Military Review

Artillery of the Korean People’s Army. Part of 2. Self-propelled guns

21
The first SAUs in the KPA were Soviet SU-76, from 75 to 91 units of which were supplied from the USSR before the start of the Korean War. Thus, there was a self-propelled artillery division (12 light self-propelled artillery SU-76 76-mm with Gun) in each shelf artillery North infantry division. However, for the most part, SU-76 did not survive the war.


Artillery of the Korean People’s Army. Part of 2. Self-propelled guns



Battered SU-76 KPA


During the war, anti-tank SU-100 was supplied from the USSR. There is evidence that the USSR supplied and heavy 122-mm self-propelled guns of the ISU-122, but who exactly - the KPA or the Chinese People's Volunteers, and how much - is unknown.


Heavy ACS IMS-122


Are there any armed KPA SU-76 and ISU-122, just can not say, however, given that the SU-100 still is in service, we can with some confidence say that they were, or mobilization warehouses or used as firing points in the fortification strip near the DMZ or in the coastal defense system.

In 1966, the DPRK ordered and in 1967-1968 years. Received 200 airborne systems ASU-57, decommissioned from the USSR. In what condition they are now, I do not know, probably also in the warehouses of the mobilization reserve.


Airborne self-propelled installation ACS-57


The great success of the military leadership of North Korea should be recognized as the transfer of about 60% of the Soviet artillery barreled artillery to tracked self-propelled chassis, which provides good mobility to artillery units and units. The Sinhun armored personnel carrier VTT-323 (with the installation of a 122 mm D-30 howitzer), the Toccheon chassis based on the ATS-59 Soviet medium artillery tractor (with the installation of a 122 mm howitzer based on the M-30, are used as such chassis) 122 mm D-74 guns, 130 mm M-46 guns and 152 mm D-20 howitzer guns) and the Juche-po armored chassis based on the medium tank "Cheonma-ho" - copies of the Soviet T-62 (with the installation of, for example, 122-mm gun D-74).

Domestic industry has created original samples of self-propelled artillery - 120-mm self-propelled howitzers-mortars (on the chassis of the North Korean BTR VTT-323) and long-range 170-mm self-propelled guns of high power "Koksan" (the name assigned in the West; on the chassis of the Chinese medium tank " type 59 "and a modified highway such as" Juche-po "). The latter have become a worthy answer to the American 175-mm М107 self-propelled guns and 203-mm М110 self-propelled howitzers of South Korea.

Currently, the North Korean self-propelled guns park is estimated by experts in 4400 units, together with 3500 7 900 is towed guns, apart from anti-tank, the warehouses and the mobilization reserve RKKG. Total KPA artillery fleet is estimated at 10 400 units, 8 000 of which is located near the demilitarized zone near the border with South Korea.

Consider samples of North Korean SAU:

- 120-mm self-propelled howitzer-mortar "M-1992" (all names are Western, for the year of the first appearance of guns at parades), similar to the Soviet SAO 2С9 "Nona-S" and has a combat mass of about 15 tons. The maximum firing range is presumably 7-8 km mine, 8-9 km OFS;





- 122-mm self-propelled howitzer "M-1974" crawler "Tokchon" on the basis of Soviet medium-ATS-59 prime mover, artillery piece - the trunk 122-mm Howitzer M-30 or its Chinese copy "Type-54" with a muzzle brake , as on the D-30 howitzer, mounted in a wheelhouse open at the top and rear, covered with side armor plates;



- 122-mm self-propelled howitzer "M-1977" on the chassis of the North Korean armored personnel carrier "Sinhun" VTT-323. The artillery unit is an X-NUMX-mm howitzer D-122, mounted in a wheelhouse open at the top and rear, covered with side armor plates. There is evidence that the self-propelled howitzer was exported to African countries, but it is not known where exactly;





- its further development was the 122-mm self-propelled howitzer "M-1985" on the same chassis with 4 MANPADS additionally installed on the slewing devices. (Honestly, I hardly understand why so many at once. Well, one or two missiles in the laying are still back and forth, given the global technical backlog aviation - from the sky they will nail strongly. But a special slewing ring? Moreover, in the immediate vicinity of the muzzle brake ... I can’t even vouch for the serviceability of the missiles if the gun fires. So here are some of my thoughts, inaccessible to me. On the march fight off in dozens of rockets, or what?);





- 122-mm self-propelled gun "M-1981" on tracked chassis "Tokchon" based on the Soviet medium artillery tractor ATS-59, artillery part - barrel 122-mm gun D-74 or its Chinese copy of "Type 60" installed in the open above and behind the wheelhouse, covered by side armor plates;




122-mm self-propelled gun "M-1981" in the KPA Museum


Well, of course, the North Koreans could not help but create a version with MANPADS, this time with two.





- 122-mm self-propelled gun "M-1991" on the armored chuche-po chassis based on the medium tank Chonma-ho - copies of the Soviet T-62, and the gun was already installed in the rear-mounted rotating armored turret;







- 130-mm self-propelled gun "M-1975" on tracked chassis "Tokchon" based on the Soviet medium artillery tractor ATS-59, artillery part-130 mm gun M-46 or its Chinese clone "Type 59", installed open on a rotary platform . The funny thing is that with such an unwise decision, the designers “hit the air” and created a completely modern machine according to the integral characteristics. It is also interesting, where the machine hit the frame: this picture refers to the period of 1998-2000 years and made in East Africa, where ACS was used during the Eritrean-Ethiopian War. Honestly, I can not even tell which side of the front line, she fought, but given the support of Eritreans from Western countries - I think that is likely, M1975 fought for Ethiopians;



- 130-mm self-propelled gun "M-1991" on a tracked chassis "Tokchon" on the basis of the Soviet medium artillery tractor ATS-59, artillery part - 130 mm gun M-46 or its Chinese clone "Type 59" installed in the open top and rear wheelhouse, covered by side armor plates.







- 130-mm self-propelled gun "M-1992" crawler "Tokchon" on the basis of exchange-59 Soviet medium artillery tractor, artillery unit - 130-mm coastal artillery system SM-4-1, set in an open top and rear of the cabin, covered by side armor plates. Most likely, this weapon is used in coastal artillery;






130-mm self-propelled gun "M-1991" in the museum stories KPA


Option with two MANPADS.



- 152-mm self-propelled gun-howitzer "M-1977" crawler "Tokchon" on the basis of Soviet medium artillery tractor ATS-59, artillery unit - 152 mm gun-howitzer D-20 or Chinese clone "type 66", set in the open at the top and behind the wheelhouse, covered with side armor plates;






152-mm self-propelled howitzer gun "M-1985" in the KPA History Museum


- 152-mm self-propelled gun-howitzer "M-1985" crawler "Tokchon" on the basis of Soviet medium artillery tractor ATS-59, artillery unit - 152 mm gun-howitzer D-20 or Chinese clone "type 66", set in the upper and open wheelhouse, covered with side armor plates.





- X-NUMX-mm self-propelled gun M-170 "Koksan", which is a 1978-mm cannon produced (and supposedly developed) in the DPRK, mounted in an open-type turret on the chassis of a T-170 tank or "54 Type", and also most likely on the basis of the medium tank "Cheonma-ho" - copies of the Soviet T-59. The ACS was first publicly demonstrated at the 62 military parade of the year. The estimated speed is 1985 km / h on the highway with a range of fuel for 40 km. The firing range of conventional shells is up to 300 km, with active-reactive type ammunition - up to 40 km (according to some unconfirmed data, up to 60 km.). "Koksan" is one of the most long-range weapons in the world. M-70 has a low rate of fire: 1978 — 1 shot in 2 minutes, but it fully pays off with its long range. Given the likelihood of the presence of chemical and biological munitions, it’s a strategic weapon!








North Korean leader Kim Jong-un inspects artillery unit armed with "Koksanami"





Seoul's sweet dream ...


30 guns on the chassis of Chinese tanks "Type 59" was delivered to Iran in 1987-1988's. and took part in the Iran-Iraq war. The Iranian "Koksans" delivered a lot of trouble to the Iraqis, because they hit targets from an distance beyond their artillery.






Iranian SAU M-1978 "Koksan" during the Iran-Iraq war


It is known that several of these self-propelled guns were captured or destroyed by Iraqi troops during the capture of the Faw Peninsula in 1988. However, there is evidence that the North Koreans sold "Koksany" to Iraq and Iran. And the Iraqis fired from these guns the oil development of Iran from the Al-Faw Peninsula.




Trophy Iranian ACS "Koksan" captured in 2003 by the Americans


10 "Koksanov" are in service in Iran as of 2010 year.


M170 Koksan 1978-mm ACS at the Iranian parade


The fighting in the Middle East revealed the real shortcomings of the first modifications in combat use: the low rate of fire and the small resource of the barrel, which the North Koreans took into account, creating a new modification:

- 170-mm ACS "M-1989" carrying 12 ammunition shells, made according to the type of Soviet 203-mm self-propelled gun 2С7 "Peony", on a modified armored chuchhe-po armored vehicle based on the medium tank "Chhonma-ho" Soviet T-62.










North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is present at the exercises of the armed part of the armed 170-mm SAU M-1989 "Koksan"


ACS "M 1978" and "M 1989" are deployed by the DPRK troops with batteries for 36 machines, mainly along the Korean demilitarized zone. The guns are usually covered in well-camouflaged concrete structures. The ACS are aimed at Seoul in order to have time to inflict sensitive losses on the enemy capital in the event of a military conflict - good range is sufficient, and the deployment time of self-propelled guns on the prepared positions will make it possible to make several volleys even in conditions of total domination of the enemy in the air. According to the estimates of American analysts, the battalion (division?) Of the "Koksanov" consists of 12 SAU (three batteries) and 20-30 heavy and medium trucks. In such a battalion there are 150-190 soldiers and officers. From 3 to 6, such battalions constitute a separate brigade, which reports directly to the Chosong Yingmin Gong, KPA Artillery Command.


Comparative drawing SAU "M 1978" and "M 1989"


However, in addition to the "Koksanov" and the North Koreans, there is another "surprise" - a giant three-barred recoil with characteristic thickening of the chambers and nozzle apparatuses and allegedly 370 caliber of millimeters. Self-propelled battery on a single chassis ... Why? What is the meaning of it? On sober head to fantasize a tactical niche to this monster does not even work. Functional analogue TOC-1 "Buratino"? With its rate of fire - not funny. Replacing tactical MLRS? More expensive and worse. Delivery vehicle nuclear weapons? The salvo shooting atomic shells is generally monstrous, in the spirit of anti-utopias. No, my mind decisively refuses to recognize it as something other than a propaganda machine for parades and shows.





Here is the Juche. And who against, will be eaten by dogs and shot from premium "Koksana" or a giant kickback, like this North Korean general. Kim Jong-un is guaranteed.



And finally, the video from the North Korean parade. You may notice some interesting patterns from the 2 minutes.



On the materials of the sites:
http://forums.airbase.ru/
http://www.militaryphotos.net/
http://www.militaryparitet.com/
http://shushpanzer-ru.livejournal.com/
http://strangernn.livejournal.com/

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  1. sv68
    sv68 26 October 2014 08: 48
    +6
    Roman, thanks for the review good it’s good that recently such reviews appear on the site more often.
  2. sevtrash
    sevtrash 26 October 2014 10: 02
    +5
    The printed pitch looks cool, especially in women. The Germans also went, in the newsreel I saw a couple of times.
  3. loft79
    loft79 26 October 2014 10: 11
    +3
    Good overview. But it is not said whether the 170-mm self-propelled guns "M-1989" have increased the rate of fire or not? There are no numbers. From the pictures, I could not determine whether there is a loading automation mechanism there or not.

    The fighting in the Middle East revealed the real shortcomings of the first modifications in combat use: the low rate of fire and the small resource of the barrel, which the North Koreans took into account, creating a new modification:
    - 170-mm ACS "M-1989" carrying 12 ammunition shells, made according to the type of Soviet 203-mm self-propelled gun 2С7 "Peony", on a modified armored chuchhe-po armored vehicle based on the medium tank "Chhonma-ho" Soviet T-62.


    If raised to the level of Peony, then buzz.
    1. evgenaleks
      evgenaleks 18 November 2016 16: 38
      0
      Yes, equal the "peony"! but "Kaiya has 203 mm of her own. That finally can be better than a peony - like. Ana PPA type made 175 and 203 American samhodak
  4. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 26 October 2014 10: 13
    +4
    The parade from the side certainly looks impressive. But thank God that I was not born a North Korean and did not become a direct participant in it.
  5. Prager
    Prager 26 October 2014 10: 14
    +4
    praise God that we are not North Koreans! lol
  6. dipqrer
    dipqrer 26 October 2014 11: 14
    +2
    Thanks to the author for his work. An interesting review. Young Kim delivers. smile
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 26 October 2014 13: 22
      -1
      And whoever is against, will be eaten by dogs and shot from a premium "Koksan" or a giant recoilless drive, like this North Korean general. Kim Jong Un guarantees it

      Quote: dipqrer
      Young Kim delivers


      He just burns. Sometimes literally and from a flamethrower ... Full inadequate ...
      Although, what to take from the spoiled bystryuk? ..
      1. evgenaleks
        evgenaleks 18 November 2016 16: 36
        +1
        and not hooliganism at? Wat this. after all, "you" also arali that he killed his wife and pakasti prava her arali and what? yes, nothing is alive and well. how can you believe? say not you! that you are repeating the current. no! after all, you and arali that Yeltsin is a drunk - the same as you and that you will be harash. and the truth is harasho - you have a Chinese campuuter
  7. xomaNN
    xomaNN 26 October 2014 13: 10
    +1
    Very entertaining stuff. Due to the closed nature of the DPRK army, little is known. It was interesting about the ultra-long-range guns that keep Seoul in their sights. By the way, in the Russian Federation there are similar artillery systems? Or is it already a missile diocese for a range of more than 50 km?
    1. ybrcfy27
      ybrcfy27 26 October 2014 16: 38
      0
      Peony seems to shoot 47km or 48, I don’t remember, and we have Smerch, Tornado-G with a firing range of 100km, besides, there will soon be Hurricane with the same range and Tornado-S with a range of as much as 200 km
  8. g1lex
    g1lex 26 October 2014 14: 17
    -4
    Kim has a moron's face.
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 26 October 2014 17: 42
      +5
      g1lex "Kim's got a moron's face."
      He prevailed in a fierce battle for power. Now it has established itself and rules for the joy of you.))) Here is the face for you ...)))
    2. samoletil18
      samoletil18 26 October 2014 19: 20
      +4
      Quote: g1lex
      Kim has a moron's face.

      A face, maybe that. But personal power was strengthened immediately and firmly.
  9. Saburo
    Saburo 26 October 2014 18: 00
    0
    Will there be rocket artillery?
  10. Mooh
    Mooh 26 October 2014 21: 11
    0
    Rollback tin! Sorry for the few pictures. I can assume that she shoots with something chemical or bacteriological, probably a cassette plan, in order to cover a serious area with one salvo, such as several blocks. The second salvo was probably not provided, or they wailed and crawled into the shelter to recharge.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 27 October 2014 08: 13
      +3
      Quote: MooH
      I can assume that she shoots with something chemical or bacteriological ...

      Of course, the DPRK has chemical weapons, for example, according to the intelligence of the Republic of Korea, "Zarin" is used to load shells with a caliber of 152 mm or more ... "Soman" is used in cluster warheads of ballistic missiles and aerial bombs. The use of bacteriological agents when equipping ammunition for use on the battlefield is meaningless.
      1. Mooh
        Mooh 27 October 2014 11: 45
        0
        But what if in order to slam the door loudly at parting? Again, we do not know what it shoots with, if it is active-reactive, then maybe not on the battlefield.
  11. odessa_mama
    odessa_mama 27 October 2014 04: 27
    0
    The parade bungled fucking. Impressed specifically. The technique is freshly painted old. There is nothing special. The step was printed, especially by women, in an original way. I can imagine how "fun" life is in S. Korea. I would not like to live there.
  12. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 27 October 2014 08: 27
    0
    In general, North Korea has something to fight.
    I want to supplement the article a little, so dear readers of VO also evaluate who will manage these weapons and military equipment, in which case.

    Korean People's Army (Cor. 조선 인민군 - Joseon Inmingun) - The Army of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The KPA includes: Ground Forces, Air Force and Air Defense Forces, Naval Forces, and also, since 2012, Strategic Missile Forces. The total number of personnel in the army is, according to various estimates, from 850 to 1200 thousand people. In the reserve there are about 4 million people.

    In the DPRK, compulsory military service is in force; citizens are drafted upon reaching the age of 17. Mobilization reserve of 4,7 million people, mobilization resources of 6,2 million people, including 3,7 million people fit for military service.

    The number of ground forces in 2012 is about 1,02 million people. [1] The service life of conscription is 5-12 years.

    The main units of the ground forces: army, corps, division and brigade. The army does not have a permanent composition and is deployed on the basis of army corps. The combat strength of the ground forces includes 20 corps (12 infantry, 4 mechanized, armored, 2 artillery, capital defense), 27 infantry divisions, 15 tank and 14 mechanized brigades, a tactical missile brigade, 21 artillery brigade, 9 brigade missile systems fire missile regiment tactical missiles. It is in service: about 3500 medium and main battle tanks and over 560 light tanks, more than 2500 armored personnel carriers, more than 10400 artillery guns (including 3500 towed and 4400 self-propelled), over 7500 mortars, more than 2500 MLRS, about 2000 ATGM systems, 34 installations of tactical missiles, 30 installations of operational-tactical missiles, 11000 anti-aircraft gun mounts (of which about 3000 in stationary positions), about 10000 MANPADS. [2]

    The DPRK Air Force and Air Defense personnel are about 110 (000 [2008], 14 [2012]). The life of a conscript in the Air Force and Air Defense Forces is 2-3 years

    The criteria for selecting personnel for the DPRK Air Force are higher than those of the ground forces or fleet. In order to pilot a fighter, you will need a high level of education, technical skill, political reliability and ideological views. All pilots are supposed to be members of the Korean Labor Party. Future pilots are trained at the Kim Cha-jek Air Force Academy, located in Cheongjin, and at the pilot's school in Gyeongsong. It is recommended that you take other courses in special schools.

    The DPRK Air Force is allegedly experiencing serious difficulties with the organization of regular training flights for combat pilots. In particular, in 1996, Captain Lee Chul Soo flew to South Korea on an F-6 fighter; According to him, he served in the North Korean Air Force for more than 10 years and during that time flew about 350 hours (for comparison: in the German Air Force the annual flight time of one combat aviation crew was about 150 hours at the beginning of the 2000s [31]). Lee Chul Soo also noted that he was planning to flee at the beginning of the year, but part of it received kerosene for training flights only in the second half of May. [32]
    Источник:https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Корейская_народная_армия#.D0.A1.D0.B8.D0.
    BB.D1.8B_.D1.81.D0.BF.D0.B5.D1.86.D0.B8.D0.B0.D0.BB.D1.8C.D0.BD.D1.8B.D1.85_.D0.
    BE.D0.BF.D0.B5.D1.80.D0.B0.D1.86.D0.B8.D0.B9_.D0.9A.D0.9D.D0.94.D0.A0
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 27 October 2014 08: 28
      +1
      As of 2008, the number of the DPRK Navy was 46 people [000], for 1 2012 [60]. The service life of conscription is 000-2 years.

      Most of the Navy is formed by coast guard forces. The Navy is capable of conducting border defense operations in the coastal zone, offensive and defensive operations, mining, and ordinary raid operations. However, due to the imbalance of the composition of the fleet has limited ability to control sea spaces, restraining actions or the fight against submarines. Over 60% of the DPRK's combat ships are located at forward bases.

      The main task of the Navy is to support the combat operations of the ground forces against the army of South Korea. The Navy is capable of conducting rocket and artillery shelling of coastal targets.

      The DPRK is building its own small and medium-sized submarines, mainly at the Nampo and Wonsan shipyards.

      The Navy command has two fleets subordinate, East and West, consisting of 16 battle groups. Due to its geographical location, there is no exchange of ships between fleets.

      The DPRK Special Operations Forces are the troops of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, designed to carry out special operations.
      The number of special forces of the Korean People’s Army is estimated to range from 88 (the magazine "Foreign Military Review") to 000 (the military department of South Korea) military personnel. Five special tasks are entrusted to special forces:

      conducting reconnaissance and sabotage operations;
      operations in conjunction with the regular armed forces of the KPA;
      the organization of a “second front” in the rear of the army of South Korea and, ultimately, the achievement of strategic superiority;
      counteraction to special operations of military intelligence of the USA and South Korea in the rear areas of the DPRK;
      the fight against anti-government forces within the country and ensuring internal security. [1]
      Structurally, KPA special forces are divided into three categories: light infantry (takes part in combat operations conducted together with company or battalion level units), reconnaissance (as part of separate teams they search for intelligence or targeted information) and sniper units (tasks are the same as the light infantry, but carried out by separate teams). Organizational special forces are represented by 22 (possibly 23) brigades (including two naval landing sniper brigades, one on the east coast and the other on the west coast). The special forces also include 18 separate battalions (17 reconnaissance, including naval and air force reconnaissance battalions, and 1 airborne assault).

      The leadership of the special forces is carried out by two main structures of the DPRK Ministry of People's Armed Forces: the Directorate of the Command of Special Units (central governing structure) and the Intelligence Directorate (the primary intelligence structure that carries out the planning of "penetration operations" and the management of the undercover apparatus)
      Source: https: //ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_national
      I_army

      I ask you to pay attention to the service life, a soldier on a draft. During such a time, you can not only master the entrusted equipment and weapons, but also become a high-level specialist in its application (by the principle you do not know how, we will teach ...).
      So, with these guys, given their incredible endurance and their ability to adapt and survive in the most severe conditions, the jokes are bad. Rarely can such soldiers be found in the world.
      In general, KPA represents a rather serious force. The only type of aircraft KPA, which is relatively underdeveloped, is the Air Force.
      But everything else is ...
      1. wanderer_032
        wanderer_032 27 October 2014 08: 46
        0
        There is a separate discussion about the top political and military leadership, I tried to make the main emphasis in the comments on the personnel of the DPRK Armed Forces themselves, i.e. to the officer corps, sergeant and rank and file.
      2. radar69
        radar69 14 November 2014 17: 52
        0
        Maintaining the Un-Jr regime, scaring the nearest neighbors with nuclear weapons is the main mission of the KPA army.
  13. gross kaput
    gross kaput 28 October 2014 20: 33
    +1
    wanderer but what is the sacred meaning of reposting a Wikipedia article as long as a page?
    Show everyone that you know how to use Google? - I do not understand.
  14. radar69
    radar69 14 November 2014 18: 01
    0
    I was very impressed with the documentary about the parade of the North Korean people's army, greetings to the leader, solemnity. All this was in the past, very recent of our country.
  15. evgenaleks
    evgenaleks 18 November 2016 16: 17
    0
    [b] [/ b] - 3 barrel? here it seems so - shooting NUR - not economically. since there is a lot of gunpowder and the hull needs to be stronger than that of the charge - where can you get by with a cap. 3 barrel rifled? no ! ! ! and exit in recoilless 3 barrel. did everything right.