Military Review

Revolver Colt Navy 1851

Revolver Colt Navy (naval Colt) model 1851 was one of the most popular revolvers of the middle and second half of the XIX century in the United States. The model was named so because it was originally intended to arm U.S. Navy officers. Years of production: 1850-1873. Manufacturer: Colt's Manufacturing Company.

The long rifled barrel provided good shooting accuracy. The six-shooter. Shot bullets 36 th or 44 th caliber. Weight (depending on production time) is 1200-1300 grams. Length - 330,2 mm. The initial speed of the bullet (for the .36 caliber) is about 255 m / s.

Revolver Colt Navy 1851

Unassembled for cleaning


Below, step by step, is shown the process of charging the naval colt (the same applies to other revolvers of the mid-nineteenth century). This is what gunfighters, such as Wild Bill Hicock or J.V. Hardin, had to do after they had fired all the bullets from their revolvers. In the days of the Wild West, a good shooter not only had to shoot straight, but also count the number of shots well. Remembering this was extremely important, since recharging an empty revolver was a very laborious process.
Necessary "ingredients": powder powder with black powder, 44 lead round bullets in 96 gran (6,221 gram) and CCI impact nozzles 11. Well, he himself is ready to charge a revolver.

Black powder

.44 round turret bullets


Before you charge the revolver, you need to put the trigger on the safety platoon (semi-platoon) so that the drum can rotate. In this position, even if the revolver is charged and primed, the accidental triggering of the trigger will not cause detonation due to insufficient impact force on the primer.

In the drum chamber (drum chambers at the fleet Colt are always open — you don’t need to do anything with them) gunpowder is poured, about 80% of its volume. This is roughly 26 Gran (1,685 gram) gunpowder.

Next, a lead bullet of .36 or .44 caliber is inserted into the chamber. The bullet must go into the chamber very tightly, so that it is impossible to push it completely with your fingers.

With the help of a special folding lever-ramrod, which is located under the barrel, the bullet is driven into the chamber up to the stop of the ramrod lever.

This ensures that the bullet is fully installed and that the powder in the chamber is tightly compressed to ignite the cap. A properly installed bullet will never fall out of the drum. And in the same way, it is necessary to charge the six cavities of the drum of the fleet Colt.

Above the opening of the chamber with mounted bullets, if you do not plan to shoot right away, a small amount of lubricant is applied. This protects the drum from dirt and water, which can cause the gun to malfunction. For lubrication they used everything that was at hand: soap, wax, even lard can be used for this purpose.

Then the revolver is rotated, and percussion caps for each charged chamber are placed on the branded tubes over the seed holes in the back of the drum. This part of the charging operation must be done with great care so as not to damage the caps.

The trigger smoothly lowered the thumb on a combat platoon. Now the gun is loaded and ready to fire.


Photo Shoot:


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  1. avt
    avt 25 September 2014 09: 09
    good Well illustrated, nice to see.
  2. padonok.71
    padonok.71 25 September 2014 09: 47
    All the same, there is something in such caramults that is not found in modern "plastics". Soul? ... I don't know ...
    To the author - my respect. Very detailed. With illustrations. The only thing that is missing (in my opinion) is a description of the combat use and even the holsters were interesting for them. Like this one.
    1. gross kaput
      gross kaput 25 September 2014 13: 25
      Yes, there is a lot of lack of chava, for example, the history of appearance / adoption, the ability to quickly change the drum to a charged one, just push the latch and the front of the frame with the barrel and ramrod is separated from the back and then the drum changes, which is several times faster than reloading each camera, there is still not enough story about the conversion of army and navy colts to unitary cartridges according to the scheme of Captain Richardson, and they were and were centralized and much more fun.
      1. padonok.71
        padonok.71 25 September 2014 17: 59
        Yes, I agree, but the man did not write a book. And the format of the article, he knew, obliges.
        The article is good, this is my senile grumbling. I have the right - a pensioner!
      2. Vasek
        Vasek 26 September 2014 21: 10
        Quote: gross kaput
        Yes there is a lot of chavoy missing

        Anyway, a handsome scoundrel!
        There is some charm in classic weapons, grace, or something ...
        Mauser and Nagan also like it. Already 1911 is getting there, although they will be younger.
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 25 September 2014 15: 56
      Quote: padonok.71
      The only thing that is missing (in my opinion) is a description of the combat use

      And you read it - Louis Lamour, there are a lot of things written about NAVY too ...
  3. inkass_98
    inkass_98 25 September 2014 10: 57
    Thank you for the article, but personally my heart from rarities is milder still such beauty:
  4. padonok.71
    padonok.71 25 September 2014 13: 09
    One but fiery passion! 1935
    1. bazilio
      bazilio 25 September 2014 16: 30
      Quote: padonok.71
      One but fiery passion! 1935

      Yes, you, my friend, aesthet))) I understand you perfectly
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. gross kaput
    gross kaput 25 September 2014 13: 09
    "This protects the drum from dirt and water that could cause the revolver to malfunction." In general, the lubricant is not applied there for this, at least in the instructions for modern replica primers it is said that lubricant is needed to exclude the ignition of the charge in the adjacent chamber and reduce the lead in the barrel.
    1. padonok.71
      padonok.71 25 September 2014 19: 02
      And also for sealing the chamber. Powder smoky, humidity and all that. I read about it. Even in wet weather, it was recommended to re-equip the chambers more often. Here I know.
      1. gross kaput
        gross kaput 25 September 2014 19: 21
        Damn, you’ve called the wrong place and pressed the minus instead of the plus, I hope you won’t challenge me to a duel on a rake until the first blood ?!
        1. padonok.71
          padonok.71 25 September 2014 21: 07
          Old man, forget it, plus or minus, generally in parallel. Just now, I argued with the Jews - I was stuck with milenuses of minuses and nothing - I’m alive for now!
      2. viktorR
        viktorR 9 October 2014 10: 41
        And how to recharge the chambers? How can it be discharged if the bullet is stuffed with a ramrod lever by the least pampered, and even anointed with grease))? Push through the hole under the capsule? Tell me interesting!
  6. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 25 September 2014 13: 29
    Thank you for the article! He taught a lot about revolvers ...
  7. bazilio
    bazilio 25 September 2014 16: 29
    Thanks to the author. Good article, great photos.
  8. Grigorievich
    Grigorievich 25 September 2014 20: 03
    Short and clear. Thanks to the author and plus.
    Quote: padonok.71
    One but fiery passion! 1935

    Good Browning is still imitated.
  9. Victor Wolz
    Victor Wolz 25 September 2014 20: 46
    Good article, I wonder if our officers managed to use them in the Crimean War?
  10. cat hippopotamus
    cat hippopotamus 26 September 2014 00: 35
    Very interesting and informative article, thanks to the author.
  11. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 26 September 2014 06: 36
    I express my sincere gratitude to the author for the article. Long time no longer read anything like this in.