21 July in Samara, a meeting dedicated to the socio-economic development of the Samara region. The event was attended by the leaders of the country and several departments, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. Among other topics at the meeting, the future of Samara aircraft manufacturers was touched upon. 11 August on the official website of the President published a document entitled "The list of instructions following the meeting on the socio-economic development of the Samara region." In one of the paragraphs of this document, the government, the Ministry of Defense and Industry are instructed to evaluate one of the proposed projects.
Until September 1, it is required to “evaluate the feasibility of deploying mass production of Il-114 aircraft.” Samara is proposed as a site for the construction of these aircraft aviation Aviakor factory. The planes are supposed to be built for the needs of the Ministry of Defense and civil aviation. Responsible for the execution of the assignment were appointed Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Minister of Defense Sergey Shoigu and Presidential Envoy to the Volga Federal District Mikhail Babich.
During the July meeting, the topic of building the Il-114 aircraft was raised by the general director of the Aviakor plant, Alexey Gusev. He said that in his newest stories The Samara enterprise independently and without the help of the state has mastered the production of An-140 aircraft. Nevertheless, recent events in Ukraine can put an end to this project, which is why Samara specialists have to look for alternatives. Now Samara is considering two projects that can replace the An-140: the construction of Il-114 passenger planes and the deployment of a center for the maintenance of aircraft, including foreign ones.
In the case of the construction of IL-114 aircraft, the Aviakor management relies on customers in the person of the Ministry of Defense, as well as on regional transportation, where an aircraft to 64 locations can be useful. In addition, the company's management wants to build an aircraft service center and brings several arguments in favor of this proposal. First of all, it is noted that the service center in Samara will allow air carriers not to send equipment for repair abroad, thereby reducing the cost of necessary work. In addition, the company's airfield, currently not used by air carriers, can be converted to an airport for regional airlines.
V. Putin specified some nuances of a possible renewal of the airfield of the Aviakor plant and its use as civilian. However, much more interest of the head of state was caused by the proposal to start building the IL-114 aircraft. In the early nineties, this plane could already go into the series, but the collapse of the Soviet Union thwarted these plans. IL-114 should have been built on the Tashkent Aviation Production Association, which by now has virtually ceased to exist. Now it is proposed to re-start the construction of promising technology.
During the discussion of the topic of starting the production of IL-114 aircraft at the Samara aircraft plant, V. Putin first asked about the engines that are proposed to be installed on airliners. A. Gusev replied that IL-114 will be equipped with TV7-117 engines manufactured in Russia. Thus, already at the discussion stage, the construction project of the IL-114 turns out to be independent of Ukrainian turboprop engines, which is a great advantage in the light of recent events.
The president also raised the topic of the start of production. He recalled that the development of the construction of a new modification of the IL-76 aircraft at the Russian enterprise Aviastar-SP in Ulyanovsk took six years. According to the general director of the Aviakor plant, the production of the aircraft is planned to begin using the backlog left at the Tashkent aircraft factory. In his workshops, there are about 10 uncompleted aircraft, which are supposed to be transported to Samara and complete all the necessary work. At the same time, work will begin on the "digitization" of the aircraft. IL-114 should get new electronic equipment and a number of new systems. It will take about five years to master the production of a new modification, since this is quite a challenge.
A. Gusev noted that the specialists of Aviakor and the Ilyushin company had already carried out an analysis of the project and determined its approximate cost. On the development of production, updating the project, certification and all the necessary preparatory work will take about 10-12 billion rubles. This amount includes the cost of two additional aircraft to be used for certification. They are supposed to be fully built in Samara, without using units and units brought from Uzbekistan.
According to V. Putin, the amount in 12 billions is significant, but on the scale of such a project is acceptable. To start work, a consolidated order is required, which will allow Aviakor to begin preparations for transporting unfinished aircraft and assembling ready-made aircraft.
Denis Manturov, Minister of Industry and Trade, expressed his opinion on the start of construction of new aircraft at a Russian enterprise. He did not confirm the figures mentioned by A. Gusev, because at that time he did not have the necessary information. At the same time, the minister noted that the order of the Ministry of Defense is the key point in the start of the construction of the IL-114. D. Manturov expressed his willingness to work through the issue and calculate the economic side of the project.
Deputy Prime Minister D. Rogozin also expressed his views on the proposed project. He recalled that the IL-114 proposal had already been considered. The analysis used information on the operation of these aircraft by airlines of Uzbekistan and Russia. Such an aircraft is really needed by carriers, and all alternatives to it are of foreign origin. In addition, we need a state order. The Vice Prime Minister considered the proposal interesting and called it necessary to analyze his prospects.
According to the results of the meeting in Samara, a list of instructions was drawn up, which, among other things, included requirements for analyzing the prospects for the production of Il-114 aircraft. Results of the analysis should be submitted to 1 September. Thus, in the very near future, the leadership of the industry and the government of the country will determine whether it is necessary to master the production of new aircraft.
Meanwhile, the management of the Aviakor plant completed its part of the necessary work. Not so long ago, it decided to start the serial construction of the IL-114, and also approved the so-called. project roadmap. The further fate of the project will depend on the results of the verification of its prospects. If funding for the construction of the aircraft is approved, and the Ministry of Defense expresses a desire to order a certain number of IL-114 aircraft, then over the next few years the first aircraft built at the new location will be rolled out of the assembly shop of the Aviakor plant.
Samara aircraft manufacturers are ready to start building new aircraft. While they are stopped by a lack of finances and the lack of orders. In the very near future, by the end of the month, industry leaders and the government should check the prospects of this project and announce their decision. The project evaluation instruction must be completed by September 1.
On the materials of the sites:
The fate of the IL-114 will be decided before the beginning of September
- Ryabov Kirill
- Photos used: