Military Review

On the development of military-technical cooperation between Russia and Armenia

17
On the development of military-technical cooperation between Russia and Armenia


In August, traditional tank biathlon competitions were held at the Alabino training ground near Moscow, during which the Armenian national team took second place, demonstrating excellent combat training. Enterprises of the Armenian military-industrial complex presented their products at the international exhibition of weapons "OBORONEXPO-2014", which was held from 13 to 17 in August in Zhukovsky near Moscow. The presence of a strong army and promising military-technical developments, especially in such a turbulent region as the South Caucasus, is an important, if not the key guarantee for the preservation of national security.

Russian-Armenian military-political and military-technical cooperation has a long-standing history. In 1996, according to a bilateral interstate agreement, the 102-I Russian military base was established in the city of Gyumri, near the Turkish border. In 2010, Armenia and Russia signed an agreement, according to which the Russian base will function until 2044. The total number of locations for the Russian military base in Armenia will reach 21.

The next stage in the development of bilateral military-political and military-technical cooperation was the Federal Law “On ratification of the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia on the development of military-technical cooperation” signed by 28 June. This agreement regulating mutual deliveries of military products in order to equip national armed forces, military formations, law enforcement agencies and special services of the parties was concluded in Yerevan on June 25 after several rounds of mutual visits and intensive consultations of the parties.

According to the Contract, deliveries of military products are carried out under contracts concluded by authorized organizations of the parties, without issuing licenses for the import / export of specified products. In this case, the contract provides that the conclusion of contracts will be carried out by authorized organizations of the parties on lists of military products supplied by one party to another party approved by the authorized body of the party supplying military products.

The Republic of Armenia takes an active part in the formation of the Caucasian sector of the United Air Defense System of the CIS countries; Moscow and Yerevan will sign the corresponding agreement before the end of 2014. Already today air defense units and aviation The 102nd Russian military base on the territory of Armenia is jointly on alert with the air defense and aviation units of this country's armed forces within the framework of the CIS Common Air Defense System. In 2011-2012. A number of contacts were implemented for the supply of spare parts for air defense equipment to Armenia. Modern air defense and missile defense systems are deployed, in particular, in the Syunik region, in the Goris area.

In June 2014, the official report of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms for 2013 was published, containing indicators of the export of the main types of weapons and military equipment (IWT). According to the document, in particular, 2013 were delivered to Armenia from Russia in 35. tanks (most likely, T-72BM), as well as 110 armored combat vehicles (most likely BMP-2, but, possibly, BTR-80 or GAZ-2975 Tiger armored vehicles). In addition, 50 launchers and 200 missiles were delivered to Armenia, most likely, these are modern 9K135 Kornet-EM anti-tank missile systems (ATGMs). We also mention the statement of the Minister of Defense of Armenia Seyran Ohanyan that "... we cannot tell the public about all aspects of the military and military-technical cooperation of Armenia and the Russian Federation."

In recent months, the intensity of training activities at the 102 Russian military base stationed in Armenia has increased significantly, and the infrastructure of the military facility itself is being modernized. Thus, during the July integrated exercises involving 70 percent of the personnel of the Russian military base of the Southern Military District (South-East Military District) in the Republic of Armenia at the Kamkhud and Alagyaz testing grounds, special exercises were conducted with the calculations of the mine detection service (MRS). A wide range of modern military equipment, including drones, was used in practicing the tasks of searching for and neutralizing explosive devices and improvised explosive devices. The press service of the Southern Military District notes that in Armenia, the Russian military use drones for reconnaissance, tactical exercises and multi-kilometer marches. The aircraft are operated by contract soldiers who have been trained in special centers. Snipers of the Russian base in Armenia are mastering the technique of shooting, and the communications workers are using the latest communications technology ...

Back in Soviet times, Armenia was a technological leader in the Transcaucasus, after the decline of the first post-Soviet years, the previously existing production ties with Russian enterprises were partially restored in relation to the new conditions. Currently, the constraints of bilateral military-technical cooperation are not only objective (lack of a common border), but also subjective. We are talking, in particular, about the illegal sanctions imposed by Washington and Brussels against a number of defense companies in Russia. However, according to the statement of the Minister of Defense of Armenia, “the Armenian-Russian military-technical cooperation is at a high level, and the sanctions will not be able to have any negative impact on this.” The head of the defense department recalled that within the framework of bilateral cooperation, Armenia and Russia had already established a number of joint ventures in the military-industrial complex.

Back in October, 2013 was created by the successfully operating KAMAZ-Armenia enterprise. The next step is the creation of a joint venture with the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, and with the Russian Helicopters, which began to deal, respectively, with the assembly, repair and maintenance of Russian-made UAZ vehicles and MI helicopters. On turn - other objects. “The development goal is to enable us to extensively equip the Armed Forces with modern weapons and military equipment, and through (establish) direct communication with various organizations of Russia, give our organizations the opportunity to implement relevant measures and thereby develop our own military industry,” Seyran stressed Ohanyan.

Earlier, the former secretary of the National Security Service of Armenia, Artur Baghdasaryan, stated that it is necessary to create a State Defense Industry Committee under the government of the country, since the military-industrial complex must be coordinated by a separate structure.

Next to the city of Sevan, the Russian-Armenian infrastructure of state reserves “Armrosgosreserv” will be created. The reserves of the Russian state reserve will be stored in the Caucasian Territorial Center, including reserves of various categories - from equipment to food. Armenia will participate in the operation and management of the center, and the stock will be replenished at the expense of the enterprises of the republic. When the shelf life of products will end, they will be sold in Armenia at low prices.

In the village of Balahovit, near Yerevan, a humanitarian center of the Ministry of Emergency Situations is being created, in which the Russian and Armenian sides intend to invest up to 60 million dollars. In the case of natural disasters, the center will provide timely assistance to the population of the region. The possibility of creating a joint venture "ArmRoskosmos" on the basis of the Byurakan Observatory (for which several new telescopes were acquired) is being considered.

The authors of a number of publications in the Armenian media rightly point to the fact that the recent complete refusal of Kiev from military-technical cooperation with Moscow creates a more favorable situation for the South Caucasian country in the markets accessible to Armenian goods. In the context of the import substitution that has become even more relevant for Russia, three dozen Armenian enterprises of the military-industrial complex should use the opportunities that have opened up in order to offer their services to the Russian defense industry in a timely manner. A number of enterprises in Armenia are in one way or another connected with the Russian military industrial complex, and some are completely Russian property. First of all, we are talking about the Alliance free economic zone located at the Mars plant operated by Sitronics and the Yerevan Research Institute of Mathematical Machines. This special economic zone has an industrial high-tech focus and is able, under certain circumstances, to offer the Russian side its services in the field of precision (precise) engineering, which is especially important due to Russia's loss of capabilities of similar Ukrainian production.

In case of successful development of military-industrial cooperation, Armenian enterprises could produce components not only of the weapons systems supplied to Armenia, but also of the types of weapons produced in Russia for the Russian army or for export to third countries, experts say. This in turn will make it possible to earn money for the purchase of additional modern weapons in order to ensure the defense of the Republic of Armenia. Thus, an interconnected and sustainable process may occur, in which strengthening defense capabilities will contribute to economic growth, while expanding the production of arms components will stimulate the flow of funds for the growth of military purchases.

Attempts by the West to actualize regional conflicts in the post-Soviet space, overt interference in the internal affairs of independent states create additional challenges and threats for Russia and its allies. The instability of modern international relations, the constant occurrence of explosive situations once again confirm that there is no alternative to strengthening Russian-Armenian military-political and military-technical cooperation.
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http://www.fondsk.ru/news/2014/08/25/o-razvitii-voenno-tehnicheskogo-sotrudnichestva-mezhdu-rossiej-i-armeniej-29119.html
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  1. Akvadra
    Akvadra 26 August 2014 18: 32
    +7
    Undoubtedly it is necessary to cooperate and be friends! Just now, in Minsk, our President said something like this: "... smart people for a single economic space from Portugal to Vladivostok ..".
    1. Giant thought
      Giant thought 26 August 2014 19: 28
      +2
      Armenia is our strategic ally, therefore we have such good relations with us in all areas.
  2. Owl27
    Owl27 26 August 2014 18: 41
    +3
    The more people there are, the better!
  3. Reality
    Reality 26 August 2014 18: 42
    +2
    send experts, arm and to exercises!
  4. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 26 August 2014 18: 42
    +5
    I am for Armenia! Well done, stay serious .. (in the tank biathlon they took 2nd place) You can invest money in Armenia .. (talented and fighting people) And Western attempts to quarrel and divide us .. (I think Armenia understands what will happen after that ..)
    1. gabatikuk
      gabatikuk 26 August 2014 19: 36
      +7
      Despite the fact that our guys are all new recruits.
      WE-Armenia and Russia, after all, are brothers and (this fraternity has passed the centuries-old test) should always stick TOGETHER.
  5. mig31
    mig31 26 August 2014 18: 45
    +2
    I think that everything will work out with the Armenians for the benefit of security and peace in the region ...
    1. ayyildiz
      ayyildiz 26 August 2014 19: 51
      -4
      Of course it will turn out! If they voluntarily leave Karabakh! And they will not claim to go where they do not belong!
  6. Ivan 63
    Ivan 63 26 August 2014 18: 49
    +2
    Armenia is our avan-post in Transcaucasia and that says it all. I do not think that Turkey, even as a NATO member, will risk hitting Armenia, and even more so Russia, but as they say "for every fireman."
  7. Magic archer
    Magic archer 26 August 2014 20: 28
    +3
    To be honest, I’m surprised by the position of Russia on this issue. We seem to be friends with the Armenians but are arming Azerbaijan! We sold him the T-90С, helicopters, and at the moment negotiations are under way on the sale of the Bal E. coastal complex. That's all strange. The conflict is not And the faces of the presidents of these countries at a recent meeting with Putin spoke for themselves ...
    1. Yeraz
      Yeraz 26 August 2014 20: 42
      -1
      Quote: Magic Archer
      .That's all strange. The conflict is not resolved.

      Nothing strange. Russia benefits from this conflict. Azerbaijan cannot completely break away from Russia, and Armenia is completely dependent on the Russian Federation. Weapons, if not the Russian Federation, would be sold by others. Nothing personal is only their own interests. And the Armenians are completely dependent, and nothing to do with Central Asian partners who allow all kinds of unrest in relation to Russia, but quietly and obediently. And not bad money from contracts with Azerbaijan, which pays immediately with real money. But then all this needs to be serviced, ammunition for them, etc. everything is clear.
      1. ayyildiz
        ayyildiz 26 August 2014 21: 00
        -2
        Quote: Yeraz
        . Everything is completely clear.

        You know that some write only for religious reasons!

        But they forget that more than 20 million Muslims live in Russia!

        They are not migrant workers, namely, citizens of Russia!
        1. Hairy Siberian
          Hairy Siberian 26 August 2014 21: 22
          +3
          Quote: ayyildiz
          You know that some write only for religious reasons!

          And what is religion here? For example, in Ukraine, religion is not taken into account.
          Quote: ayyildiz
          But they forget that more than 20 million Muslims live in Russia!

          And what does 20 million Muslims have to do with the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict? Why should they stop local users from expressing approval of the military alliance between Russia and Armenia.
          1. ayyildiz
            ayyildiz 26 August 2014 21: 34
            -3
            Quote: Hairy Siberian
            And what is religion here?


            Your first ones usually yell that we are Christian brothers!
            1. Hairy Siberian
              Hairy Siberian 26 August 2014 21: 38
              +4
              Quote: ayyildiz
              Your first ones usually yell that we are Christian brothers!

              In my opinion no one screams more than yours on this subject. We are brothers Christians, but for some reason it worries you more and not us.
              1. ayyildiz
                ayyildiz 26 August 2014 22: 14
                -5
                Quote: Hairy Siberian
                In my opinion no one screams more than yours on this subject. We are brothers Christians, but for some reason it worries you more and not us.


                I hope you understand why I wrote this! You just yelled!
                1. Hairy Siberian
                  Hairy Siberian 26 August 2014 22: 27
                  0
                  Quote: ayyildiz
                  I hope you understand why I wrote this! You just yelled!

                  Yes, there is no one screaming here except you. They would have calmed down already, otherwise the inadequate comments had already begun.
                  1. ayyildiz
                    ayyildiz 26 August 2014 23: 17
                    -2
                    Actually, you started writing to me! And so, I'm calm as Metin!
      2. andj61
        andj61 26 August 2014 22: 34
        +1
        Russia is absolutely NOT PROFITABLE this conflict! If Armenia and Azerbaijan maintained good-neighborly relations, what do you think they would not have armed? How they were armed! Armenia and Turkey would not find a common language - the Turks do not recognize the Armenian genocide, and Azerbaijan has no understanding with Iran: although there are a lot of Azerbaijanis in Iran (20 million? 30 million? Or even 40 million?), Many of them hold leading positions among religious leaders, considering, of course, practically European and advanced Azerbaijan apostate who betrayed the interests of Islam. That is, Azerbaijan - in the future, wants to unite the people in one state, but in no case do they want this - and they are afraid of this in Iran. And such a union itself threatens to turn Azerbaijan into a new Islamic republic, not a South Caucasian "tiger".
        In Russia, millions and millions of Armenians and Azerbaijanis - both Russian citizens and visitors who have not changed citizenship. This conflict affects our society, splitting it, which is absolutely unacceptable to Russia. But a military conflict will lead to the destruction of the best in both countries, and Azerbaijan will lose more: it is militarily objectively stronger and will advance, while the ratio of losses in science is 3: 1.
        But Russia would still have found buyers for fairly cheap and reliable tanks and other weapons - for this, there is no need for a garden in the form of creating and fanning a conflict.
        1. Yeraz
          Yeraz 26 August 2014 22: 51
          -2
          Quote: andj61
          Russia is absolutely NOT FAVORABLE for this conflict!

          Explain why.
          Quote: andj61
          If Armenia and Azerbaijan maintained good neighborly relations, then what, do you think, would they not arm themselves?

          They wouldn’t be armed in such volumes. So, in minimum volumes and more, special forces would focus on.
          Quote: andj61
          That is, Azerbaijan - in the future wants the unification of the people in one state, but this is by no means wanted - and they are afraid of this in Iran.

          I’ll tell you more than this, the AUTHORITIES are afraid of Azerbaijan. The people, what’s wrong with that one.
          Quote: andj61
          ... And such a union itself threatens to turn Azerbaijan into a new Islamic republic, not a South Caucasian "tiger".

          How does the first interfere with being the second and vice versa ?? Iran also developed very well before the sanctions.
          Quote: andj61
          In Russia, millions and millions of Armenians and Azerbaijanis - both Russian citizens and visitors who have not changed citizenship. This conflict affects our society, splitting it, which is absolutely unacceptable to Russia.

          Affects the interests of yes. But what is unlikely to split is that the Armenians, that Azerbaijanis are for the majority in Russia, to put it mildly, non-Russian blacks. There is only one category supposedly with the slogans, Brothers Christians. And Muslims will obviously all be on the side of Azerbaijan.
          Quote: andj61
          But a military conflict will lead to the destruction of the best in both countries, and Azerbaijan will lose more: it is militarily objectively stronger and will advance, while the ratio of losses in science is 3: 1.

          Here we cannot know anything because we have no idea under what conditions the war will begin.
          Quote: andj61
          But Russia would still have found buyers for fairly cheap and reliable tanks and other weapons - for this, there is no need for a garden in the form of creating and fanning a conflict.

          Well, volumes are not small there for billions.
          And secondly, I did not say that the conflict is due to the fact that Russia warms its hands on arms contracts. These are indirect elements of this conflict. Its main essence is to hold both countries.

          We don’t forget about the world Armenian diaspora. It is pro-Western, there are more of them, they are very influential and different in nature than the Soviet Armenians. And they will always pull Armenia there to the West. Only Karabakh and Russia's position in this conflict keep amrenia in bridle. And with all this, anti-Russian sentiments are in Armenia and in a considerable number.
          1. andj61
            andj61 26 August 2014 23: 32
            -1
            1. About the fact that the conflict is unprofitable for Russia - I have already explained: now, and repeatedly earlier - why repeat it?
            2. About the unification of Azerbaijan - I don’t understand what is the difference between our positions? You take the phrase and in other words say what I have in the next phrase. Actually - there are two Azerbaijan: the first is a small, developed European; the second is the more backward, very Islamic, and many times more - by population. In addition, there are many Azerbaijanis among the highest Islamic clergy of Iran.
            Question: what are the prospects for unification. The answer is very foggy. Tops - on both sides do not want unification, they are afraid of it, and the lower classes can not oppose anything to the tops.
            3. Regarding a possible heated conflict - omit. But I'm sure he can be very bloody.
            4. About the world Armenian diaspora - I agree. But - they do not have Jewish resources to exert pressure on the major powers, well, maybe, except France. But the diaspora will not be supported in Armenia itself - existence under the conditions of the blockade is sobering. I remember how, in the wake of the protests in the late USSR, the nuclear power plant was closed, and its restarting became a national holiday in Armenia. Apart from Russia, no one supplies Armenia with resources and does not buy its goods. And the diaspora goes through the forest, only about the 1915 genocide suits the campaign, and Turkey is nightmare.
            Azerbaijan and Armenia need to come to an agreement, return the occupied territories to Azerbaijan, and give the status of Karabakh to the descendants - after 50 or 100 years, and now - under joint management. I think something like that would be reasonable.
            1. Yeraz
              Yeraz 26 August 2014 23: 36
              0
              Quote: andj61
              Azerbaijan and Armenia need to come to an agreement, return the occupied territories to Azerbaijan, and give the status of Karabakh to the descendants - after 50 or 100 years, and now - under joint management. I think something like that would be reasonable.

              This is reasonable and it is proposed, but the Armenians are against.
              Quote: andj61
              1. About the fact that the conflict is unprofitable for Russia - I have already explained: now, and repeatedly earlier - why repeat it?

              Well, then I didn’t see. Oh well.
  8. TURKISH
    TURKISH 26 August 2014 21: 57
    -3
    Near the city of Sevan, the Russian-Armenian infrastructure of state reserves Armrosgosrezerv will be created.
    When the shelf life of the products expires, they will be sold in Armenia at low prices.


    The Indian film recalled there was about such a dialogue;
    Sir, I haven’t eaten for two days,
    Rakshi throw him a bone.
  9. TURKISH
    TURKISH 26 August 2014 21: 58
    -4
    The Russian army will again change its appearance by 2015. It is by this time that the Russian Ministry of Defense expects to complete the introduction of a new military uniform in the Russian army. The corresponding statement was made by the Deputy Minister of Defense. The good news for the Armenian army in the next photo will be the beret of the Armenian soldier. lol
  10. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 26 August 2014 22: 58
    0
    Armenia is a long-time friend of Russia. In Armenia, the Russian division withdrawn from Georgia, from Akhalkalaki, is being dismantled. Armenia has repeatedly requested to join Russia.
    1. andj61
      andj61 26 August 2014 23: 33
      0
      Quote: Alexander 3
      Armenia is a long-time friend of Russia. In Armenia, the Russian division withdrawn from Georgia, from Akhalkalaki, is being dismantled. Armenia has repeatedly requested to join Russia.

      And when did Armenia ask to join Russia? In my opinion, this was not.
    2. alone
      alone 26 August 2014 23: 40
      +2
      you can give at least one fact where it says that, Armenia asks for Russia.

      I think that you have already designed your dream as a petition to Russia))
  11. xtur
    xtur 27 August 2014 11: 15
    +1
    All this is garbage. We have an incompetent government that has always been supported by Moscow. Over the years of independence, the political field of the country has been weeded many times, and now there is nothing worthy of attention on it.
    The radical liberalism of the Armenian government has led to the complete destruction of the quality of education - so there is simply no more hope for internal resources to change the situation for the better.
    The Mars command apparatus plant, which was supposed to cover the entire CMEA market and was the most modern enterprise in the USSR, since its construction was completed exactly by 1991, was too large even for the world economy and too tidbit - the American government did its best to the failure of a deal to acquire it by the Japanese in the mid-199s. The plant was quietly dying, and after it was acquired by Russia for debts in the late 90s, it simply finally died.

    the current political elite is only capable of speculation. The only way to stop the country's complete degeneration into a perfect desert is the complete removal of the entire political elite in the country and its demonstrative extermination. And in the vacated place it is necessary to plant a new political elite