Military Review

A weapon using electromagnetic pulse is being created in Russia

44
In modern armed forces play a large role various electronic equipment. Such equipment is used as communication systems, detection, control, and in many other areas. For this reason, electronic warfare (EW), as well as other electronic technology, is one of the priorities. In recent years, in our country and abroad, many EW systems have been created for various purposes with different characteristics. According to domestic media, Russian engineers are currently working on advanced systems of this class, capable of causing much more damage to the enemy in comparison with existing complexes.



At the end of September, the Expert Online publication in the article “Electromagnetic weapon: what is the Russian army ahead of its competitors? ”reviewed the recent successes of the domestic defense industry in creating means of electronic warfare. The journalists of the online edition reminded about the Ranets-E system, which was shown at the exhibitions at the beginning of the last decade, and also told about the developments of the early nineties, which were proposed for solving various problems. However, of particular interest is the other information available in the publication.

With reference to an unnamed employee of the corporation "Rostec" the publication "Expert Online" reports on work on a weapon using an electromagnetic pulse (EMP). Currently, experts of the concern are engaged in the development of the Alabuga complex, designed to suppress enemy electronics with the help of electromagnetic radiation. The unnamed employee of Rostec said that systems using EMP already exist, but their main problem at the moment is the delivery of equipment to enemy positions. The project "Alabuga" for this is proposed to use a rocket.

The Alabuga system is a rocket on which an electromagnetic pulse generator is used as a warhead. The task of the rocket is to deliver the generator to the area where the enemy troops are located, after which the impulse is generated. It is argued that the generator is switched on at altitudes of the order of 200-300 m above the enemy positions and effectively hits electronics within a radius of 3,5 km. Thus, one missile with a special warhead can leave a large subdivision of the enemy army without communications equipment and other electronic equipment. After such an attack using EMI, according to the source of the Expert Online publication, the enemy can only surrender, and the damaged non-capable equipment becomes a trophy.

Unfortunately, the Alabuga project is still secret, and therefore an employee of Rostec told only about the main features of the new original weapon. At the same time, he noted some problems that scientists and designers had to face. Thus, an EMI system capable of generating a pulse of sufficient power has large dimensions and weight. To deliver this system to enemy positions, a rocket with the appropriate characteristics is required. At the same time, however, an increase in the size of the delivery system makes it more vulnerable to enemy air defense and missile defense systems.

According to Expert Online, the Alabuga system has already passed the tests and at the present time specialists are engaged in its refinement and improvement. More accurate information about the project, for obvious reasons, is still a mystery. Moreover, until the publication “Electromagnetic Weapon: What Is the Russian Army Ahead of the Competitors?” The very existence of the Alabuga project was not known to the general public.

Despite the lack of information, the Alabuga project - if it really exists, and the source at Rostec really has to do with advanced developments - is of great interest. Studies on the subject of weapons that use electromagnetic impulse to destroy the enemy's electronics have been conducted by leading countries for quite a long time, but so far such systems have not reached practical use.

Nevertheless, in the armament of the developed countries there is a weapon capable of hitting radio-electronic systems with the help of electromagnetic radiation — these are nuclear weapons of various classes. However, in this case, the electromagnetic pulse is only one of several damaging factors of ammunition. In addition, the effect of the other damaging factors of a nuclear explosion far exceeds the effect of EMR. For this reason, although nuclear weapons have an impact on electronics, they still cannot be considered specialized weapons aimed at disrupting the operation of electronic systems.

Judging by the published data, the prospective Alabuga system has both positive and negative features. The first should include the possibility of relatively quick and easy disabling of various systems and communications of the enemy. It is alleged that one rocket with an EMP generator is capable of disabling equipment in a radius of 3,5 km. Thus, with the help of a relatively small amount of ammunition, it is possible, at least, to seriously hamper the actions of a large group of enemy troops.

Like other weapons, the Alabuga system is probably not without flaws. First of all, these are large dimensions and weight, which impose certain restrictions on the delivery systems used. Another problem is specific combat capabilities. The effectiveness of the EMR depends on a lot of factors, including the protection of the attacked equipment. With the right approach to the design of the protection of electronic systems can significantly reduce the damage from the electromagnetic pulse.

The existence of the project "Alabuga" was not previously reported. Moreover, the information on the development of domestic electronic warfare devices using an electromagnetic pulse had a fragmentary character. Due to the secrecy of the work being done, it is not worth waiting for new information on promising projects to be announced in the near future. Nevertheless, information about the existence of a new project can show that Russian specialists not only see the prospects for a new direction, but also are engaged in projects in this area.


On the materials of the sites:
http://expert.ru/
http://vpk.name/
http://military-industry.ru/
http://pravda.ru/
Author:
44 comments
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  1. kitpit
    kitpit 8 October 2014 10: 06
    +2
    The idea is good, but the question will look like in real conditions.
    1. Nitarius
      Nitarius 8 October 2014 17: 59
      +4
      This is a Toy from the 70s, it seems like we have! but was closed for seven seals!
      and right now, slowly scare the enemy)))
    2. mirag2
      mirag2 9 October 2014 03: 57
      0
      Here, too, infa on electronic warfare.
      http://radioskot.ru/blog/ehlektromagnitnoe_oruzhie/2014-10-05-173
      1. afire
        afire 9 October 2014 08: 18
        0
        an article about how an unnamed employee spoke about secrets ....
        pz c brothers!
  2. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 8 October 2014 10: 12
    +2
    It seems to me that this was also meant by the GDP, claiming that we possess powerful weapons ...
    1. Dimka off
      Dimka off 8 October 2014 17: 43
      0
      Quote: Rurikovich
      that we possess powerful weapons

      maybe I’m wrong, of course, but an EMP weapon looks like a child prodigy.
  3. gregor6549
    gregor6549 8 October 2014 10: 37
    0
    In the "damned" West, such weapons have already been developed, made and put into service, although the development in the USA and the USSR on this topic began almost simultaneously in the mid-70s. Experience the difference between "is" and "will"
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 8 October 2014 10: 43
      +5
      Quote: gregor6549
      In the "damned" West, such weapons have already been developed, made and put into service,

      Is it possible in more detail? A word of honor, I have never heard of Western models of weapons of this type.
      1. iwind
        iwind 8 October 2014 11: 32
        +1
        Quote: Spade
        Quote: gregor6549
        In the "damned" West, such weapons have already been developed, made and put into service,

        Is it possible in more detail? A word of honor, I have never heard of Western models of weapons of this type.

        I read on the tomogovka instead of a warhead and installed some sort of EMF generator. But this project did not find much success. Since energy is very high in air, there is nothing to say about concrete flooring. It is added here that military electronics has some protection against radiation. The general conclusion was that it was easier to fuck explosives with an antiquity.
        As an option, the application as I recall the failure of command centers in dense buildings in order to minimize collateral damage.
        There was also a full video from the tests, but I can’t find it right away. Found only this.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 8 October 2014 13: 14
          +5
          This is different, this is a Boeing flying microwave. And experimental. Low-power analogue of "Rantsa-E". Well, or also shown at the exhibition of the station "Rosa-E", intended for installation on airplanes (range of up to 500 km container weighing 600 - 1500 kg)
          1. Dimka off
            Dimka off 8 October 2014 17: 46
            +1
            Quote: Spade
            the "Rosa-E" tank designed for installation on airplanes (range of up to 500 km container weighing 600 - 1500 kg)

            Decent range. Is this a jammer for radar?
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 8 October 2014 18: 44
              +3
              This is a radar burner.
              1. Dimka off
                Dimka off 8 October 2014 20: 58
                +1
                Better. Many times better.
      2. gregor6549
        gregor6549 8 October 2014 15: 21
        +2
        Please, here are the links, though in English, but whoever wants to read
        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directed-energy_weapon
        http://www.ausairpower.net/dew-ebomb.html

        And further. The level of knowledge and thinking of the minus "comrades" is interesting. Really the mere mention of the fact that there is something in the West that is not yet in Russia so annoying them. So it would be more useful to use this stimulus for business, for example, to create those models of equipment and weapons, for which there is a lag.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 8 October 2014 15: 43
          0
          Did you click on your links?
          1. gregor6549
            gregor6549 8 October 2014 16: 45
            0
            Not only went in, but also read and even discussed these topics with the authors of some publications on this and other topics related to modern weapons and military equipment (which, of course, can greatly annoy some particularly vigilant comrades am, especially those who are not familiar with English)
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 8 October 2014 18: 52
              0
              Well, specifically point to the ammunition that creates the EM pulse Specific link. Given that microwave generators are not at all.
              1. Vita_vko
                Vita_vko 8 October 2014 23: 44
                0
                The whole point of the article is in the paragraph
                The existence of the Alabuga project was not previously reported. Moreover, information on the development of domestic electronic warfare systems using an electromagnetic pulse was fragmentary. Due to the secrecy of the ongoing work, you should not expect that in the near future new information on promising projects will be announced.
                Obviously, the author, in addition to the name of the project, does not understand what he is writing about.
                Meanwhile, the first information about the use of an electromagnetic bomb or e-bomb appeared in the early 90s after NATO's operation "Desert Storm".
                And by the end of the 90s, there was information about the use in Yugoslavia of powerful vircator generators mounted on cruise missiles.
                In the early 2000s, even the Belarusian military-industrial complex, made an experimental model of a generator based on a vircator capable of destroying computers and radio stations at a distance of up to 500m.
                In Russia, work on the creation of electromagnetic weapons has also been going on for a very long time. For example, it is known that in the West and in the USA, the technology of creating electric vacuum generators was buried in the 80s, and the creation of vircators became possible only after Yeltsin sold secret developments and eliminated leading research institutes.
                1. gridasov
                  gridasov 9 October 2014 00: 07
                  +2
                  Military use is already a derivative of those. developments that were actually started by Tesla. The fact is that the technology itself email. magnetic weapons is a derivative of the search for methods and devices for generating an extended range of email. magnetic energy. To this we can add Schauberger, who applied the same principles in his direction. Hots are all the same. After all, what is the problem? What needs to be turned into in order to get something third and stay with the energy component. No radioactive or other methods of activation of nuclear transformations have been and will not be effective. Absolutely all materials can be radioactive and, moreover, in a linear polarization vector. And this is solved very simply. BUT!!! This is the PANDORA box, which has a second and third side effect.
              2. gregor6549
                gregor6549 9 October 2014 10: 03
                0
                Here is another link (in Russian) about such ammunition. Given the links I have already cited, the material is more than enough to get an idea of ​​the state of affairs in the area under discussion.

                http://daily.sec.ru/2003/01/09/K-Kopp-Elektronnaya-bomba---orushie-elektrichesko


                go-massovogo-porasheniya-CHast-1.html

                Note, Dr. Carlo Kopp is known to specialists all over the world, including Russia, for his serious analyzes of the state and development trends of weapons and military equipment, including comparative analyzes of military equipment and weapons of different countries.

                And another link to the Russian video clip about the possible use of electromagnetic bombs by US aircraft in Iraq in 2003

                www.youtube.com/watch?v=77S_DWEMgO8

                I can also name one of the main organizations in the United States, which is developing such types of weapons. This is the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Force_Research_Laboratory, in particular its Directed Energy Directorate division, i.e. a division engaged in the development of weapons based on the use of directional microwave and laser radiation. A similar organization exists in the US Navy.

                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Naval_Research_Laboratory.

                It is worth mentioning an organization like DARPA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DARPA

                These are mainly R&D organizations. Well, when the possibility of selling one or another type of weapon has been proven by them, such firms as Lockheed Martin, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin and others come into play, which embody the results of R&D in "metal" ie. into prototypes and production models of weapons

                And about the microwave generators you mentioned. Back in the mid-70s, several owls scientists (Yu.B. Kobzarev, M.A.BVrodsky and others proved the possibility of obtaining coherent radiation in a system consisting of an unlimited number of microwave pulse autogenerators, for example magnetrons. And this was a direct way to obtain the hyperboloid of engineer Garin in But this path intersected with the paths along which many influential opponents of this idea walked and they safely ditched it. Moreover, in the States, such an idea did not reach then, and the question of whether the adversary had such a thing was often the main criterion when making a decision "to be or not to be "Like the Americans are not stupid, they don’t spend money in vain, and since they don’t have it, we don’t need it either.
              3. smith7
                smith7 9 October 2014 22: 33
                0
                The EM pulse is one of the damaging factors of a nuclear explosion. A huge number of types of ammunition in different countries (having the right to "VETO" in the UN Security Council!) Caliber over 150mm can give a powerful EM pulse! Another thing is that such a "hindrance" may not survive and own objects of radio electronics. I can't find specific links ... or I wasn't looking ...
  4. gridasov
    gridasov 8 October 2014 10: 46
    +1
    It all depends on the possibility of obtaining the maximum energy density e. magnetic fluxes. It is impossible to get it on modern electronic components. Because they are all built on linear principles.
    1. Evgeny_Lev
      Evgeny_Lev 8 October 2014 12: 11
      +1
      I suspect that it’s fundamentally there, there’s nothing complicated, which thread is the explosion generator
      1. avt
        avt 8 October 2014 15: 04
        +1
        Quote: Evgeny_Lev
        Taki I suspect that there is fundamentally, there is nothing complicated

        No, except for one trifle - a compact energy source, and preferably not with the size of a nuclear power plant, or just to detonate a nuclear bomb to "pump" this impulse bully .And so fundamentally new, there is no unknown.
      2. Camouflet
        Camouflet 11 October 2014 02: 39
        0
        Quote: Evgeny_Lev
        Evgeny_Lev (1) SU October 8, 2014 12:11 ↑

        I suspect that it’s fundamentally there, there’s nothing complicated, which thread is the explosion generator


        I think so too. And in order to get an e-mage, no electronics impulse is required. However, explosives are not enough to wake up for something really powerful.

        But the most important thing is that such bomb generators, in my opinion, are dangerous only for household appliances. If you apply special protective measures, then all these e-pulse bombs are practically useless. Well, except if you have reached the capacity to melt the antennas, protective covers and the wires themselves. Even elementary lightning rods save from e-mage pulses.

        Only gamma rays will be effective. In the early 70s there was an infa in the press that in the USSR they invented the gamma laser (grazer). But later I did not meet confirmations anywhere. Maybe a duck, or maybe not. It would be interesting to know. From gamma rays it is necessary to be shielded by multimeter layers of concrete and other materials. It would really be a weapon. And all these lasers / masers and other death rays are just noises and nothing more.
  5. absurdity
    absurdity 8 October 2014 13: 13
    +1
    There is a domestic documentary where guys in earflaps and jackets, hiding in a concrete bunker, blew up a long pipe with coils, then deciphered the pulse parameters on computers. Either I serve a series in Russia, or a training ground, I don’t remember.
  6. Ka-52
    Ka-52 8 October 2014 14: 02
    +1
    Amers have EMP bombs, the so-called "jammers", which they used in Iraq and Afghanistan! Undoubtedly, these things are good primarily against Civilian targets, or against states that are not ready for such jammers, such as Iraq. Such things will not work against military targets designed for nuclear destruction. For the EMP wave during the explosion of a nuclear bomb will be more powerful than from these "crackers". And so, to cut off cellular communications, the Internet, electrical equipment of small towns up to 100 inhabitants, in order to sow panic and information vacuum, it is quite a working weapon!
  7. Ascetic
    Ascetic 8 October 2014 14: 08
    +8
    for shock-wave emitters. which have long been used in the warheads of powerful electromagnetic bombs, shells, mines, there is a restriction associated with the phenomenon of breakdown of the surrounding air source, because the radiation energy density on the surface of the source should not exceed the breakdown value for ambient airOtherwise, the UVI energy will be absorbed by the discharge plasma. Currently, the minimum caliber of ammunition of electromagnetic radiation (EMP) with a shock-wave emitter can be 105 mm, which allows the use of such weapons with artillery guns, mines and missiles. large areas, they are too complicated in production technology and have a high cost.
    So in the Alabuga project we are talking about missiles, which means that the UVI generator in the warhead must have a large mass in order to increase the striking area. The solution to the problem of connecting its size with the maximum distance of the defeat is in reducing the time of radiation generation to the subnanosecond range and even less, since it becomes possible to increase the maximum allowable values ​​of the radiation energy density of the UVI.
    how they solve this problem is naturally unknown to us. There were only rumors that a powerful non-nuclear UVI generator was being developed
    new physical principles
    - which has an effect of destruction comparable to the EMP of a megaton nuclear weapon, the affected area of ​​which is equal to the area of ​​the Moscow region. Again, there is the problem of delivery and carrier of such weapons. I heard that the project is called "Northern Lights", apparently something connected with plasma and ionization of the atmosphere like a solar storm in a certain area.
    Perhaps the notorious "Alabuga" from the same series of projects.
    1. Evgeny_Lev
      Evgeny_Lev 8 October 2014 15: 00
      0
      Thanks comrade Marshal. hi
    2. Ka-52
      Ka-52 8 October 2014 15: 13
      0
      Plus Ascetic smile
      But I still don’t understand where we got ahead of the Americans. request
      Judging from the context of the article.
      1. gregor6549
        gregor6549 8 October 2014 15: 23
        0
        So far, alas, we are only lagging behind
    3. Lopatov
      Lopatov 8 October 2014 15: 19
      +1
      Quote: Ascetic
      which makes it possible to use such weapons with the help of artillery guns, mines and missiles. For mass use in order to destroy large areas, they are too complicated in production technology and have a high cost.

      It is easier to bring artillery "jammers" to modern standards, which are essentially powerful broadband transmitters housed in shells. Much cheaper and much more unpleasant for the enemy. This cannot be eliminated by replacing the burnt out EMP protection consumable. Just wait a few hours for the batteries to run out.
      1. Ascetic
        Ascetic 8 October 2014 16: 23
        +4
        Quote: Spade
        It is easier to bring artillery jammers to modern standards


        They solve the problem of suppressing point objects in a tactical link, as well as bombs with mines. This is a rather complex weapon, they use cesium iodide crystals there. it is due to them that the pressure increases spasmodically after the detonation of an explosive reaches about 1 million atm.
        This forms a shock wave in a single crystal, propagating from its surface to the center at a speed of approximately 10 km / s. At the front of this spherically symmetric shock wave, the substance dissociates, turning first into an atomic, and then into ionized conductive state.All this is similar to the principle of operation of a nuclear charge collected on the principle of implosion, where the explosion is directed inwardand the ulcer experiences the compression effect and detonates .. The effect is created gravitational collapse.

        If the UVI is assembled correctly, the shock wave converges at almost one point and, reflected, changes direction in the opposite direction. As a result, the magnetic field begins to decrease. During these processes, a nonmonotonic change in the field small time intervalscharacterized by an abrupt change in the magnetic moment of the current sheet. This leads to the generation of a pulse radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RFEMI). Typical lasing times are less than one nanosecond, the frequency of the received radiation is from hundreds of megahertz to hundreds of gigahertz in one pulse.
        so in order to achieve a wider area of ​​damage, you need to bring the duration of the generation of the device to the subnanosecond range and even less In order to have a weapon with the same small dimensions, it will solve at least operational and tactical tasks.
        I heard about this topic back at the academy in the early 2000s. Then we had guys from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Baumanka. Students dealt with this topic, then their topic was kept secret and in what condition and whether anybody was doing it at all.
        1. gridasov
          gridasov 8 October 2014 18: 06
          +1
          In general terms, everything is true. Only there is a huge difference between how this is done and what we see in the animation. The energy source is based on the same principles. But it is not.
        2. gridasov
          gridasov 13 October 2014 11: 31
          0
          And you know that animation does not show all the vectors of the development of the process. She is not exhaustive. This can be the cause of many unrealized opportunities.
    4. Dimka off
      Dimka off 8 October 2014 17: 49
      0
      Quote: Ascetic
      which has an effect of destruction comparable to the EMP of a megaton nuclear weapon, the affected area of ​​which is equal to the area of ​​the Moscow region. Again, there is the problem of delivery and carrier of such weapons. I heard that the project is called "Northern Lights", apparently something connected with plasma and ionization of the atmosphere like a solar storm in a certain area.
      Perhaps the notorious "Alabuga" from the same series of projects.

      Thank you for the interesting information.
    5. gridasov
      gridasov 8 October 2014 18: 11
      +1
      This is the whole mystery that the source of energy should not be an independent autonomous generator. That is why this plasma breakdown exists. It's like a closing email. circuit.
  8. gregor6549
    gregor6549 8 October 2014 15: 40
    0
    Here is one example of such weapons, designed to influence people not fatal, but quite sensitive to the body level of microwave energy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directed-energy_weapon#mediaviewer/File:Active_Deni
    al_System_Humvee.jpg
    T, e, it will not kill immediately, but it can fry if you do not wash off in time. Well, more serious weapons are electromagnetic bombs operating on the principles of converting the energy of an explosion, including nuclear, into electromagnetic pulse energy. Such a bomb can easily "lay" the enemy's energy and information infrastructure over a large area. Well, everything else related to these infrastructures (traffic control of all types of transport, including air, banking, etc.)
  9. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 8 October 2014 16: 33
    +2
    Who is really interested in an accessible description of such weapons, I recommend the book by Prischepenko "Rustle of a Grenade" It is available, for example, here http://militera.lib.ru/tw/prischepenko_ab01/index.html
  10. Dimka off
    Dimka off 8 October 2014 17: 41
    +1
    Like other weapons, the Alabuga system is probably not without flaws. First of all, these are large dimensions and weight, imposing certain restrictions on the delivery vehicles used.

    I think that it is worth investing in media. In this case, the end justifies the means.
    Indeed, if, for example, taking a charge is more powerful and gasping over AUG, take them warm.
    The same applies to ground forces.
    1. Unclean
      Unclean 8 October 2014 21: 53
      0
      In this case, the end justifies the means.
      Indeed, if, for example, taking a charge is more powerful and gasping over AUG, take them warm.
      The same applies to ground forces. [/ Quote]
      I agree with you completely. This is primarily and should be used against AUG. This is a potential target for such weapons. It’s interesting, and if you blow such a thing under water, who will get worse?
  11. TOR2
    TOR2 8 October 2014 21: 35
    +2
    Of course, you need to invest in this type of weapon. The concept of "unacceptable material damage" is sacred in the West, so this weapon is ideal for disabling civilian objects.
    With the right approach to designing the protection of electronic systems, the damage from an electromagnetic pulse can be significantly reduced.
    The author correctly noted that there are many ways to protect equipment and it is unlikely that it is on civilian systems, unlike the military.
    What is on earth is easier to protect, it is much more difficult to protect what flies. So ammunition is required for various environments.
  12. Svetlana
    Svetlana 9 October 2014 10: 23
    0
    You can try the radiation of several dozen pieces of the domestic Ranets-E complex (made on the MAZ-543 chassis, http://radioskot.ru/blog/ehlektromagnitnoe_oruzhie/2014-10-05-173) synchronize with an atomic clock and send it to one point in the sky - we will see a plasma cloud in the sky at the focal point .. With this plasma you can accelerate various bodies, shells in the right direction.
  13. Zomanus
    Zomanus 13 October 2014 06: 31
    0
    The idea is interesting of course. Only such a thing cuts both our and not our electronics. Which is also a minus.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 13 October 2014 11: 45
      0
      This is what I'm talking about, that the component base should be different. Rather, built on non-linear principles. For example, a capacitor should be built as a system of radial spheres, an inductive coil of a completely different shape and without intersecting turns. The general circuitry of building boards should be on spatial boards in each other's magnetic fields according to algorithmic dependence. In general, linear conductors have been replaced by a radically different connection method. Then the EMP will not only not be scary, but the impulse outside will be used for its own "charging"
  14. Prager
    Prager 2 November 2014 16: 45
    0
    Now when it goes into mass production and begins to enter the army, then it will be completely okay. Now I am glad that we also have capable craftsmen who will create such weapons.