September 10 submarine "Vladimir Monomakh" project 955 "Borey" for the first time in his stories launched the ballistic missile P-30 "Bulava". The launch took place in the framework of tests of the submarine and the rocket. Start and flight of the rocket passed without any problems. Training warheads reached the Kura test site in Kamchatka. The first launch of the rocket from the new submarine was recognized as successful, and the official representative of the Ministry of Defense, Major General Igor Konashenkov, called the actions of the crew professional and competent.
The purpose of the launch of the Bulava rocket was to test the weapons and life support systems of the Vladimir Monomakh submarine. During launch, the submarine was underwater. On board the submarine was attended by representatives of the commission responsible for conducting state tests. During the flight, the missile systems operated normally and the warheads successfully arrived at a given area of the Kura test site.
The launch of the Bulava missile on Wednesday was the first for the new K-551 submarine Vladimir Monomakh. At the beginning of last year, this submarine was taken out of the floating dock and its tests soon began. In mid-July of this year, it was announced that the factory testing was completed and the transfer of the boat to state testing. By the beginning of September, it was possible to check not only the driving performance of the new submarine and the operation of its systems, but also to carry out the first test launch of the P-30 ballistic missile.
Simultaneously with the testing of the Vladimir Monomakh rocket carrier, work continues in the framework of the Bulava project. After an unsuccessful test launch of 6 in September of 2013, the rocket developers continued fine-tuning the systems. Several new test launches were planned for 2014 year. It is noteworthy that during the year, the plans of the Ministry of Defense and the defense industry were repeatedly adjusted to reflect the progress of work on a particular project.
Initially it was claimed that in August-September it was planned to launch from the submarine “Vladimir Monomakh”, and in November, the submarine “Yury Dolgoruky” was to perform the shooting. Later there was an update: the submarine "Vladimir Monomakh" and "Alexander Nevsky" should perform launches no earlier than the end of September. Finally, in the last days of August it was claimed that the submarine carrier Yuri Dolgoruky would conduct the first test launch. As a result, the first launch of the Bulava this year was performed by the new submarine Vladimir Monomakh.
The recent launch of the rocket is an important milestone in the history of the Vladimir Monomakh submarine. It was laid in 2006 and launched at the very end of 2012. In 2013, factory tests started, and in 2014 - state tests. On September 10, state trials reached the stage of testing weapons systems. The successful launch of a rocket indicates that the submarine does not have serious weapons problems. In addition, this fact brings the submarine “to the finish line”. According to recent statements by representatives of the Ministry of Defense, the nuclear submarine Vladimir Monomakh will be transferred to the naval the fleet in December of this year.
To date, the head and first production submarines of the Borey 955 project are part of the fleet. These are K-535 "Yuri Dolgoruky" and K-550 "Alexander Nevsky", transferred to the Navy in January and December of 2013, respectively. By the end of this year, it is planned to hand over the second serial submarine of the 955 project, “Vladimir Monomakh”. In addition, on the stocks of the plant "Sevmash" there are two more submarines, under construction on the updated project 955А. The Prince Vladimir submarine was laid at the end of July 2013, and at the end of July 2014, the laying of the Prince Oleg boat took place. In total, up to 2020 of the year it is planned to build eight Borei submarine missile carriers.
The test launch of the rocket, which took place on Wednesday, is of great importance for the Bulava project, on which high hopes are pinned. Tests of a new missile for the Russian Navy submarines went with mixed success: successful launches alternated with emergency ones. From the autumn of 2010 to December of 2011, six successful test launches were performed in a row, however, the next launch, which took place in September of 2013, ended with the missile falling into the sea.
The twentieth start, made on Wednesday, was successful, which allows making positive conclusions. It is quite possible that during the past time all the flaws of the Bulava missile have been corrected and now it is ready for adoption. It should be noted that the adoption of the new missile system by the Russian Navy was planned as early as 2012, but so far no corresponding messages have appeared.
The Bulava project, despite all the difficulties, has a high priority. These missiles will be equipped with all the submarines of the Borey project, which, in turn, in the future should become the basis of the naval component of Russia's strategic nuclear forces. Due to the absence of other similar-purpose missiles that may be put into service over the next few years, the only acceptable way out is to continue the work on the finalization of the Bulava and its subsequent use on submarines.
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