Military Review

1597 Silicon Revolver of the Year

27
1597 Silicon Revolver of the Year


Long before the advent of the Colt's revolvers, at the end of the 16 century, gunsmiths in Europe began to make the first revolvers. Structurally, they were quite primitive, with flint locks of early design, had no mechanism of rotation of the drum. However, the use of a drum made it possible to create multiply charged weapon, which significantly increased its firepower. Flint revolvers were very expensive and only wealthy people and prominent warlords became their owners.

To date, it is believed that the first short-barreled weapon with a drum and flint ignition mechanism was manufactured in the 1597 year.



This revolver belonged to Georg Reishwein (1593 — 1667). Georg Reichwein arrived from Hesse (in Germany) in Norway in the 1628 year. This year, the king of Norway Christian IV hired several officers from Germany and the Netherlands to strengthen the Danish-Norwegian army during the 30-year war (1618 - 1648 of the year).



In 1636, Georg Reischwein was promoted to major and was appointed commander of the military forces of the Bergenhus fortress. One can only guess in honor of this event whether he ordered a silver plaque with his name and a year on a revolver, or simply because he bought a weapon this year.



At the bottom of the handle, on the “apple” there is a round silver plate with the image of a grape bunch, branches of a vine and the letter text “Georg Reichwein 1636”. In 1667, Reishwein died as a general and traces of a revolver are lost for several decades. In 1834, the flint revolver was brought by a merchant Thales Schou in Oslo, where he was sold to a university collection. In 1919, weapons were exchanged between the collections in the museum of the city of Lillehammer.



The revolver consists of a bed with a tip in the form of an "apple", a barrel, a flintlock, a trigger mechanism and a drum. An early type revolver flint lock with a split fire and a powder shelf lid, the so-called Snapplock. The keypad is installed on the right side of the box. Flint with podvinivnoy spring placed on the right above the breech.



The trigger is protected by a steel trigger guard. The barrel of a pistol is cylindrical, expanding towards the breech and thickening at the muzzle end. The flint revolver is richly decorated. Inlays of brass, bone, mother of pearl, pearls cover the bed, intertwined in intricate patterns.



On the right side of the revolver on the keypad there is a mark in the form of a spur that allows you to determine the year of the revolver - 1597. The stamp belongs to the German blacksmith and gunsmith from Nuremberg Hans Stopler (Hans Stopler).



The drum of the revolver is made of steel and has a cylindrical shape. The chambers of the revolver drum have brass spring-loaded caps mounted on the side surface of the drum. Covers are equipped with hemispherical handles. Powder shelves with seed powder are located under the covers.



Rotation of the drum is carried out manually. The fixed position of the drum chamber relative to the barrel bore is achieved by a spring plate with a protrusion located in the upper breech block. The locking protrusion of the plate, after rotating the drum, enters the corresponding recesses on the side surface of the drum and prevents its further independent rotation.



The drum of a flint revolver has eight chambers in which charges with bullets are stacked. To prevent the ignition of the powder charges of the neighboring chamber, the collar of the chamber was smeared with wax or lard.



Currently, Hans Stopler's revolver under the SS20297 accession number is stored in the collection of the Norwegian Maihaugen Museum in Lillehammer.

Originator:
http://historypistols.ru/blog/kremnevye-pistolety/kremnevyj-revolver-1597-goda/
27 comments
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  1. avt
    avt 11 October 2014 10: 00
    +6
    good There are a fair amount of such breech-loading and rifled trunks in the Armory in the Kremlin. I read the article with pleasure - as samples even surfaced in the memory of what I saw there in Soviet times. Cool artifact !!! good
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 13 October 2014 14: 12
      0
      The beauty!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! hi
  2. Shallow
    Shallow 11 October 2014 10: 28
    -7
    On the handle of the gun is not 1636, A J636! That is, 636 from Jesus ... (Jesus).

    Jesus was executed in Jerusalem (Constantinople) in 1185. Total pistol produced in 1185 + 636 = 1821

    1. smart75
      smart75 11 October 2014 10: 42
      +2
      Hmm
      But how to prove that Jesus was executed in 1185? And not in 985, for example.

      And the trunk is beautiful.
      1. ICT
        ICT 11 October 2014 11: 01
        +2
        Quote: Shallow
        On the handle of the gun is not 1636, but J636! That is, 636 from Jesus ... (Jesus).

        Jesus was executed in Jerusalem (Constantinople) in 1185. Total pistol produced in 1185 + 636 = 1821


        In 1636, Georg Reischwein was promoted to major and was appointed commander of the military forces of the Bergenhus fortress. One can only guess in honor of this event whether he ordered a silver plaque with his name and a year on a revolver, or simply because he bought a weapon this year.
        Quote: Shallow
        Total pistol produced


        On the right side of the revolver on the keypad there is a mark in the form of a spur that allows you to determine the year of the revolver - 1597. The stamp belongs to the German blacksmith and gunsmith from Nuremberg Hans Stopler (Hans Stopler).
        1. 00105042
          00105042 11 October 2014 12: 59
          +4
          nevertheless, one does not need to distort German surnames like that — not Reishwein (sounds insulting), but Reichwein, also not Stopler, but Stopler.
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 11 October 2014 21: 54
        +3
        The main thing here is not to go too far ... If you say that Jesus was executed
        in 1285, for example, in ... Paris (Constantinople, why not?), it turns out that the gun
        made in 1285 + 636 = 1921.
        Fomenko so savagely squeezed the past that there simply weren’t any years left - you can easily
        fly into the future laughing
        1. Tjeck
          Tjeck 12 October 2014 03: 53
          0
          I agree, the `` alt-historian '' went over a little. But still, it cannot be ruled out that someone added a couple of centuries. Namely, in the early Middle Ages (~ 700-1000). For example, I'm a lazy person, but I can't sit idle for more than a month. Could it be that then such niggas lived? wassat
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 12 October 2014 20: 30
            +1
            Fomenko has a repeated logical juggling.
            For example, the same war of 10 years in one country is dated,
            Suppose 1300 year, and in another country (neighboring) 1310 year.
            The chroniclers got off the "treadmill" ... It does NOT follow from this,
            that 10 years should be "cut, deleted" from history. It was just possible
            10 peaceful years and 10 military. And figure out whose chronicler went astray
            from the account. Chronologies certainly have errors. But not at all
            of them leads to the notorious "holes" in history, which are so dashingly "cut"
            Fomenko.
          2. Alex
            Alex 22 October 2014 22: 12
            +3
            I didn’t understand something, and what does your personal laziness have to do with the historical process? Or did Fomenko-Nosovsky decide to live according to the principle "not a day without a line," that is, not a year without an event?
        2. Alex
          Alex 22 October 2014 22: 10
          +1
          Quote: voyaka uh
          Fomenko so savagely squeezed the past that there simply weren’t years left - you can easily fly into the future

          Bravo, comrade! good
        3. Rusuran
          Rusuran 9 December 2015 20: 07
          0
          someone will explain to me what Jesus is talking about. and where the dates 85, 185, 1085, 1185 and so on
    2. Bersaglieri
      Bersaglieri 11 October 2014 19: 59
      +1
      Again nonsense "by ocodemigu Fomenko"
    3. Nova
      Nova 12 October 2014 16: 12
      0
      I’m a historian, but I’m directly interested in where such data about the execution of Jesus in 1185 and confidence in these data come from, comrade with a similar avatar.
      1. bazilio
        bazilio 13 October 2014 09: 05
        0
        Quote: Nova
        I’m a historian, but I’m directly interested in how such data about the execution of Jesus in 1185 come from.

        )))) (hereinafter sarcasm) That's right, it all fits together, Jesus was executed in 1185, after which all the indignant Europe gathered in 2 crusades (they were going for a long time). Since it was not entirely clear where he was executed, the crusaders passed through Constantinople and reached Jerusalem.
        I understand that if we assume that Jesus was executed in 85, a maximum of 185 (inaccuracies), but certainly not in 1185
    4. Alex
      Alex 22 October 2014 22: 09
      +2
      Quote: Shallow
      On the handle of the gun is not 1636, but J636! That is, 636 from Jesus ... (Jesus). Jesus was executed in Jerusalem (Constantinople) in 1185. Total pistol produced in 1185 + 636 = 1821

      Read less Fomenko with Nosovsky, it is harmful to the brain.
  3. 2112
    2112 11 October 2014 11: 48
    -4
    In the Russian army are the same now?
    1. avt
      avt 11 October 2014 12: 33
      +4
      Quote: 2112
      In the Russian army are the same now?

      The Armed Forces of Dill do not even have such.
      1. svp67
        svp67 11 October 2014 14: 39
        +1
        Quote: avt
        The Armed Forces of Dill do not even have such.

        So from where? They will not be able to steal, and they cannot buy or produce the same.
  4. ICT
    ICT 11 October 2014 12: 05
    +3
    Quote: 2112
    In the Russian army are the same now?

    goodbye America where never been before
  5. kirpich
    kirpich 11 October 2014 12: 53
    +2
    For its time, quite an advanced weapon.
  6. Assistant
    Assistant 11 October 2014 13: 20
    0
    And how were the chambers of this revolver stuffed? It's just that the "Colts" had a special lever for this, but here I noticed only a ramrod, which is shorter than the barrel. So, of course, you can ram the gunpowder in the lower chamber, but this is inconvenient, you can beat off all your fingers on the barrel.
  7. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 11 October 2014 13: 22
    +1
    Quote: TIT
    Quote: Shallow
    On the handle of the gun is not 1636, but J636! That is, 636 from Jesus ... (Jesus).

    Jesus was executed in Jerusalem (Constantinople) in 1185. Total pistol produced in 1185 + 636 = 1821


    In 1636, Georg Reischwein was promoted to major and was appointed commander of the military forces of the Bergenhus fortress. One can only guess in honor of this event whether he ordered a silver plaque with his name and a year on a revolver, or simply because he bought a weapon this year.
    Quote: Shallow
    Total pistol produced


    On the right side of the revolver on the keypad there is a mark in the form of a spur that allows you to determine the year of the revolver - 1597. The stamp belongs to the German blacksmith and gunsmith from Nuremberg Hans Stopler (Hans Stopler).

    An excellent illustration of the "scientific approach" with which the current historical "science" works! The apple depicts the year - clearly, clearly, legibly. There is even a dash after the J so that no one gets confused. And what? "Scientists" are not convinced at all. But the squiggle, which is in another place - they like it much more, therefore it is declared with the stigma of a strictly definite master who lived in a time strictly measured by "scientists".
    We do not take into account the clearly written year, but "spur" is a stigma about which we "know everything"! Guys ... This is not science, this is a shame. This is not dating, this is surprisingly stupid and arbitrary reasoning, given out with an indescribable aplomb of a senseless ignoramus. Going "in the humanities" people deliberately refuse to develop analytical thinking. And here's the result. How can you seriously discuss something with poets ?! "This is how I see it," that's all. Ugh...
    1. Serge1ant
      Serge1ant 12 October 2014 09: 34
      +2
      Now look at the penultimate photo, where the number is at right angles. What do you see there?
  8. Mosen6Ish
    Mosen6Ish 11 October 2014 16: 11
    0
    Moreover, the record is clearly attached in a handicraft way, on the knee - my 4 year old son will work the rivet more smoothly ...
  9. AlexA
    AlexA 11 October 2014 16: 57
    +2
    Come on you cling to scholastic attribution.
    The product is magnificent. Admired by the skill of the gunsmith. And this is when!
  10. Egor65g
    Egor65g 11 October 2014 17: 14
    +2
    Previously, gunsmiths put their soul into their products smile Very beautiful pistol! Surprised by the quality of the thread.
  11. dipqrer
    dipqrer 11 October 2014 17: 26
    +2
    A very progressive weapon for its time. For a very long time they were fond of multi-barrel pistols,
    and a revolver in the 16th century is cool.
  12. cat hippopotamus
    cat hippopotamus 11 October 2014 22: 02
    +1
    An amusing thing, the dream of any collector. Inkrustatsiya quite worthy of the time, it is clear that the weapon is not cheap.
  13. Denimax
    Denimax 13 October 2014 00: 04
    0
    Strange thing, they could come up with such a complex mechanism (against the background of smooth-bore muzzle charges). And the handle could not be given a convenient angle for aimed shooting.
    The knob was probably intended for melee, if you take the end of the trunk, you can not hit the sickly.
  14. Ermak
    Ermak 13 October 2014 09: 51
    0
    Quote: Nova
    I’m a historian, but I’m directly interested in where such data about the execution of Jesus in 1185 and confidence in these data come from, comrade with a similar avatar.

    We like some fantasy to wake people up, everyone is looking for sensations, probably either for their own fame, or by order.
  15. Bayun
    Bayun 13 October 2014 12: 13
    +1
    You are convinced of the inventiveness of history over and over again, comparing the words of the humanities and objects of the past. It is quite possible that in J_636 the bottom dash corresponds to 1, as in 2014 we might just have 14 (that's another incident for future Fomenok;) It is also quite likely that science fiction and fantasy will be referred to as "chronicles", and they will regret the "lost" technologies and the extinction of dragons.
  16. Prager
    Prager 2 November 2014 13: 18
    0
    a cute and very expensive antiquary item these days.