Military Review

Moscow air defense weakens

47
The world's best air defense system in the capital of Russia, which it rightly considered until the beginning of the 90-s, continues to wipe and languish


The NATO summit in Wales turned out to be the most hostile towards Russia over the past two decades. The central theme was the creation of the so-called rapid reaction force. The new group will be aimed at deploying along the border with Russia. They spoke at the summit and on strengthening the Baltic air patrol missions (in fact, a sharp strengthening of the NATO Air Force grouping on the north-western borders of Russia). Meanwhile, after 1991, the capital of our Motherland has become almost a border town. A modern strike aircraft overcomes the distance from the Russian border to Moscow in 15 – 20 minutes. How is the situation with the main object air defense?

Among the various ways of weakening the defense power of our Motherland with intent (and without it, from an excess of our own foolishness) the most widely used recently are the following - endless organizational and staff activities (to form, disband, transfer to other states, redeploy, reassign). Using such methods, even the most combat-ready compounds and parts can be brought to the stage of decomposition in just a few years. And as the operational cover of this leapfrog, as a rule, the most good goals are used, in particular the increase in combat and mobilization readiness. In fact, such actions are just a terrible disease, which has long and firmly seized certain representatives of the military department.

And now, in the plans of lovers of organizational-regular insanity, further improvement of the military administration bodies and the next (already difficult to say what in a row) attempt to create a more or less coherent aerospace defense system of our country are planned.

What is supposed to be done. Given the formation of the Northern Strategic Command fleet (this is what modern military thought has already reached) from the 1st Air Force and Air Defense Command, subordinate the North Sea Air Defense Command to the Northern Fleet Command, and transfer the Rzhev Air Defense Command from the Air Defense Command of the Air Defense Command of the Air Defense Forces to the 1st Air Force and Air Defense Command (by and large in order to preserve the latter).

The upcoming transformations in the system of air defense and missile defense in the part relating to the Central region of the country seem not fully thought out and reasoned. To correctly understand and understand this far from new issue, it is necessary to undertake a small militaryhistorical excursion (as they organized the air defense of the capital in previous years).

Brief background

20 August 2014 turned 60 to the Moscow District of the Air Defense, the successor and heir to the combat glory of which is the Air Defense and Missile Defense Command of the East Kazakhstani Army. The district (and subsequently the Command) was preceded by many associations, their main task was the air defense of Moscow and the Central Industrial District.

From 1918 to 1938, the air defense forces and means of the capital were sequentially reorganized from the 1st separate territorial-position anti-aircraft artillery battalion to the 1st air defense corps. In August 1940, the 57th Iad was formed on the basis of the 10th Iabr (formerly the 24th Iabr). On June 19, 1941, on the basis of the 24th Iad, the 6th fighteraviation building (IAK). On the eve of World War II, all air defense systems were combined into the Moscow air defense zone. It already included parts of the 1st Air Defense Corps and the 6th IAK (MBO), as well as the Gorky, Yaroslavl, Kalinin and Tula Brigade Air Defense Regions.

Moscow’s air defense system was based on the principle of a circular, equal-strength, echelon defense with the strengthening of the western and southern directions. An interesting fact is that the offices of the Moscow Air Defense Zone, the 1 Corps of the Air Defense Corps and the 6 IAC in June 1941 of the year were located in the same building (this is about interaction), which was just built at Kirov Street (now Myasnitskaya), house xnumx.

It should be noted that throughout the entire war, the structure and composition of the air defense forces of the capital and center of the country changed based on the capabilities of the enemy aviation (composition and main areas of concentration of efforts), the spatial scope of the operational construction of air defense forces, their tasks and, most importantly, the need for a single leadership of these groups.

In order to create a unified grouping of air defense forces and assets on the European territory of the country united into air defense regions, in accordance with the Decision of the State Defense Committee of November 9 1941, the 1 air defense corps was reorganized into the Moscow air defense corps. Given the strengthening of the German Air Force grouping west of Moscow for a decisive attack on it, from 5 on April 1942, the Moscow Air Defense Corps was reorganized into the Moscow Air Defense Front. In the interests of further improving the organizational structure of the troops and improving the leadership of the units in accordance with the Decision of the State Defense Committee of 29 June 1943, the Moscow Air Defense Front was reorganized into a Special Moscow Air Defense Army.

However, few people know what was the real reason for this transformation. By the middle of 1943, it became obvious that the German Air Force could not overcome the opposition of the intensified anti-aircraft defense of the USSR as a whole, did not suppress its economy and did not undermine the military power by destroying the defense industry source in the rear. The enemy began to switch his air forces to actions primarily on communications, the objects of concentration of military resources in the front-line regions and the troops that were rapidly advancing on all fronts to the Soviet border. The German Air Force during June 1943 of the year, which became the “black month of the Air Defense Forces”, inflicted a series of unexpected massive raids to the rear of the USSR in the form of 18 night attacks on Gorky (7 raids), Saratov (9 raids) and Yaroslavl (2 raids). It was a powerful, well-conceived, planned and organized strategic air offensive operation with very serious consequences for us. In particular, one of the blows to Gorky was carried out at the time of the shift change at the automobile plant. Many skilled workers died. GAZ at the height of the summer offensive campaign for a long time was disabled.

One of the main reasons for the success of the operation of the German Air Force was the weak level of operational thinking of the Air Defense Command of the country's territory and the inappropriateness of this structure for operational (operational-strategic) command of the troops. The lack of timely generalized information about the air situation over the country’s territory did not allow him not only to organize the fight against these raids by the joint efforts of the Moscow Air Defense Front and the Gorky Air Defense Corps, coordinating their forces and coordinating actions, but even clearly notifying the Gorky Air Defense District about the degree the severity of the approaching dangers.

Moscow air defense weakens


The reaction of the Supreme Commander was immediate and constructive. Having figured out what happened, the State Defense Committee of the USSR, by a Decree of 29 June 1943, transformed the Moscow Air Defense Front into a Special Moscow Air Defense Army, and its entire air defense fighter aviation united into the 1 Fighter Air Defense Army. Instead of the disbanded Command of the Air Defense Forces, two fronts were formed - Western and Eastern, with headquarters in Moscow and Kuibyshev. There was a missing operational link management. Special Moscow Air Defense Army organizationally entered the Western Air Defense Front. Geographically, the Western Air Defense Front stretches from Sochi to Murmansk. In the future, this decision increasingly justified itself and remained in force until the end of the war.

In response to changes in the overall situation, the GKO of the USSR reorganized the air defense fronts by its Decree of 29 in March of 1944. Three air defense fronts were created: the Northern (headquarters in Moscow), the Southern (headquarters in Kharkov) and the Transcaucasian (headquarters in Tbilisi). The special Moscow Air Defense Army became part of the formed Northern Air Defense Front. And again, the unions and formations that covered the north-west of the country were part of the Northern Front.

In connection with the liberation of the territory of the USSR and in order to improve the coordination of military actions in accordance with the Decision of the State Defense Committee of 24 in December 1944, the management of the Special Moscow Air Defense Army was reorganized into the management of the Central Air Defense Front. The Central Front air defense along with units and formations of the Special Moscow Air Defense Army entered the Leningrad Air Defense Army with 2-m Leningrad Guards IAK and Vyborg Brigadier area air defense, 1 and 3-Corps, 78, 80, 82-I Division and 16-I separate air defense brigade.

At the end of the war, the transition of the USSR Armed Forces to peacetime states began. In accordance with the Directive of the General Staff of October 25 1945, the Central Air Defense Front was reorganized into the Central Air Defense District. Subsequent structural changes were based on the experience of the final stage of the war. In accordance with the Directive of the General Staff of 23 in May of 1946, the management of the Central Air Defense District was reorganized into the management of the North-Western Air Defense District.

In 1948, the Air Defense Forces of the country were removed from the subordination of the commander of artillery and transformed into an independent form of the USSR Armed Forces, whose leadership was entrusted to the Commander of the Air Defense Forces of the country. Appropriate transformations followed. In accordance with the Directive of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces 14 August 1948, the management of the Northwestern Air Defense District was reorganized into the office of the Commander of the Air Defense Forces of the Moscow District.

1954 is the year that determined the development of the capital’s air defense for decades to come. First, in accordance with the Order of the USSR Ministry of Defense 14 on June 1954, the command of the air defense command of the Moscow region was reorganized into the Central Air Defense Directorate, and then, in accordance with the Order of the USSR MoD from 20 August 1954, the Moscow Air Defense Directorate was established based on the management of the Central Air Defense District. This event became the foundation for building a future air defense system in the central part of the country and the capital.

Providing a circular air defense of the Moscow region and industrial-economic objects within the borders of the air defense district, the main efforts of the troops were concentrated on the north-west, west, south-west and middle eastern aerial strategic directions (VSN), as well as on the north and north-east VSN in the interests of defense most important industrial and economic facilities of the city of Gorky and Gorky industrial region.

The composition of the district troops (beginning in November 1941 of the year), combining active assets (IA and ZA, and subsequently ZRV), as well as the boundaries of his responsibility, consisted of three main factors:

- firstly, the possibility of a massive, complex and permanent impact on the air enemy in the area of ​​responsibility from any direction in order to achieve maximum efficiency of military operations;

- secondly, in a large depth of the air defense system, which would ensure the possibility of defeating an air enemy even on the approaches to the main object;

- thirdly, the optimal solution of the most complex issue of organization and conduct of hostilities - exceptions at the operational (operational-tactical, tactical) level of unnecessary links to the organization of interaction between the AI ​​and FOR (ZRV) when they act in the same zone.

In 1960, there were significant changes in the Moscow Air Defense District. Management 52 th VIA defense was disbanded. On the basis of the IAK's controls, the controls of the air defense hull - 3 (Yaroslavl), 7 (Bryansk), 2 (Rzhev) are formed; on the basis of the control of the 78 zadad and 142 of the iad (Bitter), the control of 18 is formed Air Defense Division, based on the management of the 328-iad (Elets) formed the management of the 15-th Air Defense Division. Thus, the 1-I army of air defense (HE) consisting of four air defense corps (OH), 2, 3, 7 th air defense corps, 15 and 18 air defense divisions were included in the combat structure of the district. In the 1965 year, the 15 Division of the Air Defense Division was removed from the district, the 18 Division of the Air Defense Division was reorganized into the 16 Corps of the Air Defense Force.

The composition of the district did not change until 1988. The structure and operational structure of the district troops fully met the tasks set. With the adoption of new designs, the capabilities of the district increased.

A special place in the history of the district is occupied by the creation of the world's first missile defense system. Given the significant breakthrough of Western countries (primarily the United States) in the development of missile technology capable of delivering nuclear strikes at considerable distances, the USSR government considered the creation of missile defense systems. On 4 on March 1961, the experimental “System A” intercepted for the first time in the world the head of a ballistic missile flying at a speed of three kilometers per second.

Since the beginning of the 60-ies, measures are continuing to build and deploy an ABM system. The management of the RTC-81 was formed on 22 in January of 1962, with a location in Moscow, Kirov Street, 33 House. From this date, and begins the story of a missile defense mix. In accordance with the Directive of the Chief of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces from 16 in January 1965, the RTC-81 management was reorganized into the management of the head of the anti-missile defense troops of the Moscow air defense district (military unit 75555). The Moscow air defense district was the first of the air defense associations to have the opportunity to become an aerospace defense district as early as the 60s. However, it became only 50 years later.

Two operational echelons were formed in the formation of the district’s troops for decades ahead: the echelon of the outer air defense corps (2, 3, 7 and 16) and the echelon of the direct anti-aircraft defense of the main object, the 1-I army of special-purpose air defense.

At the present stage

In 1998, on the basis of the Moscow Air Defense District and the 16 of the Red Banner Air Army of the Moscow Military District, the formation of an operational-strategic alliance began, which from June 1 became known as the Moscow Order of Lenin as a district of air forces and air defense.

As part of the military construction of the Armed Forces 1 September 2002, the management of the Order of Lenin of the Moscow District of the Air Force and Air Defense was reorganized into the management of the Order of Lenin of the Special Purpose Command. Structurally, there were practically no changes, but the new association was already considered as the head of the country's AO system.

These intentions were developed in 2009, when the command of the Order of Lenin of the Special Command of the Central Air Defense Zone and the 1 Corps of Air Defense were reorganized into the management of the Order of Lenin of the operational-strategic command of aerospace defense with a deployment in the city of Balashikha, Moscow Region.

The desire of the former leadership of the Ministry of Defense to assemble all military aviation at seven airfields resulted in the transfer of all the aviation regiments in 2011 to the 1 Air Force and Air Defense Command from the ESC EKR. In fact, the air defense system of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region returned in the pre-war period, when the air regiments were only under operational control.

In the framework of the further development of the Armed Forces of 1 December 2011, a new branch of the Russian Armed Forces is being created - the Air and Space Defense Forces of the country.

On the basis of the management of the Order of Lenin of the troops of the operational-strategic Command of Aerospace Defense, the Directorate of the Order of Lenin of the Command of Air Defense and Missile Defense of the East Kazakhstani Army is formed. It seemed that the time-tested, and most importantly, the war structure of the air defense and anti-missile defense of the central part of the country is returning.

Another aspect. It is no secret to anyone that in the air forces of western countries (primarily the United States), tests of hypersonic combat aircraft are being actively carried out. The speed of these devices is five to seven times the speed of sound. Flight time for them is reduced to units of minutes. To make a decision to reduce the operational limits of associations, in which a unified system of intelligence and warning has long been established, looks simply illogical.

For the North-Western Air Command, an air defense missile defense command, the minimum flight time of a potential air vehicle of a potential (probable) enemy today is of the order of 15 minutes. This is in view of the fact that the Commander of the Air Defense Forces and the Missile Defense Forces at his command post receives information almost immediately from its intelligence system. He is able, even taking into account the short time available, to make a decision to repel an air attack.

Now, if we take away the first echelon of the air defense construction of the Central Industrial District, wrap up the warning information about the air enemy through 1-i Air Force and Air Defense Command, and maybe the Main Command of the aerospace forces, how much time will it have? And if the channels for receiving information are violated? Has anyone figured out such a development scenario?

In addition, in the proposed embodiment, there are a number of significant drawbacks:

-The management of the 1 th command of the Air Force and Air Defense is now deployed in the border zone. KP associations - unprotected, deployed within the city directly at the headquarters of the Command. When returning to their former headquarters (St. Petersburg), the Directorate and the command posts of the 1 Command Air Force and Air Defense will again be placed in the border area, which is clearly not expedient from an operational point of view;

-in the borders of the former Western Military District, instead of the two, there will be three different zones (areas) of responsibility for air defense (taking into account the formation of USS SF): Western, Moscow and Arctic (Murmansk). Names are conditional and have only territorial overtones;

- The air defense of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region will be built by two unions (zones / districts of the air defense), each of which makes up one separate operational echelon;

- the principle of building up an air defense of the most important objects developed by history is violated - a layered circular equal-strength defense with a focus on the most important directions;

- interaction between fighter aviation and anti-aircraft missile forces is hampered, as in the fire zones of the C-400 (C-300ММNNXX) Moscow anti-aircraft missile regiments will carry out combat missions from the interceptors of the fighter aviation regiments of the Western Military District in the absence of a single direct command of them.

What to do?

First, it is advisable to create a single Western zone of responsibility for air defense (within the boundaries of the Western Military District) on the basis of the Air Defense Command and the Missile Defense Command (directly subordinate to the Chief Command of the aerospace forces) with the incorporation of the St. Petersburg 1 air defense force Commander Air Force and Air Defense.

Secondly, the 1-e Command Air Force and Air Defense, from which will be withdrawn Severomorsk and St. Petersburg air defense units, it is advisable to reorganize the air army (with direct subordination to the commander of the Western Military District) to perform operational tasks in the air defense force and aviation in the Western strategic direction, as well as for the use of highly mobile aviation reserves to reinforce groups of troops (forces) in other directions.

Thirdly, it is necessary to maintain a missile defense connection in the combat personnel of the Air Defense Command and, on the basis of developments on the conjugation of the C-50M air defense system and the A-135 missile defense system, create a single automated control system for the control of existing systems and long-range long-range ZRS. it is planned to have air defense and missile defense.

Fourthly, to reorganize the management of the Air Defense Command and the Missile Defense Command into the Army Directorate of the Air Defense Missile Defense (Special Purpose) with the inclusion of the missing structural units in the new staff.

After the implementation of these measures within the borders of the Western Military District, there will remain one (for example, Western) zone of responsibility for air defense with unified leadership and unified responsibility for air defense of objects and groups of troops.

The air defense of the cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg and the Central Industrial District will be lined up by one alliance - in a layered manner around the center with a focus on the most important areas, as it was at the end of the Great Patriotic War and after it.

The main issue to be resolved in the conduct of air defense operations is to ensure the interaction between the AI ​​and the HRA, as in the proposed structure they will begin to operate under a single command.

Each formation will perform its tasks for its intended purpose: combining air defense, missile defense, air defense, air defense, air defense and air defense facilities in the country and the Russian armed forces within the boundaries of the air defense system, the air army as part of the air defense and aviation grouping at the anti-aircraft station — defeating the enemy groups and objects and winning air superiority.

The most important thing in the proposed version is the preservation of a unified air defense (antimissile) defense system of the Central Industrial Region (the main defense object of Moscow) and, as a result, ensuring the operational expediency of structural changes.

And the last. The return of the fighter aircraft to the air defense formations would be logical. This decision was first made in 1943 year and fully justified itself during the Great Patriotic War. I would like to hope that the decisions taken will fully meet the interests of preserving and increasing the country's defense capability.

Yes, and enough already, probably, to infinity to share what remains after the stormy organizational staffing 1990-x and 2000-s. In order to strengthen one, it is unwise to strip others. It is not necessary to divide, but to recreate the military power of the country and form from scratch new units and formations. This is how the state’s defense capability should be strengthened and not decomposed by permanent reassignment. And then with such an approach that sad moment is not far off, when there will be nothing to reassign.
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  1. paul1992
    paul1992 18 September 2014 14: 46
    14
    3 years have passed since the most recent data presented by the author, the period is not long, but a lot of things could change ...
    1. ZVEROBOY
      ZVEROBOY 18 September 2014 15: 02
      +3
      These are the reforms request
      1. Evgen4ik
        Evgen4ik 18 September 2014 15: 06
        +4
        No reforms will help.
        It is necessary to disperse authorities throughout Russia. There is no problem transferring the Duma (one hell doesn’t work). But with the ministries it will be harder.
        1. Muadipus
          Muadipus 18 September 2014 15: 10
          +9
          Vinnie Jones: Really about Russia on National Geographic Channel
        2. Demon0n
          Demon0n 19 September 2014 03: 29
          +1
          Quote: Evgen4ik
          No reforms will help.
          It is necessary to disperse authorities throughout Russia. There is no problem transferring the Duma (one hell doesn’t work). But with the ministries it will be harder.


          Do not care for the Duma and other leftists, in critical situations they are not important. The main thing is headquarters and command centers. If the probability of them being quickly taken out is quite high, then ... Temptations - they are such temptations ...
          True, I do not agree with the assessment given in the article, but the command of the army, especially critical elements, is better to be carried deeper into any case (over time). The only thing - it’s expensive to carry everything (including a missile defense system over Moscow, including).
        3. goose
          goose 19 September 2014 09: 43
          0
          Disperse all authorities and administrations in Novosibirsk, Tyumen, Yekaterinburg, Krasnoyarsk, Magnitogorsk, due to the exceptional economic and geographical location.
          At the same time, the old-time problem of the remoteness of administrative management from the main strategic regions of the country will be resolved, which would negatively affect the development of the S&D regions and, finally, hopefully, the negative effects of coexistence of the financial and governmental centers of the country will stop. Administrators should not sit on the money !!!
      2. Oleg14774
        Oleg14774 18 September 2014 15: 28
        15
        Quote: ZVEROBOY
        These are the reforms

        And you immediately believed it ?! This is an attempt to bombard and tune people, especially Muscovites, to the upcoming (maybe) provocations of the liberals. Do not believe. Everything is getting better with the country, and even more so with Moscow.
        1. severniy
          severniy 18 September 2014 16: 00
          +5
          Quote: Evgen4ik

          It is necessary to disperse authorities throughout Russia. There is no problem transferring the Duma

          according to the Duma ..., it’s time to master Mother Siberia, but move on to UAZ ..... laughing ,
          1. tokens2
            tokens2 18 September 2014 16: 32
            +5
            It is necessary to disperse authorities throughout Russia. There is no problem transferring the Duma

            Maybe ... vice versa more laughing
            For example, why do we need Goskomstat in the 3rd World War? Consider the lucky? We have a bureaucratic apparatus.
            Hardcore only. Monarchy only. wassat lol
            Naturally humor.
          2. shershen
            shershen 18 September 2014 23: 17
            0
            by the way, in fact, UAZ - the car is like a chic SUV, naturally not for sissies
          3. shershen
            shershen 18 September 2014 23: 17
            0
            by the way, in fact, UAZ - the car is like a chic SUV, naturally not for sissies
        2. Rom14
          Rom14 18 September 2014 20: 46
          +2
          Absolutely right ,,, In those places the relative serves, issued a military secret - the check is constantly and without warning at any time of the day with little noticeable low-flying targets .., the check doesn’t doze off, the check doesn’t sleep. It would certainly not be bad for the capital to come to us Omsk drag ...
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. RU-Officer
            RU-Officer 19 September 2014 09: 05
            0
            And in a year in Omsk, they would refigach the roads in a smart way, finally build the metro, return taxes from Omsk enterprises to their historical homeland (raiding in favor of "Mother Moscow" am , in the end, no one has yet canceled in Russia ...). Nafig, it’s not necessary in Omsk, it would be strategically more correct in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, closer to Norilsk.
        3. The comment was deleted.
      3. shershen
        shershen 18 September 2014 23: 13
        0
        What can you say, those who do not want to feed their army will soon be feeding someone else's. Of course, depending on which army our government considers "its".
      4. sgazeev
        sgazeev 19 September 2014 07: 34
        +1
        Quote: ZVEROBOY
        These are the reforms request

        Mercantile interests prevail in these "reforms", preservation of warm seats, and there the grass will not grow. fool
    2. renics
      renics 18 September 2014 15: 25
      18
      1996-1998 - student of the General Staff Military Academy
      1998-2000 - head of group 1 of direction 1 of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff
      Discharged to the reserve on July 22, 2000.
      Military rank - Colonel (1993)
      2000-2003 - Military columnist for Nezavisimaya Gazeta
      From 2003 to the present, he has been working in the publishing house VPK-Media. Editor-in-chief of the newspaper "VPK" and the journal "East Kazakhstan Region"
      What three years, 14 years have passed and he thinks in past categories and he does not have complete information. This is a misinformation task for the West.
      1. muhomor
        muhomor 18 September 2014 15: 57
        -1
        And if not?
    3. Sergei1982
      Sergei1982 18 September 2014 15: 25
      +4
      Moscow, of course, needs to be covered, but look at our Far East completely naked, I don’t say anything about the North, in the south, if I’m not mistaken, there are also only 3 air defense regiments
      1. Free Island
        Free Island 18 September 2014 16: 08
        +6
        reckon, there is nothing to bomb in the Far East. As one comedian said - if the Chinese army crosses the border, then before you start fighting with our army, you need to get lost in the taiga and then find a way out :)) it’s empty here in the Far East, empty.
        1. Bastion ammur
          Bastion ammur 18 September 2014 18: 45
          +1
          How so empty? I saw the ensign the other day the other day, some kind of no-but strength)))) He will quickly arrange for Kuzkin’s mother to them))))
    4. starshina78
      starshina78 18 September 2014 19: 21
      0
      Yes, nothing has changed! There was so much noise about the S-400 being put into combat service in Elektrostal, but it turned out to be nothing! The complexes actually arrived, but without missiles - they were not there yet. Now yes ! And the "Pantsir" and the S-400 are there and everything is fine. In Soviet times, only in the area of ​​Noginsk, Elektrostal, Ramenskoye and Shchelkovo there were three air defense regiments, two divisions, BSHV (base for equipment and storage of weapons, that is, missiles for all these parts), and a repair plant in Vsevolodov. Now only in Elektrostal, and the S-300 battalion not far from Chernogolovka. All !
      1. andj61
        andj61 18 September 2014 20: 17
        +2
        Compared to the 80s, we now have practically no air defense; there is no continuous coverage of the territory with multiple overlapping areas of responsibility for regiments and brigades. Where there used to be a corps (Bryansk) there is only a regiment, and this is the border closest to Moscow. A focal or object air defense during a massive raid using aircraft, UAVs and the Kyrgyz Republic really cannot protect the country, unless it is initially planned to use anti-aircraft missiles with special ammunition by group goals. And these are actually airborne nuclear explosions over their territory, or very close to their own.
        I believe that our air defense needs to be strengthened and strengthened.
      2. sgazeev
        sgazeev 19 September 2014 07: 41
        0
        Quote: starshina78
        Yes, nothing has changed! There was so much noise about the S-400 being put into combat service in Elektrostal, but it turned out to be nothing! The complexes actually arrived, but without missiles - they were not there yet. Now yes ! And the "Pantsir" and the S-400 are there and everything is fine. In Soviet times, only in the area of ​​Noginsk, Elektrostal, Ramenskoye and Shchelkovo there were three air defense regiments, two divisions, BSHV (base for equipment and storage of weapons, that is, missiles for all these parts), and a repair plant in Vsevolodov. Now only in Elektrostal, and the S-300 battalion not far from Chernogolovka. All !

        Chatterbox, a find for the spy. It remains to put on the map. fool
  2. Khalmamed
    Khalmamed 18 September 2014 14: 48
    +5
    ..... venal obscurantist mongrels of the West must be driven out of the Armed Forces, Navy from the COUNTRY!
    ..... and there will be cucumbers, tomatoes, air defense!
    ..... stop talking crazy crazy like martyshabam: "my grandfather liberated the auschwitz" -they are crazy, Satanists and understand the POWER.

    ..... evil spirits will be more docile when to each country the slave of the Anglo-Skas is assigned a regiment of "SATAN" -name, such as bg. No. 3 Riga, No. 4 Warsaw.
    ..... and letters there to bring once a week.
    ..... the policy is kiloton, yanked against RUSSI 10kT into the yard, offended not read RUSSA or Russian 20kT.
  3. Giant thought
    Giant thought 18 September 2014 14: 48
    +4
    The author of the article convinces us that the best is the enemy of the good.
  4. Gardamir
    Gardamir 18 September 2014 14: 53
    +3
    May 15, 1941 - the German Junkers-52 invaded Soviet airspace and landed at the Central Airport in Moscow near the Dynamo Stadium. Having passed all the air defense posts, the Junkers flew along the route Bialystok - Minsk - Smolensk - Moscow.
    On the one hand, there is a big difference between peacetime and wartime. But in 41, there was no generation "to correct".
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 18 September 2014 15: 01
      +5
      Quote: Gardamir
      But in 41, there was no generation "to correct".

      Regardless of the political system, there have always been few people in Russia who want to take responsibility without looking back. Nothing is changing.
      1. shershen
        shershen 18 September 2014 23: 22
        0
        Yes, and this thankless job
    2. sgazeev
      sgazeev 19 September 2014 07: 46
      0
      Quote: Gardamir
      May 15, 1941 - the German Junkers-52 invaded Soviet airspace and landed at the Central Airport in Moscow near the Dynamo Stadium. Having passed all the air defense posts, the Junkers flew along the route Bialystok - Minsk - Smolensk - Moscow.
      On the one hand, there is a big difference between peacetime and wartime. But in 41, there was no generation "to correct".

      Rust once again checked his readiness, but he had already landed at the walls of the Kremlin, while the fathers-commanders scratched their turnips and wondered whether "provocation" or "everything is very serious." recourse
  5. VICTOR-61
    VICTOR-61 18 September 2014 15: 00
    +2
    Yes, I think MOSCOW is now protected well if we are already tracking the north - before there were more sins in 90 in general
    1. Magamed
      Magamed 18 September 2014 15: 43
      0
      Quote: VICTOR-61
      Yes, I think MOSCOW is now protected well if we are already tracking the north - before there were more sins in 90 in general

      I think that Shoigu is not Serdyukov; he can be relied upon by the country as an experienced and wise Minister of Defense, again not in the 90s.
  6. navara399
    navara399 18 September 2014 15: 07
    +3
    "Favorite" (outback of Russia) city, can sleep well ...
  7. Mhpv
    Mhpv 18 September 2014 15: 09
    +1
    Another staff intriguer who decided to show himself to be the most intelligent in matters of organizing air defense. Well, go ahead to Sergey Kuzhugetovich with your plan, and not cry in the newspapers. It’s time to serve, not to talk.
  8. kostyan77708
    kostyan77708 18 September 2014 15: 16
    0
    Biographical information

    Khodarenok Mikhail Mikhailovich - chief editor of the newspaper "Military-Industrial Courier"
    Born 20 February 1954

    Education:
    Minsk Higher Engineering Anti-aircraft Missile School - 1971-1976
    Military Command Academy of Air Defense - 1983-1986
    General Staff Military Academy - 1996-1998
    He served in the following positions:
    1976-1977 - Head of the combat control department of the radio-technical battery S-75
    1977-1980 - commander of the radio-technical battery of the S-75 air defense system
    1980-1983 - S-75 anti-aircraft missile battalion commander
    1983-1986 - student of the Military Command Academy of Air Defense
    1986-1988 - deputy commander of the S-200 anti-aircraft missile regiment
    1988-1992 - senior officer of the headquarters of the anti-aircraft missile forces of the air defense (General Staff of the Air Defense Forces)
    1992-1996 - senior officer-operator of the 1st direction of the 1st Directorate of the Main Operational Directorate of the General Staff
    1996-1998 - student of the General Staff Military Academy
    1998-2000 - head of group 1 of direction 1 of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff
    Discharged to the reserve on July 22, 2000.
    Military rank - Colonel (1993)
    2000-2003 - Military columnist for Nezavisimaya Gazeta
    From 2003 to the present, he has been working in the publishing house VPK-Media. Editor-in-chief of the newspaper "VPK" and the journal "East Kazakhstan Region"
    somehow like this...
    1. sgazeev
      sgazeev 19 September 2014 07: 52
      0
      The second Baranets. Kakhovka, Kakhovka, scribbling "machine gun". laughing
  9. Denis fj
    Denis fj 18 September 2014 15: 30
    +1
    No protection is absolute. There is a concept "level of protection", it depends on how many forces and means the enemy will need to overcome it. If too many are required, then it becomes strategically unwise to attack the target. This is what protects him. Moscow WILL be destroyed in the event of an unlimited nuclear conflict, but if this requires three waves of warheads, half an hour of time and fifty missile launches, this will give us the opportunity to raze the entire States during this time. As long as this status quo remains, there is no need to worry about the integrity of Moscow
    1. the polar
      the polar 18 September 2014 15: 46
      +2
      Quote: Denis fj
      What said the commander of the command of the air defense and missile defense, Major General Andrei Demin.

      Until 2020, it is planned that the 12 troops will receive regiment kits of anti-aircraft missile systems C-400 and 72 combat vehicles of anti-aircraft missile-cannon systems "Shell-S" ...
      SO ALL IS NORMAL FOR US !! AUTHOR MINUS.

      First tell us how many air defense systems are needed to guarantee a reflection of the first strike, and then shout slogans
  10. zen-do.ru
    zen-do.ru 18 September 2014 15: 31
    +1
    Pretty reasoned. If someone does not agree, I would like to hear counterarguments.
  11. Free Island
    Free Island 18 September 2014 16: 08
    -2
    if a meteorite was shot down over Chelyabinsk (everyone saw the video fact), then the NATO rusty trough over Moscow will definitely be knocked down)))
    1. saag
      saag 18 September 2014 18: 45
      -1
      Quote: Free Island
      if a meteorite was shot down over Chelyabinsk (everyone saw the video fact),

      but what did you see how a rocket flew to intercept a meteorite? :-) What hit it there was a shock wave
  12. pvn53
    pvn53 18 September 2014 16: 19
    0
    Talks about the possibility and necessity of moving the capital to the east have repeatedly begun and ended in nothing. The territory from the west has become smaller, the attack speed has increased, the flight time is measured in minutes, and everything that can be the target for the attack is concentrated in Moscow. It's time to make decisions about moving the capital. And this will be a blessing for the whole country, because all "liberal rot" is concentrated there.
    1. Wheel
      Wheel 18 September 2014 22: 09
      +1
      I support in every way!
      And I propose the candidacy of Turukhansk!
  13. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 18 September 2014 16: 22
    +8
    Well and what is it? If the air defense of Moscow is weakening, then what to say about other cities. In former times, Gorky, one of the main industrial centers of the country, covered the 16th Air Defense Corps, consisting of 2 aviation regiments: the 153rd IAP (Morshansk) and the 786th IAP (Pravdinsk) on MiG-31, 72 zrb (Gorodets, Gorkovskaya region.); 291 zrp - military unit 31656 (Neya, Kostroma region); 356 zrp (Sharya, Gorky region) on S-200; 387 zrp - military unit 62253 (Arzamas-16 - Sarov, Gorky region); 734 zrp - military unit 52148 (in the Gorky area); ? guards zrp - military unit 92897 (Kosterevo, Vladimir region); 210th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Morozki); anti-aircraft missile regiment (Ryazan, Dashki-2); 3rd radio engineering brigade; 9th radio engineering brigade (Gorky); 65 rtp (Morshansk, Tambov region). The corps covered 6 regions and 3 republics. The corps command post was located in Verkhniye Pechery ("Bulat" object).

    MiG-31 786 IAP
    Plus its own anti-aircraft school-Gorky Higher Anti-Aircraft Missile Command School of Air Defense. In the 90's, everything fell apart, the school was disbanded in the 1999 year; at the airport in Pravdinsk, parachute training of cadets; the command post became the prey of non-ferrous metal hunters, diggers, homeless people, Satanists and other similar audiences.


    abandoned positions of S-300 air defense systems
    But the city and the region remained naked. True, there is also an airbase in Savasleyka, where the 12 MiG-31 is based, but its main task is to cover the nuclear center in Sarov (Arzamas-16), and they say that only 4 fighters can take off there.
  14. Signaller
    Signaller 18 September 2014 16: 41
    +2
    Quote-
    1954 is the year that determined the development of the capital’s air defense for decades to come. First, in accordance with the Order of the USSR Ministry of Defense 14 on June 1954, the command of the air defense command of the Moscow region was reorganized into the Central Air Defense Directorate, and then, in accordance with the Order of the USSR MoD from 20 August 1954, the Moscow Air Defense Directorate was established based on the management of the Central Air Defense District. This event became the foundation for building a future air defense system in the central part of the country and the capital.
    And why???? Because it was laid down and executed by our leaders and designers. You are familiar with the "BERKUT" system - C -25. Beria-Kuksenko. They laid the foundations for air defense and missile defense. I think there is no human-analogue of Beria Lavrenty Pavlovich on these "connections" and "converters". For a long time I put it up against the wall and said that it was necessary to protect the Motherland, and most importantly, WOULD BE 100% RIGHT.
  15. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 18 September 2014 18: 12
    +1
    It was far-fetched. He served in the 89th Special Air Defense Division of the 1st Army in the 88-90s. At that time, the notification went both to us and to the army headquarters, and we tracked real-time balloon flights from Finland without any problems. Now directly doing this is even easier. Less intermediaries, faster response.
  16. lexx2038
    lexx2038 18 September 2014 18: 40
    0
    The commanders of the air defense units should be given more opportunities for independent decision-making on repelling the attack, as well as immunities from accidentally shot down not what is needed. So that you are not afraid to make decisions. Better your aircraft accidentally shot down than the radioactive ruins of our cities. Now there is no time for approval by the authorities.
  17. Morgan761
    Morgan761 18 September 2014 18: 48
    0
    Quote: mhpv
    Another staff intriguer who decided to show himself to be the most intelligent in matters of organizing air defense. Well, go ahead to Sergey Kuzhugetovich with your plan, and not cry in the newspapers. It’s time to serve, not to talk.

    Yes, it seems that the author of the article and very many, if you may say "commentators", information about the location, quantitative and qualitative composition of missile defense and air defense systems comes directly from the General Staff of the Russian Federation. Count cigarettes at the sentry at post number one, if he allows you to do this.
  18. Sanyht
    Sanyht 18 September 2014 19: 39
    +1
    it turns out there is ONE smart person from the USSR. Nazarbayev !!! not too lazy, moved the capital to the CENTER OF THE COUNTRY !!! What prevents the CURRENT LEADERS from moving from the KREMLINSKY Tombstone to the SUPER CAPITAL OF THE COUNTRY IN ALTAI or where is BETTER? even the modest salaries of bureaucrats honestly earned over 23 years and hidden in tin cans in London and Basel are enough to build the new Megapolis with several floors of the city underground and with SUPER DEFENSE of air defense from all evil spirits ........ A NEW CAPITAL TO BE! !!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. wax
      wax 18 September 2014 23: 32
      +1
      Nazarbayev moved the capital closer to the Russians and Russia, for which he did well.
  19. rubin6286
    rubin6286 18 September 2014 20: 07
    0
    The article is very superficial. The air defense of the capital will never weaken. Most likely, everything that is available will be pulled here if necessary. In the last war near Moscow, 80 percent of fighter aircraft and about the same amount of anti-aircraft artillery, all searchlights, sound detectors and the first radars were pulled together.
    There is no need to "drive a wave", the problems that arise will be resolved, especially since the President is now at the head of the Military-Industrial Commission and personally oversees the implementation of the State Defense Order.
    1. Bolshevik
      Bolshevik 18 September 2014 22: 14
      0
      Yes, indeed - last year, on Seliger, in anticipation of Putin, environmentalists launched an unmanned airship and even called the Ministry of Emergency Situations (not air defense) where they were given the go-ahead ... but as soon as the device went higher, a rocket flew in and the unit evaporated in a bright flash. He must have been mistaken for a flying saucer attempting to steal GDP (large size, low speed) and applied ...
  20. special
    special 18 September 2014 20: 25
    0
    Article-minus ... Even reluctant to discuss this article ...
  21. GOMER2010
    GOMER2010 18 September 2014 20: 26
    0
    "Khodarenok Mikhail Mikhailovich - editor-in-chief of the newspaper" Military-Industrial Courier "
    Born 20 February 1954

    Minsk Higher Engineering Anti-aircraft Missile School - 1971-1976
    Military Command Academy of Air Defense - 1983-1986
    General Staff Military Academy - 1996-1998

    Retired July 22, 2000 "

    Dismissed in 46 years with the General Staff Academy in luggage ?! What, completely useless turned out to be?

    Kind of weird. With such personal data you only need to grow along the line of the aircraft. IMHO.
  22. Punkt
    Punkt 18 September 2014 20: 38
    +2
    Here again I read an article where it was told about a sore point, maybe not all the data is new, but nobody knows what the problems are, they need to be solved. the fact that in our country only the main areas are protected — there are very few new weapons and, in general, the author is right — you should read from scratch to re-equip the entire air defense system — to make it stronger and more reliable and .... what I see is Voila !!! - the article went negative !!! it was only worth the author to write that something was wrong and again the article was going to minus !!! - and why? but because everyone is pleased to sit and read that everything is chocolate or almost like that but it doesn’t happen !!! - before you minus the article, think-After all, our army is now in full-An-se !! - with rare exceptions and just starting to gain something like power !! (remotely) -Or do you think that something with Serdyukov was decomposed within a few years, can you restore it for the same few? -Do you worry about breaking down and not building, and I would start re-equipping the army so I would put together a hangar on Red Square and lift Serdyukov on it. Take the first stone into the fortress of the country's defense
  23. Drunya
    Drunya 18 September 2014 20: 38
    0
    Why do liberals lie about the state of the Russian armed forces?

  24. romashki74
    romashki74 18 September 2014 21: 23
    0
    The article is a sure minus! If we are already building in Altai (I’ve seen it myself), then there can be no question of Moscow ....

    http://itar-tass.com/politika/1321148
  25. Barakuda
    Barakuda 18 September 2014 22: 15
    +1
    Someone saw the OAK DECLINE or fell into a pine tree .. Moscow always gives a head start to any super-protected city in the world. Rust is not an indicator here; he was led from the border.
  26. operator_75
    operator_75 18 September 2014 23: 21
    0
    Seven nannies have a child without an eye. Until they transfer from one zone of responsibility to another, they either lose their goal or are mixed up. Rust indicator ... Not enough?
    The article is a definite plus. It is necessary to take control of all that is left in one "hand" and strengthen the radar network with multiple overlapping of all zones in strategic directions. The main thing is a single operational headquarters.
  27. Signature
    Signature 19 September 2014 08: 58
    0
    It is clear that access to this kind of material should be openly limited to non-specialists (so that they are not tempted to "stick" into a discussion that obviously exceeds the "headlong" level of their competence), I will allow myself only a general remark: the material makes a distinct impression clearly thoughtful and clearly scrupulously argued. It is even tempting to ask: why do those who write such things observe the subject of their analysis "from the outside": after all, it is they (judging by the degree of awareness) who have a direct interest in the success of the business and a weighty understanding of how to achieve success more effectively.
    I will dare to add one more thing exclusively "gag" (that is, as a notorious anti-specialist): if I were a "spy" and an "enemy spy", then what I published would be forwarded to "who needs it". As a notification that the situation for any hostile demarches is excessively favorable (i.e. that nothing is covered up and is unlikely to be covered up in the future). It seems that in the age of the heyday of social network communication, in fact, there is no need for direct "intelligence activity". However, as a non-spy I have the "right" to fatally err in my conclusions (and excellent, if I am mistaken!).