Military Review

How self-made military equipment is involved in real battles

31
News the fact that the Syrian rebels again activated their home-made Sham-2 infantry fighting vehicle made us recall other examples of heavy military equipment created almost at home. It is worth noting that the masters who skillfully create replicas tanks Of the tractors decorating the backyard, and even the scene in the film about World War II, there are quite a few, and their works are not of interest to us. We will talk about the developments that have become participants in these battles.

Combat homemade equipment in stories

The first mention of the use of artisanal armored vehicles belong to the times of the First World War. Separate guerrilla units, insurgents, militias, faced with the need to build defensive and offensive positions, were forced to counter homemade armored vehicles with military equipment of regular armies, which was gradually transplanted from horses. Often the basis for such ersatz-machines were tractors, already then turned into the main agricultural and construction equipment.

So, in the revolutionary Russia, the first to use self-made armored vehicles were the White Guards. Professional officers of tsarist Russia in the battles against the peasants and the proletariat lost because of the insufficient technical staffing of their troops. To compensate for this, they tried homemade weapons and cars. One of the most striking examples of artisanal techniques of the time was the armored vehicle "Colonel the Prayer-Free". Built on the basis of the Clayton tractor by the Don Army in 1918, the armored vehicle could accommodate the 11 crew man, sheathed with thick metal sheets, and also armed with a 76,2-mm field tool in the stern and six Maxim XMUMX machine guns of the year Maxim. However, in the battle the car turned out to be extremely inconvenient due to its bulkiness and size. An ordinary horse moved the guns and guns of that time much faster.

How self-made military equipment is involved in real battles


The interwar period was the most striking in the development of the construction of armored tractors. In Russia and Europe, many copies of such equipment were created, often in a single copy. However, it would not be entirely correct to call it handicraft production, since tractors were factory-trimmed with armor under the supervision of engineers and designers, and, as a rule, did not participate in real battles.

World War II also prompted enthusiasts to rush to create heavy military equipment, which this time was supposed to withstand aviation and tanks of professional armies. So, for example, the USSR created the NI-1 tank (“To Fright”), an impromptu armored tractor built in 1941 in Odessa to defend the city. A light cannon or machine gun on a rotating turret was installed on the roof of NI-1. These tanks participated in many battles in the early years of the war, and some of them have survived to this day.


There are a lot of examples of this kind of equipment, such ersatz tanks, armored cars and other surrogate heavy machinery were made in many cities with developed industry. However, again, it would not be entirely correct to call such production artisanal.

But tiznaosa, widely used during the Spanish Civil War, were the most real example of "home production." Tiznaos due to the fact that there are no general characteristics of this collective concept, not much is known. Many of these machines were quite a formidable technique in urban environments: machine guns mounted on their roofs, turret systems and light guns were a serious force in the fight against government forces.






Post-war history was also rich in various instances of such technology. Everywhere, where the battles of the regular army took place against scattered insurgent groups, starting with Vietnam, Afghanistan, the Middle East, and then the Balkans and the countries of the former Soviet Union, they found unique examples of fantasies of local designers.


Speaking about home-made equipment, one can not forget Marvin Himeyeer's armored bulldozer. The brainchild of the last American hero participated in only one single battle, but deserves attention for some kind of technical excellence. The Komatsu D355A-3 armored with thick metal sheets was not armed, but it had special embrasures for firing from the inside, cameras for navigation hidden in bullet-proof plastic cases, engine cooling system and airtight cabin ventilation. 200 bullet hits and a few grenade explosions did not cause any damage to the bulldozer, and only the collapsed roof of the building was able to stop it.


Sham-2 and Syrian Artillery

Actually, the "Sham-2". The country of production is Syria. Built on the base of an unknown vehicle chassis, armor thickness - 2, 5 centimeter. Not able to withstand a direct hit from a grenade launcher or tank gun. Improvised BMP dimensions - 4 x 2 meters. On the roof of the mounted machine 7, 62-mm machine gun. The crew includes two people - the driver and the arrow. Navigation is carried out at the expense of five cameras mounted in the body of equipment, the shooter controls the machine gun using a gamepad. The combat duty of the car is near the city of Aleppo. There is no official evidence of the participation of “Sham-2” in the battles, but given the harsh economic conditions in which the Syrian rebels are forced to exist, it is safe to say that the car was not built for entertainment and can serve as BMPs, providing fire support to local militants in urban and field conditions.


It is worth noting that in general modern Syrians are leaders in the manufacture of improvised weapons. The Internet is filled with examples of handicraft grenades, artillery fire systems, flamethrowers and other equipment.







Untitled multiple rocket launcher system

This system was discovered by the Israeli military in 2010 in the Gaza Strip. MLRS installed on the basis of a dump truck. The trailer is equipped with nine guide pipes for launching Qassam rockets, which, by the way, are the pride of Palestinian handicrafts. Such a rocket is made of a hollow tube from 70 to 230 centimeters in length, stuffed with explosives, and the accelerator is a common mixture of sugar and potassium nitrate, used everywhere as fertilizer. Burning out, this mixture emits a large amount of gas capable of sending a rocket a distance of 3 – 18 kilometers. However, the quality of aimed shooting on such installations leaves much to be desired.

Plus similar MLRS - in excellent disguise. Driving unhindered to urban sites, such a garbage truck can be quickly brought to combat readiness.


Homemade armored cartels

The criminal elements involved in the production and sale of drugs have a special imagination. For example, earlier we wrote about how Colombian drug lords build real submarines to transport cocaine. And their colleagues from Mexico prefer other equipment - armored transport vehicles. The guns on such armored personnel carriers have not been installed, but the crew, through special loopholes, can conduct aimed fire. However, Mexicans do not pay attention to the wheels, focusing on the speed of movement of such equipment, which becomes, as a rule, a weak point in improvised armored personnel carriers. If you pierce the rubber, moving on such a machine, given the weight of the armor, becomes almost impossible.




Armored Syrian Kurds

The photos of these “vundervaffe” were supposedly taken on the territory of Syria and moved through various information portals since spring 2014 of the year. There is no official information about improvised armored vehicles, the ownership of the equipment can be identified by drawings on the armor - such a logo is the official symbol of the Syrian Popular Self-Defense Detachment, the combat wing of the Kurdish Supreme Committee participating in the Syrian armed conflict.







Homemade equipment of the Libyan rebels

The favorite weapon of the Libyan rebels, the so-called “technicals” machines, is a self-made symbiosis of the Soviet NAR, SZO, anti-aircraft guns and various pickups.










Homemade equipment security and militia of Ukraine

Photos of homemade vehicles of various forces fighting on the territory of Ukraine, also go on the Internet since the summer. Under conditions of limited funding, Ukrainian security forces and militiamen book Russian KamAZ vehicles and redo old Soviet equipment.













Confirm the participation of most of these exhibits in battles is quite difficult. However, for example, the armored KamAZ "Zhelezheka" of the battalion "Azov" participated in the battles of Mariupol and even became the hero of the news.

Author:
Originator:
http://www.furfur.me/furfur/all/culture/176771-kak-samodelnaya-voennaya-tehnika-uchastvuet-v-nastoyaschih-srazheniyah
31 comment
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 22 October 2014 08: 26
    +8
    Indeed, what people’s minds just don’t do. And all to kill another person.
    I liked the garbage truck, with guides. To the author +.
    1. insafufa
      insafufa 22 October 2014 09: 12
      +8
      Yeah, the garbage truck also liked good
  2. Alex_Popovson
    Alex_Popovson 22 October 2014 09: 11
    +4
    WAAAGH! It seems to me alone that it is necessary to paint such a technique in red?
    1. sebast
      sebast 22 October 2014 12: 41
      +2
      It’s strange that they don’t knowwink. Red goez fasta !!!
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 22 October 2014 12: 53
        +3
        Shushpanzer from BRDM 2, the Syrian army ...

  3. 31rus
    31rus 22 October 2014 09: 14
    +4
    Very interesting selection. Thank you. It is surprising in the east to make more advanced copies, although the industry is weaker or absent.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 22 October 2014 11: 00
      +3
      joining ... great selection good Sergey Ryazanov ...

      make additions ... shushpanzery in battle ...

      Vickers tractor

      Shushpanzer Kurds ... peshmerga

      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 22 October 2014 11: 10
        +5
        Kurdish armored tractors in Syria ...

        the successors of the case ... Hero of America Marvin Himeyer)) one MUZHIK would be for all pi @ ristic states))))

        armored tractor

  4. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 22 October 2014 09: 18
    +3
    "A light cannon or machine gun on a rotating turret was installed on the roof of the NI-1."

    Or just a pipe.
  5. Gray 43
    Gray 43 22 October 2014 09: 42
    +3
    Thanks to the author, I learned something new
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 22 October 2014 13: 02
      +3
      here is such an armored car-shush ... Syrian fighters ...
      the article has his photo ...
      GIF
  6. Fotoceva62
    Fotoceva62 22 October 2014 09: 59
    +6
    “The criminal elements involved in the production and marketing of drugs are particularly imaginative.”
    Delivered. Judging by the samples in Ukraine, very grassy grass grows. If seriously:
    1. In Syria, models of equipment are more advanced since there are many small metalworking, often family workshops, no offense will be said to the "dog eaten" in the production of non-standard products.
    2. In the east, products for a real war, or as they say, "you will stand up for the lack of fish and yourself."
    3.Ukrainian crafts with rare exceptions cause only surprise technical illiteracy.
    4.Ukrainian crafts were made for punishers who, as practice shows, can only rob the true heirs of their Bandera ancestors.
  7. cosmos111
    cosmos111 22 October 2014 12: 28
    +1
    Yemen Semi-Handicraft Plant, manufactures armored cars on wheeled chassis, Japanese and Korean SUVs ....
    [Center]


    info from the site Courage2004
  8. cosmos111
    cosmos111 22 October 2014 12: 48
    +1
    Shushpanzers ukrovermaht ...
    клик


  9. 0255
    0255 22 October 2014 13: 01
    +3
    Quote: article

    HOW to SUCH could you think of ??? !!! belay
    Quote: article

    The rhetorical question is - does such protection not prevent the landing party from landing or climbing out of the armored personnel carrier? Or dill it is used only for the execution of those who are not lucky to get in the way of this miracle of technology, they do not carry troops on it, preferring him an armored dump truck?
    Quote: article

    Seeing this KAMAZ, I recall the good old game TDR-2000 Carmageddon:



    Let dill still make such a wheel with axes for complete happiness from the same game laughing

    And the Arab and Mexican cars are impressive, it’s a pity that they are made for militants and drug mafia
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 22 October 2014 13: 14
      +6
      Quote: 0255
      And the Arab and Mexican cars are impressive, it’s a pity that they are made for militants and drug mafia

      especially arab ...
      клик
      jihadmobile cruiser ... the top of the shushpanzer building !!!

      shush project .. based on ZAZ good ...that's cool laughing ...

      taken from:http://shushpanzer-ru.livejournal.com/1943254.html
      1. Pathfinder_II
        Pathfinder_II 22 October 2014 22: 11
        +1
        In vain you offend the Cossacks.) In my childhood, Bati had a similar unit. Only red and with air cooling ears. Pros: steep bevels front and rear, flat bottom, rear-wheel drive, light weight. There was a huge children's desire to cut the roof, side and rear pillars, install rear safety arches - turn into a sort of convertible.)))
        And somehow my dad was on duty and a government communications apparatus was installed on the "Red Pershing". I don't know the model. 15-20 cm high, 10 cm wide and 25 cm deep a box with a rotary dial, an ordinary telephone receiver and an antenna on a magnetic pedestal 10 cm in diameter and a "pin" in height (if memory serves) 30-40 cm.
        At that time we had a plot in the collective garden "Orbita" just a little short of the Novosverdlovskaya CHPP. There this "shushpanzer" was noted.))
        The first cell phones in the form of such huge walkie-talkie-like handsets appeared much later.
  10. padded jacket
    padded jacket 22 October 2014 13: 48
    +3
    Iranian really land cruiser smile
    More Arabs-armored car IG:

  11. padded jacket
    padded jacket 22 October 2014 13: 50
    +2
    More Ukraine:



    [img] http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=225070&d=1
    410085571 [/ img]

  12. padded jacket
    padded jacket 22 October 2014 13: 57
    +2
    More from there:




  13. padded jacket
    padded jacket 22 October 2014 14: 08
    +2
    Armored car of bandits in Syria:
  14. padded jacket
    padded jacket 22 October 2014 14: 22
    +2
    Kurdish blacksmith built an armored personnel carrier for peshmerga fighters:
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 24 October 2014 21: 49
      0
      Quote: quilted jacket

      Kurdish blacksmith built an armored personnel carrier for peshmerga fighters:

      he and the welder and the blacksmith ... excellent shaitan-arba turned out ...
      клик

  15. Florist
    Florist 22 October 2014 15: 43
    +1
    Severe armored bulldozer))
  16. _DENN_
    _DENN_ 22 October 2014 16: 04
    +5
    From such crafts it is necessary to cry ... Not from a good life they appear ...
    And dill should be ashamed ... The after-war military equipment was drained ... And now they say the Kulibins are proud ... Shame is complete ....
    1. montemor
      montemor 22 October 2014 18: 41
      +2
      in Ukraine there is a proverb - "yake 1halo, also zdibalo" - what was driving, it was met. that is, what kind of army, such are the means of transportation
  17. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 22 October 2014 18: 00
    +4
    Well, if an armored tractor ...
  18. dipqrer
    dipqrer 22 October 2014 18: 59
    +4
    Dump-MLRS killed! Brilliant shushpanzer!
  19. xren
    xren 23 October 2014 00: 18
    +1
    and some of them are still preserved


    These are actually remodels. The real ones had no chance to survive. Unless sunken.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 24 October 2014 20: 54
      0
      still, several shushpanzery from ukrovkpmahta ...

    2. cosmos111
      cosmos111 24 October 2014 21: 27
      0
      here's a copy ... on the Nissan Patrol chassis
      клик

  20. Prager
    Prager 30 October 2014 17: 30
    0
    The author is a big plus for an interesting article. am