Military Review

October 4 - Civil Defense Day of the Ministry of Emergency Situations

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Every year October 4 in Russia celebrates the Day of the Civil Defense Troops of the Emergencies Ministry. Civil defense (GD) is currently one of the most important functions of any state, an integral part of defense construction and ensuring the safety of its citizens. In recent years, specialized civil defense units of the Russian Federation managed to take part in more than 150 000 rescue operations inside the country, and also provided assistance to citizens of 48 countries of the world.

Today, the civil defense troops of the Russian Federation (hereinafter simply referred to as civil defense troops) are military formations whose main goal is to solve tasks related to civil defense. These formations are used during war to protect the territory of the country and its citizens from the dangers that arise during the conduct of hostilities or as a result of conducting such actions. Civil defense troops are the most prepared and mobile units in the civil defense units of the country, they perform the most time-consuming and difficult tasks to ensure that GO forces and facilities are brought into the lesions, as well as carrying out rescue and other emergency tasks at these outbreaks . The civil defense forces, possessing high maneuverability and readiness, are able to quickly advance to the lesions and be the first to start rescue operations on the spot, both independently and in cooperation with civilian organizations.

October 4 date was not chosen by chance. It was 4 of October 1932 of the year that, according to a decree of the government of the USSR, the all-union system of local anti-aircraft defense of the country (MPVO) was organized, and a provision on a new organization was also established. This structure became the prototype of the future civil defense forces. The first serious test for the MMPO was the Great Patriotic War, during which local air defense units were able to neutralize about 40 thousands of incendiary bombs, and also extinguished 2700 fires, eliminated more than 3 thousands of various major accidents. In those years, a system of protection of the population was created in the country, which ensured the safety of thousands of human lives.

October 4 - Civil Defense Day of the Ministry of Emergency Situations


After the end of the war, the MMPO improved in the light of new threats: the proliferation of nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons. The tasks of the organization and its structure were revised. In 1961, the MOPO was transformed into the Civil Defense (GO) of the USSR. In the same period, the theoretical foundations for the protection of the population were developed in our country, and a full range of engineering, sanitary and hygienic, anti-epidemic and organizational measures were carried out throughout the country.

Since September 1971, the direct leadership of the civil defense system in our country has been transferred to the military department. 26 April 1986, after the terrible technogenic accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the civil defense was assigned the task of combating the consequences of man-made and natural disasters. At the beginning of the 1990-s, the USSR State Defense Committee became an integral part of the Unified State System for the Prevention and Liquidation of Emergency Situations (ES). 27 December 1990 was created in the country by the Russian rescue corps. In 1991, under the President of the Russian Federation, the State Committee on Civil Defense, Emergencies and Disaster Relief was organized. In 1993, our country was able to become a full member of the International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO). And next year, on the basis of a presidential decree, the Ministry of Civil Defense, Emergencies and Disaster Relief (EMERCOM of Russia) was established in the Russian Federation.

In recent years, civil defense troops of the Russian Federation have been actively involved in evacuating the population, as well as resolving issues of immediate life support for people, escorting humanitarian aid, localizing and extinguishing large outbreaks of peat and forest fires, restoring various damaged objects and communications, and protecting critical objects. All these are the primary tasks of the GO troops.



Parts and subdivisions of the civil defense forces were often involved in work in the zone of armed conflicts: in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Transdniestria, Abkhazia, Yugoslavia, Chechnya, South and North Ossetia. They took responsibility for providing people with food and drinking water, were engaged in evacuating wounded citizens and delivering mail. During the major epidemics, the GO troops, together with the medical staff, more than once carried out the evacuation of patients, organized the delivery of essential items.

It is worth noting that over the past time, Russian civil defense troops have qualitatively transformed. Today, they are armed with the most advanced engineering and special equipment, devices for searching for victims, a rescue tool, as well as means for the livelihood of citizens. The ongoing reform of the civil defense troops will improve their efficiency and mobility, as well as special training, logistics and their management system.

In the past 10 years alone, military rescuers have been involved more than 40 thousands of times to eliminate the consequences of various disasters and accidents. As a result of their operations, they managed to save more than 70 thousands of citizens. That is why October 4 remains a wonderful holiday and a memorable day for all representatives of the civil defense branch of the Russian Federation, who remember their duty and stand on the protection of the Russians and our state.

Based on materials from open sources
Author:
19 comments
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  1. Salavatsky Ministry of Emergency Situations
    +15
    And thanks to this date, I am today with 6 in the morning on my feet about the All-Russian GO training session.
    And in order to prepare for it, the TsUKS of the Republic of Bashkortostan, my brain has been running for two weeks now!

    And the troops of GO Shoigu were already long ago, in particular, our unit and four neighbors were disbanded in 2002.

    Happy Holidays!
    1. Nikoha.2010
      Nikoha.2010 4 October 2014 09: 00
      +1
      Quote: Salavatsky Ministry of Emergency Situations
      And thanks to this date, I am today with 6 in the morning on my feet about the All-Russian GO training session.
      And the troops of GO Shoigu were already long ago, in particular, our unit and four neighbors were disbanded in 2002.
      Happy Holidays!

      Yeah, and in the Ministry of Emergency Situations changed the military uniform, you will ask the object, how the shoulder straps were removed in 2012. In the country, 36000 were stupidly "kicked out." !
      In general, thanks to everyone who has a holiday today! drinks
      1. Salavatsky Ministry of Emergency Situations
        +3
        Quote: Nikoha.2010
        you will ask the subject how the epaulettes were taken in 2012 year


        I won’t even ask, I saw everything perfectly myself, some didn’t have enough for the 1 retirement month, and u, bob Vasya, chew sawdust, you are the director of the sawmill.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. siberalt
          siberalt 5 October 2014 15: 30
          0
          Congratulations, of course. But why did they crush fire supervision? Yes, and the militarization of internal organs is somewhat alarming.
      2. Zuborez
        Zuborez 5 October 2014 04: 15
        +1
        I don’t know who disbanded whom). The couple was renamed.
        And so, my team is in place).
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Civil
      Civil 4 October 2014 09: 10
      +1
      Civil Defense and Emergencies, colleagues in Civil Defense and Emergencies (all organizations of all forms of ownership) with a holiday !!!! And all involved in GO! The system under Yeltsin was destroyed, now it’s going bit by bit,
      1. DRA-88
        DRA-88 4 October 2014 10: 45
        +1
        Happy Holiday!
    4. samoletil18
      samoletil18 4 October 2014 09: 56
      +2
      Quote: Salavat EMERCOM
      And the troops of GO Shoigu were already long ago, in particular, our unit and four neighbors were disbanded in 2002.

      1988-90 257 separate mechanized regiment (Directorate of Civil Defense in the Military District, Riga). The question of the transformation into a brigade in 1990 was resolved. But this did not happen, for well-known reasons. The creation of a separate Ministry of Emergency Situations surprised, but now this can not be changed, even when Shoigu became the Moscow Region.
      Everyone who has served, is serving and will serve in the GO-Ministry of Emergencies on the Holiday, brothers!
    5. badger1974
      badger1974 4 October 2014 23: 13
      0
      damn it, I, too, a funny call at 6 zero zero, and up to 18 zero zero, though I’m not happy, after the hurricane I need to clean up the rubble, and then on those, and tomorrow will be replaced and the day after tomorrow offsets. shorter than full P
    6. devor71
      devor71 5 October 2014 08: 15
      +1
      Bro, you are right for a hundred pounds. As a Firefighter, this GO does not rest on hell! out of 150000 rescue operations, as they say in the article, 100000 thousand with a hook are performed by simple Firefighters! And some stupid people in the councils arrange training camps in the morning! Sverdlovsk region ! when checking from the council, the chief said "guys, the first question is the standard for dressing the OZK" Bilin we have another spitsyka service! Inclusion in KIPs and others
      1. strannik1985
        strannik1985 7 October 2014 22: 03
        0
        He asked because the program has a lesson-dressing OZK. Are you exhibiting a GO post at the RHBZ?
  2. Anatole Klim
    Anatole Klim 4 October 2014 08: 43
    +4
    Congratulations to all on Civil Defense Day. I urge everyone to know GO alerts and actions on them. The time is alarming, but God forbid that it is not useful.
  3. heretic
    heretic 4 October 2014 08: 45
    +3
    This is the merit of the current Minister of Defense, who once created an "efficient" ministry.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  4. en 45
    en 45 4 October 2014 08: 48
    +9
    The same nonsense. It's nice to wake up at the call of the dispatcher on such a festive day off and headlong drive to the object guarded by our unit. sad All the same, they hoped in vain that they would postpone the training for the sixth.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 4 October 2014 23: 18
      0
      in our Crimea, before October XNUMX, reinforced, (though the chip, for some reason, reinforced is announced by order, but no one ever announced it by order to cancel it
  5. Lyolik
    Lyolik 4 October 2014 08: 52
    +5
    Today is a great holiday, it’s not just a celebration of the Civil Defense Forces of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia, it is a WORLD holiday. It is very joyful and pride that we have protection and protection, the help of the whole world. They will always help, save and save thousands of lives. To you Dear soldiers of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia and thank you very much for being there. Be always happy, loved, joyful and let adversity bypass you. love love love
  6. Vityok
    Vityok 4 October 2014 08: 54
    +3
    EMERCOM of Russia with a holiday !!! love
  7. yana532912
    yana532912 4 October 2014 09: 58
    +3
    I look forward to congratulations. She worked for 15 years in the Civil Defense and Emergencies Department in the Tomsk Region. True, we always celebrated December 27th. love
    1. Salavatsky Ministry of Emergency Situations
      +2
      Quote: yana532912
      Waiting for congratulations


      My congratulations!!!! fellow love
      1. asar
        asar 4 October 2014 10: 16
        0
        I am joining! Happy holiday !!!
    2. kostya-petrov
      kostya-petrov 4 October 2014 10: 08
      +1
      My congratulations to you, as specialists who are on guard that the disaster doesn’t go away, that the catastrophe of the shore does not confuse, that we sleep peacefully!
    3. samoletil18
      samoletil18 4 October 2014 16: 59
      0
      Quote: yana532912
      yana532912

      Congratulations on Civil Defense and Emergencies Day! I wish you happiness, health, material well-being, professional growth and fulfillment of all plans and personal tasks. love
  8. Oleg1
    Oleg1 4 October 2014 10: 17
    +2
    All GO veterans on a holiday. special congratulations to those who served in Novogorny!
  9. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 4 October 2014 10: 28
    +2
    All involved with the holiday! All the best: health, joy and success!
    Peaceful sky! ..
  10. Akela-73
    Akela-73 4 October 2014 10: 37
    +3
    All colleagues with a holiday.
  11. asar
    asar 4 October 2014 11: 40
    +2
    In Ufa, the exercises "To eliminate the breakthrough of the Pavlovsk hydroelectric station" were held!
  12. givigor71
    givigor71 4 October 2014 12: 02
    0
    Civil security is, first of all, the safety of society. It allows you to live and work normally, without regard to the risk of emergency situations. I wish for this holiday of serenity, silence, calm. May there be always a peaceful sky over the country! Let the sun be tender and life joyful! Let the work be your pleasure! Happy Civil Defense Day!
  13. kotdavin4i
    kotdavin4i 4 October 2014 18: 11
    +2
    Happy colleagues!
    Major EMERCOM of Azerbaijan Republic. hi
  14. Alekseev-av
    Alekseev-av 4 October 2014 20: 46
    0
    From 6 in the morning they did not let us sleep))) Well, if in general, then we still have to work and work on our entire GO! Many poherili, but somehow we are not in a hurry to restore)))
  15. TECHNOLOGY
    TECHNOLOGY 4 October 2014 21: 35
    0
    Greetings to my children from the Squadron of the Ministry of Emergencies of the a / c Cheremshanka! In the morning I went to the Krasnoyarsk-Kamaz convoy. The holiday was a holiday, and no one canceled the exercises! Good luck! Guys and girls!
  16. badger1974
    badger1974 4 October 2014 23: 22
    0
    times holiday so holiday, cheers cheers cheers
  17. Zuborez
    Zuborez 5 October 2014 04: 22
    0
    Ah, youth) .19 celebrators had Me-Che-Se). The most helmsman is June 1, the international day of GO troops.
    All involved with the holiday.
    145 Zolinsky OSBr- in particular. The training battalion of the Ministry of Emergencies, too).
    I don’t know what kind of eccentric the brigade came up with the name. Let him be condemned.
  18. Prager
    Prager 3 November 2014 13: 18
    0
    I don’t understand why the Ministry of Emergencies needs machines, they don’t fight, but save. laughing
    1. strannik1985
      strannik1985 16 November 2014 14: 44
      0
      In the emergency zone, all kinds of crap-looting is very often happening, someone can do a dark thing under the guise of a gun, weapons in such a situation will never hurt.