Military Review

In Russia, presented a new wheeled robot

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17 September 2014, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev held a meeting with the heads of relevant ministries and departments as part of the military-industrial conference held in the Moscow Region entitled “Prospects for the Development of Robotic Systems and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles”. The conference was held from 15 to 17 in September on the territory of a special test range of the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation - FKP Scientific Research Institute "Geodesy".

The meeting was attended by many Russian ministers, as well as the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Y. I. Borisov, and the Governor of the Moscow Region, A. Yu. Vorobyov. The main topic raised at the conference were issues that related to the prospects for the development of various robotic systems and systems in Russia. At the conference, participants were able to get acquainted with modern Russian models of various robotized complexes of land, sea (including underwater) and air-based.

The exhibition, which took place in mid-September in the Moscow region, proves that the domestic robotics remains one of the best in the world. In Krasnoarmeysk, on the territory of the landfill of the Research Institute "Geodesy", it was possible to assemble a huge number of various devices that perform the most complex work without direct human participation. At the site were presented unmanned aerial vehicles and those robotic systems that can work even deeply under water. The problems of development of robotics in our country were discussed by representatives of industry, science, as well as all Russian law enforcement agencies.

In Russia, presented a new wheeled robot


The exhibitors were able to see for themselves and try to assess the level of Russian robotics, jointly develop recommendations for its development. A key role in the organization of this scientific forum was played by the Fund for Advanced Studies, which was established on the initiative of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. The conference in the Moscow region once again showed that the Russian Federation in all areas of robotics has very good development prospects that are not elusive, but quite realizable. At the same time, they have not forgotten how to create robots in Russia, approaching this issue quite creatively.

The exhibition demonstrated a huge number of ground-based robotic complexes, which were represented by devices for audiovisual intelligence of the environment, decontamination of explosive devices, extinguishing fires, as well as conducting active reconnaissance and combat work. Among other products, the remote-controlled reconnaissance and strike platform created at the State Research Institute for Applied Problems was particularly notable. Externally, this platform was more like a rover or lunar rover, designed to move on the surface of other planets. This thought was suggested by peculiar wheels of the model. However, in fact it is a real combat vehicle for land use.

His history an enterprise from St. Petersburg leads from 18 May 1989 of the year. In February 1999, the institute was transferred to the State Technical Commission under the President of the Russian Federation (starting from 2004, the Federal Service for Technical and Export Control of the Russian Federation). From 2000, the institute officially became known as the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “GosNIIPP” - the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “State Research Institute for Applied Problems”. One of its activities is the development and production of military equipment and weapons.



The land drone presented by the specialists of this enterprise is intended for solving problems of reconnaissance of the area. In addition, he can carry out the defeat of manpower and various objects of the enemy. Against enemy infantry, he can use a PKT machine gun of the caliber 7,62 mm, as well as the RSHG-2 (jet-assault grenades). If a RPG-26 rocket-propelled grenade launcher is installed on its chassis, the robotic chassis has the ability to hit even heavier targets, even well-protected by armor. Having found an armored personnel carrier or even an enemy tank on the battlefield, the device operator can take the robot to the required distance, and then launch a volley into the most vulnerable area of ​​the enemy vehicles.

The weight of the presented platform is only 248 kg. It can work continuously for 3 hours or standby for up to 72 hours. According to the manufacturers, the maximum speed of the controlled reconnaissance and shock platform is 5 km / h, the power reserve is 6 kilometers. At the same time, the distance of the remote control of the device is 1 kilometer, using wired communication - up to 5 kilometers. According to some military experts, in addition to military objectives, the chassis of the presented ground robot can also be used in civilian missions and even in the implementation of space exploration programs.

Currently, a lot of attention is paid to the development of robotics in Russia. In 2014, a special laboratory of combat robotics was created in the country, the new structure has already successfully begun work. Oleg Bochkarev, deputy chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission under the Russian government, told journalists about this in May. According to him, the laboratory created was headed by Oleg Martyanov.



Earlier, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin spoke about creating such a laboratory. The new institution was planned to deploy on the basis of the plant. Degtyarev. According to him, the laboratory is necessary for conducting various experiments, creating samples and conducting tests. At present, the development of promising robotic systems and complexes in Russia is being carried out in the interests of the RF Ministry of Defense in the framework of the current state armaments program for the 2011-2020 years.

Information sources:
http://www.vestnik-rm.ru/news-4-9863.htm
http://niigeo.ru (ФКП НИИ «Геодезия»)
http://www.rosbalt.ru/main/2014/05/30/1274820.html
https://plus.google.com/102549610567855022047/posts
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32 comments
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  1. Wedmak
    Wedmak 1 October 2014 10: 05
    +2
    Well, that prototypes are already appearing well.
    1. schizophrenic
      schizophrenic 1 October 2014 12: 13
      +1
      I wonder how much the robot will have.
      I ask you not to compare it with the Ukrainian superbot, I'm afraid that ours will crush it accidentally or the operator will die from fright.
      1. Alex_good
        Alex_good 5 October 2014 14: 35
        0
        its value will be cheaper than human life
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 1 October 2014 13: 12
      +4
      Quote: Wedmak
      prototypes

      This basic cart is much better than the previous one. Prototypes ... Recalled the Soviet Mars rover fellow :

      Soviet Mars rover. Developed at the beginning of the 1990's at the All-Russian Research Institute Transmash.
      In 1995, bought by the French company Alcatel Space Industries.
      Location: Paris (Museum of Arts and Crafts).
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 1 October 2014 22: 08
        +1
        Ahead :)
        I just wanted to write about the required rover, as a prototype chassis.
        1. Andriuha077
          Andriuha077 2 October 2014 10: 38
          0
          Quote: Bersaglieri
          as a prototype chassis

          And again the same base:
          The robot to eliminate the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
          topwar.ru/42448-rossiya-povorachivaetsya-licom-k-robototehnike.html
    4. The comment was deleted.
  2. ivanovich
    ivanovich 1 October 2014 10: 15
    +2
    In Afghanistan, the Americans began to use ground robots more prudently after the Taliban stole several of them a few, and they did it in a very simple way: when such a machine drove into the village, they threw blankets on top of it and turned them over, and then tied them to her rope and pulled the robot to its location
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 1 October 2014 11: 30
      +1
      Yes, nothing is reported about the noise and visibility of the robot when moving on the ground. And the wireless control range is too small. And how smartly does he look around the area and recognize "friend or foe"? Such a "scout" will drag 5 km on the wire. There his enemies will quickly find and also lasso. And they will play tug: Which is stronger - a wire or a rope?
      So it’s more likely for space pioneers to provide an auxiliary planet rover, or deliver instruments to the reactor zone. And in combat work - m. roll out a machine gun and a grenade launcher to a more convenient position with a reduced risk for the fighters.
    3. Mister X
      Mister X 1 October 2014 15: 47
      +1
      Quote: ivanovich
      when such a machine drove into the village, they put blankets on top of it and turned it over, and then tied a rope to it and pulled the robot into its location

      I hope they analyzed the situation and made at least some conclusions regarding the tactics of application.
      For example, run on the 2 robot: master and slave, which moves away.
      Or a ground robot, covered with a light drone UAV.
    4. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 1 October 2014 17: 21
      0
      "they threw blankets on top of her and turned over" ////

      It is interesting. In any case, the "reconnaissance" robot
      fulfilled: it is clear that there are militants in the village. If there was a patrol car instead of a robot, then soldiers would die.
      And how to increase the survivability of the intelligence robot?
      1) More video cameras across the entire field: I would have noticed a flying blanket
      and made an automatic jerk. The response of electronics is faster than human.
      2) Self-destruction function in case of capture. They covered with a blanket, the operator detected a loss of control - an explosion. Or the destruction of electronics boards.
      3) Work robots in pairs (like soldiers in a city).
  3. bmv04636
    bmv04636 1 October 2014 10: 43
    +2
    and if a virus or an interception of control you imagine such a robot enters the territory of the base and opens fire on its own
  4. Alexander
    Alexander 1 October 2014 10: 55
    0
    To wet the aliens on Mars?)
  5. rotor
    rotor 1 October 2014 11: 08
    +1
    Presented by the specialists of this enterprise land the drone is designed to solve reconnaissance tasks. In addition, he can defeat manpower and various enemy objects. Against the enemy infantry, he can use the 7,62 mm PKT machine gun, as well as the RShG-2 (reactive assault grenades).


    And where is stuck like land air drone?
    1. rotor
      rotor 1 October 2014 11: 27
      +2
      Where is the stationary robot submachine gun?
  6. sv68
    sv68 1 October 2014 12: 09
    0
    the speed of 5 km per hour and three hours of work is drop dead. along the way, a certain project to study other planets was closed, and our military engineers and designers hung weapons on this prototype and are happy-we-can! The shape of the wheels speaks for itself, it’s designed the chassis for other purposes and maybe even other people
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 1 October 2014 13: 20
      +2
      Quote: sv68
      the shape of the wheels speaks for itself — this chassis was designed for other purposes and maybe even other people

      I do not see anything terrible in using the tested platform.
      But the "rover" is overkill. Components for it are clearly piece production.

      Once they wrote about the development of the Central Research Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics:
      Robotic combat complex RBTK amphibious type.
      (It is viewed in the background of the first photo from this article)
      In fact, it is an Argo all-terrain vehicle equipped with a combat module.
      You can get spare parts for it, but it seems that this is a clear foreigner.
      And if the embargo or sanctions?



      Full curb weight does not exceed 1020 kg;
      Maximum travel speed - 20 km / h
      by water - up to 2,5 nodes.
      Maximum dimensions, mm: 3350x1850x1650;
      Continuous operation time, h - at least 20;
      Armament: Machine gun (7,62 mm) PKT (3 RPG-26, RSHG - 2).

      During amphibious operations, the remote-controlled platform is able to provide fire support to the assault landing groups; conduct intelligence on the coast; deliver cargo units leading the battle ashore.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 1 October 2014 13: 29
        0
        What is the payload weight for this platform?

        However, this is still all nonsense, only the first hints. They are developing tactics of combat use, a control system and so on.
        1. Mister X
          Mister X 1 October 2014 14: 32
          +1
          Quote: Spade
          What is the payload weight for this platform?

          hi
          Unfortunately, it is not specified anywhere.
          Here is an article by Cyril. It has everything that is known for this device.
          http://topwar.ru/index.php?newsid=36904
      2. sso-xnumx
        sso-xnumx 1 October 2014 15: 16
        0
        Canadian production ...
  7. sso-xnumx
    sso-xnumx 1 October 2014 12: 11
    0
    Against the enemy infantry, he can use the 7,62 mm PKT machine gun, as well as the RShG-2 (reactive assault grenades). If an RPG-26 anti-tank grenade launcher is installed on its chassis, the robotic chassis will be able to hit heavier, even fairly well-armored targets. Having discovered an armored personnel carrier or even an enemy tank on the battlefield, the device operator can bring the robot to the required distance, and then launch a salvo into the most vulnerable area of ​​enemy equipment.

    1. And if the enemy infantry is the first to discover this wonderful machine? What will happen?
    2. When armored vehicles are detected, a miracle machine will be selected to it at a speed of 5 km / h. And if the armored vehicles even moves along the battlefield at a speed of 30 km / h, and is not going to wait until they get to it and shoot it?
    Summary: In the General Staff and the Ministry of Defense, the generals have no idea what can and should be done with such equipment, the designers, who do not have a specific technical specification for the product, are perverted as best they can on the principle of "maybe they will buy", and it will be a simple soldier to fight for them and die as always.
    Yes! I almost forgot. Proposal to designers on paragraph 1! Put self-liquidator to prevent the voluntary surrender of your unit to the enemy .....
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 1 October 2014 12: 48
      0
      Quote: sso-250659
      1. And if the enemy infantry is the first to discover this wonderful machine? What will happen?

      Nobody will die

      Quote: sso-250659
      2. When armored vehicles are detected, a miracle machine will be selected to it at a speed of 5 km / h. And if the armored vehicles even moves along the battlefield at a speed of 30 km / h, and is not going to wait until they get to it and shoot it?

      The device, as far as I understand, is intended for combat operations in a settlement, "on the battlefield", where equipment rolls at a speed of 30 km / h and so there is a sea of ​​fire weapons. Starting with aviation, and ending with PTS infantry.
      1. sso-xnumx
        sso-xnumx 1 October 2014 15: 16
        0
        Quote: Spade
        Nobody will die

        So they’ll steal it!
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 1 October 2014 16: 46
          0
          They can take a chance. But I’m not sure that the enemy will not have enough brains.
  8. Analgin
    Analgin 1 October 2014 12: 42
    +1
    Quote: sso-250659
    1. And if the enemy infantry is the first to discover this wonderful machine? What will happen?

    Detects - will try to destroy, of course. Moreover, due to the exotic nature of the target, they will pay more attention to it than to an ordinary infantryman. Americans sew up similar (anti-terrorist, most likely, directivity) drones in armor in such a case, in appearance a 7,62 rifle should hold. But there are more dimensions than ours.

    Quote: sso-250659
    2. When armored vehicles are detected, a miracle machine will be selected to it at a speed of 5 km / h. And if the armored vehicles even moves along the battlefield at a speed of 30 km / h, and is not going to wait until they get to it and shoot it?

    A light ATGM on a drone, preferably of the "fire-forget" type - at least 30, even 130 kilometers, the result is the same. Trading 1 drone for 1 tank / armored personnel carrier (especially with infantry inside) is quite profitable.
    1. sso-xnumx
      sso-xnumx 1 October 2014 15: 14
      0
      Correctly! Everything that appears on the battlefield to be incomprehensible will immediately be spread out!
  9. Lopatov
    Lopatov 1 October 2014 12: 54
    +1
    Good machine. We must continue to move in this direction. Especially since there has been plenty of developments since the days of the USSR, it is enough to recall the use of robots during the liquidation of the Chernobyl accident.

    The prospects are huge.
    Reconnaissance, including artillery, target illumination for aviation and artillery.
    Anti-tankers will finally cease to be suicide bombers.
    The same applies to flamethrowers
  10. Denimax
    Denimax 1 October 2014 13: 55
    0
    They would build a robot in the form of a monocycle. To maintain a strictly vertical position, you will need gyroscopes.
    Just for fun for the test.
    1. gjv
      gjv 1 October 2014 16: 17
      0
      Quote: Denimax
      Just for fun to test

      Here are designing, see if there will be any sense
      http://topwar.ru/56055-voennyy-evakuator-sproektirovannyy-v-forme-kolesa-imitiru
      et-namibiyskogo-pauka.html
      and here about robots
      http://topwar.ru/57122-izrailskiy-bespilotnyy-avtomobil-guardium.html
    2. The comment was deleted.
  11. fktrcfylhn61
    fktrcfylhn61 1 October 2014 14: 26
    0
    Only to the moon or to Mars send this wretchedness !!!
  12. Tektor
    Tektor 1 October 2014 16: 04
    0
    This is a "parquet robot". The present must be able to roll over "upside down" and continue to move, including at an angle of 90 degrees. In addition, when he meets a cobblestone near the diameter of the wheel, he must step over it with this wheel. recourse
    1. gjv
      gjv 1 October 2014 16: 34
      +1
      Quote: Tektor
      he must step over it with this wheel

      Here's a joke that came to mind: book a walking excavator, incl. legs with movable shields, instead of an arrow, put a good howitzer, an effective ATGM, and "run on foot" at enemy pillboxes, behind enemy tanks ...
      Mb a joke, and m. and there is a share of jokes and a share of meaning? Exoskeletons are made. Why not a combat robot run around the battlefield? Come up with legs with hinges that throw the foot over the stone ... Adversaries are what they do
      http://topwar.ru/13589-pentagon-zadumalsya-nad-sozdaniem-voennyh-robotov-android
      ov.html
      How to recognize in vain - not in vain?
      1. TOR2
        TOR2 1 October 2014 23: 54
        +1
        Quote: gjv
        Here comes the joke:

        Nothing is impossible. With such movement, you will need a powerful source of energy, and good computing power. Two legs will not be enough, it will take 4. This is in case one leg is damaged. You probably saw a lame dog on 3 legs. So your car will have to get out the same way. Now imagine with what speed the onboard computer should work and how quickly the running gears should execute the commands. And this is just movement. smile
    2. The comment was deleted.
  13. Lenar
    Lenar 1 October 2014 16: 32
    +2
    The minds, knowledge, means, resources - everything is with mother. It is only necessary to give a vector, formulate a task, organize.
  14. INF
    INF 1 October 2014 20: 56
    0
    why is she good? 1 km range in urban conditions will be an order of magnitude lower, but in an open area you’ll be filled up too, plus delivery to the point, unloading .. where is the pancake under fire or what? 5 km per hour !!! yes they will have him like a rubber woman, but he will not even be able to drape. Yes, it will be used in some cases, in the rest you can’t get it out of your pocket, and with such characteristics it’s the only way. And also drag 5 km of cable behind you !!! , it would be better to be silent.
  15. TOR2
    TOR2 2 October 2014 00: 10
    +1
    Quote: ivanovich
    In Afghanistan, the Americans began to use ground robots more prudently after the Taliban stole several of them a few, and they did it in a very simple way: when such a machine drove into the village, they threw blankets on top of it and turned them over, and then tied them to her rope and pulled the robot to its location

    This experience is very interesting and must be taken into account when designing your own combat robots. To teach the robot to defend itself in such a situation is not difficult and it is surprising that the mattresses did not provide such an opportunity. Only after the return of work will the weapon have to be brought into a non-combat state (this is in case of failure). Of course, losses among civilians in this case are inevitable. The robot doesn't care who came up from the back. There is a source of radiation or a source of movement, the rest is a matter of technology.
  16. Prager
    Prager 3 November 2014 15: 49
    0
    an amusing piece of iron!