Military Review

FPI accepts orders for the development of a "smart" bullet

59
Employees of FPI (Advanced Research Foundation) announce that they are starting work on creating a “smart” bullet. Vitaly Davydov, Deputy Director General of the Foundation for Advanced Studies, in an interview Interfax says that FPI begins consideration of applications from research centers and production associations. Applications for the creation of a project of "smart" bullets will be analyzed, and on their basis, FPI is going to begin work on the creation of guided munitions.


From Vitaly Davydov's interview:
As the firing range increases, the shooter’s ability to correct a bullet’s flight and aim it at the target decreases. At long distances, as well as in certain weather or tactical conditions, the bullet must independently manage its flight. The Foundation has received a number of proposals for the creation of such a bullet. We are working on them.


At the same time, the FPI states that the term “bullet” does not quite fit the new type of ammunition, and therefore, in the process of creating a new object, a new name may be invented for it.

In FPI do not hide the fact that the creation of a bullet potential customer will cost a lot. I would like the funds from customers to go not only to create a new name for the ammunition, but also to ensure that the ammunition really becomes "smart."

On our site has already been discussed options for "smart" bullets. One such option is a self-guided bullet developed in the American national laboratory Sandia.

FPI accepts orders for the development of a "smart" bullet


About it tells the material “Self-guided bullet - a new type of intellectual weapon”.
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  1. vaaaaadik
    vaaaaadik 21 October 2014 13: 36
    +6
    It would have been time to get busy
    1. Giant thought
      Giant thought 21 October 2014 13: 41
      +6
      Be sure to do this development in order to keep up with the leaders.
      1. Andriuha077
        Andriuha077 21 October 2014 14: 13
        0
        Quote: Thought Giant
        keep up with the leaders

        Leaders
      2. Andriuha077
        Andriuha077 21 October 2014 14: 13
        +10
        Quote: Thought Giant
        keep up with the leaders

        Leaders
    2. Juborg
      Juborg 21 October 2014 14: 14
      +5
      Now we start praising this business and nodding our heads to say, "Oh, this is a good thing, it's high time!" But look how many negative reviews were expressed on the previous article. But as soon as we announced this project on a smart bullet, she began to shout "hurray!" So this is still more good and promising than bad !? AND? A smart bullet is primarily an expensive pleasure, a piece goods, and is not intended to be fired right and left. This is primarily a project of one shot from an ultra-long range, one hit guaranteed. Although the question of the price of ammunition remains open, because an expensive rocket will destroy an over-expensive helicopter or ship and another thing is a human bullet or a radar antenna, the price is not comparable. Although the first unitary shells were very expensive. Time will tell.
      1. Army1
        Army1 21 October 2014 17: 28
        0
        Quote: juborg
        Now we start praising this business and nodding our heads to say, "Oh, this is a good thing, it's high time!" But look how many negative reviews were expressed on the previous article. But as soon as we announced this project on a smart bullet, she began to shout "hurray!" So this is still more good and promising than bad !? AND? A smart bullet is primarily an expensive pleasure, a piece goods, and is not intended to be fired right and left. This is primarily a project of one shot from an ultra-long range, one hit guaranteed. Although the question of the price of ammunition remains open, because an expensive rocket will destroy an over-expensive helicopter or ship and another thing is a human bullet or a radar antenna, the price is not comparable. Although the first unitary shells were very expensive. Time will tell.

        ++++ Entirely and completely agree !!!
      2. I read the news
        I read the news 22 October 2014 01: 38
        +1
        "We will not introduce multiple-charge rifles, because soldiers shooting to the right and left will spend a lot of expensive cartridges"
  2. Silumin
    Silumin 21 October 2014 13: 41
    +4
    The question is, how will the bullet perform the correction of the flight path? Using plumage? And how will the target be marked? Any ideas? You can debate.

    And so everything goes to this - high-precision weapons, defeat with the first shot.
    1. orisa87
      orisa87 21 October 2014 14: 03
      +1
      Well, for example, you can highlight the target with a laser, and there’s some kind of optical sensor in the pool. Although I can’t imagine what speed this device should have, the bullet also flies to the target in the best case, probably a little more than a second
      1. Andriuha077
        Andriuha077 21 October 2014 16: 45
        +2
        Quote: orisa87
        what speed should have
        Much smaller than tank ballistic defense systems.
        And by the way. You can’t highlight with a beam: it will arrive.
      2. Ladoga
        Ladoga 21 October 2014 18: 48
        +1
        I agree, although it is not necessary to shine the target with a laser, but there are such lasers, the size of the resonator made of a diamond crystal is only 1-1,5 mm, it may be enough to place an infrared radiation detector at the tip of the bullet. It is also not necessary for such a bullet to have something similar to external rudders (like a rocket), but a change in the center of mass inside the volume of the bullet itself is sufficient with an effect similar to a rapidly rotating raw egg. It is also possible to give additional acceleration to a pool that is losing kinetic energy at the end. Such a high-precision bullet may well be created at a new level of development of microsystem technology and electronics. And it will look like an ordinary bullet with the difference with which the shell from the self-propelled guns MSTA-s looks like a shell from a cannon of the beginning of the XNUMXth century.
      3. bullet
        bullet 21 October 2014 20: 18
        0
        The effective use of this type of weapon against armed formations equipped with modern artillery reconnaissance equipment is hardly possible, since the source of laser radiation will be immediately detected and suppressed by either a more powerful laser or artillery fire.
      4. The comment was deleted.
    2. Juborg
      Juborg 21 October 2014 14: 54
      +1
      Read and watch dear Silumin, materials of the previous article and comments.
  3. Akvadra
    Akvadra 21 October 2014 13: 43
    +4
    An expensive little thing will turn out! A little thing.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. askort154
      askort154 21 October 2014 14: 19
      +2
      Akvadra ..... An expensive little thing will turn out! A little thing.


      Yes! And most likely, the security services serving bankers and oligarchs will be interested in them for their protection and elimination of competitors.
  4. saag
    saag 21 October 2014 13: 44
    +1
    Quote: Silumin
    Using plumage? And how will the target be marked? Any ideas?

    Yes, most likely there will be actuators, I suppose they are marked with a laser, the bullet will be 12,7 mm caliber, for the sniper of the future
    1. Silumin
      Silumin 21 October 2014 13: 49
      0
      It’s clear, but how can one be with goals located behind shelters, for example? Well, for example, so that the bullet dives sharply down to hit the target. So you still need to enter the program mode.

      Of course, weapons with such bullets are not for the mass army, but for accurate shooting at extra long distances, and for fighting enemy snipers
      1. tkhonov66
        tkhonov66 21 October 2014 17: 29
        +4
        "...
        Well, for example, so that a bullet dives sharply down to hit a target
        ..."
        .
        Dark night...
        Only the wind stuck in the wires
        Clever bullet all night across the steppe
        Chasing a soldier ...
        8-)
  5. Walk
    Walk 21 October 2014 13: 45
    +1
    This is nonsense and cut money. From the same opera as combat lasers. The flight of a bullet depends only on the physical laws of ballistics. The bullet does not have an independent propulsion device that would allow changing the trajectory of movement in flight.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 October 2014 13: 51
      +2
      Most guided missiles also do not have an engine
    2. Silumin
      Silumin 21 October 2014 13: 52
      +5
      The bullet does not have an independent mover

      And he is not needed, the bullet flies at a high speed anyway, and since the bullet has a small mass, it is enough to change its aerodynamic properties, for example using plumage, to change its direction of flight.
      1. SPR.ROS
        SPR.ROS 21 October 2014 13: 54
        +2
        without a computer will not pull ... shorter nonsense.
        1. Silumin
          Silumin 21 October 2014 13: 57
          0
          So the fact of the matter is that in a similar American development each microprocessor has a microprocessor that calculates all flight conditions at a given time (up to 30 times per second).
      2. Walk
        Walk 21 October 2014 14: 00
        +2
        Those. Do you propose in a bullet, even a 14.5 caliber, to somehow fit not only the folding plumage, but also a processor that will send commands to change its "aerodynamic properties", and even the mechanism of change itself? I can only wish you luck.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 21 October 2014 14: 13
          +2
          Is this really a problem? To push electronic fuses with remote input of installations into 30-mm shells is a complicated thing
        2. Silumin
          Silumin 21 October 2014 14: 25
          0
          Those. Do you propose in a bullet, even a 14.5 caliber, to somehow fit not only the folding plumage, but also a processor that will send commands to change its "aerodynamic properties", and even the mechanism of change itself? I can only wish you luck.


          Like, you forgot the damaging element (for example, with explosives), but this requires a major breakthrough in our microelectronics.
          And it will not be a bullet, but something similar to a miniature rocket. This is in my opinion.
          1. tkhonov66
            tkhonov66 21 October 2014 17: 45
            +3
            "...
            Like, you forgot the striking element
            ..."
            .
            - Here it is to hit with fragments of the processor and the power source - and we will ...
            8-))
            .
            And battery electrolyte - we equate to chemical weapons ...
        3. tkhonov66
          tkhonov66 21 October 2014 17: 42
          +2
          "...
          Those. You propose in a bullet, even if it’s a caliber of 14.5, to somehow fit not only the folding plumage, but also the processor,
          ..."
          .
          That's just the processor with the least problems.
          They are very thin and very durable from the moment of their birth.
          (ess-but if we consider the processor chip itself - without the case 8-))
          But with rudders and (most importantly!) With energy for these very "rudders" - yes ...
          - the problem ...
          .
          Well, the idea of ​​developers does not stand still.
          .
          I remember that a few times "backwards" - I read about some kind of DARPA development, it was suggested instead of "plumage" - to hang the aerodynamic TIP of the bullet on three piezo crystals and supply them with the CORRECTLY SPHAZED voltage - to force the bullet to "keep the nose on course" - i.e. phasing the deflection of the "bullet nose" with its rotation in flight - to create a constant aerodynamic force that deflects the trajectory of the bullet "in the desired" direction.
          - And the article, as I remember, was called "The bullet twists its nose" ...
          .
          So think gentlemen, think ...
          This is useful!
          8-))
      3. Walk
        Walk 21 October 2014 14: 09
        -1
        Those. Do you propose in a bullet, even a 14.5 caliber, to somehow fit not only the folding plumage, but also a processor that will send commands to change its "aerodynamic properties", and even the mechanism of change itself? I can only wish you luck.
  6. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 21 October 2014 13: 49
    +1
    Have you seen the movie "Hunt for Robots", or what? There were such bullets ...
  7. northerner lech
    northerner lech 21 October 2014 13: 55
    +2
    Quote: Akvadra
    An expensive little thing will turn out! A little thing.

    That's it. Dear little thing for a very expensive goal. The Americans have already thought about using high-tech weapons. It turns out to be too expensive to bomb small groups with expensive ammunition.
  8. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 21 October 2014 14: 00
    +4
    Where the world is heading. This money would be for peaceful construction. crying
    1. Viktor Kudinov
      Viktor Kudinov 21 October 2014 14: 51
      +4
      Than to invent smart bullets, it is better to concentrate on creating smart people. This is more relevant. repeat
      1. sergey261180
        sergey261180 21 October 2014 16: 29
        0
        Quote: Victor Kudinov
        Than to invent smart bullets, it is better to concentrate on creating smart people. This is more relevant.

        I propose to clone Anatoly Wasserman. lol
        1. tkhonov66
          tkhonov66 21 October 2014 17: 57
          0
          "...
          I propose to clone Anatoly Wasserman
          ..."
          .
          Smart - this is not the one whose head is FULLY full, but the one whose head is GOODLY FIXED ... (this is about the same as confusing warm with soft 8-)
          .
          Although, it must be said that in some rare cases it is sometimes possible to observe COMBINATIONS of the first with the second ...
          8-))
          .
          So that cloning - it, alas - will not help!
          IT IS NECESSARY TO LEARN "correctly" - sho cloned, sho no ...
          8-))
          .
          "Your ears are on your back. For you listen to me - only if I hit you." (A fragment of the translation of another Egyptian text. "The scribe's instruction to his disciples" - about 3500 years ago ... 8-)
          - As you can see, gentlemen - time passes, and the situation with education - over the past 3500 years, has not fundamentally changed ... - that's what we need to work on! Well, for example - as one of the promising areas of development - "smart rod" ...
          eight-))))
  9. SAM 5
    SAM 5 21 October 2014 14: 02
    +1
    Will the game cost a sheepskin? I doubt something.
    Perhaps in the vast future (when Mars will be mastered already) and create such a bullet in a single copy. smile
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 October 2014 14: 16
      0
      Quote: SAM 5
      Will the game cost a sheepskin? I doubt something.

      Will be. Technology is in demand. For example, you can create guided sub-caliber shells. Which will be able to change their trajectory by changing the geometry of the bow.
  10. gozmosZh
    gozmosZh 21 October 2014 14: 12
    +6
    something smells like Chubais.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 October 2014 14: 29
      +1
      "Chubais nanomukha" looks like this: http: //www.rusnano.com/projects/portfolio/optikovolokonnye-sistemy
      1. tkhonov66
        tkhonov66 21 October 2014 18: 06
        0
        "...
        "Nanomukha from Chubais" looks like this: http://www.rusnano.com/projects/portfolio/optikovolokonnye-sistemy "
        ..."
        .
        - I don't know what "Nanomukha from Chubais" looks like ...
        But I know what "Nanomukha from DARPA" looks like:
        http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/darpa-project-
        releases-video-remote-controlled-cyborg-beetle
        ...
        .
        Remember, gentlemen, that in any "joke" there really is ONLY SHARE of a joke ...
  11. Denis fj
    Denis fj 21 October 2014 14: 12
    0
    A “smart” bullet does not add an arrow to the mind. Neither Ukrainian, nor American, nor any other, regardless of any social signs.
  12. Black
    Black 21 October 2014 14: 26
    -1
    You can’t trample against Suvorov ....- was a fool, she will remain !!! Bullshit it all!
    1. Silumin
      Silumin 21 October 2014 14: 28
      0
      And here were the generals opponents of Cars in the army.
  13. Kair501
    Kair501 21 October 2014 14: 26
    +2
    And I think that the creation of such a bullet is quite realistic in the foreseeable future, but they will be used only in special cases and only by special forces. In addition, while the main weapon remains powder, why not improve the ammunition for it, because micro computers are becoming smaller and cheaper every year and with due effort, this project is possible and will most likely justify itself. And if by the age of 40 50 weapons do not appear on new physical principles, it is possible and will become the main one. Although this is purely my personal opinion
  14. Aleks_good
    Aleks_good 21 October 2014 14: 37
    +2
    one shot one corpse ... and let it be not a bullet, but a mini-rocket, one hell homing is effective. he released a horn into the sky, and there was no company ...
    1. tkhonov66
      tkhonov66 22 October 2014 11: 26
      0
      "...
      he released a horn into the sky, and there was no company ...
      ..."
      .
      Whose company?
  15. 3vs
    3vs 21 October 2014 14: 45
    +1
    And I already came up with the name - "Smart bayonet named after A. V. Suvorov" (C) fellow
    For, as Alexandra Vasilyevich used to say, "The bullet is a fool, the bayonet is great!"
    1. tokens2
      tokens2 21 October 2014 21: 27
      0
      Bullet named by A.V.Suvorov
      a fool .. long remained her.
      With such a "science" he can become an idiot at all laughing
      In general, the "smarter" the weapon, the "easier" it is to neutralize it.
      Well, I think so.
      Can mobile "military wind turbines" begin to develop lol .
      Nano. From bullets is an idiot.
  16. Vtel
    Vtel 21 October 2014 14: 47
    +1
    But maybe it’s a tricky order of the crafty, we’d have to steal, and we’ll snatch off our descendants - they are not the first to ento, though our 90nm bullet will not pull - it’s hard to bude - put on investments, and here sanctions. Nothing from our AKM horn against the guns of the bullet’s guns still says to himself.
  17. Saburo
    Saburo 21 October 2014 14: 54
    +2
    I do not understand why such a skeptical attitude towards such ammunition. Difficult, expensive, long. But in the end, they themselves will not bring down any ragged people. But to kill some new Bin Laden, for example, the leader of ISIS, yes. But the fact is that the Americans have already created and shot such a bullet. And there are so many disagreeable USA people. There is more than one smart bullet in their bottomless defense budget.
    1. bullet
      bullet 21 October 2014 20: 25
      0
      To destroy an individual high-priority target at large distances, existing ATGM models with a high-explosive warhead (including mobile portable ones) operating on similar control principles can be used.
      A more promising option is the creation of a large-caliber (20-30 mm) anti-material sniper gun with a high-explosive fragmentation shot with a remotely controlled blasting time (DUVP).
    2. The comment was deleted.
  18. qQQQ
    qQQQ 21 October 2014 15: 03
    +1
    And we can make our answer - a homing bayonet. A bullet as it was a fool so it will remain. But seriously, given the time of the bullet’s flight, then most likely one or two correction points are set on the site, it’s just not clear what kind of reference points, a very large error (meters) with current technologies. You can reduce the speed, and shoot off the tip in the final section, but again everything depends on the error in measuring the position of the bullet at the current moment during flight.
  19. S_Baykala
    S_Baykala 21 October 2014 15: 12
    +3
    Um, at first I thought nonsense, read the last article - but in principle it is feasible. The most important thing is to unify it with conventional ammunition, to somehow get around the problem with rotation from rifling. A soldier carries a standard ammunition load and, say, 5-10% of "smart" ammunition (for single shots), when firing at short distances, ordinary bullets are used, if necessary, rearranged the store - he turned into an unqualified sniper. This will not be a critical high cost. An example - in "Vintorez" cartridges with a subsonic speed - less acceleration when fired, and the 9 mm cartridge has a large mass and diameter, it is easier to place controls and control, the bullet flies further. In "Exhaust" generally 12.7. These are thoughts just offhand, at random, but if you think about it? .......
  20. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 21 October 2014 15: 23
    +1
    When there was an article in VO about the American "smart" bullet, everyone
    amicably ridiculed the idea.
    And here - the same friendly approval ... wink
    1. svp67
      svp67 21 October 2014 15: 27
      +2
      Quote: voyaka uh
      When there was an article in VO about the American "smart" bullet, everyone amicably ridiculed the idea.
      And here - the same friendly approval ...

      And when the story goes about the Israeli ... I think it’s not worth continuing.
    2. aleks 62
      aleks 62 21 October 2014 15: 50
      +1
      And here - the same friendly approval ...

      ...... Nope !!!!! Friendly perplexity ..... On the motive: do you need a stop signal for a hare ???? laughing
  21. S_Baykala
    S_Baykala 21 October 2014 15: 29
    0
    And there are already machines with interchangeable barrels - rearranged - shoot. Let's say they modernized the AK - they came up with a quick-change barrel without rifling, possibly much shorter (light weight, easy to carry), only to disperse a bullet, and then a "smart bullet".
    Ps And what is better to take - an extra horn with cartridges or, say, a lightweight magazine for 10-15 "smart cartridges" (unified with AK) + a removable barrel - h.z., will probably depend on the effectiveness of the ammunition.
  22. fif21
    fif21 21 October 2014 15: 31
    +2
    Theoretical is possible. The striking element must respond to certain features of the target: temperature, color, the presence of a certain metal, sound, smell, laser lighting, movement, etc.
    Improving the ballistics of the striking element, guidance and aiming systems, i.e. the weapon fires a shot only with a guaranteed target hit (movable barrel). The invention of alternative damaging elements capable of affecting vision, breathing, and target movement. Apparently, the question of creating a new weapon created on other principles has matured. All that remains is to wish good luck to the Russian "left-handers".
  23. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 21 October 2014 15: 36
    0
    Here at VO, more than once, many of us wrote that the spread of shots from standard weapons in our country is due to the poor quality of barrel production and large tolerances. It came down to a machine park that needed updating. Sniper athletes are forced to work with foreign barrels and ammunition.
    There were articles with such information?
    And what, they moved the cart, updated the machine park, began to sharpen the finest barrels and bullets at our weapons and cartridge factories ?!
    Then yes, it’s time to take on the adjustable bullets to get into the ajar door slit, and then into the target!
    1. svp67
      svp67 21 October 2014 15: 52
      0
      Quote: Starover_Z
      began to sharpen the finest trunks at our weapons ... factories

      Forge, trunks began to forge, so greater quality is achieved ...
      The last method used today is called rotational forging. This method uses a carbide rod that accurately repeats the final desired contour of the fields and rifling. A steel billet with a round drilled hole is put on the carbide center, and then computerized "hammers" upset the steel billet on the carbide center. Carbide is much harder than steel, so steel is cold-forged to the final length and profile without affecting the carbide center.
      1. Major_Vortex
        Major_Vortex 21 October 2014 16: 48
        -1
        Quote: svp67
        Quote: Starover_Z
        began to sharpen the finest trunks at our weapons ... factories

        Forge, trunks began to forge, so greater quality is achieved ...
        The last method used today is called rotational forging. This method uses a carbide rod that accurately repeats the final desired contour of the fields and rifling. A steel billet with a round drilled hole is put on the carbide center, and then computerized "hammers" upset the steel billet on the carbide center. Carbide is much harder than steel, so steel is cold-forged to the final length and profile without affecting the carbide center.


        For barrel accuracy, the best method is the one that gives smaller dimensional tolerances, higher surface finish and less residual stresses in the metal of the barrel. In this regard, the "ancient" method of tapestry cutting is better than forging. Forging gives higher productivity in barrel production. And cut barrels are used for the most high-precision weapons - they are more expensive and time consuming to manufacture, but of higher quality.
        1. svp67
          svp67 21 October 2014 17: 08
          0
          Quote: Mayor_Vikhr
          In this regard, the "ancient" method of tapestry cutting is better than forging.

          The question is VERY controversial, since during any cutting the upper, best prepared layer of metal is removed, this forging is deprived of the forging method.
          1. Major_Vortex
            Major_Vortex 21 October 2014 17: 17
            0
            Quote: svp67
            Quote: Mayor_Vikhr
            In this regard, the "ancient" method of tapestry cutting is better than forging.

            The question is VERY controversial, since during any cutting the upper, best prepared layer of metal is removed, this forging is deprived of the forging method.


            In the metalworking theme you are swimming. On the highest quality trunks is a special weapon steel. Such trunks are cut, and the most high-quality are often also ground-honed. In the trunks, special methods relieve residual stresses, for example by immersion in liquid nitrogen. The structure of the metal during cutting is violated, but less internal stresses in the metal occur.

            Check out Krieger’s barrel technology to make sure I say it. The trunks of this company are installed on the best and most accurate rifles.
      2. Major_Vortex
        Major_Vortex 21 October 2014 17: 02
        +2
        svp67, in vain they put me minus. You wrote outright stupidity. Any technologist will tell you this.
  24. s30461
    s30461 21 October 2014 16: 08
    0
    The new projectile will bear the proud name "NPCH" - Chubais Nano Bullet.
    Understand rockets for a start. There is still a field not plowed to work on homing systems.
  25. The comment was deleted.
  26. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 21 October 2014 16: 42
    0
    My opinion is nonsense full speed is very large for small arms and adjusting little will work for heavy guns that hit a hinged trajectory. Yes. Here you need to think about how to stabilize the bullet, to reduce derivation, to increase the speed of approach of the bullet.
  27. Grabberxnumx
    Grabberxnumx 21 October 2014 17: 26
    +1
    A bit of humor!
    "The replay button is Zorg's invention. Shot. Replay makes everyone else go there."
    Jean Baptiste Emmanuel Sorg! (C) The fifth element.
  28. Sib. Uralets
    Sib. Uralets 21 October 2014 17: 29
    +1
    In Soviet times, there was just a gigantic amount of all kinds of ideas. Then it was all braked by bureaucrats. Fewer ideas, less problems. I just hope that the number of brilliant or simply gifted people has not decreased. If so, then a lot of interesting things await us.
  29. jPilot
    jPilot 21 October 2014 17: 59
    0
    Well, where are you reincarnation Lefty, for you urgent work wink
    And if it's no joke, then it is necessary to move forward or even ahead of the curve, the main thing is wisely and so that it does not work out "as always"
  30. bullet
    bullet 21 October 2014 20: 17
    +1
    Information on the development of this weapon is more reminiscent of the organization of economic sabotage with the aim of drawing into long-term and expensive research and development work with unpredictable results, as was the example of the development of high-speed arrow-shaped slaughter elements and shell-free ammunition for small arms.
    1. tkhonov66
      tkhonov66 22 October 2014 13: 23
      0
      "...
      as was the example of the development of high-speed arrow-shaped slaughter elements and sleeveless ammunition for small arms
      ..."
      .
      8-))
      .
      Here - about the "high-speed arrow-shaped killing elements" (they were made from "spirits" - "hedgehogs" in Afghanistan. In a 122mm projectile there are about 2000 pieces. dm. Such an element goes into the ground almost 2 meters.)
      http://forum.guns.ru/forum_light_message/42/425437.html
      .
      - So the bourgeoisie - they have flown in on these "economic sabotage" more than once ...
      .
      it was
      - and with missile defense (for the first time in the world in the USSR, a nuclear warhead on a ballistic trajectory was hit by non-nuclear munitions - in 1961. This result was repeated in the USA - after 20 (twenty!) years - in 1981)
      - and with an intercontinental cruise missile (in 1961, at the 13th launch of the USSR rocket plane, the "Tempest" covered a distance of 5000 km. In the USA, it was not possible to create anything similar)
      - and with strategic rail-based missiles - BZHDK - a terrible headache for the country 3.14ndosii (in the United States, a similar project was closed due to the high cost)
      - etc.