Military personnel from the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan take part in the training of the CIS air defense units. From the message of the Russian Ministry of Defense:
The training began with the detection by air defense duty personnel in the East European and Central Asian regions of the control targets of a conditional air enemy, the role of which is played by Russian strategic bombers, Tu-160 and Tu-95MS missile carriers, as well as long-range Tu-22M3 bombers aviation Air Force of Russia.
Other units of the military aviation of the CIS countries are also involved in the maneuvers. These are the MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27 aircraft, as well as helicopters of various classes. All these airplanes and helicopters will operate in the airspaces of the CIS countries listed above. In the training involved units of anti-aircraft gunners and radio troops.