Military Review

Militias stood to death: in memory of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia

10
During the Great Patriotic War, millions of Soviet citizens were drafted into the army, being in combat and rear units and formations. At the same time, at the beginning of the war, in addition to conscripts, the ranks of the defenders of the Motherland were replenished with volunteers. First of all, the volunteers were indispensable in protecting cities and towns, deploying partisan resistance in the territories occupied by the enemy, and combating enemy sabotage and reconnaissance groups. Two days after the start of World War II, 24 June 1941, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR signed a decree on the creation of fighter battalions in the front-line strip to fight enemy reconnaissance, sabotage and airborne groups.

“If you were given a reservation, you must give the reservation to the city”

Rostov-on-Don, by that time already one of the largest administrative, economic, and cultural centers in the South of the RSFSR, was of particular interest to the Hitlerites and therefore needed special protection. By 1939, Rostov was the fourth city in the RSFSR in terms of population number — 510 had thousands of people living here, large industrial enterprises were located — the Rostov Agricultural Engineering Plant, the Krasny Aksai Plant, the Rostov Automobile Assembly Plant, the VI Locomotive Repair Plant. Lenin, etc. Therefore, when the German troops advanced deep into the Soviet territory, the tasks of protecting Rostov-on-Don became particularly acute. Tens of thousands of Rostovites were drafted into the army. In Rostov-on-Don, such famous military units and formations as the 440 heavy artillery regiment of the RGK, which later became the 1 guards, the 339-rifle division, anti-aircraft artillery regiments were formed. Since most of the Red Army combatant units were sent to the front, in Rostov-on-Don, in addition to parts of the local garrison, it was decided to create units of the Rostov national militia. They were supposed to unite Rostovites of irresponsive age or, for any reason, unfit to be sent to the active army. Moreover, many people of the older generation, who no longer fell into the ranks of draftees, and people with poor health, and PhDs freed from the call, and people who had for some reason wanted to take part in defending the country against the aggressor. deferment of military service. Many urban schoolchildren and students added themselves an extra year or two, or even three, to be accepted into the ranks of the militia. “If you were given a reservation, you must give the reservation to the city,” the Rostov citizens joked these days. In the early days of the war, 69 fighter battalions were formed, as well as more than a thousand groups assisting a total of 14 thousand people. They were engaged in the protection of objects of military, state and economic importance, served the service of the protection of public order, primarily focusing on the search and neutralization of enemy saboteurs and spies.

Mikhail Varfolomeyev, the first commander of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia10 July 1941, Major-General A.A., Head of the Rostov Garrison Grechkin issued an order on the formation of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People's Militia under the command of Mikhail Varfolomeyev. October 15 1941 was formed Rostov Communist regiment of the national militia under the command of Nikolai Skachkova. The regiment consisted of members of the party organizations of city enterprises, institutions, higher and secondary educational institutions. 10 November 1941. The communist regiment joined the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia. By the time the latter entered the fighting, its number was three thousand people. The regiment consisted of, in addition to the regimental headquarters, three rifle battalions, a separate communications platoon and a separate sanitary platoon. The commander of the combined regiment was appointed captain of the reserve Mikhail Alexandrovich Varfolomeev. The regiment commissar was Porfiry Alexandrovich Shtakhanovsky, who worked before the war as head of the personnel department of the North Caucasian Railway (North-Caucasian Railways) department.

The forty-four-year-old Mikhail Varfolomeyev (1897-1943) was an experienced manager. Before the war, he headed the Taganrog City Executive Committee of the Council of People's Deputies, and in 1940, he was appointed deputy director of the Rostov Automobile Assembly Plant. Being in this position, he took command of the formed regiment. Porfiry Shtakhanovsky, forty-five years old, regiment commissar, was a man of rich life experience. From the 13 years, after graduating from the four classes of the town school, he worked as a student in a private bookbinding workshop in the 1915-1918 years. He fought in the First World War in artillery. After the revolution, Shtakhanovsky became commissar of the artillery division of the 44 Nevelsky Infantry Regiment, and in 1921 he transferred to the state security organs, where he served until 1937. During the “cleaning” of the organs in 1937, Shtakhanovsky was dismissed from the NKVD (lucky - not repressed ) and transferred to the North Caucasus Railway by the head of the personnel department.

Porfiry Shtakhanovsky, political commissar of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s MilitiaThe bulk of the militia consisted of employees of urban enterprises, where a significant part of Rostovites worked. First of all, the detachments were formed at the Rostselmash, Krasny Aksai, Lenzavod factories (Lenin Repair Locomotive Repair Plant), as well as by the teams of the North Caucasus Railway and the Rostov River Port. When the recruiting of the regiment began, they were recorded in it in whole workshops, the subdivisions were lined up according to the production principle. Command positions were initially occupied by the heads of enterprises, party activists, experienced and authoritative workers - some of them went through the First World War, participated in revolutionary events, visited civil fronts.

It’s hard to imagine that most modern “managers”, risking their own lives, would lead militia companies and battalions, fight heroically and die, undermining with grenades Tanks or restraining an enemy offensive from machine guns. In those years it was in the order of things. Combat training of militias was carried out in their free time from work or study. Needless to say, almost all the militias were purely civilian people. Among them were very young children, even children. So, a thirteen-year-old student of the 43rd school, Sasha Chebanov, joined the regiment with his mother. He performed intelligence and communications tasks between units.

In October 1941, the Nazi troops approached Rostov. October 10 1941 Rostov city rifle regiment of the national militia was fully transferred to the barracks position. All this time, the civilian population of the city was engaged in the construction of fortifications. Trenches, anti-tank ditches, and dugouts were dug around the city. The total duration of the defenses was 115 kilometers. It was these defensive structures dug by Rostovites and residents of the surrounding cities and settlements that became the main frontier for the 56-th separate army defending the city under the command of Lieutenant-General F.N. Remezov. History 56-th separate army began on October 16 1941, its structure included the headquarters and military units and formations of the North Caucasus Military District. The army consisted of 5 rifle divisions (31-I Stalingrad, 317-ISTAN and 343 I-Stavropol, 347-I Krasnodar and 353 I-Novorossiysk), 5 in the cavalry divisions (62-I in Tikhoretskaya, ISTN and 64-I) and NNXX in the Cavalry divisions (66-I in Novorossiysk and ISTAN) I Armavir, 68-70 and I Don-I Nevinnomysskaya), 78-I marine separate infantry brigade formed the Novorossiysk naval base, three cadet infantry brigades, formed at the expense of personnel, Krasnodar, Grozny, Makhachkala Ordzhonikidze and military schools.

The first battle for Rostov

From October 20 to November 21 1941, units of the 56 Army defended the city from the advancing enemy 1 Tank Army, commanded by General E. von Kleist. During this period, Soviet soldiers and officers managed to repel a ten-day attack on the Rostov 3 th enemy motorized corps. The German offensive failed in the area of ​​Khapra station and the village of Chaltyr. After failing to try to break through the defensive line from the west, German troops concentrated on an offensive from the north. November 17 launched an attack on Rostov from Novoshakhtinsk. Despite the heroic resistance of the Soviet soldiers from the 317 th Baku Rifle Division defending this line, the German invaders managed to move almost close to the city. During the battles, the division commander, Colonel Ivan Vladimirovich Seredkin, was killed; almost all the personnel of the division — an 8971 soldier and officer — fell.

October 20 1941. By order of the commander of the 56 Army Lieutenant-General F.N. Remezov, the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia engaged in the battle against the German fascist invaders. The militia took defensive positions around the city. In the city itself, the civilian population and the militia erected barricades, for the construction of which all available materials were used. Old, dilapidated houses and buildings were dismantled on the barricades. Rostovite A. Karapetyan recalled: “After digging trenches outside the city they began to build barricades on the streets. Blocked the streets so that the car could not drive straight, it had to turn between two barricades, and this passage was very narrow. It was assumed that at this time it is very convenient to fire. The barricades were ambrasura, a machine gun could be installed there. ”(Smirnov V.V. Rostov under the shadow of a swastika. Rostov-on-Don, 2006). When the German troops managed to break through the line of defense, retreating, the militia fought on the streets of Rostov, defending themselves at the barricades and at the firing points. It was the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia that played the most important role in covering the retreat of the 56 Army to the left bank of the r. Don.

During the fighting on the streets of Rostov-on-Don, many soldiers and commanders of the people's militia regiment heroically died. Pavel Mikhailovich Yufimtsev (1887-1941) was already a middle-aged fifty-four year old man. Before the war, he worked as a senior engineer of the locomotive service of the North Caucasian Railway Administration, in the militia he became political commissar of the 2 battalion company. Both life and the death of Pavel Mikhailovich were connected with the railway - he died, defending the railway carriage at his passenger depot with his company, destroying quite a few enemy soldiers before his death. At the cost of the lives of the soldiers and officers of the regular units and militias, the task of covering the retreating units of the 56 Army was completed.

The first occupation of Rostov-on-Don in 1941 lasted eight days and was called “bloody week”. The Nazis staged brutal massacres of civilians. Ruthlessly destroyed not only those Rostovites who tried to resist the invaders, but also passers-by. So, on the 40 line, the Nazis shot a line of citizens who stood for bread, killing 43 people. On 1, Soviet Street, 90 was killed by residents of house No. 2, a 36 civilian was shot dead on the 61 line, and about two hundred people were killed at the Armenian cemetery. According to the memoirs of Rostovites Y.Turbina, “all were afraid of the Germans - after all, for the slightest offense, they were shot on the spot. Especially the invaders committed atrocities if their people were killed. On the 34 line, not far from the forest school, they killed a German, so they immediately took the hostages and immediately shot them. For one - 50 people - old people, children - indiscriminately. ”(Smirnov V.V. Rostov under the shadow of a swastika. Rostov-on-Don, 2006).

Militias stood to death: in memory of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia
Barricades on the streets of Rostov-on-Don


Meanwhile, units of the 56 Army and units of the Novocherkassk group of troops of the 9 Army that came to the rescue managed to launch an offensive in order to liberate Rostov. On the night of 27 on 28 on November 1941, the fighting for the liberation of Rostov-on-Don began. In addition to personnel units, the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia took an active part in the liberation of the city. The militias had their own section of the transition through the river. Don, on the left bank of which the positions of the 56 Army were located, and on the right bank the Germans entrenched in the city. Since it was only the end of November and Don was still covered with very thin ice, it was not possible to ship artillery units across the river. One infantry went into battle - the regular army and the militia of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia.

On the night of November 28, two battalions of the Rostov Infantry Regiment of the People’s Militia crossed the river in the area of ​​the Upper Gnilovsky village. After occupying a cement-slate factory located there and gaining a foothold in the adjacent streets, by morning the regiment battalions launched an offensive against the German positions. The right bank of the Don, on which the village of Verkhne-Gnilovskaya is spread, is steep and high. Behind the cement-slate plant, curved lifting streets, built up with adobe cages, in some places — more like houses. It was very difficult to attack from the side of the crossing under enemy fire. It was very easy for the Germans to fire at the crossing militias from above, from the Upper Gnilovsky.

Mikhail Matveevich Gorbachev, thirty-six years old (1905-1941), worked as a land reclamation engineer for malaria in Oblzravra before the war. In the militia he commanded the detachment of the first battalion. During the storming of the right bank of the Don in the area of ​​the cement-slate factory, he blew himself up with a grenade along with an enemy machine-gun point, opening the way for his comrades with his life. In the area of ​​the cement-slate plant, Anastas Anisimovich Ivakhnenko (1893-1941) also died - a worker in the past, and before the war - the secretary of the Stalin district party committee, in the regiment who held the post of political officer of the company. Before his death, he managed to destroy several enemy firing points. A seventeen-year-old student of the Rostov fire technical school Konstantin Popovsky (1924-1941) took part in seizing the buildings of the cement-slate factory and entrenched there, firing a machine gun at the enemy until his death. Andrei Alekseevich Samoshkin (1892-1941), on the contrary, was almost fifty - he worked in the Medicinal Trust, did not see well, wore glasses with thick glasses. Replacing the dead machine gunners, Samoshkin fired a machine gun, allowing his fellow soldiers to go on the offensive. His life was cut short by a mine shard ...

During the fighting on the streets of Rostov, the militia - yesterday's workers, engineers, teachers, students - proved to be no less brave warriors than soldiers and officers of the regular army. Although the training, and especially the armament of the regiment. The desire to defend their hometown gave the militia forces, prompted mercilessly to beat the enemy on the streets of Rostov. 29 November 1941 g. The units of the 9 th and 56 th armies with the active participation of the militia Rostov-on-Don was released, the German units were driven out of the city.

Sanitary platoon commander Tatyana Malyugina and her husband - political instructor of the company Anastas IvakhnenkoThe women who served in the regiment also showed themselves heroically. The sanitary squad of the militia was essentially female in composition - mostly, they were 18-20-year-old female students. They were commanded by Tatyana Andreevna Malyugin (1895-1941). This forty-six-year-old woman before the war taught at the party history department at the Rostov Institute of Agricultural Engineering, and when the war began, she volunteered to join the people's militia regiment. She joined the regiment with her husband, Anastas Anisimovich Ivakhnenko, who also died defending Rostov. While transporting the wounded in a rail car along the railway bridge across the Don River, Malyugin was blown up by a mine, but was able to drag the wounded soldier to the shore. The next day she was sent on a stretcher to the medical unit, but Tatyana Andreevna’s path was repeatedly wounded by a fragment — deadly.

Valor and courage of the militia could not help but attract the attention of the higher command. Regiment commander Mikhail Varfolomeyev and political commissar of the regiment Porfiry Shtakhanovsky were awarded orders of the Red Banner. 20 December 1941 The Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia was enlisted in the active army as the 222 of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia.

The second battle for Rostov

In July, 1942 began a new offensive by the German troops on Rostov-on-Don. On July 23, German troops managed to break through the defenses of the 56 Army units from the east. 17-I field and 1-I tank army of the Wehrmacht attacked the Big Saly, Kamenny Brod, Aksayskaya. In parallel, the Luftwaffe carried out constant bombardment of Rostov-on-Don and the crossing of the Don. Rostov-on-Don defended 30-I Irkutsk rifle division and the regiment of the national militia. It was the second assault on Rostov that became the most heroic page in the history of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia. The regiment was ordered to defend just the eastern areas of the city - from the village of Chkalov to the village of Aksayskaya. Together with the regiment of the national militia defense of the crossing over the river. Don led the 230-th convoy regiment of the NKVD, which also showed high morale. Fighting with the advancing units of the Wehrmacht lasted fifty hours. Only by the evening of July 24 1941 did the Germans manage to occupy Rostov. Of the 120 thousands of soldiers and commanders of the 56 Army defending Rostov-on-Don, there remained 18 thousands of people who had retreated from the city. From the memoirs “from the other side” - a Wehrmacht soldier: “in Rostov-on-Don itself, defense consists mainly of militiamen. Almost all the streets of the city are blocked by concrete pillboxes, they are shooting from everywhere ... ”(Smirnov V.V. Rostov under the shadow of a swastika. Rostov-on-Don, 2006).

Fyodor Ivanovich Ischenko (1881-1942), the chief of staff of the mortar battalion of the regiment of the national militia, when he died while defending the crossing of the Don, was 61 year. Despite his age, the head of the Rostselmash transport department volunteered for the militia. Which, however, is not surprising - behind the shoulders of an old worker were the storming of the Winter Palace in October 1917, the battles of the Civil ...

The withdrawal of the 56 Army from the city, on the left bank of the Don, was also covered by the soldiers of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia. Since the Luftwaffe and the Wehrmacht artillery destroyed the crossing of the Don by continuous fire, the Soviet troops were transported by improvised means. The cover was carried out by militia groups. One of them was commanded by Senior Lieutenant Arefyev, Chief of Staff of the 3 Infantry Battalion. Before the war, Aleksey Andreevich Arefyev (1915-1942) worked as an engineer at the assembly shop at the steam locomotive repair plant named after Kh. IN AND. Lenin. Before the revolution, the legendary Lenzavod was called the Main Workshops of the Yekaterininskaya Railway, whose workers became the shotrs of the year 1902, which had overshadowed the whole of Russia. Arefieva’s biography is typical of the Soviet people of those years - a large family of parents, a seven-year school, a factory factory school. He worked at the Bataysk car depot, at the Rostov car depot as a mechanic for repairing brakes. After graduating from the evening branch of the technical school, he became an engineer at the assembly shop at a locomotive repair plant, and the head of the technical bureau of the plant. He joined the regiment of the people's militia voluntarily - an ordinary, soon became the commander of the detachment, and after a year of service he rose to the battalion chief of staff. Covering the withdrawal of Soviet troops through the Don, Senior Lieutenant Arefiev died a brave death. One of the streets in Rostov-on-Don is named after him.

Since the regiment was the last to leave Rostov, its crossing over the Don was carried out under the most powerful shelling of German artillery. Don forced on improvised means - got over on improvised rafts, car chambers, on logs. Of the 2000 people, only 800 fighters and commanders managed to get out of Rostov-on-Don. The regiment continued further combat operations as part of the 339 Rifle Division. The militia defended the road "Novorossiysk-Tuapse". By this time, the first regiment commander, Lieutenant Colonel Mikhail Varfolomeyev, was transferred to the post of commander of the 189 second reserve regiment, and the regiment was headed by Major Nikolai Skachkov (1888-1945), before being appointed regiment commander, served as deputy regiment commander for the combat command.


Nikolai Skachkov, second commander of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia


At the time of appointment as regiment commander Nikolai Fedorovich Skachkov was 54 of the year. Like Shtakhanovsky, Skachkov went through the First World War and became a full cavalier of St. George. Then he served in the Red Army. When the Great Patriotic War began and detachments of the people's militia began to form in Rostov, it was Skachkov who was appointed commander of the Rostov communist regiment of the people's militia, which then merged with the Rostov rifle regiment of the people's militia, where Nikolai Fyodorovich became deputy commander.

Having left Rostov, no less heroically the regiment showed itself in the defense of the foothills of the Caucasus. After the bloody battles in the North Caucasus, by October 1942, as a part of the regiment, starting with the mark in 3 000 fighters and commanders, only 140 people remained. In connection with the loss of the overwhelming majority of the fighters, the command was forced to disband the heroic unit. The glorious military way of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia, staffed by civilians, often elderly or, on the contrary, too young years, became a golden page in the history of the Great Patriotic War as a remarkable example of the resistance of Soviet citizens to the German aggressors.

No one is forgotten

After the actual cessation of the regiment of fate, the key commanders of the formation, unfortunately, were basically the same. In 1943, the first regiment commander Mikhail Alexandrovich Varfolomeyev, who had served in the 32 th infantry division, was killed in the battles for the Kuban, near the village of Saratovskaya. In 1942, fourteen-year-old Sasha Chebanov died in the battles of Pshada on the Papay Pass, carrying a battalion commander to the headquarters under fire. In January, 1943 on the Papais Pass blew up an enemy tank with a grenade 19-year-old Gregory Derevyanko. In 1944, another brave militia was killed - Captain Alexander Serapionovich Kataev (1907-1944), who was the director of the Rostov Stroydetal factory before the war, and then commanded the first battalion of the Rostov Infantry Regiment of the national militia. Kataev died in a battle near the village of Gunayka, leading a reconnaissance and sabotage group created from Rostov militias. In July, Vasily Petrovich Tekuchev (1944-1904), a political instructor of a company of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia, heroically manifested itself in both Rostov defenses in 1944 and 1941, was killed in battle in Belarus. 1942 January 21 of the year, not having lived several months before the Victory, killed the second and last regiment commander, Major Nikolai Skorkov.

Happier fate happened at Porfiry Shtakhanovsky - the first political commissar of the regiment. He was appointed Commissioner of the 55-th Guards Division of the 56 Army, then was deputy commander for the political part of the 16-Rifle Division, participated in the battles in Malaya Zemlya and in the Crimea. After the war, Shtakhanovsky served in Germany, retired in 1948, and died in Rostov-on-Don in 1973, before he was old. Since practically the entire personnel of the regiment died in the battles of World War II — in Rostov itself, on the approaches to it, and many of those lucky enough to escape from Rostov — later died on other fronts, very few veterans remained after the war. Nevertheless, Rostov-on-Don remembers its heroes - in honor of the Rostov Infantry Regiment of the People’s Militia, the square where Rostov State University of Communications (former RIIZT) is located, Ulitsa of the People’s Militia, is named.

Another 15 of the city’s streets are named after the fighters and commanders of the Rostov rifle regiment of the national militia. These are the streets named after: the first commander of the regiment Mikhail Alexandrovich Varfolomeyev (formerly Sixth Street), the second commander of the regiment Nikolai Fedorovich Skachkov (formerly Grazhdanskaya Street), the political commissar of the regiment Porfiry Alexandrovich Shtakhanovsky, the battalion commander Alexander Serapionovich Kataev (former Seventh Street) the battalion of Alexei Andreyevich Arefyev, the chief of staff of the mortar battalion Fyodor Yakovlevich Ischenko (formerly the Model), the political instructor of the company Vasily Petrovich Tekuchev (the former Tenth Street), the political instructor of the company of Paul M Yufimtsev, political officer of the company Anastas Anisimovich Ivakhnenko (formerly Lane Kleevoy), commander of the sanitary platoon Tatiana Andreyevna Malyuginoy (formerly Fifth Street), branch commander Mikhail Matveevich Gorbachev (formerly Dorozhnaya St.); fighter Andrei Alekseevich Samoshkin (formerly Pioneer descent), fighter Konstantin Petrovich Popovsky, fighter of the 14-year-old regiment Sasha Chebanov (former Sadovaya st.). Gorbachev, Derevyanko, Samoshkin and Popovsky names the streets in the Zheleznodorozhny district of Rostov-on-Don, in the Verkhne-Gnilovsky settlement and in its environs - just where these heroic fighters died in 1941, when they forced the Don and captured cement plant, the militia attacked the city captured by the Germans.

Many soldiers of the regiment of the national militia who died during the liberation of Rostov-on-Don 20-29 in November 1941 were buried in Bratsk cemetery - one of the oldest in the city. They erected a monument to fallen soldiers. Plaques are installed on buildings where the formation of units of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia took place. These are the buildings of the Rostov State Construction University, secondary schools No. 43 and 60. In high school number 33 (now the Physics and Mathematics Lyceum) there is a museum of the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People’s Militia. And the first museum of the regiment was created in 1964-1966's. in the Rostov regional museum of local lore, again by young Rostov people - pupils of school No. 49.


Memorial plaque at secondary school No. 33


14 February 2013 - on the day of the 70 anniversary of the liberation of Rostov-on-Don from the German fascist invaders - the action “(V) Face of Victory” started. It was initiated by ordinary Rostov women - students of the Southern Federal University (ex-RSU). On the streets of the city, named after the heroes of the Great Patriotic War, including those who fought as part of the Rostov Infantry Regiment of the People’s Militia, 370 plates with brief information and photographs of people whose streets were named were placed. In February, 2014 published a collection of the same name dedicated to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War, whose names include Rostov and regional streets. This, of course, is a small, but still necessary tribute to the memory of people who gave their lives for their homeland.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 9 September 2014 10: 31
    +3
    Eternal memory to the heroes of those who died in battles with Nazism!
  2. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 9 September 2014 11: 22
    +2
    The heroic was a regiment of the people's militia. He fought well. The blessed memory of those who died in battles for the Motherland.
  3. Anti-ukra
    Anti-ukra 9 September 2014 11: 28
    +2
    Let the earth rest in peace. Eternal memory to the heroes.
  4. not a sailor
    not a sailor 9 September 2014 11: 32
    0
    For Rostov !!! I lived there and will live
  5. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 9 September 2014 11: 34
    +2
    Glory to all the peoples of multinational Russia (USSR) who took part in the defense of their homeland from enemies. Eternal memory to the fallen. hi
  6. malikszh
    malikszh 9 September 2014 13: 24
    -2
    He moved to the state security organs, where he served until 1937. During the “cleaning” of organs in 1937, Shtakhanovsky was dismissed from the NKVD (he was lucky - they did not repress), he wonders how many people were repressed.
  7. istoler
    istoler 9 September 2014 14: 54
    +1
    A good article about the hometown. Rostov, of course, the young city is only 250 years old with a penny, but there are real achievements in peaceful construction and in military affairs.
    It is also well shown in the article that the true heroes of the people are not the "elite", but the workers.
  8. tundra
    tundra 9 September 2014 16: 08
    0
    It’s hard to imagine that the majority of modern “managers”, risking their own lives, would lead militia companies and battalions, fight heroically and die,
    1. karelia molot
      karelia molot 10 September 2014 17: 40
      0
      And you go to Doyetsk - and it will be easier to imagine)))
  9. Yozhik
    Yozhik 9 September 2014 16: 48
    +1
    Great article !!! Personally, I learned a lot about another heroic page of the Great War.
  10. Ols76
    Ols76 10 September 2014 05: 18
    0
    Everlasting memory!