Military Review

Mistakes and problems of American intelligence

16
28 September, US President Barack Obama said that US intelligence organizations had the necessary information about the organization "Islamic State", but underestimated it. Earlier, similar statements were made by several high-ranking officials from different structures. As it turned out, the United States had information about the existence and activities of a terrorist organization, but did not see it as a threat. The cost of such an error was the ongoing war in Iraq for several months, during which the army and the population of the country suffer serious losses. In addition, several third countries, including the United States, had to join the fight against the "Islamic state".

Mistakes and problems of American intelligence


In order to justify the American special services, it should be said that intelligence is not always able to get all the necessary information in time, and analysts sometimes fail to draw the right conclusions and predictions. Nevertheless, despite the objective complexity of the intelligence work, one of the main reasons for the recent events in Iraq is the insufficiently high-quality work of the intelligence agencies of several countries, primarily the United States.

It is not the first time when the US intelligence services make various mistakes that are the cause of numerous disputes or even scandals. Over the past few years, the CIA and other intelligence organizations have repeatedly made mistakes that have serious consequences. All this affects both the reputation of intelligence and the political situation in the country. In addition, some events have influenced or may affect Washington’s relations with other countries.

One of the first major mistakes made recently was the Iraqi scandal weapons mass destruction. 5 February 2003, during a meeting of the UN Security Council, US Secretary of State Colin Powell demonstrated a test tube in which he allegedly was the causative agent of anthrax. This test tube has become one of the evidence that Iraq has bacteriological and other weapons of mass destruction, but carefully hides it from international observers. The evidence provided by the CIA was the reason for NATO’s military invasion of Iraq. It should be noted that the UN Security Council did not approve such an operation.

The search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq has come to nothing. NATO experts have not been able to find any traces of the existence of such weapons. This история ended in the middle of 2004, when C. Powell admitted mistakes regarding accusations against the old Iraqi authorities. He laid the blame for mistakes on the CIA, which provided inaccurate and erroneous information. The Secretary of State expressed regret, but a full-scale war was already taking place on the territory of Iraq.

In the summer of last year, another scandal occurred, affecting both intelligence and other US intelligence agencies. In early June 2013, the former CIA and NSA officer Edward Snowden conveyed information about several secret projects to the press. Snowden talked about existing surveillance programs. In total, US intelligence agencies could monitor approximately a billion citizens of 60 countries. Telephone tapping and control over the use of various Internet services was conducted. Several large communications companies were involved in the tracking programs.

News about global surveillance became the reason for mass indignations and various accusations against the NSA, the CIA and other American intelligence services. The intelligence services, in turn, responded with accusations of disclosing secret information. In accordance with US laws, Snowden waits for a long prison sentence. In addition, the NSA was forced to change the approach to working with classified information. The existing rules have been made major changes aimed at preserving and not disclosing secret information.

Exposures of Snowden affected not only ordinary citizens, but also the leadership of several states. Thanks to him, it turned out that the US intelligence services had been following the officials of 35 countries for a long time. The overhearing of the leadership of the states led to the corresponding consequences in the form of charges and various statements. For example, information about the observation of German Chancellor Angela Merkel led to the beginning of numerous disputes and some cooling of relations with the United States. In addition, back in August 2013, Germany broke up treaties with the United States and the United Kingdom that allowed them to engage in electronic intelligence on its territory.

At the end of March this year, the American edition of The Wall Street Journal published interesting material about the work of the special services during the Ukrainian crisis. With reference to its sources, the publication claimed that American intelligence could not reveal the plans of the Russian command in time and learned about the events in Crimea only after they began. American intelligence was able to obtain some information about the possible actions of Russia, but further actions of the special services were impossible due to the lack of necessary information.

During all the necessary actions, the Russian troops used closed channels of communication, as well as used other methods of countering the intelligence of third countries. As a result, all assigned tasks were successfully completed, the Crimea joined Russia, and the American special services received important experience and an extra reason for criticism.

As you can see, the CIA and other US intelligence agencies with unenviable regularity make mistakes, beating on their reputation and on the prestige of the country. At the same time several decades ago, the CIA was considered one of the best intelligence agencies in the world, working almost without mistakes. Perhaps, the results of the work and the reputation of the special services were affected by some features of information dissemination. Previously, it was easier for them to hide information about their mistakes, and leaks of classified information had a different scale due to the lack of developed powerful data dissemination structures like the modern Internet.

Nevertheless, it seems that the matter is not only in the simpler dissemination of information. There is reason to believe that the US intelligence organizations really began to work much worse. The reasons for this may be several.

The most obvious version of the causes of these phenomena is a change in the specifics of the work of intelligence. The CIA and other US intelligence organizations were created primarily to work with the likely adversary during the Cold War. As a result, intelligence had strong incentives to work effectively and received adequate funding. The collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the USSR led to a change in the political situation in the world. In particular, there was virtually no need for powerful intelligence structures designed to extract information about the actions of a potential enemy in the person of a superpower and its allies.

The absence of such work, as well as permanent reductions in the end could lead to the most unpleasant consequences. Older intelligence specialists resigned or died, and the “youth” is not able to gain solid experience, similar to what the “old men” had. As a result, the overall performance of the entire structure drops, leading to known incidents.

The collapse of the Soviet Union, which was the main focus of US intelligence, affected its work in a different way. Previously, the main efforts of the CIA and other organizations were focused on the USSR and several of its allies. Interest to a large number of other countries was manifested only when appropriate. Now, the United States does not have a large potential adversary, since the declared fight against international terrorism has several specific features. One of them is the existence of not only a large organization representing a much greater danger in comparison with the others, but also relatively small groups and organizations that are also required to be monitored.

The presence of a large number of potentially dangerous organizations leads to dispersion of far from infinite forces and difficulties with the work and extraction of valuable information. Given the constant change of personnel, this feature of work can significantly degrade the overall efficiency of the special services.

An interesting feature of the work of American intelligence in recent years has become a clear predominance of politics over the study of facts. Now, having a wealth of data on the war in Iraq and the events preceding it, it can be argued that the conflict did not begin because of intelligence, but because of Washington’s political and economic interests. In fact, official Washington made a political decision, and the intelligence officers selected the necessary information confirming the correctness of this decision. True, it later turned out that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction, which became the official cause of the war, but the US Secretary of State admitted the mistakes and blamed the CIA for them. Apart from these allegations, there were no real consequences of mistakes.

It is quite possible that in addition to the major errors that were the subject of discussion, American intelligence organizations made small and almost imperceptible to the general public. Nevertheless, those and other errors of intelligence officers can have the most serious consequences both for the United States, and for their allies or third countries. The latest events, which received publicity, can speak about certain processes occurring within the CIA and in other similar organizations. All these processes and events have a negative impact on the effectiveness of intelligence and events in the international arena. Whether the American leadership is going to correct the situation in any way is unknown. However, the need for such actions seems to be long overdue.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://wsj.com/
http://bloomberg.com/
http://theguardian.com/
http://svpressa.ru/
Author:
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  1. Fin
    Fin 6 October 2014 10: 21
    +9
    Barack Obama said that US intelligence organizations had the necessary information about the Islamic State organization, but underestimated it.

    Come on pour it! It’s impossible to hide the formation of thousands of armies. As conceived - so did. For suckers excuse.
    1. 222222
      222222 6 October 2014 11: 47
      +2
      Fin RU Today, 10:21 Come pour in! .... "
      ..account of too many mistakes ??? .. Al Qaeda-Taliban -galstukoed -igil .... This is a SYSTEM ...
      1. radar1967
        radar1967 7 October 2014 00: 28
        +2
        One of the failures of American intelligence is their absolute confidence in control over the so-called "Russian Defense Minister" - Serdyukov and his women. The mother wolf was recruited !!! Amkrikos could never have imagined that the minister could be dressed up. The CIA, in all seriousness, controlled the clips and new fur coats of blonde Vasilyeva. Well, at that time ... impudent and vile, but real Russian military equipment, armed, charged, prepared, checked, trained, checked again and captured Crimea... As the saying goes: "Hurray, Pause! Haha, three times!"
        Bravo to the CIA staff! Freedom to People's Artist Evgenia Vasilyeva! Viva to Count Serdyukov-Crimean!


        Great work of the GDP team !!!

        These are modern realities. It is in such conditions that all patriots of Russia have to work now. We have to camouflage from enemies and from friends. Otherwise, by stupidity, they will tell everyone who needs and who does not need ... Ce la vie.

        ps Poor Yankees ... Not all the gold that glitters. What will happen to them when they find out, or rather, they see the truth about the recruitment of Gorbach ...
        I’m sure haha ​​will not, there will be tears of pity. We are Russian.
        1. DRA-88
          DRA-88 7 October 2014 00: 37
          0
          Quote: radar1967
          These are modern realities.

          It's funny! lol
          Quote: radar1967
          Great work of the GDP team !!!

          Even funnier! wassat
          Quote: radar1967
          The old wolf was recruited !!!

          Well that's too much! laughing laughing
          1. radar1967
            radar1967 7 October 2014 01: 29
            0
            Robot or something, you giggle off topic? ...
            Well, oh well: as they say - and not of such people in the Soviet Army did. I foresee questions, but rarely on the site, so I’ll tell you a story.
            Even funnier: In the 80s, two gangsters armed to the teeth, without saying a word, burst into the World Bank building. Both had a plan to hit a good jackpot. They put everyone on the floor, and pointed their pistols at each other. Who is cooler? Suddenly, both out of the corner of their eyes saw a security video camera turning in their direction.
            The first, nicknamed Humpback, understood: "Atas! Cops! Got it!" Reacted instantly: Threw off the barrel, raised his hands and knelt down! "
            Second, Joe from Texas took the observation differently: "Wow! Cool! A hidden camera is filming us! I am a YouTube hero! Everyone lie down! Money on the barrel!" I picked up the barrel that was lying on the floor and began to cap the ATMs with renewed vigor ...
            These are the modern realities. These are the different characters of our heroes. Someone thinks about the consequences of their actions, and someone does not ... Does this remind you of anyone?
            How do I know this story? It’s just that one of my good, old (like a mammoth) friend was carefully watching the security video monitor at that moment. His name is Ashtar Adonai.
    2. maai
      maai 23 May 2015 16: 50
      0
      Quote: Fin
      Fin (1) October 6, 2014 10:21
      Barack Obama said that US intelligence organizations had the necessary information about the Islamic State organization, but underestimated it.

      Come on pour it! It’s impossible to hide the formation of thousands of armies. As conceived - so did. For suckers excuse.

      And what is the contradiction !? There is no contradiction!

      Obama said that American intelligence organizations had the necessary information ...
      Well, it doesn’t say that they did not condone them and were not members of the sponsoring club.

      ... however, underestimated it.
      That's right. They also fed this monster, but, as usual, for some reason thought that it was not completely carnivorous. Apparently they thought that he was devouring meat - then for some reason he would be carried away by vegetarianism. wink And most likely they didn’t think at all. They look no further than one step forward. Two steps is their absolute maximum.

      Quote: Fin
      ... It’s impossible to hide the formation of thousands of armies ...

      We are not talking about this.

      Quote: Fin
      Come on pour it! ... For suckers excuse.

      And he didn’t lie and do not pay off anywhere. It’s quite a common word.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 6 October 2014 10: 30
    0
    American intelligence organizations had the necessary information about the Islamic State organization, It seems to me that the organization "Islamic State" is the work of American intelligence .. "did not finish watching" .. and got out of control ... But the United States was seamed and abandoned ... Like al-Qaeda ..
  3. Denis
    Denis 6 October 2014 10: 37
    +3

    It is possible that, in addition to the major errors that became the subject of discussion, American intelligence organizations made small and almost invisible to the general public
    This topic is fully disclosed, there is nothing to add, the author +!
    It remains to discover their main noncommon iitrigu, or even a secret
  4. Bonham
    Bonham 6 October 2014 10: 40
    +3
    and the Americans, that in the Middle East, that in Eastern Europe, have no understanding of the specifics of the region, some stupid experiments and walking on a rake
  5. 00105042
    00105042 6 October 2014 10: 52
    +1
    the nonsense article, bullshit, with fear expected that the author would accuse the CIA and the NSA that they had committed the 9/11 attack, but at least it didn’t come to that, thanks. The naive Powell cut out, shaking a tube with detergent, according to the author, intelligence services did not even guess to check its contents? Finish, sometimes it is better to be silent than to write articles in VO ...
  6. vodolaz
    vodolaz 6 October 2014 11: 23
    +2
    Here's how they do it? The same NSA is the most expensive special service in the world.
  7. Begemot
    Begemot 6 October 2014 12: 30
    +1
    US intelligence is legally excluded from political decision making.
    It is not surprising that it is intelligence that makes the scapegoat in all policy failures, especially given that clowns like Psaki or McCain form politics.
  8. Sergey-8848
    Sergey-8848 6 October 2014 15: 05
    0
    The penultimate paragraph in the article is a practical summary and conclusion on the effectiveness of the work of all intelligence services (how many are there officially, 10-12?) Of the USA or the SGA, as one Anatoly V. says.
  9. Prutkov
    Prutkov 6 October 2014 15: 23
    +2
    Quote: 00105042
    the nonsense article, bullshit, with fear expected that the author would accuse the CIA and the NSA that they had committed the 9/11 attack, but at least it didn’t come to that, thanks. The naive Powell cut out, shaking a tube with detergent, according to the author, intelligence services did not even guess to check its contents? Finish, sometimes it is better to be silent than to write articles in VO ...

    You're not right. The article is related to the question of responsibility for the information voiced. No one considers Powel a kamikaze, brandishing a test tube with a poisonous substance in the UN Security Council, as well as representatives of other countries as idiots and suicides. But is this "mistake" worth the apology of the thousands of killed Iraqis? Where is that level of responsibility of "adult uncles" for their words and deeds? Maybe with this it is necessary to start restructuring in the UN, so that each country is responsible for its words?
  10. 11111mail.ru
    11111mail.ru 6 October 2014 15: 24
    0
    All these processes and events negatively affect the effectiveness of intelligence and events in the international arena. Whether the American leadership is going to correct the situation in any way is unknown. However, the need for such actions seems to be long overdue. Author Ryabov Kirill

    Kiryukha, to whom do you sympathize, for whom do you work?
  11. Demob 2012
    Demob 2012 6 October 2014 20: 02
    +1
    American intelligence equated the two concepts of "working" and "creating the appearance of work" in the first case, you need to analyze information, and in the second, you do not need to. Which option is easier?
  12. studentmati
    studentmati 6 October 2014 22: 41
    +1
    Sheer nonsense!
  13. SashOK
    SashOK 6 October 2014 22: 47
    +1
    Work to work, but more and more clumsy and arrogant.
    Very much overestimate their real capabilities.
    Analytical assessments are not in use, because the mind was eclipsed by the mythical Russian threat, which they themselves invented and develop themselves.
    And igil is their child, who turned out to be more pragmatic than his parents and got out of control.
    Be that as it may, but we with these freaks will still suffer :-(
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 7 October 2014 00: 13
      -1
      Quote: SashOK
      Be that as it may, but we with these freaks will still suffer :-(


      For this, these are nurtured, Sash! I agree with you completely!
  14. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 7 October 2014 06: 57
    0
    This is not the first time that US intelligence agencies have made various mistakes that cause numerous disputes or even scandals.

    Not the same as the CIA during the Cold War. NSA, RUMO. The old cadres are gone, but the new ones can be judged by the administration (the same Psaki). The incompetence of their work is clearly visible. These are the failures in the Middle East, Georgia (as a result, the protege was removed), Ukraine (everything went wrong), etc. etc. In addition, the president is not one of the "eggheads". On the other hand, it only plays into our hands.
  15. Pavel Gusterin
    Pavel Gusterin 20 October 2014 08: 55
    0
    In order to justify the American special services, it should be said that intelligence is not always able to get all the necessary information in time, and analysts sometimes fail to draw the right conclusions and predictions.

    Kindergarten, pants with straps ...
  16. Prager
    Prager 3 November 2014 12: 51
    0
    Honestly, some kind of robber Cossacks!