Military Review

Armament for the three seas

19
India is increasing the number of suppliers, hoping to fully localize the production of drug products

Speaking in the Indian parliament, Secretary of Defense Arun Jaitley announced that the United States had become the largest arms supplier to India, ahead of Russia. For three years, the United States has supplied India with armaments totaling 5,4 billion dollars. India spent 4,2 billion for the purchase of Russian technology in the specified period of time. The third and fourth largest suppliers were France and Israel. In total, the Indians purchased for this three-year period foreign military products for almost 14 billions of dollars.

Despite the fact that during the recent visit of US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel to India, no projects in the field of defense industry were announced, military-technical cooperation between the countries continues to develop. Official announcements about new programs are expected soon.

Looking for a compromise

During the year, negotiations are underway to jointly produce the FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank missile system (ATGW). In the event of a positive decision, this project will be the first example of the manufacture of American military equipment in India. The announcement of the relevant agreement was expected to coincide with Hagel's visit (August 7 – 9). However, the representative of the US Department of Defense said that the negotiations have not yet been completed, noting that the American side is offering fourth-generation anti-tank systems. Earlier, the United States planned to provide India with less sophisticated weapons. It was about the third generation Javelin.

According to the Indian military expert Venkataraman Mahalingam, brigadier general of the reserve, key statements regarding joint defense projects will be made during the upcoming visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the United States. “During the trip of the American Minister of Defense to India, no agreements were supposed to be signed,” said Mahalingum. - Over the course of time, the United States, within the framework of the Indian DTTI (Defense Trade and Technology Initiative) program, has offered to jointly develop and manufacture elements of military products, including the Javelin anti-tank missile system, MH-60 multi-purpose helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, and distance mine-laying gunners. , as well as other military equipment. Time is needed for a competent assessment of the feasibility of these proposals. ”

The signing of agreements on the joint production or purchase of armaments is likely to be difficult due to the formation of a new government of India, which only began to work at the end of May. In addition, it is known that the country is not in a hurry to implement the deal on the joint production of Javelins, insisting on the mandatory transfer of technology of all versions of the complex. Experts believe that India should not limit itself to the version of ATGN with a range of 2,5 kilometer, and note the need to obtain the most modern version, which provides defeat targets at a distance of 4,5 kilometer.

At the talks with Modi Hagel, it was decided to replace the Indian official responsible for the production of military equipment. Previously this position was held by the national security adviser. He was replaced by the Minister for the production of weapons products according to the program DTTI. The representative from the American side appointed the Deputy US Secretary of Defense for Procurement, Technology and Logistics Support Frank Kendall.

"The participation of Indian Defense Minister Arun Jethli in the DTTI program is a clear proof of the intention of the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to strengthen relations with other countries in the production and procurement of weapons products at the highest level," said Professor Bharat Karnad of the Indian Center for Political Studies.


“The national security adviser would not be able to be responsible for military-technical cooperation with the United States due to the incompatibility of his position with the problems raised,” said Rajesvari Pillei Rajagopalan, senior security researcher at ORF (Observer Research Foundation). - On the American side, the responsibility of the Minister of Defense. Therefore, the participation of the head of the Indian Defense Ministry is also necessary. At the moment, the person holding the post of national security adviser is more an expert on the internal problems of the country and could not fully represent the country at the talks. ”

Mahindra Singh, in turn, draws attention to the fact that, until now, the US-Indian military-technical cooperation was based on the acquisition of ready-made DFM, and not on its joint production.

After the United States-India relations were lifted in 2001, imposing sanctions on the sale and purchase of weapons products, the United States supplied about nine billion dollars in weapons and military equipment to that country. The total portfolio of orders concluded at the intergovernmental level over the past five years exceeds six billion.

According to analysts, India would prefer to develop military-technical cooperation with the United States with more emphasis on technology transfer, rather than on the acquisition of weapons.

“The US-Indian relations are currently at a standstill due to the lack of a basis for their further strengthening,” said Bharat Karnad. - The issue of technology transfer is crucial for New Delhi. At the same time, Washington is more interested in selling already produced weapons. ”

According to other experts, time is needed to establish stronger military-technical ties. “Now the main problem is to establish contacts with the new government in New Delhi. This process began quite recently and will probably take time, ”said military expert Rahul Bhonsi, brigadier general of the reserve of the Indian armed forces, expressed his opinion. - In technology transfer, mutual regulation, the structure of the DIC, there are white spots, which are probably noticeable to a small number of specialists in both countries. Therefore, the process of building relationships is difficult. "

Both countries nevertheless come to the conclusion that there are great opportunities for deepening the PTS. “At the moment, the potential of relations between the US and India in this area has not been revealed. Until recently, the main obstacle was the policy of the government of the United Progressive Alliance, which lacked a clear strategy for building relations with the United States. To some extent, this was contributed by Defense Minister Arakkaparambil Anthony, who was leaning towards leftist convictions, ”said Rajesvari Pillay Rajagopalan.

Resources and Plans

Since 2000, the military budget of India has increased by 74 percent and in 2010-m reached 40,8 billion dollars or about two percent of GDP. When compared with other Asian countries, its defense spending is currently only inferior to China (120 billion dollars in 2010) and Japan (about 60 billion).

In the 2012 – 2013 fiscal year, India’s military budget increased another 17 percent and exceeded 42 billion dollars. Including more than 15,7 billion was spent on the purchase of modern weapons systems and military equipment.

As highlighted in the report on defense trade between the US and India for 2013 a year, relations in this area have been progressively progressing over a decade and become a key component in bilateral cooperation. India, in particular, participates jointly with the USA in more than 50 annual military exercises, more often than any other country. Since the middle of the last decade, New Delhi has received transport and sea patrol aircraft, equipment for special forces, ground-based radar, amphibious assault ships, guided missiles. At the end of the fiscal year 2011, India became the third largest buyer of US arms, signing contracts worth 4,5 billion.

And although New Delhi significantly disappointed Washington by not concluding a contract for the supply of 126 multipurpose combat fighters according to the results of the MMRCA (Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft) tender, when the proposals of Boeing (F / A-18) and Lockheed Martin were rejected (F-16), however, immediately after this decision, the Indian leadership approved a deal for the purchase of X-NUMX military transport aircraft C-10 Globemaster III worth 17 billion dollars.

As a result of 2007 – 2011, India became the largest importer of weapons and military equipment (10 percent of the world arms and military equipment market), and by 2025, it plans to implement a number of important military programs, spending about 200 billions of weapons to purchase. Although the modernization of the armed forces and the strengthening of defense capabilities are carried out in the country in accordance with the existing threats, in the future, the military potential of India will allow to project force beyond South Asia.

India’s largest military contracts aviation technique. Among them - the purchase of six military transport aircraft C-130J-30 Hercules in 2008 (worth $ 962 million), eight P-8I Poseidon marine patrol aircraft (2 billion), ten heavy military transport aircraft C-17A Globemaster III (4,1 billion). In July, Lockheed Martin received a contract of almost $ 565 million for the production of another six tactical S-130J-30s for the Indian Air Force. It is also planned to order six C-17A and four P-8I.

Other American military installations acquired by India in recent years include the Indian amphibious and landing craft dock "Dzhalashva" (former Austin-type Trenton FSCD with a displacement of 16 900 tons, the contract value is 48 million dollars), six second-hand helicopters S-61 / H-3A "Sea King" (39 million dollars), 20 anti-ship missiles RGM-84L "Harpoon-2" (170 million dollars), 512 aeronautical means of destruction of the CBU-97 SFW with non-contact fuses ), 258 turbojet bypass engine with F41-GE-IN404 orssage combustion chamber (TRDDF) to equip the first squadron of 20 light combat aircraft (LBS) Tejas (the first contract for 20 engines - 17 million dollars, the second for 105 engine - 24 million), 100 TRDF 99 million dollars) to equip LBS "Tejas" Mk.414.

The ground forces of India from the United States are receiving 155-mm ultralight howitzer M777. Deliveries are made under an intergovernmental agreement on the purchase of 145 implements of this type for a total amount of 647 million dollars. However, already this year, the M777 purchases may be discontinued due to the increased cost of the howitzers.

“Alternative M777 options can be twice as cheap,” said a spokesman for the Indian Defense Ministry in June 2014. “Manufacturing Dhanush’s own howitzer costs DKNXX million rupees (about 140 million dollars) per unit.”

The “Field Artillery Modernization Plan” is estimated at three to five billion dollars. It provides for the purchase of 3600 155-mm light (with 39 barrel length caliber), as well as towed, wheeled and tracked (with 52 barrel length caliber) howitzers for 180 from 220 artillery regiments that are part of the ground forces of India. This program aims to replace and standardize the fleet of tools, which mainly consists of Soviet-made systems. Field artillery upgrades are scheduled for completion in 2020 – 2025.

The United States has the prospect of delivering AH-22D Apache helicopters from Boeing company worth 64 billion dollars to the Indian 1,4 market. The US Defense Cooperation and Security Agency (DSCA) notified Congress of a decision to sell Harpoon anti-ship missiles (ASMs) intended for submarines to India for 22. The total cost of the proposed agreement is 200 million dollars. In the case of its implementation, deliveries will be conducted under the program of military assistance to foreign states FMS (Foreign Military Sales). In 2012, India requested weapons for four diesel-electric submarines (EPTL) project 209 / 1500 (Type 209 / 1500 SSK) produced by the German company HDW, which had previously been serviced. It was supposed to buy 12 RG UGM-84L "Harpoon" in the variant block-2 (Block II) EM (Encapsulated missiles) and 10 training torpedoes UGM-84L. The delivery of two simulators, launchers and spare parts, the training of Indian service personnel, and full logistic support for these weapons were also expected.

Great ambitions

The United States actively competes with Russia for the title of the largest supplier of weapons and military equipment to India. Last October, Indian Foreign Minister Salman Khurshid said that the implementation of joint development and production with the United States would strengthen the strategic partnership between the countries, but not at the expense of New Delhi’s ties with Moscow. “Everyone knows that we must diversify and expand our relationship. But we do not do this at the cost of connections with our traditional friends. The large-scale cooperation between India and Russia is growing rapidly, ”the Press Trust of India agency quotes the head of the foreign affairs agency.

Nevertheless, the fact remains. In the last three years, the United States has become the largest arms supplier to India, ahead of Russia. This, of course, does not mean that the supply of US military products completely exceeded the same imports from the Russian Federation. In August 2014, an Indian informed source in the defense industry said that if we take the total volume of military-technical cooperation, Russia is ahead of other countries. Direct deliveries of weapons are only a small part of the cooperation, which includes joint projects, and licensed production, and contracts for servicing already delivered equipment. “The portfolio of Indian orders for Russian equipment formed today until 2020 is $ 20 billion and will only expand,” the source emphasized. The Russian Federation and India, in particular, are jointly working on BrahMos cruise missiles and the 5th generation fighter project. In India, they are gathering under license Tanks T-90S and Su-30MKI aircraft. Nevertheless, in recent years, Russian manufacturers have lost tenders for the supply of multi-role fighters, attack and military transport helicopters, tanker aircraft.

In the Indian media, it was noted that the desire to expand the list of suppliers of drug related to the violation of the terms of contract execution. “India deliberately tried to diversify its arms imports from 1999, due to the fact that Russia is prone to not adhere to delivery schedules, raise prices in the middle of contract execution, create obstacles in technology transfer,” wrote the Times of India newspaper in early August. “The long-awaited supply of the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) and the enormous increase in its value were a vivid example of this.”

The Indian Express newspaper believes that in defense purchases, the government is guided primarily by the price-quality ratio. “Nevertheless, a country like India, which has great ambitions,” the publication emphasizes, “cannot afford to depend on others for defense needs.” It is necessary to raise its own defense industry to a level that will satisfy all the needs of national security by sources within the country, states the Indian Express.
Author:
19 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Tyumen
    Tyumen 6 September 2014 08: 44
    0
    Well, that's okay. The US sells to the Indians, albeit good, but long standing in service with development. And Russia is working with India on the latest technology. Everything has its time.
  2. Hawk2014
    Hawk2014 6 September 2014 11: 07
    0
    In the Indian media, it was noted that the desire to expand the list of suppliers of drug related to the violation of the terms of contract execution. “India deliberately tried to diversify its arms imports from 1999, due to the fact that Russia is prone to not adhere to delivery schedules, raise prices in the middle of contract execution, create obstacles in technology transfer,” wrote the Times of India newspaper in early August. “The long-awaited supply of the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) and the enormous increase in its value were a vivid example of this.”

    That's the whole story about the "efficiency" of the Russian military-industrial complex. No one can say better than the customer!
  3. Professor
    Professor 6 September 2014 12: 56
    +2
    However, the representative of the US Department of Defense said that the negotiations have not been completed, noting that the American side offers fourth generation ATGM technologies.

    It also offers gravitsaps, papelats, melafons and other products that do not yet exist in nature.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 6 September 2014 14: 21
      0
      Quote: Professor
      It also offers gravitsaps, papelats, melafons and other products that do not yet exist in nature.

      Hehe ... Such exist. For example, the American ATGM JAGM and the British "Brimstone"

      The fourth generation is a robot rocket that independently detects a target, identifies and strikes

      Israel lost leadership in this area?
      1. Professor
        Professor 6 September 2014 14: 38
        +1
        Quote: Spade
        The fourth generation is a robot rocket that independently detects a target, identifies and strikes

        And I about it. Where are these robots? Who has them?

        Quote: Spade
        Hehe ... Such exist. For example, the American ATGM JAGM and the British "Brimstone"

        Do not confuse ATGMs with multi-mode GOS of the third generation and ATGMs of the fourth generation.
        For example, the American ATGM JAGM and the British "Brimstone" are able to independently determine after launch which tank is in front of it, T-72 or Abrams? So what kind of robot is it? wink

        Quote: Spade
        Israel lost leadership in this area?

        All in a bunch. Modernized Spikes hi
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 6 September 2014 14: 56
          0
          Quote: Professor
          For example, the American ATGM JAGM and the British "Brimstone" are able to independently determine after launch which tank is in front of it, T-72 or Abrams?

          They say yes.


          Quote: Professor
          All in a bunch. Modernized Spikes

          And where is there about the fourth generation? Just added a laser semi-active seeker, which will allow the rocket to work from an external target designation... That is, Spike got the capabilities of Helfair. Those, too, since 1991, have been able to aim at a target, which someone illuminates with a laser designator.

          Actually, the Soviet / Russian "curtain" was created precisely to combat such ammunition.
          1. Professor
            Professor 6 September 2014 15: 08
            0
            Quote: Spade
            They say yes.

            No. None of them claim that their rocket is able to independently identify the target. Give a reference.

            Quote: Spade
            And where is there about the fourth generation?

            What is the fourth oath? It is not in nature yet. is the third being modernized and leadership held?
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 6 September 2014 18: 01
              +1
              Quote: Professor
              No. None of them claim that their rocket is able to independently identify the target. Let's reference

              Foreign military review. - 2011. - №4. - C. 64-70

              I’m frankly lazy with my English language to look for foreign sources, I believe the author

              The homing head detects, recognizes and classifies targets using a built-in algorithm. During guidance in the final section, the GOS determines the optimal aiming point.

              http://factmil.com/publ/strana/germanija/aviacionnye_protivotankovye_upravljaemy
              e_rakety_vedushhikh_zarubezhnykh_stran_2011/41-1-0-234
              1. Professor
                Professor 6 September 2014 18: 15
                +1
                From your own article:
                On the third generation rockets, which includes ATGM AGM-114L "Hellfire" (USA) and "Brimstone" (Great Britain), installed autonomous SN - active radar seeker operating in the microwave (MMV) wavelength range. At present, the fourth generation ATGM is being developed - JAGM ((Joint Air-to-Ground Missile, USA).


                We read further:
                ATGM "Brimstone" has two guidance modes. In the direct (direct) mode, the pilot enters data on the target detected by him into the on-board computer of the rocket, and after launch it flies to the target and hits it without further participation of the pilot. In the indirect mode, the target attack process is planned in advance. Before the flight, the target search area, its type, and also the starting point of its search are determined. This data is entered into the missile's on-board computer just before launch. After the launch, the ATGM performs flight at a fixed altitude, the value of which is set. Since in this case the target is captured after launch to avoid the defeat of its troops, the GOS missile does not work. Upon reaching the specified area, the GOS is turned on and the target is searched. If it is not found and the ATGM has gone beyond the specified area, then it will self-destruct.

                Do you know why the seeker does not work immediately after launch? Right. Because the rocket is not able to determine which tank is in front of it, T-90 or Leopard. The GOS turns on where its own should no longer be. The fact that an active radar seeker is capable of self-targeting a contrasting target does not make the rocket a fourth generation. Such GOS on air-to-air missiles have been used for decades, but even there they cannot do without a friend or foe system.

                I rest my case:
                Currently, the R&D for the creation of the fourth generation ATGM JAGM (Joint Air-to-Ground Missile) is at the development and demonstration stage. It should go into service with the U.S. Air Force in 2016.

                They are not in nature yet.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 7 September 2014 10: 23
                  0
                  Quote: Professor
                  Do you know why the GOS does not work right after launch? Correctly.

                  Because all the military are reinsurers. This time. GOS consumes a lot of energy, and on-board power supplies do not have a very large capacity. These are two.
                  1. voyaka uh
                    voyaka uh 7 September 2014 11: 11
                    0
                    No ... the "battery" lasts for a short lifetime
                    rockets. Scanning infra-red video camera in the rocket head
                    can accidentally catch a friendly target, if you immediately "give it free", so the missile is fired at the initial stage. And then, they let go of "fas!" smile and she takes the target on her own.
  4. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 6 September 2014 14: 12
    +1
    LIGHT IS WEAPONS! soldier
  5. quote
    quote 6 September 2014 14: 43
    +3
    Quote: Hawk2014
    That's the whole story about the "efficiency" of the Russian military-industrial complex. No one can say better than the customer!

    This is where you are wrong. The Indians are a very skimpy buyer. They easily change the technical requirements of the product and only the Russian one in the process of fulfilling the contract. And here the tendency of performance delays and pricing appears. But the article stubbornly doesn’t inform. Americans take everything easily. But when the Hindus get under the hand of these purchases and crawl out to their side. There is no need to explain or prove anything, the Americans do this without a twinge, conscience is not appropriate here.
  6. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 6 September 2014 16: 18
    +4
    I really liked the article, but how non-Russian I had to prettyly search for it, unraveling the secret reduction of military-industrial outposts - military products. I knew only PVN as a type of night sight, and Google persistently told me that PVN is a cash-out point.
    1. Tyumen
      Tyumen 7 September 2014 11: 47
      +2
      Quote: ivanovbg
      PVN I knew only as a type of night sight,

      Sight - NVD
  7. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 6 September 2014 22: 18
    0
    I heard about the "tricks" of the Indians with the performance characteristics of the ordered equipment. Fakirs ...! They have not fought with anyone for a long time, so they got corruption. When there is a war, for bad weapons they can unscrew their head. And when the rearmament ... Mattress covers pay fatter kickbacks.
  8. zulusuluz
    zulusuluz 7 September 2014 11: 09
    0
    Soon, the Russian Federation will put on its tanks a system for shooting heat traps and setting active interference. After using such actions, the American and British ATGMs of the "fourth" generation will be no better than a hand-held anti-tank grenade. The price, right, is incomparable ...
  9. Motors1991
    Motors1991 7 September 2014 17: 10
    0
    The reorientation of India to the United States is a response to the rapprochement between Russia and China, by the way Vietnam is doing the same. The Indians did not even allow Russian fighters to the tender.
  10. Petropavlovsk
    Petropavlovsk 7 September 2014 18: 20
    0
    Don’t say, but India is a great country and the future is in alliance with Russia!
  11. Sasha 1984
    Sasha 1984 7 September 2014 18: 50
    +1
    But this quote made me very worried: “India has deliberately tried to diversify its arms imports since 1999 due to the fact that Russia is inclined to not adhere to delivery schedules, raise prices in the middle of contract execution, create obstacles to technology transfer,” wrote in early August The Times of India newspaper. “The long-awaited delivery of the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier (formerly Admiral Gorshkov), as well as the huge increase in its cost, became a clear example of this,” this is not the first call from the Indians on this subject, but if we recall Iran and Libya, the picture is depressing .....
  12. qwert
    qwert 8 September 2014 11: 33
    0
    Since they are now oriented toward the United States, then they will expand their cooperation with China. And by the way, Pakistan was out of work. He must also offer S-300 other things that terrorists will not be able to use.
  13. waggish
    waggish 20 September 2014 16: 45
    0
    If there are grandmas!