Military Review

Strategic reconnaissance drone RQ-4С Triton

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American intelligence strategic drone MQ-4C Triton arrives at marine airbase aviation USA Patuxent River in Maryland. The drone spent 11 hours in the sky and covered a distance of 6 thousand kilometers by flying from Palmdale air base in California. The flight took place at an altitude of about 15 thousand meters. The path was significantly increased by the requirements of the Federal Civil Aviation Agency, which ordered an unmanned vehicle to fly along the southern border of the country, and not directly from coast to coast. For an unmanned aerial vehicle, which some have nicknamed the "silver carp" for its characteristic appearance, a new stage of testing begins, which will include about 2 thousand flight hours and should end with the achievement of initial combat readiness in 2017.

UAV MQ-4C Triton - a "sea" modification drone RQ-4 Global Hawk, which is focused on the use of the world's oceans. Changes in the design of the device are minor, but there are. Among other things have changed lightning protection system deicing reinforced fuselage and wing. This drone is fully autonomous, that is, it can be controlled by a program that was set by the device operator. If necessary, the task of "Triton" can be changed, taking into account changes in the situation.

Wingspan under 40 meters allows the machine MQ-4C Triton be in the sky to 30 hours, rising to a height of more than 18 thousand meters and accelerating momentum up to 310 components. From such a height for reconnaissance drone offers a great view. Mounted thereon radar field of view 360 ° is able to simultaneously observe the thousands of square miles of water surface. UAV is equipped with a system of identification of vessels on the signals coming from the set on their radar transponders. In addition, due to the presence of on-board cameras, UAV MQ-4C Triton operators are able to transmit high-definition picture both in visible and IR ranges.



This drone is created by experts of corporation Northrop Grumman, «Triton» is based on a strategic reconnaissance UAV RQ-4 Global Hawk, which is in service with the US Air Force with 1998 years. Marine version of the UAV is designed for reconnaissance, surveillance of marine areas and reconnaissance in the interests of the United States Navy. The drone is equipped with a Rolls-Royce AE 3007 engine. Wingspan device is 39,9 meters, length - 14,5 meters, height - 4,5 meters and weight of the device is up to 14 630 kg.

UAV is equipped with multifunctional radar system, by means of which in one reconnaissance mission, he is able to cover an area of ​​7 million square kilometers. The reconnaissance equipment installed on board was created taking into account the requirements of the Navy. It includes in its composition a multifunctional radar with active phased AN / ZPY-3, electro-optical / infrared sensors, camera, radio intelligence means, a data relay system and an automatic identification (AIS) system. Installed on board the UAV equipment allows it to detect and automatically classify different types of surface targets.

Strategic reconnaissance drones RQ-4 Global Hawk in service with the US Air Force, all they were delivered 42 unit of this model. At the same time, this drone is a very expensive acquisition. The cost of each of the RQ-4 based on R & D costs are 222,7 million (131,4 million for serial UAV). The total funding for the program to create them to 2014 years inclusive cost the US budget in 10 billion dollars.



The design of the machine is very widely used modern stealth-technology, which makes it hardly noticeable to the radar, which, coupled with a large vehicle flight altitude makes it a low vulnerability to enemy weapons. Currently drone RQ-4 Global Hawk already owns a number of world records set in the class of unmanned aerial vehicles. So, launched in March 21 2001, the UAV RQ-4 30 spent hours in the sky 24 1 minute and second. On the same device, we managed to set a record for the flight altitude - 19 928 meters. Both achievements were successfully registered with the FAI - International Aviation Federation.

US Department of Defense signed a contract to develop a long-range maritime drones under the designation MQ-4C Triton 22 2008 April year. The amount of work under the contract amounted to 1,16 billion dollars. The contract provides for the construction of two fully equipped prototypes of demonstrators (already built and flying).

In terms of size, design and appearance, Triton is almost no different from its progenitor Global Hawk. A number of changes touched the bottom and the forward fuselage, where it was established powerful electronic equipment serving for the detection of sea targets. The bow of the UAV MQ-4C set optoelectronic camera with high resolution, which sees good surface targets and passes them to the picture online at the machine's control center. Also under its belly is a modern AESA AN / ZPY-3, has a greater range of water surface survey.



On board the drone has a modern computer, which stores in its memory the video and electronic images as modern warships and vessels naval and civilian fleets. With this solution, the end user in the control room receives from the drone is already fully "conscious" information about the situation that is emerging in a particular area of ​​the world ocean. In accordance with the concept of network-centric implemented today received information drone can take full advantage of the operational headquarters and a wide variety of levels, as well as the crews of ships and aircraft. To transmit intelligence "Triton" has developed means of communication, device positioning vessels and detectors detecting radar signals. Also on these drones, most likely in self-defense, will be installed modern means of electronic countermeasures.

New reconnaissance drones fleet Designed to replace reconnaissance aircraft in service. James Hook, Program Manager for the Enhanced Marine Intelligence System (BAMS), notes that the MQ-4C UAV will allow monitoring of ocean surfaces with greater efficiency and duration. It is assumed that the new drones will be paired with modern P-8A Poseidon patrol aircraft, which are beginning to enter the arsenal of the Navy, replacing the P-3 Orion predecessor aircraft. Also, the drone will be able to work in tandem with deck-based E-2D Advanced Hawkeye early warning and guidance aircraft. Options for their possible interaction can be very diverse. For example, the Tritons will be able to find a submarine on alert, the relevant information will be transferred on board P-8A Poseidon aircraft that carry onboard equipment for tracking submarines in the underwater position (the aircraft are equipped with sonar buoys, as well as a magnetometer) and able to accompany the submarine, and if necessary, destroy it.



In total, as part of the program BAMS (Broad Area Maritime Surveillance) provides for the purchase 68 drone MQ-4C Triton (+ 2 vehicle demonstrator) to be operated by the fleet, together with the new generation of aircraft based patrol aircraft P-8A Poseidon (planned to purchase 117 aircraft ). According to the calculations of American admirals, the introduction of this tandem will replace actively exploited in the current fleet of obsolete aircraft P-3C Orion in the number 225 units.

It is reported that the new drones will be deployed on the islands of Guam and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean and the island of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. In addition, they will be based at air bases Jacksonville, Florida, Point Mugu in California and Sigonella in Italy. The program of active testing of aircraft data is currently ongoing. At the same time, foreign countries are also showing interest in UAVs. Australia and India have expressed interest in acquiring them.

Information sources:
http://www.popmech.ru/weapon/14241-vysotnyy-bespilotnyy-pervyy-polet-mq-4c-triton
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/bpla/mq4c.html
http://www.oborona.ru/includes/periodics/armament/2013/0611/105911068/detail.shtml
http://prokhor-tebin.livejournal.com/790790.html
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  1. Bongo
    Bongo 7 October 2014 09: 18
    +10
    The RQ-4 Global Hawk is in many ways a unique device, its adoption into service has seriously strengthened the capabilities of the US armed forces to collect intelligence. Not surprisingly, many countries have expressed interest in acquiring it. Such a reconnaissance would also not hurt Russia.
    1. Vasek
      Vasek 7 October 2014 23: 33
      +1
      Quote: Bongo
      Such a reconnaissance would also not hurt Russia.

      Yes, but the figure of $ 222.700.000 apiece is sobering, as it were ...
      Plus the cost of operation, maintenance and training.
      And it will be annoying if the operator mistakenly (or from a hangover) drops it!
      1. opus
        opus 8 October 2014 19: 42
        +1
        Quote: Vasek
        Yes, but the figure of $ 222.700.000 apiece is sobering, as it were ...
        Plus the cost of operation, maintenance and training.

        1. $ 35.000.000,00 - the cost of the UAV itself (empty)
        2. $ 127.000.000,00 - the cost of the UAV with the entire filling: an advanced integrated set of detection tools (EISS), including electro-optical / infrared observation station with high resolution and on-board radar with synthesized aperture, an indicator of moving ground targets, as well as the supply of radio intelligence and equipment for processing the received images.


        3. Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan (South Korea) The sale price is currently estimated at 900 billion won ($ 844,9 million) for 4 pieces, incl. No. 2 + training + service + (probably) disposal

        ==============
        For 4700 kg of empty weight 35 mln.dollarov, essno GREAT.
        But it all began so wonderfully:
        ORDER: The cost of the UAV should not exceed $ 10 million in the prices of the 1994 financial year.
        1. Vasek
          Vasek 9 October 2014 04: 51
          0
          Quote: opus
          The cost of the UAV should not exceed $ 10 million in the prices of the 1994 financial year.

          Nuance: "shouldn't" or "won't"? smile
          Yes, and it seems a lot to many of us $ 10.000.000 ...
  2. Magic archer
    Magic archer 7 October 2014 09: 18
    +2
    To intercept yes to study thoroughly ... otherwise we are inferior in the development and operation of UAVs so far
    1. PROXOR
      PROXOR 7 October 2014 10: 26
      +2
      I think it is necessary to study, but to begin with, saturate the army with copies of it as it was with the TU-4.
  3. Bayonet
    Bayonet 7 October 2014 10: 13
    +3
    A very serious device. That would be useful to us too.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 7 October 2014 10: 31
      +7
      Quote: Bayonet
      A very serious device. That would be useful to us too.

      Yeah ... with anti-submarine defense, we generally have a full kapets ... not to mention marine intelligence ...
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 7 October 2014 10: 39
        +4
        Quote: Nayhas
        Yeah ... with anti-submarine defense, we generally have a full kapets ... not to mention marine intelligence ...

        This year I saw Tu-142 in Primorye, at first I could not believe my eyes.
        1. Nayhas
          Nayhas 7 October 2014 17: 16
          +2
          Quote: Bongo
          This year I saw Tu-142 in Primorye, at first I could not believe my eyes.

          The anti-submarine capabilities of the Tu-142M3 at the end of the last century were quite modest. Now the dimensions of the machine and its ability to detect modern submarines do not correspond at all ...
  4. Crimea-nyash
    Crimea-nyash 7 October 2014 11: 11
    0
    the device is good, but states do not switch to drones from a good life. how much does it cost, at their prices, pilot training, insurance, etc. ?? and the second is a certain inhibition in the execution of UAV commands. well, and as a scout, it’s normal, we need such- same.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 7 October 2014 12: 06
      +10
      Quote: Crimea-nyash
      because the states are not from a good life go to drones

      Yes, it’s not from a good life ... Because of the ban on cloning, they cannot grow a cat-sized pilot who can’t sleep for several days without loss of working capacity, who do not need as much water and food, and cost a minimum of oxygen.
  5. nvn_co
    nvn_co 7 October 2014 11: 13
    0
    A good device, albeit a hostile one. But you can argue with a lot with time in the sky and with the flight range at given speed limits, but oh well - this is the Internet and advertising. "Very widely used modern stealth technology"- what? The paint, the closing hatches? The scheme is almost classic, there is an ordinary turbojet engine, the scope is stunned, for such a machine, but this is understandable. The flight time requires a great elongation and aerodynamic quality. It is not very invisible, I would say. “his very simple or even simple air defense systems will work. It’s very painful for them to have an expensive scout. Although Northrop Grumman has always been famous for the fame of“ sawing and fiddling with the budget. ”If desired, they are quickly destroyed. But I will not water with mud. MQ-4 is Letters in the development of machines of this class. Well done, they made a good machine for working out the technique. But it’s strange why so expensive, since the design acceptance is very large. A very large number of elements of other aircraft were used.
    1. PROXOR
      PROXOR 7 October 2014 11: 21
      +1
      Quote: nvn_co
      Only now it’s strange why it is so expensive, since the design succession is very large. A very large number of elements of other aircraft were used.

      I think due to a more powerful radar. Covering vast ocean expanses is quite difficult.
    2. iwind
      iwind 7 October 2014 12: 11
      +4
      Quote: nvn_co
      A good device, albeit a hostile one. But you can argue with a lot with time in the sky and with the flight range at given speed limits, but oh well - this is the Internet and advertising. "Modern stealth technologies were widely used" - which ones? Paint closing hatches? The scheme is almost classical, there is an ordinary turbojet engine, the scope is stunned, for such a machine, but this is understandable, the range, the flight time, requires a great lengthening and aerodynamic quality. He's not very invisible, I would say. I think, if necessary, his very simple or even simple air defense systems will "work". It was too painful for their dear scout.

      Regarding stealth and prices, it’s all due to the fact that a large percentage of composite materials, AFRA, and optics are all not cheap. so wings are generally 100% composite. TRV is closed from radiation from below.
      And who can bring him down at an altitude of 15 km above the ocean, wait before he finds this target? And more is not required of him.
      They are not afraid of aviation; this is a job for other units of the Air Force. With that number of military bases, aircraft carriers, AWACS aircraft, there is someone to cover it in case of what.
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 7 October 2014 12: 51
        0
        Quote: iwind
        And who will be able to bring him down at an altitude of 15 km above the ocean, wait before he himself finds this target?

        How about a Project 1144 cruiser with a marine version of the S-300F, and finding it is not a very difficult problem. As soon as he cuts the radar, he himself will glow like a Christmas tree.
        1. iwind
          iwind 7 October 2014 14: 41
          +2
          Quote: PROXOR
          Quote: iwind
          And who will be able to bring him down at an altitude of 15 km above the ocean, wait before he himself finds this target?

          How about a Project 1144 cruiser with a marine version of the S-300F, and finding it is not a very difficult problem. As soon as he cuts the radar, he himself will glow like a Christmas tree.

          And how many such cruisers are in the Navy?
          Range S-300F max 200KM. Such a huge cruiser RQ-4C Tritonc with its AFAR will detect, obviously much earlier.
          Yes, and again, after irradiating it, he will still find the cruiser the same; on this, the drone mission is completed. Then fly F-XX c Poseidon.
          1. PROXOR
            PROXOR 7 October 2014 15: 08
            -1
            Quote: iwind
            And how many such cruisers are in the Navy?
            Range S-300F max 200KM. Such a huge cruiser RQ-4C Tritonc with its AFAR will detect, obviously much earlier.
            Yes, and again, after irradiating it, he will still find the cruiser the same; on this, the drone mission is completed. Then fly F-XX c Poseidon.

            Well, of course, Project 1144 will not go alone, it will be a combat group. At least that's the plan. Second. Regarding it, he will notice it earlier, but no !!! As soon as the first waves of radar radiation reach the ship, it will immediately detect the target and set it for tracking. Third. The radar can detect a cruiser, but it is possible to establish what kind of target is classified only with a closer examination, which means that, like it or not, it will need to come closer. And here it will approach 100 kilometers. Of course, only AUG can ideally get rid of this "frame". (I mean, KUZYA is in the cover of at least one 1144 and other escort and service ships.)
            Let me remind you also of the fact that this ground-based UAV and not an aircraft carrier, means it has a certain radius of action. Another thing is that he’s rather sour at him.) In general, this UAV has a number of really key points that give advantages, but I do not observe key ones. In our fleet, its functions are performed by TU-142 and other aircraft of similar purpose.
            1. iwind
              iwind 7 October 2014 16: 02
              +2
              The whole squadron will be noticed even earlier.
              Quote: PROXOR
              Concerning earlier he will detect, but no !!! As soon as the first waves of radar radiation reach the ship, he immediately detects the target and sets it to track

              Well, ok, they will find each other for 400km, that's all. The headquarters receives data about an unknown large object, gives a command to approach and it is shot down at the headquarters, they announce an alarm, raise the F-XX.
              But that’s what modern AFRA will not be able to get ahead of such a huge ship — it's fantastic + cruiser radars also emit not weak. Why come up, I'm sorry but it's stupid, or confirm with something why it should fly up.
              Again, as soon as he is outraged to be escorted, he finds out about this, and consider his mission to be accomplished, why fly up?
              He has a range of at least 13800 km - he recently flew 11 km in 6000 hours, and the maximum duration of the flight is up to 30 hours, the Catholicism of the bases of the US Navy is just up to z;
              And the whole squadron to destroy one UAV .....
          2. Nayhas
            Nayhas 7 October 2014 17: 28
            +5
            Quote: PROXOR
            How about a Project 1144 cruiser with a marine version of the S-300F, and finding it is not a very difficult problem. As soon as he cuts the radar, he himself will glow like a Christmas tree.

            So what? Let's say they find each other at a distance of 400 km. for "Peter" is far from stealth by its size, and what will happen next? "Peter" will chase the "Triton" in order to approach it at the distance of the missile launcher? Is it worth comparing the speed of "Peter" and "Triton"? I can describe what will happen next. "Triton" finding "Petra" will incite all available forces on it, keeping a safe distance. But the commander of "Petr" will expect a strike both from under water and from the air, while neither the time nor the course from which to wait for the strike will be unknown to him. Attacking aircraft, for example, will not even need to turn on their own detection means when receiving information from the Triton.
            Available?
            1. FID
              FID 7 October 2014 17: 43
              +1
              The output of ANY ship is visible from satellites, of which a great many revolve around the Earth ... I generally don’t understand why these drones are needed ...
  6. Alexander
    Alexander 7 October 2014 11: 50
    +2
    Undoubtedly a good bird. This is not enough for us. And this is with such a territory, with huge artistic open spaces.
  7. saag
    saag 7 October 2014 12: 14
    +1
    Yes, something painfully expensive for a drone turns out, in general, the drone’s philosophy is to reduce the cost of the aircraft, but here it’s the other way around
  8. crambol
    crambol 7 October 2014 12: 49
    +2
    Quote: Spade
    Quote: Crimea-nyash
    because the states are not from a good life go to drones
    Yes, not from a good life ...


    Just from good engineering, which allows us to solve the tasks of controlling us without using the human factor. And here not only engineering, but also legal nuances.
  9. The point
    The point 7 October 2014 14: 05
    0
    222 green lemons! stunned!
  10. FID
    FID 7 October 2014 17: 24
    0
    I do not understand the Americans ... This thing - the same Global Hawk, which costs 222 million. 2 sea - well, let it be 500 million, but they managed to spend more than a billion ... Where does the prosecutor's office look?
  11. Rostislav
    Rostislav 7 October 2014 19: 13
    0
    Yes, a serious toy.
  12. Nitarius
    Nitarius 7 October 2014 20: 00
    0
    Such a DEVICE, OUR LONG TIME, SHOULD BE MADE ... even if it is for the BEGINNING to begin to communize with PARTNERS!
    WE HAVE WHERE A MORE EXTENSIVE border ... and 50 pieces or more, we EXACTLY NEED!
  13. bmv04636
    bmv04636 8 October 2014 10: 14
    -1
    A large piece is just for the S-500, and for smaller ones there is such a thing in the zashnik
    At the OBORONEXPO 2014 exhibition in Zhukovsky, Radiozavod OJSC (part of the Roselektronika holding) presented a UAV control system based on the 9C482M7 product. In connection with the widespread distribution of UAVs, the task was to combat them. Therefore, it was decided to adapt the serial battery command post for control of the ПУ12М7 group of combat vehicles Strela-10, ZSU-23, Tunguska, Tor, MANPADS to combat UAVs and work them out in this new quality.
    The PU12M7 mobile control center was originally designed to solve air defense tasks, and to combat UAVs it was equipped with radio intelligence (RTR), optical-electronic reconnaissance stations, as well as radar stations. The RTR station detects and detects the control and information reset channels of small-class UAVs (for large and medium UAVs, the complex works as an air defense system). The RTR detects the target, transmits the target designation on the bearing to the radar, then this information connects the optoelectronic system to obtain the exact coordinates of the UAV. Next, an interceptor UAV is aimed at the target area. The method of its influence is the suppression of UAV control channels and information reset. PU12M7 means allow detecting UAVs in the near field (about 25 km) by the radiation of on-board equipment. For example, UAVs are detected by the information component, by the operation of the GPS navigation system. Even in the case of "closing" the public GPS signal, UAVs are still detected, since there is a signal itself.
  14. Analgin
    Analgin 8 October 2014 12: 07
    0
    Quote: SSI
    The output of ANY ship is visible from satellites, of which a great many revolve around the Earth ... I generally don’t understand why these drones are needed ...

    The satellite either hangs on the geostationary or rotates in its orbit, it will not work to force it to pursue the squadron. Just fuel for shunting engines for a long time is not enough, and not for that they are intended.
  15. Prager
    Prager 3 November 2014 12: 23
    0
    Americans know how to work, you can’t say anything. if only ours did not lag behind and keep up with the times.