Military Review

Battle of the WTO

Battle of the WTO

It seems that the representatives of the American business have invented a new sanctions punishment for Moscow. A public hearing on Russia's participation in the World Trade Organization was held at the US Trade Representation (USTR, the official body that oversees the country's foreign trade policy).
Izvestia cites Cecilia Klein, Managing Director for USTR accession to the WTR. According to her, “a number of representatives of business associations said that Russia is not fulfilling its obligations under the WTO and, in particular, therefore should be excluded.” The second possible scenario for the development of events is the early termination of the seven-year transition period, which presupposes Russia's preferences in order to mitigate the economic shock from joining the WTO.

American steelmakers, pharmaceutical monsters, as well as representatives of the telecommunications business are among the zaoopershchik of the next world-trading “run over” to the Russian economy. In particular, the President of the Association of North American Steel Manufacturers (AISI) Thomas Gibson and the head of the Association of Steel Manufacturers (SMA) Philip Bell saw the dominance of state-owned companies in the metallurgical industry of the Russian Federation. This, in their opinion, violates the competitive environment, forcing "US steel companies to compete in the market against foreign countries, not companies." It is difficult to understand which companies with state participation in the metallurgical sector. Except for those where the state acts as a minority shareholder. For example, in the world's largest producer of titanium, VSMPO-Avisma, the state owns only a blocking package.

Another claim by American steel makers (joined by overseas pharmacists and representatives of the IT sector) is worded more clearly. The Russian Federation is accused of still not acceding to the WTO agreement on government procurement. “The signing of this agreement is a necessary condition for the lifting of restrictions for American business to enter this large market. In 2012, the public procurement sector was about $ 430 billion, ”AISI and SMA executives lament over lost profits.

Representatives of PhRMA are particularly upset by the legalized preference for Russian and Belarusian manufacturers at federal and municipal auctions. They are not covered by the 15 percent discount. The fact is that according to the decision of the Ministry of Economic Development, if a foreign producer becomes the winner of the bidding, he must make a discount in 15% of the price offered by him.

It is worth noting that adherence to the public procurement agreement is one of two conditions, the fulfillment of which is not necessary when joining the WTO. Nevertheless, the Russian authorities have already promised our trading partners to enter into negotiations on this issue. Thus, American business wants to punish Russia for a non-existent offense.

Vice-President of the Federation of National Milk Producers of the United States, Shona Morris, also reminded USTR officials that "Russian sanctions on products from the United States and other major importing countries, imposed purely for political reasons, violate WTO laws." At the same time, Mrs. Morris, for understandable reasons, chose to keep modestly silent that Russia's actions were of a purely reactive nature. That is, they became a response to the sanctions war unleashed by Washington and Brussels against Moscow. Not to mention that the 21-I article of the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) permits the use of any restrictive measures for reasons of national security.

It should be noted that, in contrast to metallurgists and pharmacists, the remaining American exporters did not “pick out the raisins from the bun” called “Russia's accession to the WTO” during this meeting. Indirectly recognizing that the tariff "denial" of the Russian market, arranged by our home-grown liberals, in general, opens the way to the enrichment of American producers. So, "positive changes" noted in the US Council on spirits. In turn, the absence of complaints about Russia from the rest of the business community suggests that the “American bees” will probably buzz a little more in the anti-Russian vein, but they will hardly refuse the “Russian honey”. At the very least, functionaries from the USTR urge not to take complaints from individual entrepreneurs too seriously.

The nature of claims to Russia by the United States confirms that Russian raw materials companies lobbied for Russia's accession to the WTO, said Vasily Koltashov, head of the Center for Economic Research at the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements.

“In the conditions when problems in the world economy are growing like a snowball, our entry into the WTO provides additional insurance for export-oriented Russian raw materials corporations in foreign markets. In the sense that their products are to some extent protected from unfair competition. It should also be borne in mind that these budget-forming companies are the main targets for sanctions pressure from the West. In the process of bargaining with Russia about the lifting of sanctions, our raw materials will play a decisive role, given the proportion of their representatives in the ruling establishment.

In the event of an early termination of the transition period, Russia will be in the WTO on the position of Ukraine with all the ensuing consequences. Let me remind you, Kiev joined this organization back in 2011, on terms that can hardly be called anything other than capitulatory. But no one will completely exclude our country from the WTO. This would be a blow to the World Trade Organization itself, which is experiencing a severe crisis.

"SP": - Before the West launched a trade war against us, the Russian authorities vowed to fight protectionism. The situation has changed, but the expectations remain?

- The United States and its allies are themselves to blame for not leaving us any other choice. In fact, they forced the Kremlin to return to protectionist policies. However, the US and the EU are doing the same. Claims of US steel companies reflect their real problems. It would be strange if they were not in conditions of a sanctioned confrontation, when normal trade and financial relations between Russia and the United States are not just called into question, but almost completely destroyed. In addition, competition in the global steel market has intensified.

Naturally, American companies would like to press Russian business. At the same time, the WTO is a tool that at the very least protects Russian metallurgists. As a matter of fact, it is almost the only industry that has benefited from the entry of our country into the world trade club. Even the oil and gas complex cannot be counted among the obvious beneficiaries. Moreover, our energy companies were confident that hydrocarbon prices would not fall. For them, the WTO is just an extra safety net.

"SP": - Washington will ignore the concerns of their metallurgists and pharmacists, or gratefully grab for another reason to accuse Russia of all serious?

- Options can be very different. Most likely, the Americans will try to increase pressure on our country. And the claims of American business are absolutely far-fetched. The fact is that we do not have a single state-owned steel company.

"SP": - If we leave out of our brackets quite successful, even in a low raw materials market, how will the possible exclusion of Russia from the WTO affect the economy?

- For companies operating in the domestic market, this would be a gift. By pushing our state to more decisive protectionist policies and the development of domestic demand. That, in turn, would support the domestic market afloat, moreover, would allow us to change our one-sided raw material model. At the same time, the diversification of the economy would allow Russia to feel more confident in geopolitical butting with the West.

Another thing is that for our commodity business and its lobbyists, Western sanctions, retaliatory measures on our part and the oppression connected with the WTO are extremely undesirable and painful.

"SP": - It turns out that the US State Department is interested in relaying at the WTO level the concerns of its business in order to increase pressure on the Russian elites?

- In an effort to "punish" Russia, the American authorities can use any, sometimes completely ridiculous argument. Russian metallurgical companies, probably, enjoy protection from the state, but not more than their overseas competitors. But no one in the States will understand the real facts. The main thing is to continue to put pressure on Russia in the context of a neglected negotiation process.

"SP": - Explain what I mean.

- This concerns the conditions for the termination of debilitating sanctions battles. To a large extent, Vladimir Putin’s meetings with Angela Merkel, Dmitry Medvedev and John Kerry, and negotiations at the G-20 meeting in the USA were devoted to this. This includes the upcoming G20 summit in Australia. In general, a whole series of international events during which the Ukrainian crisis will be discussed, as well as the war of sanctions, which takes place between Russia and Western countries.

If, under pressure from American steel companies, Russia is excluded from the WTO, all representatives of the Russian real sector will have to throw off a monument to American metallurgists, senior analyst at Rik-Trust Vladislav Zhukovsky notes with some irony.

- It would be hard to imagine a bigger gift from our “Beaters”. It is safe to say that in this case, American raw materials capital would have done much more for the Russian economy than all the Russian cabinet ministers combined.

"SP": - Most likely, the miracle will not happen, and "busts in the American homeland of heroes" will not be installed.

- We were once again convinced that only raw materials, export-oriented and low-conversion sectors of the economy could benefit from joining the WTO. First of all, petrochemistry, oil refining, oil and gas and metallurgical complex, partly forest industry, as well as fertilizer producers.

All other industries were put on the sidelines. First of all, we are talking about high-tech manufacturing industries with a high proportion of value added. They were among the losers due to their low competitiveness and unequal conditions of competition. In terms of availability of credit resources, growth rates of tariffs of natural monopolies and low levels of state support. The net loss of our economic entities from joining the WTO over two years, according to my calculations, is approximately 120 billion dollars.

The outflow of investments, the industrial recession, the decline in entrepreneurial activity are explained not so much by sanctions or the fall in energy prices, but rather by Russia's accession to the WTO on absolutely enslaving conditions. What naturally led to the exhaustion of this parasitic resource-raw model of economic growth without development.

Naturally, nobody speaks about Russia's losses in a whole number of key sectors in the West. No one cares about the problems of our engineering, machine tools, instrument engineering. In this part, we are applauded for the fact that we ourselves "threw the log under the wheels," conserving our own technological backwardness and raw material dependence. And where we could potentially get some kind of income (due to the relatively low cost of labor and energy), we are trying to twist our arms. Say, no benefits, guarantees and preferences to exporters should not be. This policy of double standards derives from the logic of competition.

"SP": - What are the chances of Russia to protect their interests at the judicial platforms of the WTO?

- Absolutely none. This structure was originally created as the US toolkit for the neo-colonial enslavement of the countries of the world periphery in the interests of large Western financial and industrial capital. In such a fight, the strongest always wins. If you have a banking system ten times weaker than in America, and in terms of technology you lag behind the West by decades, then you will find yourself in the “whipping boys” position in the world trading ring. That is, in the role of an eternal loser, due to which more developed players develop.

Valentin Katasonov, a professor at the Department of International Finance at MGIMO, recalls that attempts to speak to Russia in the language of force always led not to surrender, but to the opposite result.

- As a rule, this had a mobilizing influence on our political class and, accordingly, on the Russian economy. If the West had not introduced economic sanctions against the USSR, Stalin might not have begun to industrialize. Accordingly, we would not have been able to prepare for World War II. Those people who are pushing the governments of Western countries to toughen the sanctions campaign against Russia are simply deprived of reason or are guided by short-term corporate and personal interests. Sometimes Russia is saved by the fact that our geopolitical opponents lose their mind.

"SP": - Should we rely on the insanity of the Anglo-Saxons, waiting for the salutary exile from the WTO, or is it better to be proactive?

- I would suggest another option. The process of excluding the United States from this structure should be initiated within the WTO. According to statistics, the United States and the United Kingdom are two countries that more often than all other WTO members introduce so-called “unilateral sanctions”. And this is contrary to the basic principles of this organization and international law.

According to the UN, at the beginning of the “zero” years, the United States imposed sanctions against countries in which 52% of the world's population lived. What is this “single world market” if more than half of the world's inhabitants are under sanctions? It turns out that America acts as the main disrupter of world trade.

"SP": - Given that the WTO was created to promote the interests of American capital, the exclusion of the United States is out of the question.

- But in a purely political and propaganda sense, such an action would have a positive effect. And after our proposal is rejected, we can (and will even be obliged to) withdraw from the WTO. If Americans are planning to cancel the grace period, then this is a great formal reason to exit. Because it will mean a violation of the agreements reached at entry.

Enough data have been accumulated that speak eloquently about how much it cost Russia to join the WTO. As for the sanctions, it is the losses of European manufacturers who have lost access to the Russian market. On the other hand, they can be regarded as the profits that our producers will receive.

"SP": - Why are our authorities so torn into a structure, membership in which brings even more losses than a direct trade embargo?

- Our "fifth column" tried. These are purely political reasons. At the stage of negotiations on Russia's accession to the WTO, it was clear who lobbied for this adventure.

"SP": - Experts called the Russian metallurgists almost the main beneficiaries of our membership in the WTO.

- Here I would argue. Yes, Alexey Mordashov (General Director of OAO Severstal - approx. Ed.) Constantly spoke. He just did not take into account one thing: some estimates show that Russian metallurgy also suffered losses from joining the WTO. Do not forget that this is energy-intensive production. And the rules of this organization require that domestic energy prices reach the world level. In fact, this was the main competitive advantage of our metallurgy.

"SP": - Really economists and analysts could not calculate the consequences that lie on the surface?

“Unfortunately, our oligarchs from metallurgy are not independent people. In Russia, it is impossible to create a business and become an oligarch. Those who are loyal and obedient are appointed to this “post”. Most likely, metallurgical tycoons were simply lowered from above the distribution list to promote the WTO, even if it is in fact unprofitable for them. And if you raise a "riot on the ship" and tell the truth, then you will be charged with "red flags". Then you can not just stop being an oligarch, but also turn into an inmate.

"SP": - Returning to the demarche of American business, how fair are the accusations against Russian state-owned companies that allegedly violate the principles of free competition.

- This is from the series "whose cow would moo ...". American business has an advantage that their competitors do not have. I mean cheap money. Like it or not, before the printing press of the Fed, American companies are at hand. This is, of course, not about small business, but about the largest transnational corporations. Freshly printed dollars they get almost free.

"SP": - But after all, the Fed formally is a conglomerate of private banks that are not related to the state.

- It does not matter, public or private. The main thing is that TNCs have such a preference. Despite the fact that the Fed is a private structure, it almost monopolized the state function. In fact, the money should be issued by the state.

"SP": - Our exporters are accused of dumping, which is largely due to natural causes - due to the depreciation of the ruble.

- Americans consider it as currency dumping. In fact, its beneficiaries are industries that are associated with the supply of raw materials for export. The Russian authorities talk a lot about import substitution, but with a falling ruble exchange rate, one can only dream about it. As, thus, the backward raw structure of economy is preserved. It turns out that the export of oil and natural gas is subsidized at the expense of other sectors of the economy. And the surplus value is redistributed in favor of exporters. At the same time, the processing high-conversion Russian industry is becoming a hostage to the low exchange rate of the ruble. A stable normal exchange rate of the ruble is needed by everyone, except exporters - consumers, the real sector.

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  1. Denis fj
    Denis fj 24 October 2014 18: 22
    Whether they entered the WTO or left, little has changed, like a mmm scam you need to buy, otherwise you don’t see big money, and we believed in the promise of a cunning plan prepared by our corrupt and their henchmen of the West, a trap backed by a contract that was initially not a profitable dummy, many smart our economists, shouting no need to give the promise of the dairy river, so we remember. which advertisements praised the TV channel, we were brained, now excuse me, it turned out as always they sold the fake document a legal obligation, they deceived Russia once again, now they have nailed another big collar to our neck, pull it once or twice, Americans from far away mock at us.
    1. herruvim
      herruvim 24 October 2014 18: 35
      Lady, Signore, Frau, Miss, unfortunately, nothing will come of it ... Rousseau is a tourist! Looks like morality! Fershteyn?
    2. Giant thought
      Giant thought 24 October 2014 18: 43
      The benefits of withdrawing from the WTO will be more for Russia than negative.
      1. 1812 1945
        1812 1945 24 October 2014 22: 17
        Quote: Giant thought
        The benefits of withdrawing from the WTO will be more for Russia than negative.

        Having lost their hair, they don’t cry. Having embarked on a vicious path in the early nineties, Russia must endlessly struggle with the costs of a fatal mistake. The USSR was not supposed to end its existence with decay. The changes were to be accompanied by the return of what was lost in 1917! But this is another topic ... As for the WTO, Koltashov is right: to raise the question of the exclusion of those constantly violating the WTO charter - the United States and Great Britain. The main thing is resonance. I talked about the need for such steps with respect to the United States, bearing in mind the submission to the UN for the question of expelling the United States from the UN Security Council - as the aggressor guilty of unleashing most wars of the second half of the XNUMXth century and the beginning of the XNUMXst century, as the state organizing coups in many countries and sponsoring terrorism. The offensive information war begins with this, and not with the miserable helpless babble of excuses from our diplomats and reverence to the so-called opposition in Russia itself. But victories on the fronts of the information war will determine all the other changes for the better for Russia in the world.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Siberian German
      Siberian German 24 October 2014 19: 23
      yes damn let's collect the dough and give a bribe to this as there cecilia - if only expelled from there
  2. Funnels
    Funnels 24 October 2014 18: 26
    If only expelled.
  3. IAlex
    IAlex 24 October 2014 18: 34
    After the sanctions, it turned out that the American rip-off like the WTO cannot give us anything, God forbid that we should be kicked out of there as soon as possible ...
    1. m13urah1
      m13urah1 25 October 2014 13: 09
      Quote: IAlex
      After the sanctions, it turned out that the American rip-off like the WTO cannot give us anything, God forbid that we should be kicked out of there as soon as possible ...

      It was clear a long time ago. Read Andrei Petrovich Parshev "Why Russia is not America." The book is a hundred years old at lunch, but now everything is coming true slowly.
  4. lidiy
    lidiy 24 October 2014 18: 40
    "At the stage of negotiations on Russia's accession to the WTO, it was clear who lobbied for this adventure."
    And who was it? Clarify who knows.
    1. Oldwiser
      Oldwiser 24 October 2014 22: 04
      Gaidar and his team
  5. vsoltan
    vsoltan 24 October 2014 18: 40
    Such a comment: Lord, let them soon expel us from the WTO ....!
    10 years ago, it was clear to us that the WTO ..... to the Red Army / I don’t quote the first part of the saying, everyone knows. Get out, Democrats and crooks. Let's figure it out!
  6. lidiy
    lidiy 24 October 2014 19: 20
    "It is worth noting that joining the PPA is one of two conditions, the fulfillment of which is not necessary when joining the WTO. However, the Russian authorities have already promised our trading partners to enter into negotiations on this matter."
    Comrades! So after all, our liberal officials will surrender us again. It’s their main profit, they don’t think about the country.
  7. Styx
    Styx 24 October 2014 19: 34
    Is there hope for exclusion from the WTO? I'm afraid to jinx it, 3 r.t.
  8. 3vs
    3vs 24 October 2014 19: 43
    РќР ° РґРѕ РёРЅРёС † РёРёСЂРѕРІР ° ть РёСЃРєР »СЋС З РµРЅРёРµ С € тР° С‚РёС € РєРѕРІ Рё Р ° РЅРіР» РёС ‡ Р ° РЅ РёР · Р'Р.
    And if the people do not agree, then they themselves "proudly" come out of it.
    РЎР ° РјРё РІР »СЏРїР ° Р» РёСЃСЊ РІ Р'РўРћ, СЃР ° РјРёРј Рё РѕС‚РјС ‹РИР ° ться РѕС‚ него.
    1. m13urah1
      m13urah1 25 October 2014 13: 21
      Quote: 3vs
      РќР ° РґРѕ РёРЅРёС † РёРёСЂРѕРІР ° ть РёСЃРєР »СЋС З РµРЅРёРµ С € тР° С‚РёС € РєРѕРІ Рё Р ° РЅРіР» РёС ‡ Р ° РЅ РёР · Р'Р.
      And if the people do not agree, then they themselves "proudly" come out of it.
      РЎР ° РјРё РІР »СЏРїР ° Р» РёСЃСЊ РІ Р'РўРћ, СЃР ° РјРёРј Рё РѕС‚РјС ‹РИР ° ться РѕС‚ него.

      Who else would give us this. All those in the West who make such statements are simply not aware of the cause and effect. But their owners know these causes and consequences very well, and those of our traitors who were able to drag us into the WTO will now be able to prevent us from carrying out such initiatives.
  9. -СтрР° РЅРЅРёРє-
    -СтрР° РЅРЅРёРє- 24 October 2014 19: 54
    Can’t we even go out ourselves? am Then what are we waiting for? There is more harm than good from the WTO! fool
    1. Steel loli
      Steel loli 24 October 2014 20: 23
      So ask Putin: why did he lobby the WTO and why does he really need it now?

      Wang, that under this president, we will not get out of any WTO.
      1. m13urah1
        m13urah1 25 October 2014 13: 30
        Your mistake is that you consider the presidents to be the top of power. Just as Obama does not rule America, so Putin does not rule Russia. I am sure that if Putin had all the power, he would have died long ago of a cerebral hemorrhage, or crashed on something (he’s an extreme lover in our country) or a "successful" attempt would have happened. With our tsars, like Paul, Alexander III or Stalin, this is exactly what happened, after which the policy of Russia made a sharp political turn. Now the owners of the Fed know that the elimination of Putin will not change anything, so he sits, smiling - alive and well. The whole struggle is under the carpet and we do not see it and will never see it.
      2. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 25 October 2014 14: 15
        Quote: Steel Loli
        So ask Putin: why did he lobby the WTO and why does he really need it now?
        Wang, that under this president, we will not get out of any WTO.

        LOW ...
        You don’t know the topic of joining the WTO.
        It is necessary to ask not Putin, but the LADY, because six months before the end of his presidency, he "managed to join" the Russian Federation in the WTO.
        Georgia was a traditional opponent of Russia's admission to the WTO, and what is characteristic is that it was the United States who volunteered to "persuade" Georgia not to create obstacles. The owner persuades the six !!! What is it for???
        And the fact that the USA and the liberal DAM bloc were in a hurry because they understood that if Putin won the election, Russia would not join the WTO.
        The procedure for withdrawing from the WTO is arranged so that those who initiate withdrawal from the WTO will have to pay huge penalties to the organization. It’s the same as in the Blathath - the entrance is the ruble, the exit is a hundred.
        Therefore, you need to go out very tactfully. Fortunately, due to the meekness of the United States, the Russian Federation has a reason to leave this scam, you just need to use it wisely. And it seems to me that our analysts are now very closely working on this.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. Andrea
    Andrea 24 October 2014 20: 24
    Complete paragraph-case crown.
  11. siberalt
    siberalt 24 October 2014 20: 30
    The WTO is generally the most murky sphere. For 19 years, they fiddled with the introduction, and then entered into a "fire order" without reading the texts of the agreements. This is done in one case, when something fundamental was conceded. And that Rosmiya does not even have its own bank of issue. And the one that is, raised the price of the dollar without any rules. Here is the whole WTO for you.
  12. gunter_laux
    gunter_laux 24 October 2014 20: 42
    Is there life on Mars, is there no life ... It seems that they started a vagabond with the WTO in vain, broke with a thumbs up, and what in the end? It seems that this whole idea went to dust! As today's youth expresses: they threw them like villagers of villagers!
  13. Tanechka-clever
    Tanechka-clever 24 October 2014 20: 57
    ".. This structure was originally created as a toolkit of the United States for the neo-colonial enslavement of the countries of the world periphery in the interests of large Western financial and industrial capital. In such a struggle, the strongest always wins. If your banking system is tens of times weaker than in America, and in terms of technological level if you are decades behind the West, then in the world-trade ring you will find yourself in the position of "whipping boys." That is, in the role of an eternal loser, due to which more developed players develop ... "

    The WTO is a US project - as a tool for enslaving and absorbing the economies of other countries. Therefore, the question of the exclusion of the USA sounds attractive, but also ....
    Rather, the WTO, and then the UN, will fall apart before the US is expelled. Rather, they will do it because there are more "jumping" in front of them than we see.
  14. Oldwiser
    Oldwiser 24 October 2014 22: 10
    Dear VO website visitors! Are you not impressed by the fact that the Eurasian Economic Union is also built on the "principles of the WTO" - "freedom of circulation of people, services and capital"?
    1. 1goose3
      1goose3 24 October 2014 22: 33
      What does the principle have to do with it? Under the same principles, but with different rules, there will be not the WTO, but the EAEU. For comparison, all states are created and exist on the same principle, but internal rules and laws make them different.
      So let's not be a la la. Sorry for being rude.
    2. opus
      opus 24 October 2014 22: 45
      Quote: OldWiser
      is it based on the "principles of the WTO" - "freedom of circulation of people, services and capital"?

      WTO principles are somewhat different:
      Equal rights. All WTO members are required to provide all other members with the most-favored-nation trade (MFN) regime.
      Reciprocity. All concessions in easing bilateral trade restrictions should be reciprocal, eliminating the "free rider problem".
      Transparency. WTO members must fully publish their trade rules and have bodies responsible for providing information to other WTO members []
      Safety valves In some cases, the government is able to impose trade restrictions.

      EAEU is nevertheless closer to the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

      or Benelux (political, economic and customs union in Western Europe)

      I’ll explain that in the EAEU there are at least no duties (but only the national VAT), in the WTO there are duties (albeit unified), in the EAEU there is one certificate (and standards), in the WTO there is no, etc.
    3. tanit
      tanit 25 October 2014 07: 14
      Would you like to go to Belarus or Kazakhstan on a visa? Yes, the customs union solved this problem (moreover, it solved how it would become a problem). Eurasian - a logical continuation. For example - try to make a money transfer from Russia to Tashkent and try - to any city in Kazakhstan. Understand the difference. hi
      1. opus
        opus 25 October 2014 12: 25
        Quote: tanit
        Would you like to go to Belarus or Kazakhstan on a visa?

        Well, nothing to do with the visa.
        Here is a list of the countries of the Commonwealth, in relation to whose citizens a visa-free regime with the right to work is valid in Russia:

        - Azerbaijan,
        - Armenia,
        - Belarus,
        - Moldova,
        - Kazakhstan,
        - Kyrgyzstan,
        - Tajikistan,
        - Uzbekistan,
        - Ukraine. / For the time being, but already men with "potential" are not from the DPR, LPR are being closed /

        Citizens of these states do not need a visa and they have the right to stay on the territory of the Russian Federation for 90 days.

        Quote: tanit
        . For example - try to make a money transfer from Russia to Tashkent and try - to any city in Kazakhstan.

        I won’t say anything about private traders (RF-Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan), but here is a legal entity (that is ruble, that is tenge, that is hard): there is no difference between Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Germany, the USA.
        Over 50000ue-Contract, invoice, transaction passport, supporting documents (DT, bill of lading SMR, certificate) = all through the control of the HVAC bank (and essno CB)
        to 50000ue, all the same, but the PS does not need to be opened.

        ================================================== =====
        But goods from Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (or vice versa) imported into (from) the territory of the Russian Federation. These are two big differences, like product certification (OTTS, DS, certificate of conformity)
  15. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 25 October 2014 04: 54
    "A number of representatives of business associations said that Russia is not fulfilling its obligations under the WTO and, in particular, therefore, should be excluded."

    Why the hell did Russia get into this WTO? Indeed, many experts and politicians warned that joining the WTO would bring more disadvantages than advantages for Russia. As long as there is an opportunity, we need to leave this pro-American organization ourselves. While they are "scratching their turnips", how to exclude us, we will show them a fig.
  16. poultopwar
    poultopwar 25 October 2014 04: 57
    From the WTO, only a huge harm !!!
    1. Prager
      Prager 27 October 2014 15: 37
      I agree with your every word! We still have a chance to join this dubious club. as well as a sensible article, thanks to the author. with pleasure I plus.