Military Review

British legend of Balaclava: “thin red line” and the attack of the light brigade

31
Thin red line

At the same time, while the hussar brigade of Lieutenant-General Ryzhov was cut with the British dragoons, 1 Ural Cossack Regiment of Lieutenant Colonel Horoshkhin (about 600 riders) attacked Colin Campbell's 93 Scottish Infantry Regiment (650 forces), and 100 Scottish Infantry Regiment (XNUMX forces) attacked Colin Campbell (XNUMX soldiers). on the flanks).

The 93 Scottish Regiment lined up in front of the village of Kadikaya. The soldier was small, while it was necessary to occupy a wide front, so the commander of the Scottish Infantry Regiment 93 Baronet Colin Campbell ordered the soldiers to line up in a row of two, instead of the rank provided for in such cases by four. It is believed that Campbell told his soldiers: “Guys, there will be no order to retreat. You must die where you stand. ” His adjutant John Scott replied for everyone: “Yes, sir Colin. If necessary, we will do it. ” The soldiers were in red uniforms, and the Times correspondent, William Russell, later described the Scots as "a thin red strip bristling with steel." The expression "thin red line" or "red line" is included in history.

Scottish arrows repelled the Cossack attack. The 93 regiment fired three volleys, with 800, 500 and 350 yards, and the Cossack regiment withdrew. It must be said that the memories of the participants in the battle from the Russian side - Lieutenant-General I. Ryzhov, staff-captain E. Arbuzov, as well as studies of a number of Russian historians - cast doubt on the British version of events. The British had already successfully waged an information war, and even the failures and failures of the command were used for propaganda purposes. In particular, there is evidence that the Scottish regiment was attacked not by the Cossacks, but by the 4 squadron of the hussars of the Saxe-Weimar (Ingermanland) regiment. Their attack was repelled by choke fire and grape-shot.


"Thin red line." Painting by Robert Gibb

Attack light cavalry brigade

Cavalry fights continued. The British heavy brigade attacked our cavalry on Kadikioi heights, which stood motionless. General Ryzhov, crammed by the dragoon brigade, retreated. At the same time, Ryzhov intentionally passed between two redoubts (second and third) that were beaten off by the Turks in the morning, enticing the British to a dangerous position. Suddenly, Russian cannons struck Scarlett on the right and left. The English dragoons, having lost several dozen people killed and wounded, quickly retreated.

The French and British commanders Canrober and Raglan watched the battle. The British lord saw that the Russians had begun to pull the guns off the redoubts they had taken in the morning. Raglan told Kanrober that it is a pity to give the Russian guns. For Raglan, it was a shame - to give English weapons to the enemy. Kanrober, on the other hand, thought more sensibly and said: “Why go to the Russians themselves? Let them go on us: we are in an excellent position, we won’t get out of here! ”However, Raglan acted in his own way. Canrober did not have the authority of St. Arnaud and Raglan did not listen to him. The 1-i and 4-i British divisions have not yet approached, so the lord ordered the British cavalry commander, Count Lucan, to push the cavalry forward and take advantage of the opportunity to take heights. The cavalry was supposed to support the infantry, which was instructed to advance in two columns.

Russian troops were located in-depth "horseshoe". Its one end was located near Kadikioi near the redoubts taken in the morning, the second - at the foot of the Fedyukhiny Mountains. Lucan, realizing that such an attack poses a great threat, instead of following an order, confined himself to a demonstration. The commander of the cavalry ordered him to ride all his cavalry, moved the light brigade to the left some distance, and left the dragoon in place, waiting for the infantry. Count Lucan decided that he should wait for the approach and the advance of the infantry, and then support it with cavalry. Later, Raglan and Lucan will try to shift the blame for the defeat on each other. So, Lucan was accused of allegedly missing a convenient moment for an attack.

In order to encourage his cavalry commander to take more active actions, Raglan sent him a more specific order. Lord Raglan called the Chief of Staff of the British Army, General Airy, and instructed the cavalry "to advance to the front line, pursuing the enemy, and tried to prevent the enemy from carrying the weapons away." The adjutant of the Chief of Staff, Captain Nolan, handed the order to Lucan.

Lucan handed the order to the commander of the light brigade, Lord Cardigan, to launch an offensive. The brigade was supposed to strike at the valley between Fedyuhin heights and redoubts captured in the morning. James Cardigan tried to object, saying that "the Russians had a battery in the valley, against the front of the English cavalry, and other batteries and shooters on both flanks." Lucan said: "I know, but we have no choice but to fulfill the will of the commander in chief." The cardigan commanded: “Attack!” In the first line, the 13 light dragoon and 17 th Uhlan regiments came in the second - 11 th Hussars, in the third - 4 th light dragoons and 8 th Hussars. The heavy brigade, at which Lucan remained, was supposed to support the attack of the Cardigan Brigade.

The order in the regiments was brilliant, and the brigade commander Cardigan rode ahead. Russian artillery opened fire on the enemy cavalry. First they shot at the cores and grenades, then switched to the canister. Then the arrow-fittings, scattered on the slopes of the heights, connected to the shelling. One of the first to kill off was Captain Nolan, who was riding in the front line of the 17 Uhlansky regiment. A grenade from a Fedyukh heights exploded near him. A grenade splinter pierced the chest of a brave Englishman. When the Russian nuclei began to reach the heavy brigade, the cavalry commander Lucan was wounded in the leg, his adjutant and nephew, Captain Charteris, died. By order of Lucan, Scarlett’s heavy brigade stopped and then returned to her position in good order. As a result, the light brigade lacked the support of the dragoons.

Selected British cavalry suffered some losses from rifle artillery fire. But he did not stop the cavalry, but only angered the British, who dreamed of reaching the Russian guns and avenging their fallen comrades.

British legend of Balaclava: “thin red line” and the attack of the light brigade

Attack light brigade. English artist Richard Keyton Woodville

As soon as the movement of enemy cavalry was discovered, the Odessa Chasseur Regiment withdrew to Redoubt number 2 and built up in a square. Therefore, the British cavalry attacked the Don battery, which was located across the valley. The Russian battery gave its last salvo with a canister at close range. But the furious British did not stop. General Cardigan was one of the first to burst onto the battery. The battery was covered by six hundred 1 of the Ural Cossack Regiment under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Horoshkhin. They stood only a few dozen steps. However, the Ural regiment that day proved to be not the best way. Cossacks overestimated the forces of the enemy, suddenly panicked and ran. Only a part of the Cossacks came to the aid of their comrades. A short but furious battle ended in favor of the British. The British seized two guns, and two more guns were rescued by Russian gunners. The Don battery was saved from total destruction by a counter-attack of the 53-th Don Cossack Regiment.



After that, the British brigade continued the offensive. Next stood the Ryzhov hussars, the Russian cavalry was ready for battle, but was instructed to retreat in order to lure the British under the crossfire of our batteries. The British began to pursue the Russian cavalry in the direction of Chorgun bridge. While the English cavalry, fascinated by the initial success, continued to pursue the Russian hussars, the Russian command was preparing to shut the trap. General Liprandi ordered Colonel Eropkin, commander of the Consolidated Uhlan Regiment (six ulan squadrons were standing at the redoubts number 2 and 3) to strike at the enemy.

When the English cavalry returned, the Russian lancers hit the enemy’s flank. Colonel Eropkin himself, surrounded by three English horsemen, killed one and knocked another off his horse. At the same time, British and infantry and artillery fired at the British (Russian cavalry suffered from its “friendly fire”, which was mistaken for the British). The officers of the English brigade in a few minutes was half killed and wounded. The light brigade was crushed. The Russian lancers pursued the remnants of the enemy brigade to the redoubt number 4. The battlefield was littered with corpses and wounded. This fight lasted only about 20 minutes, and during this time 365 people died and were captured. The British lost and almost 500 their horses. Therefore, the remnants of the brigade retreated significantly on foot.

Perhaps the English brigade would have been completely destroyed if African horse rangers of General d'Alonville did not come to the rescue. The French rangers attacked in two echelons: the first echelon under the command of divisional Abdell attacked the artillery of the Zhabokrit detachment standing on the Fedyuhin heights, and the second, under the command of d 'Alonville, hit the infantry covering the guns. In addition, the 4-I British division, led by General George Katkart and the Espinasse brigade, were directed against the Zhabokrit detachment. 1-I British division of George, Duke of Cambridge was sent to the redoubts, against the troops of Liprandi.

The first two squadrons of d'Alonville broke through the rifle chain covering the Zhabokrit artillery, and began to chop down the artillery servants. Two other squadrons rushed into the two battalions of cover. But General Zhabokritsky managed to build a soldier of the Vladimir regiment, and they met the enemy with friendly volleys. The French huntsmen, hit by well-aimed shots of the Reed (2 th Linear (Plastonic) Battalion of the Black Sea Cossack Army) and the shooters, went to Sapun-gore. Thus, although the French attack did not reach its goal, it weakened the fire of the Zhabokrit detachment, directed against the British light brigade. The plan of the attack of the Allied infantry, was canceled with the general consent of Raglan and Canrober.

A further battle was limited to the skirmish of parts of the Katkarta division, which went out to Redoubt No. 4 with the arrows of the Odessa regiment. The fight stopped at 16 hours. The Allied Command decided to confine itself to the defense of the inner ring of fortifications and not to storm the external redoubts. The reinforcements that came up were concentrated at Balaclava. General Liprandi was also content with the first success and did not begin to develop the offensive. Russian infantry occupied the line of redoubts. One battalion was in reserve at the Black River. Zhabokritsky detachment occupied Feduhin height. The cavalry was located behind the right flag of the detachment Liprandi.

Thus, the Russian troops established themselves on the left bank of the Black River. They occupied positions only two and a half kilometers from Balaclava. Liprandi was waiting for reinforcements and artillery to attack the enemy and take the city.


Paul Filippoto. Brigade attack led by General Allonville

Battle results

Russian troops lost about 600 people. The Allies reported the loss of 600 people. However, these figures are clearly underestimated. The Turks lost only 170 people while taking redoubts, and about 300 people were injured. It should be noted that the Turkish expeditionary corps, which had not previously shone, was completely demoralized during the Battle of Balaclava and, as an independent combat unit, did not represent anything more.

The reckless attack of the light cavalry brigade of Cardigan cost the British alone some three hundred people killed, and about 60 people were taken prisoner. Total British troops lost on this day only killed about 550 people. French losses were small - about 50 people. In total, the Allies lost about 1-1,5 thousand people. The Russian trophies became one banner, captured during the taking of the redoubt number 1, 11 guns, dozens of ammunition boxes, all Turkish property and entrenching tools.

The battle brought the benefit of the Russian army and tactical side. The Anglo-Turkish forces suffered sensitive damage and were forced to limit their range of actions, focusing on the defense of Balaclava. The battle strengthened the morale of the Russian army. The Russian army was convinced that it could withstand a strong enemy and felt the taste of victory. In Sevastopol and in the army, Menshikov talked a lot about the hundreds of dead British cavalrymen and about the trophies taken. Numerous cases were told that showed the highest courage that the Russian army fought on that day. Thus, the orderly of General Zhabokritsky, a Cossack and a constable of the Donskoy Regiment, three of them overturned the enemy horsemen who surrounded the general and rescued him.

Wounded soldiers massively refused to leave their positions. A private soldier of the Dnieper infantry regiment, Klim Efimov, took part in the capture of the village of Mosquitoes and was wounded by a grenade splinter in the face. But after dressing he asked the doctor to let him go to the company, where he stayed until the end of the battle. The regular 5 th jäger company, Dmitry Komissarov, had two fingers in his hand, but he didn’t want to leave the position. However, the gushing blood drenched the cartridges and made it difficult to charge the choke. As Liprandi noted in the report to Menshikov, Dmitry asked the officer to "shoot while from my choke" and went for a dressing. A few minutes later he returned from the dressing and continued to fire until the end of the battle. The ordinary 4 of the carabinier company, Tsvetkovsky, was seriously wounded in the leg and lay when the broken English cavalry rushed back. Tsvetkovsky, seeing an Englishman galloping on a magnificent horse, said: “Oh, priests, do not let him jump out! He was pushing nicely, even if he tried a Russian lead at the distance! ”The soldier knocked down the enemy with a good shot, and only then allowed him to carry it to the dressing.

There were a lot of such cases. Soldiers and officers in all wars and at all times showed the best qualities of the Russian people. General Liprandi noted that the whole army was eager to fight the enemy. “The whole battle can be called one heroic feat, and in general it is very difficult to give anyone a special advantage over the others. The competition was common both between each branch of the military and between all ranks in general, ”the general wrote.

The Allied command began to doubt the success of the siege of Sevastopol. The allies had to finally abandon plans for an immediate assault on Sevastopol and move on to a positional siege. The British had a feeling of defeat, and a painful one, aggravated by the awareness of senselessly ruined lives, losses caused by lack of talent and military ignorance of generals. Irritation and bewilderment caused not hundreds of dead people, in war it was common, and the frivolity of the command, which led to defeat.

Both sides noted the courage of the English light cavalry. However, it was rightly noted that the cardigan cavalry’s attack was unreasonable and doomed to attack. French General Pierre Bosquet summed up this episode of the battle: “It’s nice, but you can't fight like that.” Lord Raglan dumped all the blame on his subordinates. Allegedly, they did not understand his correct instructions. He said to Lord Cardigan, expressing his displeasure: “How could you attack the battery from the front, contrary to all military rules?” And Count Lukan said: “You destroyed the light brigade”. Command and the press took the side of Raglan, so as not to undermine the prestige of the army. Public opinion in England brought down a wave of criticism on two generals. As a result, General Lucan was forced to request the establishment of a commission to investigate his actions at the Battle of Balaclava.

In this case, do not forget about the mistakes of the Russian command. With more skillful actions, this relatively small battle could lead to more decisive results. Alexander Menshikov, not believing in the success of the cause near Sevastopol, did not attract more serious forces to the blow, which could put the Anglo-Turkish forces in Balaclava on the verge of death. They could be destroyed before the reinforcements arrived. After waiting for the 10 and 11 infantry divisions, the Russian commander could not arrange an attack of one detachment, which was not set decisive goals, but give the enemy a decisive battle, creating a decisive advantage in the Balaklava direction. The British, as the Battle of Balaclava showed, were not ready for the attack of the Russian troops and did not have time to strengthen their positions near Balaklava. The defeat of the British camp would put the British army in a very difficult position. Now the Allied command has determined its weak point and has taken measures to strengthen it.

The whole world thanks to this battle has received several great legends and popular winged expressions. The thin red line, the attack of the light cavalry brigade and Balaclava went down in history.


Monument to the Battle of Balaclava to the 50 anniversary of the Sevastopol defense at the height of Arab-Tabia (redoubt number 3)
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  1. Dimy4
    Dimy4 28 October 2014 08: 00
    +4
    Eh "I hammered the charge into the cannon tightly and thought I would treat my friend ..." about another battle it was said, but in my opinion it fits here too. Both sides showed real military prowess, fighting face to face.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 28 October 2014 08: 09
    +10
    The reckless attack of the light cavalry brigade of Cardigan ... On a swoop they decided to take the "Russian barbarians" ... And most importantly, the lesson did not go into use ...
  3. Trapperxnumx
    Trapperxnumx 28 October 2014 10: 58
    +4
    To be honest, it’s a pity that we didn’t attract more forces to this attack and didn’t use long-range artillery. It was quite possible to arrange a demonstrative whipping of the "allies" and end the whole war with a brilliant Victoria !!!
    1. Bersaglieri
      Bersaglieri 28 October 2014 13: 09
      +1
      What "long-range artillery"? 1850s, 15 years before long-range rifled artillery.
  4. Ivan_Koloff
    Ivan_Koloff 28 October 2014 12: 05
    +4
    the most important thing in this war — the English and French people understood that Russia is not a Zulus, it’s better to have it in allies than an adversary, ... they’ve already been quiet, fighting, not daring ...
    1. Dimy4
      Dimy4 28 October 2014 13: 19
      0
      Yes, they began to spoil slowly, stealthily.
  5. xan
    xan 28 October 2014 12: 08
    +1
    a thin red line had to be broken and destroyed. Build just two lines of cavalry, as a rule, did not stop. Ours moved, it was necessary with all decisiveness, and there would have been no legends now. Although PR is undeniable. Well, the British have few cavalry attacks, everything is counted, and on land they did not shine. After the Battle of Balaclava, the British no longer played an activity, the guys were blown away.
    1. Bersaglieri
      Bersaglieri 28 October 2014 13: 11
      +1
      Mignier bullets + rifles, however.
      However, if there were 2-3 times more attackers, then the Highlanders would have been crumbled into cabbage. However, it was not.
    2. 73bor
      73bor 28 October 2014 20: 07
      +1
      Such constructions are destroyed both by flank attacks of the cavalry and by the gunfire of the rangers, and preferably together ...
  6. RSU
    RSU 28 October 2014 14: 41
    -3
    Well, not to break through two ranks of infantry by a whole cavalry regiment and not to kill a whole bunch of British cavalrymen with the whole army is an indicator of combat training!
    1. xan
      xan 28 October 2014 16: 06
      +6
      Quote: RSU
      Well, not to break through two ranks of infantry by a whole cavalry regiment and not to kill a whole bunch of British cavalrymen with the whole army is an indicator of combat training!

      Have you read the article?
      And about combat training - the two most powerful countries of that time, having a serious advantage in armament (the British infantry were able to fire three volleys at the cavalrymen who didn’t reach them, which apparently confused ours - there were no such perfect shoals), which had the most perfect and cheap logistics, transported for a year near Sevastopol, lost more Russians, took half the city and declared it their victory.
      There are claims to the Russian command, and to the state apparatus of the empire, which is mired in impotence, but there are no complaints against the soldier, cavalryman and sailor.
      1. Kassandra
        Kassandra 30 October 2014 18: 27
        0
        there should be claims to the intendants who opposed the mass character of rifled weapons such as "patamu shta is expensive," but in fact, to harm the troops and because they are durable, there would be less kickbacks for deliveries to their pockets.
        and all the quartermasters knew which berry field ...
    2. Motors1991
      Motors1991 28 October 2014 16: 43
      +2
      By that time, the Don Cossacks had not yet accepted the regularity that they had before the First World War, their inheritance was reconnaissance, raids on the enemy’s rear, the beginning of the battle and the pursuit, therefore it was foolish to demand the defeat of a well-trained infantry regiment from them, without artillery and regular cavalry. In 1815, near Waterloo, the French cavalry, not backed up by infantry and artillery, could not do anything with the English square, which actually led to the defeat of the French. As for the victorious reports, Bismarck said very well: Nowhere they don’t lie so much as in hunting and in war.
      1. 73bor
        73bor 28 October 2014 20: 13
        0
        Cavalry in general is difficult to cope with, and in the case of Waterloo in 1815 the French did not expect this, and the attack itself was carried out without Napoleon’s participation, Napoleon himself would probably have saved the cavalry, just in case ...
        1. Motors1991
          Motors1991 28 October 2014 20: 50
          0
          I agree with you, all the notorious runny nose is guilty. Nevertheless, Ney was a marshal and an experienced warrior, he would send infantry after the cavalry, the French would surely have celebrated the victory. In my opinion, Napoleon exclaimed: Why in my absence some stupid things are done.
  7. Prager
    Prager 28 October 2014 15: 20
    +2
    in the course of that attack our artillerymen did their job nicely - the buckshot lay right on target, and the red burry creatures publicized the mediocre attack of the light brigade as a feat with unfading glory, although what a feat it is, what glory is a meat grinder, which the English command is to blame for. redheads have never had an equal strength in the enemy, so they do not have to boast of loud impressionable victories. colonial wars with the local indigenous population are their destiny.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 28 October 2014 16: 25
      -1
      But what about Trafalgar, Waterloo, Napoleon? wink
  8. barbiturate
    barbiturate 28 October 2014 17: 41
    +2
    The Angles always knew how to PR, they gave out a simple attack of our Cossacks for the heroism of the infantry, and a stupid frontal attack of their chosen cavalry for valor.
    About the thin red line)): The author forgot to mention that the Cossacks, being natural cavalry, were not at all intended for frontal attacks of anyone, but immediately scattered and covered from the flanks, while being practically invulnerable to the enemy, due to the best mastery of riders. There was no opportunity to capture the enemy and they simply retreated, not even approaching the British and 3 hundred meters away, what an attempt to break through?) Such tactics of the Cossacks have been described by everyone since much earlier times, for example, you can read memoirs of Napoleonic cavalrymen or specialized books on tactics cavalry of those times. Western Europe did not have natural cavalrymen, therefore, did not understand and appreciate such tactics, and then cried with burning tears, you can remember even Karl the twelfth) You can write a lot more, but it won’t fit)

    Well, everything has already been said about the attack by the light brigade, the color of the British cavalry and many aristocrats simply died and wickedly; mourning in many families of high society was declared in England. Well, they didn’t finish it because the light brigade was naturally not alone, but the whole army was nearby, which supported this very brigade and did not allow it to be completely destroyed + they still forget that the Russian army had practically no rifled guns and infantry could lead aimed and effective fire at 300 meters, while the enemy infantry was already armed with rifled rifles with a range of effective fire - 1000m. Maybe the commandment was too clever to prepare a trap and took some time and the supported team managed to jump out, albeit with significant losses of course.
    1. Motors1991
      Motors1991 28 October 2014 19: 35
      0
      In Europe, the natural cavalrymen were: Hungarians, Poles, Croats. The first who appreciated the strength of the Cossack units and not only them was Frederick the Great. Under his leadership, a new cavalry charter was developed, tactics for the use of cavalry, which defeated the cavalry of their opponents in regular battles, but she passed in front of the partisan tactics of Cossacks, Kalmyks, the same Poles and Hungarians. As for rifled rifles, they had their drawbacks, at a distance of more than 500 meters and now it’s hard to get anywhere without an optical sight, and the fittings had a lower rate of fire, from a smooth-bore 5 bullets per minute were fired and the sixth in the barrel, only three from the choke. Why in the Russian army they were in no hurry to switch to rifled weapons, in each battalion there were chisels that fired individually, the rest fired from convoys, where the high pace to the detriment of accuracy. As soon as the fighters began to attack in a loose formation, the advantage of rifled weapons immediately revealed the rate of fire ceased Al play a significant role, except that psychological.
      1. 73bor
        73bor 28 October 2014 20: 17
        +1
        Read the memoirs of Kolenkur, there he will directly say that the best cavalry is Cossacks!
        1. barbiturate
          barbiturate 29 October 2014 11: 34
          0
          Cossacks are excellent cavalry, but they are excellent natural cavalry and they have never been thrown into head-on attacks against regular troops, especially troops ready to repel an attack. No matter what battles they were in, the cavalry prepared and equipped for this attacked the forehead appropriately, and the Cossacks came from the flanks and rear, as they had great mobility and were natural cavalrymen, i.e. they were not afraid of a loose order and left alone in front of the enemy. And I read not only Kolenkur and never met that the Cossacks deliberately threw into the forehead the regular cavalry or infantry regiments of the enemy.
      2. Kassandra
        Kassandra 29 October 2014 14: 08
        0
        in Europe there was no cavalry trained to shoot from bows or from long-barreled firearms from the saddle, dragoons dismounted.

        from the Bashkirs and Kalmyks only card guns saved.
    2. Turkir
      Turkir 28 October 2014 19: 42
      +3
      You write correctly - national mourning has been declared throughout Britain.
      Majorate system, younger sons bought officer patents.
      If all this was nothing for the British, why at the Yalta Conference of 1945, in 90 yearsChurchill begged Stalin put there a monument in memory of this attack? He stands among the vineyards.
      Wow nothing.
      1. Kassandra
        Kassandra 29 October 2014 15: 47
        0
        yes, they were specially "brought" there ... it was just that someone had to clear a place for the younger sons of bankers.
        1. The comment was deleted.
    3. xan
      xan 29 October 2014 11: 31
      0
      Quote: barbiturate
      still forget that the Russian army had practically no rifled guns and the infantry could conduct aimed and effective fire at 300 meters

      at 200 meters. During an infantry attack by cavalry, each infantryman managed to make only one shot. The English thanks to rifled guns managed to make three shots, and even the effect of the surprise of such shooting for the Russians played a role.
      I am convinced that one on one Cossack would kill an Englishman, do not go to your grandmother. 60 years later, Kryuchkov, who had not seriously fought anywhere in the first wheelhouse of 11 Germans, was filled up like cattle. And those Cossacks and highlanders were cut, and for a highlander, military skill is life.
      1. barbiturate
        barbiturate 29 October 2014 12: 34
        0
        especially at 200m, but here in the article, in my opinion, it is precisely the misunderstanding that the Cossacks did not attack the infantry or cavalry that had lined up head-on, their strength was completely different and they did not know how and did not want to fight linearly, as regular units operate cavalry of European states and Russia. In all the works of cavalrymen of the 19th century from Europe, there are complaints and anger at the Cossacks for the fact that they cannot be forced to fight "correctly", they immediately crumble and either attack from the flanks and rear, or simply leave behind their infantry or regular cavalry, using their the skill of natural riders. Therefore, I am sure that when they saw the infantry ready for battle, they simply retreated.
      2. Kassandra
        Kassandra 30 October 2014 18: 46
        +1
        there it didn’t come to scott felling, the Cossack attack was curtailed hundreds of meters before the Scots
        it is they in the pictures they draw some kind of crap with officers in the saddles "right in the frame".
  9. fan1945
    fan1945 28 October 2014 17: 54
    +1
    Actually, in ancient times, dear historians did not like to write about this battle.
    It’s amazing how the author defeated the open defeat of two cavalry regiments, the destroyed artillery battery, and the infantry of the cover as a VICTORY?
    "tactfully" did not mention that the light brigade had approx. 600 horsemen. So, in principle, these losses could not have been.
    And the British did not at all pass this attack as a victory. And they call it what it is.
    Valor and resilience are raised in the performance of duty. The fire really was
    And they did not throw mats and shouts as if into a "whirlpool", but kept up the pace so as not to tire the horses before the last throw ... They beat them, but they beat the horses
    hold ...
    So it’s not so simple. And the courage and valor of the enemy must be respected.
    Then its own Victory is significant. Cowards and fools are easy to defeat ...!
    1. barbiturate
      barbiturate 29 October 2014 11: 43
      +1
      surprisingly, where did you see the "blatant defeat" of two cavalry regiments? the British took a battery from 4x !! guns and were thrown back. Which regiments did they destroy? the article says that one Cossack regiment had only a short collision and withdrew, while the second with a counter attack recaptured the battery. For example, what is written on Wikipedia, the source is not the most reliable, but others write the same thing.

      The attack began suddenly for the Russians themselves. The English light cavalry brigade managed to cross under the crossfire of Russian artillery and infantry from the Fedyukhin and Balaklava (Kadikioi) heights, topple the 1st Ural Cossack Regiment, to break through to Russian guns and chop down the servants. The Kiev and Ingermanland hussar regiments behind the artillery were unable to organize a counterattack by the British light cavalry brigade due to crowding in their battle formations, reinforced by the retreating Urals. Because of this, the hussars did not have any time or room for maneuver to move on to counterattack actions. But, as a result of a flank attack of three squadrons of the Consolidated Lancer Regiment of Lieutenant Colonel Eropkin, the light cavalry brigade of the British was dispersed and retreated with heavy losses. I had to retreat again under the crossfire of Russian artillery and infantry, which further increased the number of dead and wounded.
      The outcome of the attack was tragic for the British: in 20 minutes of the battle, out of a little more than 600 cavalrymen, 365 people were killed and captured. The British lost almost 500 of their horses.

      Where are the defeats !! our two cavalry regiments?
      1. fan1945
        fan1945 29 October 2014 16: 59
        -1
        I figured that grab / crush the artillery battery, CRASH, and draw in
        flight of the Cossacks of the 1st Ural Regiment, which in turn
        "upset" and carried away two more hussar regiments (formerly
        Kiev and formerly Engermanladsky). And here they are still on the flank
        Odessa Infantry. Yes, an additional 53 Don Cossack, yes
        still Consolidated Lancer ... They made a commotion not small and heroism
        only certain Cossack artillerymen showed up. And the battery is indicated, for some reason, 12 gun mounted ...
        So if this is not a rout, then a big TARARAM ...
        After this war, the cavalry was taken seriously.
        pale she looked ..
        1. barbiturate
          barbiturate 30 October 2014 11: 41
          0
          do you yourself believe in what you write?)) they certainly took a battery, but there wasn’t any battery, only 4 guns (moreover, 2 of our guns weren’t given away) and something great and decisive did not pull at all)
          Nobody put the Cossacks to flight because the Cossacks WILL NEVER BREAK IN THE HEAD WITH THE REGULAR END OF THE ENEMY, then you just need to take a little interest in the tactics of the Cossacks. About "upset" and "carried away in flight" first half-truth, and then outright lie, why are you lying? Where did you read this? in the article? there is no such thing in open sources? where, in what, share) How the Kiev and Ingermanland regiments fled) The unsuccessful position and the retreating Cossack regiment simply did not give them the opportunity to attack in time. At the same time, it is simply not possible to "upset" the Cossacks, because they do not attack harmoniously, this is not regular cavalry, but natural cavalry and they will not fight in formation.

          Does the fact that they had the Odessa Infantry Regiment (armed like all Russian infantry with rifles with an aiming range of 200m) on their flank have any significance? He did not take any special role in this battle.

          "And even an additional 53 Don Cossack, yes
          also the Consolidated Uhlan ... "Oh, once and again ...) 53 The Don Cossack is mentioned in different sources somewhat differently, but everywhere in the sense that he just took part in the battle for the battery and took part in the counter attack and the complete defeat of the light brigade (by the way, 660 people made up 5 !! regiments)) What did you mean by "And in addition 53 Don Cossack" I do not understand) Maybe you wanted to say that "53 Don Cossack participated in the destruction of the enemy brigade")
          Well, about the Consolidated Uhlansky in general to speak in the key "And even the Consolidated Uhlans" is completely incomprehensible and insulting. In different sources, only the number of squadrons changes (from 3 to 6), but then all of them have the same flank attack and the defeat of the brigade.

          The British made really big for TARARAM, because no one had supposed such madness, and so bravely done, only it’s necessary to justify such madness, here’s a beautiful legend about the defeated Russian regiments and the glory of a handful of British people) educate young people, which the British probably did)
          1. barbiturate
            barbiturate 30 October 2014 11: 51
            0
            Here are some more:
            The Cossacks involved in the rout of the English cavalry caught horses after the battle, in their own words, “crazy cavalry” and sold expensive trotters at a price of fifteen to twenty rubles (while the true value of horses was estimated at three hundred to four hundred rubles).

            The British, on the contrary, after the battle had a painful sense of defeat and loss. There was talk of military ignorance and lack of talent of the high command, which led to completely senseless losses. In one English brochure of the Crimean War period it is written: “Balaclava” - this word will be recorded in the annals of England and France, as a place memorable by acts of heroism and the misfortune that occurred there, unsurpassed until then in history. ” October 25 1854 year will forever remain a mourning date in the history of England. Only twelve days later a message about the fatal event sent by the famous hater of Russia Lord Radcliffe arrived from Constantinople to London. Light cavalry, which had fallen under Balaclava, consisted of representatives of the English aristocracy. The impression from this news in the capital of Great Britain was overwhelming. Up to the 1914 war, pilgrims traveled from there to inspect the "valley of death", where the color of their nation died. Dozens of books and poems were written about the disastrous attack, a lot of films were shot, and the researchers of the past are still arguing over who is really to blame for the death of English aristocrats.

            Here is such a "GREAT" attack from the British) But the British remained true to themselves and turned everything into a beautiful fairy tale about the great, covering up their big mistake.
          2. Kassandra
            Kassandra 30 October 2014 17: 50
            -1
            +100500
            Now why was it like this (like, Special Weapons and Tactics).

            Quote: barbiturate
            because no one expected such madness

            The light brigade included the 4th and 13th light dragoon regiments, the 17th Lancers regiment, the 8th and 11th hussar regiments.
            https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Балаклавское_сражение
            https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Атака_лёгкой_бриады
            Of the types of regular cavalry, only cuirassiers and ulans regularly attacked the forehead, for this it was necessary to have a peak, and only for the first such an attack was preferable. the second was usually sent not even in the forehead but in the back, to finish off the already running infantry, or to occupy artillery parks and batteries. dragoons are a hasty non-contact battle of rifles, and hussars and ulans are shelling infantry from pistols.

            The light brigade, by definition, did not have a cuirassier, it had only one ulan regiment, and even according to the charter it was used by the British non-core.

            by the way, the steppe cavalry did not have such problems with the division into its types as the Europeans did - it was all universal, shooting from a horse from powerful bows and only finishing with lances. with the extremely small number of tsarist equestrian rangers, also trained to shoot from fittings directly from the saddle, and the Cossacks, she coped well with combat missions. its dominance on the battlefield was canceled only with the advent of magazine rifles, mitralises and rapid-firing breech-loading cannons. if she was "under the curtain" in the Crimea - a redhead and a frogworm would be a big star, as before Napoleon at Austerlitz from the Bashkirs.

            therefore, to climb onto the evacuated battery and hack off the servants, who for some reason only have a bannik from their weapons, the British lancers might have "should" have taken the risk (although only because of repelling 2-4 Turkish guns back)? but to climb on other "feats" they are in vain wassat
            the Cossacks didn’t begin to cut them right for a long time because they were inferior to them in weapons.
            Insanity of this kind with a light brigade is actually not the only, but the most significant one - this set up a public administration and business platform for the sons of city bankers from the children of English aristocrats (all of whom were officers of the enta of the lightest brigade). that is, it’s not just propaganda for the education of youthful oaks and cannon fodder.

            among the Cossacks there are mentioned plastuns - they probably also have their own tasks, so what the hell are they building in the square and where to go? and with the Cossack cavalry also ... combat divers still in flippers and vests send forward riding on zebras without body armor in formation, on machine guns.

            by the way, yes - why does American sea lust make Afghanistan a landlocked issue too
            some kind of staff rat with them
            probably bathes in his floating armored personnel carriers ... but it doesn’t matter - the USMC, on the contrary, takes the most sucks, who did not go through other types of aircraft by competition.
          3. Kassandra
            Kassandra 30 October 2014 18: 51
            0
            PS. this is not so much what was previously taken by the Russians Turkish the battery on which her guns were preparing for removal bully
            in short, tovarisch too much sees "bibisie channel" bully
      2. Kassandra
        Kassandra 30 October 2014 18: 22
        +1
        oh-wei ... yes, the boy looks like a "minus meter", but we'll explain it to him laughing
    2. Kassandra
      Kassandra 29 October 2014 15: 59
      0
      yes was the light brigade rave not English? see the title of the article.
      nobody called them to Crimea. as well as on Solovki and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky,

      in ancient times they didn’t like to write good things about Tsarist Russia.
  10. Vivat
    Vivat 28 October 2014 22: 19
    +1
    Interesting article. Thank!
  11. fan1945
    fan1945 4 November 2014 16: 15
    -1
    Quote: barbiturate
    REGULAR END OF THE ENEMY, here you just need to take a little interest in the tactics of the Cossacks. About "upset" and "carried away in flight" first half-truth, and then outright lie, why are you lying?


    Hey, GUY! Take a closer look at the BAZAROM. Pick up expressions. I'm waiting for an apology.
    And about this difficult story, I will cite data from a variety of sources. And you, if
    if you want, you can comment on them.
    For the operation, Liprandi was allowed to use his entire 12th infantry, plus the 4th
    rifle battalion., 2nd cavalry brig. 6 cavalry division, 8 (other source 10 hundred Cossacks (in particular
    1st Ural Cossack and 53 Don Cossacks. A total of 17 battalion infantry, 20 squadrons, 8 or 10 hundreds, 48 ​​artillery on foot and 16 horse artillery.
    IN ADDITION !!!! Ensured the right flank Zhabokritsky detachment -7,75 battalion infantry, 2
    cavalry squadron, 2 hundred and 14 guns. "Communication" between the two groups of troops provided
    Consolidated Ulan regiment (6 squadrons) sub-unit Eropkin and Don battery (? Number
    did not find out).
    About the battery on which the Light Brigade hit, the sources are confused. This is the 12th horse and then should have 8 guns, then 12 guns (this is the battery of the brigade),
    it’s generally 4 guns. But since it’s called Donskoy, it’s IMHO, maybe the 3rd horse. But
    also of 8 guns ...
    So, the light brigade overcame 3 km under the shelling of artillery, fittings, shot down
    battery from position (two guns captured) ...
    The immediate opponents of the Angles were - at least one horse battery, one
    Odessa infantry regiment, incomplete 53 Don Cossack-three hundred (he helped save
    the rest of the battery guns), the 1st Ural and TWO hussars "lured" the enemy
    away (these three regiments of at least 1200 horsemen) and timely arrived at
    help to the hussars, consolidated Ulansky-three squadrons ..
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 5 November 2014 02: 29
      0
      who apologize, so you need ...
      the story is much simpler - English aristocrats were led into a model fire bag and more than halved
      do not worry about the battery - it was Turkish, captured a little earlier, and all of its captured guns were prepared by the Russians themselves to be sent to the rear.
  12. fan1945
    fan1945 6 November 2014 19: 42
    0
    Quote: Kassandra
    who apologize, so you need ...
    the story is much simpler - English aristocrats were led into a model fire bag and more than halved
    do not worry about the battery - it was Turkish, captured a little earlier, and all of its captured guns were prepared by the Russians themselves to be sent to the rear



    I don’t understand. Why should I apologize?
    The story is not simple. And, oddly enough, little studied. A logical question? How
    with such a numerical and tactical advantage, MANAGED to miss the remnants of the English?
    Why, with complete surprise, fivefold superiority and a clear initial
    success, a real victory did not work?
    And about the cannons, you are wrong. Nobody "evacuated" the captured cannons. It was ours
    Battery. 3rd Don Cossack. But the number ranges from 12 to 4 guns.
    there was supposed to be another battery 12th light horse. They, together with the hussars
    and the "Urals" "lured the Angles" ...
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 7 November 2014 01: 48
      0
      because it should.

      no, if you please - the British were sent to recapture the cannons captured by the Cossacks.

      there is such a concept: "golden bridge", if when you heard about this
  13. fan1945
    fan1945 6 November 2014 20: 20
    0
    I cannot stop wondering at the unprovoked rudeness and aggression at the Forum.
    In my amateurish, similar topics are discussed at least somehow interested in history.
    These questions do not bother my environment and therefore I go where there are "kindred" souls. I don’t know a lot. Therefore, I develop with interest and benefit for the mind with a knowledgeable
    audience. It's good when you have to solve a problem together. Someone always knows
    or knows how, or keeps more than others and shares knowledge ...
    Therefore, I welcome benevolence (at least neutrality). People tend to make mistakes, make mistakes. Therefore. Do not judge strictly!
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 7 November 2014 02: 11
      0
      don't stop ...

      I didn’t notice any special attempts to figure it out - they began with a reprint of English propaganda. continued the same.
      in the one they ran into - he wrote right away, with knowledge of the matter and in essence. briefly though.

      the British believe that they suffered a Pyrrhic defeat there (in an attack by a light brigade).

      since when did the word "lie", in contrast to "Steam" and "BAZAR", be regarded as obscene? in my opinion you are inadequate, sir ...
  14. fan1945
    fan1945 6 November 2014 20: 51
    0
    Quote: Kassandra
    who apologize, so you need ...
    the story is much simpler - English aristocrats were led into a model fire bag and more than halved
    do not worry about the battery - it was Turkish, captured a little earlier, and all of its captured guns were prepared by the Russians themselves to be sent to the rear.



    SOMETHING, don't understand? Why should I apologize! Did I say a rude word?
    The story is both simple and complex. It's amazing how, given their multiple numerical and tactical advantage, the Russians did not hit the "light brigade". How did they manage to leave
    leftovers?
    This is where the difficulties begin. Why, why having such a big advantage
    Russians never managed to achieve VICTORY. And even real Success !?

    And about the guns, you are wrong. These are our guns. Don's 3rd horse battery (unclear
    all confused. Apparently because there was another light horse 12th
    battery).
    And when the "light brigade" broke into the Don (?) Battery, there was an outright panic-sleds with cartridge boxes, together with the Cossack saviors of the 53rd regiment with guns and cartridge boxes, the 12th light horse battery, interspersed with the Cossacks
    1st Ural and two hussar regiments - "luring" the Angles further ... rushed
    to the Tavern Bridge ... (there is such a description of Russian authors) .Oh and TARAM I suppose
    was at the crossing ...
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 7 November 2014 01: 52
      0
      not one of the "reenactors" by the case?

      when there is panic, everyone quits. and when there is no panic, it is not only the legs that take away. and also what the enemy wants.
  15. Floock
    Floock 28 October 2018 15: 14
    0
    Another lieutenant Sharp :)) complained that the British cavalry is good at parades, and on the battlefield it is a poorly managed unstable unit.
    PS Although Sharpe, in principle, did not like cavalry ...