Cat man null
    Cat man null 8 November 2014 15: 31
    +1
    "A mock-up of the new Murena hovercraft is shown in the cabin. This" fish "can carry 24 tons of payload: 1 tank or 3 armored personnel carriers, or 130 marines with full armament. "

    - tanks weighing 24 tons - does not happen
    - Vicki says: "The ship is capable of transporting 1 tank weighing up to 48.6 t or instead of it as options "- this can already be believed.
    - offended the little animal - twice underestimated the carrying capacity ..

    More thoroughly, comrades ..
  12. 501Legion
    501Legion 8 November 2014 16: 04
    +1
    It would be nice to attach another photo. for clarity, so to speak
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 9 November 2014 11: 43
      +1
      Quote: 501Legion
      It would be nice to attach another photo. for clarity, so to speak

      Here is "Murena"
      1. ADK57
        ADK57 11 November 2014 00: 33
        0
        The headache of the Murena crew will be constant leakage in the area of ​​the bow ramp. In addition, there will be significant relative displacements of the ramp and lifting roof of the hold when riding on a wave. Fatigue cracks are possible during prolonged operation in the area of ​​the cargo ramp as a result of stress concentration in the corners of the hatch (the cause of the death of many American ships in polar convoys during the Second World War).
  13. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 8 November 2014 18: 05
    +1
    you need to make a technological breakthrough and for this you need to make special efforts.
  14. drags33
    drags33 8 November 2014 20: 47
    -1
    Such articles are read with interest and pleasure. But one question arises: why do we need "Mistrals", built by the French ??? If we ourselves can create SUCH, why do we need the French? Question - to Stouretkin?
    1. saag
      saag 9 November 2014 12: 55
      0
      Quote: drags33
      If we ourselves can SUCH create, why do we need the French? Question - to the stool?

      Such a bribe to the French, for a good attitude after the war of the eighth, and the stool here is generally a technical executor
  15. Epizikl
    Epizikl 8 November 2014 21: 50
    -1
    Quote: psychologist
    and laughter and sin !!))) psaki shocked !!


    When this ridicule called Psaki was not even in the project, we had jokes on this topic at our school: "A submarine in the steppes of Belarus" ...
  16. INF
    INF 8 November 2014 23: 56
    0
    Submarines on a crew of 1-2 people, rushing across the oceans and seas like cars on the autobahn, thousands of submarines! this will be cool.
  17. Radikal
    Radikal 9 November 2014 00: 41
    0
    Quote: saturn.mmm
    Quote: sv68
    how many years have we been building any more or less large combat unit such as a frigate or corvette for the fleet?

    Frigate? What kind of beast is this?

    The same as the frigate, only a little - a little smaller. drinks But seriously, no doubt, the technique is impressive, only when all this will be in our Navy, and not for export.
  18. kush62
    kush62 9 November 2014 07: 12
    0
    Quote:
    The world's best corvettes, and this is the most important thing, we first equipped the Russian Navy. Four ships have already joined the Baltic Fleet.

    This is the most important thing. And for any other advanced products, you first need to join your troops, and only then over the hill.
    1. Junior, I
      Junior, I 9 November 2014 09: 43
      -1
      Over the hill let them solve their problems.
      And it is better to provide projects with the note "finalize the file".
  19. Weniamin
    Weniamin 9 November 2014 14: 42
    0
    Content article. But without photos - uninteresting.
  20. Ossetian
    Ossetian 9 November 2014 22: 12
    0
    Quote: tchoni
    Laughter with laughter, and our commander wanted to put the decommissioned piranha into the museum of the unit - I didn’t manage to do it well .... And if it would have been a channel to the Baltic, they would have dug!

    In Togliatti, in the Technical Museum, there is a diesel submarine, and water was dragged at least 4 km.
  21. attuda
    attuda 20 November 2014 16: 50
    +1
    International Course °
    1 piranha = 1 aircraft carrier
    can be considered acceptable ...