Military Review

17 July. Birthday of naval aviation of the Russian Navy

53
Genesis aviation in Russia became possible thanks to the initiative of military sailors. It was the sailors who first saw in aircraft an important means of increasing the power of the military fleet and put a lot of effort and money into training aviation personnel, acquiring aircraft, and organizing domestic aircraft construction.




The first proposal in the world, in which the interaction between the ship and the aircraft was predetermined, was also born in the Russian Navy. Its author was the captain of the corps of engineers of the fleet Lev Makarovich Macievich. Even 23 in October 1909, in his first memorandum to the Main Naval Staff, he predicted the future of naval aviation, offered to start building an aircraft carrier, seaplane and catapult to launch it from the deck of the ship. It is not by chance that in Russia the process of movement of aircraft is called aeronautics, aviation is called an air fleet, the sky is called the fifth ocean, and heavy planes are called ships.

Hydroaviation in Russia began to emerge in 1911. First, seaplanes were purchased abroad, but soon Russian engineers V. A. Lebedev and D. P. Grigorovich created several models of flying boats, which allowed the Russian Defense Ministry in 1912 — 1914. on the basis of domestic seaplanes to form the first aviation units of the Baltic and Black Sea fleets. At the same time, the flying boat designed by Grigorovich M-5 exceeded foreign specimens of similar types in its flight characteristics.

17 July. Birthday of naval aviation of the Russian Navy


At first, naval aviation was used mainly in the interests of reconnaissance, that is, as a means of ensuring the combat activity of the fleet. However, the experience of aviation in the first months of the outbreak of the First World War showed that the combat capabilities of aircraft go far beyond intelligence. They began to be used to bombard and bombard objects at naval bases and in ports, of enemy ships and ships at sea.

In the Russian fleet on the first aircraft carrier "Orlitsa" based seaplanes Grigorovich M-9, had machine guns and can carry bombs. 4 July 1916 g. Four aircraft from the "Eagle" conducted an air battle over the Baltic Sea with four German aircraft, which ended with the victory of Russian naval pilots. Two Kaiser airplanes were shot down, and the other two fled. Our pilots returned to their aircraft without a loss.



This day - July 4. 1916 was the day of the first victory in an air battle over the sea of ​​naval pilots on domestic seaplanes based on the first domestic aircraft carrier, it is rightfully considered to be the birthday of naval aviation.

By the middle of 1917, the turning point for stories In Russia, in the Russian fleet, the prerequisites for the conversion of aviation into one of the main forces of the fleet appeared, which served as the basis for the establishment in the Maritime Office of a special body - the Naval Aviation and Aeronautics Administration.

After the October Revolution, the Soviet military leadership during the armed struggle against the interventionists and the White Guards on the fronts adjacent to the sea in the regions with lakes and along major rivers could not do without hydro-aviation. The creation of a new naval aviation formation began.

27 April 1918 was the birthday of the Baltic Fleet aviation. Then a special brigade was formed in its composition.

3 March 1921 is considered the birthday of the USSR Black Sea Fleet aviation. On this day, the formation of the Headquarters of the Air Fleet of the Black and Azov Seas was completed. 4 on April 1932 was born Pacific Fleet aviation, and 18 on August 1936 was Northern Fleet aviation.

History shows that in the 20 and 30 years, when naval aviation was organizationally part of the Air Force of the Red Army, the country's top leadership and the leadership of the Defense Commissariat assigned aviation to support ground forces, to cover the troops and rear facilities from from the air, as well as to combat enemy air reconnaissance. In accordance with this, the development and construction of aircraft and their armaments were carried out, and training programs were developed for pilots in aviation schools. Operational-tactical training of leading military cadres and the entire combat training of military aviation was also directed at this. At the same time, a minor role was assigned to naval aviation, and therefore the fleet of naval aviation during these years was replenished only with seaplanes intended primarily for conducting aerial reconnaissance at sea. For her, flight personnel were trained only at the Yeisk school of naval pilots and letniters.


Grigorovich Flying Boat M-9


At 30-e years accounted for the triumph of aviation, design ideas and, above all, sea pilots who showed outstanding examples of airmanship, courage, bravery and heroism.

They were repeatedly involved in the implementation of special and government assignments. Of the sea pilots, polar aviation was completed, which played an enormous role in the development of the Northern Sea Route, the importance of which for our country cannot be overestimated.

Pilots especially showed themselves in rescuing Cheliuskites in 1934. Their courage and heroism, their willingness to take risks in order to save the lives of people in distress, became a convincing basis for the establishment in our country of the highest degree of state distinction - the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The golden star of Hero number one was presented to the sea pilot Anatoly Vasilyevich Lyapidevsky. At the same time, naval pilots I. Doronin, S. Levanevsky and V. Molokov were awarded this title.

The country lived by great construction sites. The state has taken measures to strengthen the country's defense. The Navy received for service new warships, including those capable of taking on board seaplanes. But this was far from enough.

The situation for the better changed dramatically with the formation of the Navy Commissariat, when naval aviation entered its structure organizationally. By that time, views on naval aviation had finally become established as one of the main arms of the fleet. Commander Corps Officer Semyon Zhavoronkov, who received the profession of a military pilot at a relatively mature age (34) and successfully commanded naval aviation right up to 1947, was appointed first as Chief of Aviation of the Navy of the USSR. In 1944, he was promoted to Air Marshal.

A positive role in the further development of naval aviation was played by the aviation flight test institute. Its specialists developed tactical and technical requirements for the equipment and armament of naval aviation, carried out tests of experimental and modernized models of aviation equipment and weaponsand also provided retraining for the flight management staff.

Large-scale fleets began to receive heavy type TB-1, TB-3 and DB-3 type aircraft that were in service with the Red Army Air Force, specially converted for the use of mine-torpedo weapons - the traditional maritime weapon of hitting the underwater part of ships and ships at sea .



Soon, from the bomber aviation stood out and was organized in an independent kind of naval aviation mine torpedo aircraft.

With the transfer of aviation schools to the fleet, the system of training naval aviation personnel became more perfect and purposeful. The School of Naval Pilots and Letnabs in Yeisk and the School of Naval Pilots of the Polar Aviation Directorate of the Northern Sea Route in Nikolaev were transformed into Naval Aviation Schools, and the Military School of Aviation Technicians in Perm became a Naval Aviation Technical School. During the first three years, the number of cadets in these schools has increased several times.

For the training of naval aviation command personnel, a command and aviation department was established at the Naval Academy, and it also opened one-year advanced training courses for naval aviation command personnel.

The aviation design bureaus and enterprises focused on the production of equipment and armament for the Navy’s aviation also earned a specific purpose. All this could not but contribute to the fact that by the beginning of World War II, naval aviation had grown significantly in quantitative and qualitative terms; this subsequently affected the effectiveness of its use in hostilities.

At the same time, the uncertainty of the organizational structure affected the nature of the views of its operational-tactical application. For a long time it was believed that the air combat at sea would be conducted predominantly by operational units (air corps) of the Red Army Air Force. In accordance with this, in the operational training, the interaction of fleets and air corps was worked out, and the naval aviation was responsible for providing the fleet with aerial reconnaissance and air defense of the home base of the fleet and ships at sea.

In practice, this did not happen. Neither front-line or long-range aviation formed in 1942 did not participate in any fleet operations, and naval aviation became one of the main strike forces of the fleet.

From the first days of the war, due to the situation created on the maritime fronts, naval aviation was used to strike at the enemy’s combat formations. And this task became the main task for a long time, although naval aviation did not prepare for its solution in the pre-war years.

Apparently, this history lesson should be fully taken into account in the combat training of naval aviation in our time of peace.

The book convincingly shows that combat operations of naval aviation by ships and ships of the enemy at sea were particularly effective, which is quite consistent with its main combat mission.

The sections of the book devoted to the military operations of the Navy aviation during the years of the Great Patriotic War are full of the facts of the feats of naval aviators. The first among the naval pilots in this war was the success of the Black Sea Fleet air regiment fighter squadron, attached to the Danube Flotilla, commanded by Captain A. I. Korobitsyn.

In the Baltics, the squadron’s deputy commander Captain A.K. Antonenko opened the account of the enemy’s downed aircraft, and the lieutenant BF Safonov, the squadron commander, on the Northern Fleet.

The Baltic pilots under the command of Colonel E. N. Preobrazhensky, who delivered the first blow to Berlin on the night of 7 on 8 in August 1941, gained worldwide fame.

During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the naval aviation flew more than 350 thousands of combat missions, destroyed thousands of enemy aircraft in the air and on airfields over 5,5. As a result of naval aviation operations, fascist Germany and its satellites lost 407 warships and 371 transport with troops and cargo, which accounts for two thirds of the total losses of the enemy from the effects of fleet forces.

The motherland highly appreciated the combat activities of naval aviation. 57 state awards were decorated with banners of regiments and divisions, 260 naval aviators were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, and five of them - B. F. Safonov, A. E. Mazurenko, V. I. Rakov, N. G. Stepanyan and N. V. Chelnokov - twice.

Among the sea pilots there are heroes who repeated the feat of Alexei Maresyev. In the Baltic it is L. G. Belousov, in the Black Sea - I. S. Lyubimov, in the Northern Fleet - 3. A. Sorokin.

The combat experience gained during the war formed the basis for the development of plans and directions for the further development of naval aviation and the improvement of the principles and methods of its use in the war at sea. This also tells the real work. The post-war development of naval aviation was characterized by the specialization of the created aircraft and armaments, the transition to jet technology with great potential in terms of speed and range of impact. Airplanes and helicopters were equipped with effective means of search and destruction, electronic equipment; Most flight control and weapon applications are automated.

It should be borne in mind that this work was led by the most experienced aviation commanders, who personally experienced the bitterness of failures and the joy of victories during the years of war, who knew deeply the needs and possibilities of fleets. Among them were the famous aviation commanders E. N. Preobrazhensky, I. I. Borzov, M. I. Samokhin, N. A. Naumov, A. A. Mironenko, G. A. Kuznetsov, S. A. Gulyaev, V. I. Voronov and others. Their ideas, plans and undertakings in the development of naval aviation found understanding and full support from the top management of the navy, headed by N. G. Kuznetsov, and then S. G. Gorshkov.

In the fleets, the problems of counteracting the forces of a potential enemy acting secretly from under the water were put in the forefront. Therefore, already in the 50-s, the long-range hydroplane Be-6 designed by G. M. Beriev was created and put into operation. To combat submarines, the aircraft had radiohydroacoustic buoys and magnetometers as a means of searching for an underwater enemy, and depth bombs and torpedoes to destroy it. Anti-submarine weapons were equipped with basic Mi-4 helicopters and the first-born ship-based helicopter aviation — the Ka-15 ship-based helicopter designed by N. I. Kamov.

In the course of their flight operation, extensive research was carried out and the foundations of tactics and combat use of anti-submarine aviation, soon transferred to more advanced anti-submarine complexes such as the Be-12, Ka-25, Ka-27, Mi-14, Il-38 and Tu-142 different modifications.



The development of missile systems with aircraft cruise missiles significantly increased the combat capabilities of the strike fleet aviation in the fight against ship groups of a potential enemy at sea.

At the beginning of the 60-ies, anti-submarine and naval missile-carrying aircraft took shape organizationally into independent branches of the navy. At the same time, the reconnaissance aviation of the fleets was being transformed.

Long-range reconnaissance aircraft Tu-95рts were sent to the open-sea fleets — Northern and Pacific — with an automated target-pointing system for missile forces of the fleet, including missile submarines that carried combat service at sea. This also allowed naval aviation to reach remote areas of the World Ocean to observe the naval forces of a potential enemy and timely warning about the threat of their impact on our forces and targets.

In the Baltic and the Black Sea, reconnaissance began to be carried out by supersonic reconnaissance aircraft Tu-22р.



The combat capabilities of the USSR naval aviation significantly expanded due to the incorporation of the anti-submarine cruisers "Moscow" and "Leningrad" into the navy. From that time on, ship aviation was officially formed as a new kind of naval aviation.

The anti-submarine cruiser “Moscow” with Ka-25 helicopters on board made its first march to combat service in the Mediterranean from September 19 to November 5 1968. In subsequent years, the Moscow and Leningrad anti-submarine cruisers repeatedly carried out military service in various areas of the oceans.

According to the conclusion of the then-Commander-in-Chief of the Navy of the Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union S. G. Gorshkov, the helicopters became an integral part of modern surface ships of various purposes, they gave them a completely new combat quality. A fundamentally new direction in the development of naval aviation opened the creation of vertical take-off and landing aircraft and the construction of Kiev-type aircraft-carrying cruisers.

The first aviation regiment of the Yak-38 naval attack aircraft was formed on the Black Sea Fleet. Its first commander was F. G. Matkovsky. He was the first to lead the aviation group and trained pilots to fly from a ship on a long-distance cruise of the Kiev-carrying cruiser.

In the Northern Fleet, V. N. Ratnenko became the first commander of the aviation regiment of naval attack aircraft. V.M. Svitochev was the first to command a regiment of naval attack aircraft in the Pacific Fleet.

The aircraft-carrying cruisers Kiev, Minsk and Novorossiysk repeatedly carried out military service in various regions of the World Ocean, and ship aviators — pilots, engineers, and technicians — showed courage, skill, and high moral and psychological qualities.

Particular attention is paid to the book shipboard fighter aircraft fleet. Such aircraft was created on the basis of fourth-generation fighter aircraft of the Su-27 and MiG-29 type, recognized as the best modern fighter in the world today. The first aircraft carrier, created in our country, is able to provide for the basing and fighting of fighters for springboard take-off and aerofinisation landing.

In the birth and development of the ship-based fighter aircraft, the great merit of one of the leading test pilots Viktor Georgievich Pugachev. Timur Avtandilovich Apakidze became one of the first enthusiasts in the development of a new kind of ship aviation. His courage and professional skill are attested by the fact that, back in 1991, he was awarded an honorary diploma and an award from the International Aviation Safety Foundation for decisive and competent actions in an emergency situation during flight. Saving the experimental aircraft, T.A. Apakidze left the uncontrolled falling apparatus at the last second. Shortly after the experienced accident, he took the new risk and the first of the pilots of military units of military aviation in our country landed on the deck of the cruiser "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov" on the first Russian ship-based fighter Su-27k without transportation on a fleet. It was September 29 1991 on the Black Sea Fleet.

During the flight tests of the Su-27k aircraft, the first leader group of pilots of the Northern Fleet Air Force was successfully prepared for flights and combat operations from the deck of the ship. Thus, in 1994, a new elite of military pilots — the elite of deck pilots — was born in Russian naval aviation.
Marine aviation - In the service fleet

Naval exercises 70-ies. Hundreds of ships, thousands of naval aircraft. The scene of action is the seas and oceans. Amphibians conducting reconnaissance, anti-submarine aircraft and helicopters carrying equipment on board to search for and destroy submarines. Rocket carriers operating from the coast are capable of destroying a potential enemy aircraft carrier. And on board about to be taken deck aircraft. Soviet naval aviation in the 70-ies. represented a formidable force.

Originator:
http://www.hydroplanes.ru
53 comments
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  1. Chuck-norris
    Chuck-norris 17 July 2012 08: 16
    +19
    Happy Holidays!
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 17 July 2012 09: 15
      +38
      Eternal memory of our first pilot landing on an aircraft carrier

      Apakidze Timur Avtandilovich

      In 1991, after the collapse of the USSR, the 100th Aviation Regiment, which he commanded, refused to take the Ukrainian oath, and the commander himself rejected the offer to head the Georgian Air Force. "They take the oath only once," he explained, and together with the regiment's pilots and the battle banner, he flew to Severomorsk on his own. There he was appointed commander of the only 279th separate shipborne fighter aviation regiment in Russia, and in 1994 - commander of the mixed naval aviation division of the Northern Fleet. The following year, Apakidze was awarded the title of Hero of Russia for the excellent development of the Su-33 and the training of fighter pilots for the aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov".

      On July 17, 2001, during demonstration performances at the celebration in honor of the 85th anniversary of naval aviation at the Center for Combat Training and Retraining of Flight Personnel of the Naval Aviation near Pskov, Timur Apakidze, having completed all aerobatics, came to land when his plane, which was in several kilometers from the runway, behaved unstable. After reporting this, the pilot received the command to eject at the flight control point. However, Apakidze decided not to eject, and remained in the pilot's cabin until the plane hit the ground and exploded, trying to save the plane. The plane fell on non-residential outbuildings on the outskirts of the village of Cherepyagino and caught fire. As the state commission later established, Apakidze died "due to psychophysical overload." He turned off the limiters of the maximum angles of attack and overload in order to perform complex aerobatics, and as a result, during one of the maneuvers, he experienced eight-fold overload.
      1. Middle-brother
        Middle-brother 17 July 2012 09: 43
        +12
        Everlasting memory!
      2. Manager
        Manager 17 July 2012 10: 24
        +13
        Patriot, Hero, A man with a capital letter, a real Man and a warrior!
        An example to follow ! In his honor, it is simply necessary to name any newly-built aircraft carrier!
        Eternal memory to him and his parents who raised such a man!
        1. Ustin
          Ustin 17 July 2012 10: 42
          +16
          He was personally acquainted. He flew to our factory for acceptance of "spark". Yes, and later met. I subscribe under every word ...
          1. Vadivak
            Vadivak 17 July 2012 19: 12
            +3
            Quote: Ustin
            He was personally acquainted.



            I envy
      3. wulf66
        wulf66 17 July 2012 16: 31
        +7
        Eternal memory, land rest in peace.
  2. Armata
    Armata 17 July 2012 08: 21
    +17
    Brave men. It is a pity that our elite has become smaller. But anyway, happy holiday !!!!!!!! drinks
  3. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 17 July 2012 08: 29
    +15
    Happy holiday !!! Good luck in everything guys!
  4. serezhasoldatow
    serezhasoldatow 17 July 2012 08: 31
    +19
    Congratulations to all sea flyers on a holiday!
  5. Yarbay
    Yarbay 17 July 2012 08: 44
    +13
    Happy holiday !!
  6. Senzey
    Senzey 17 July 2012 08: 51
    +12
    Happy holiday naval aviators! New aircraft carriers and new helicopter aircraft! Clear skies and seven feet under the keel !!!

  7. esaul
    esaul 17 July 2012 09: 09
    +12
    On holiday, aviator warriors. Clear sky, soft landing and all human benefits !!!
  8. sanyabasik
    sanyabasik 17 July 2012 09: 20
    +11
    Health and prosperity to those who love heaven and sea, love and fidelity waiting for them on the shore. Happy holiday! Good luck
  9. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 17 July 2012 09: 32
    +10
    My best wishes ! Good luck to the sea and the cottage by the sea, personal happiness, cash and non-cash! So that there were many ups, but there were as many landings! And I also wanted to wish you a clear sky ... but you also want to clear the sky from yourself! :)))
  10. patriot2
    patriot2 17 July 2012 09: 33
    +8
    Happy holiday to you - sea pilots.
    Health to you, and so that the number of takeoffs coincides with the number of landings.
    Thanks to the author for the correct vision of the history of naval aviation. +
  11. lotus04
    lotus04 17 July 2012 09: 34
    +8
    Happy Holidays! Our "LONG ARM" of the Navy!
  12. borisst64
    borisst64 17 July 2012 09: 36
    +8
    I have sincere respect for the pilots. Naval aviation is more difficult in the absence of landmarks in flight, and they are sometimes needed in the 21st century. Happy holiday, soft landing !!
  13. Igarr
    Igarr 17 July 2012 09: 38
    +8
    Congratulations to the sea pilots on a holiday.
    All the best to them.
    Here they are - really the elite.
  14. Middle-brother
    Middle-brother 17 July 2012 09: 45
    +8
    as a child I read a book about Boris Safonov. When he flew out, the Germans were transmitting something like "Attention, attention, Safonov in the air" over the radios, and skerry as best they could
  15. TekhnarMAF
    TekhnarMAF 17 July 2012 09: 46
    +7
    I congratulate everyone related to the Fleet Aviation on a HOLIDAY !! Special congratulations to the CTOF Aviators. Good luck, clean
    heaven, flying in pleasure, equality of takeoffs and landings, new cars and loyal friends! For those who have not returned from extreme flight, ETERNAL MEMORY! Happy holiday! drinks drinks good
  16. Captain Vrungel
    Captain Vrungel 17 July 2012 09: 48
    +7
    All who have served serve and are preparing to serve in Naval Aviation. with HOLIDAY. Clear sky.
  17. Vito
    Vito 17 July 2012 09: 50
    +6
    With great joy I join in all the congratulations! Happy holiday pilots of naval aviation! Let the number of takeoffs ALWAYS equal the number of touchdowns. From myself, I personally want to add. LET YOUR SERIES GROW NEVER!
    Not very skillfully, BUT FROM A PURE HEART!
  18. drossel81
    drossel81 17 July 2012 09: 51
    +6
    Happy Holidays Dear You Are Our !!!! drinks
  19. volcano
    volcano 17 July 2012 09: 57
    +10
    Congratulations to the elite of the Air Force on a holiday!

    The truth is a pity that there is a holiday, and there are almost no people to honor.

    GIVE AIR CARRIERS !!!!!!
    1. M. Peter
      M. Peter 17 July 2012 11: 48
      +6
      Naval aviation, it’s not only some aircraft carriers in general.

      And so I join. All sea pilots with their holiday!
  20. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 17 July 2012 10: 02
    +7
    Happy holiday! Happiness, Health, Success!
  21. vbhljvectve
    vbhljvectve 17 July 2012 10: 06
    +6
    Congratulations
  22. Nubia2
    Nubia2 17 July 2012 10: 11
    -2
    The title photo was originally F-14 Tomcat
    1. Manager
      Manager 17 July 2012 10: 25
      +9
      So the photo shows that it was easily shot down by our SU. What is not clear?

      Happy holiday to all! HOORAY! drinks
    2. TekhnarMAF
      TekhnarMAF 17 July 2012 13: 25
      +6
      Is this a nature or an armored teenager clever? Be sure to ..., I'm sorry, I remember the warning, a fly in the ointment! Show your awareness at the right time.
  23. USNik
    USNik 17 July 2012 10: 32
    +6
    I join in the congratulations!
    (PS picture Photoshop plagiarism, there in the original Fe-14 furrows over the ocean)
  24. understudy
    understudy 17 July 2012 11: 07
    +6
    Moli sincere congratulations!
    But no matter how you recall the former greatness of the Great Country ...
    "By the time of the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the powerful naval aviation of the Soviet Navy numbered 1702 aircraft, including 372 long-range bombers equipped with anti-ship cruise missiles, 966 tactical combat aircraft and 455 helicopters. These aircraft made up the combat power of 52 aviation regiments and ten individual squadrons and groups The new Russian naval aviation inherited the lion's share of the Soviet legacy, but almost immediately began a series of large-scale reductions, removing outdated aircraft from service.
    By the beginning of 1995, the naval aviation had 63 long-range Tu-22M2 bomber (including 52 combat-ready), 82 Tu-223 bomber (52 combat-ready), 67 Tu-142 aircraft patrol (NNXX), and NNXX X-NUMX (19 combat-ready), 45 Tu-38 (NNXX) patrol aircraft (NNXX), and 20 patrol aircraft of the Tu-95 (NNXX) bomber (NNXX); (27 combat-ready), 75 helicopters Ka-128 (14 combat-ready) and 25 helicopters Mi-68 and Ka-XNUMX (XNUMX combat-ready).
    By 1997, the level of combat readiness dropped to 35%, but by 2000 the situation began to improve, and it rose to 45-50%. These indicators remain more or less stable to the present ... "
    Feldmebeli and others like them came ... "
    "In accordance with the order of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, issued in March 2011, the fleet aviation in a short time had to transfer to the Air Force all missile-carrying aviation consisting of three squadrons of Tu-22M3 long-range bombers, the main part of strike and fighter units, as well as As a result of such dramatic changes, Russian naval aviation is currently concentrating on the tasks of anti-submarine defense (ASW), patrolling, search and rescue operations, while retaining in its structure the only regiment of ship-based fighters and limited capabilities to perform strike missions from land airfields
    By mid-2011, the Russian naval aviation had more than 300 aircraft, of which about 130 were combat-ready, thus the combat readiness level was 43%. For the most part, the average age of naval aircraft is rapidly approaching the 30-year mark, about half of the aircraft fleet was produced more than 25 years ago ... "
    1. FID
      FID 17 July 2012 14: 17
      +3
      So, only the 142nd are left in Mongohto now? Or 22M remained, but reassigned? I am amazed at the complete ignorance of senior leaders, the impression is that they can’t live here.
  25. Ascetic
    Ascetic 17 July 2012 11: 19
    +16
    Wave is wave, war is war
    Over the Baltic - air battle,
    Remained in the memory of the people
    That battle of the sixteenth year:

    Sea pilots entered
    With enemies in the battle and won.
    An eagle soared above the sea
    And the Russian fleet gained wings.

    Let's give the pilots a standing ovation!
    For naval aviation!
    1. esaul
      esaul 17 July 2012 19: 33
      +3
      Ascetic,

      Stanislav, I welcome and glad you are back in operation! The post is great!
  26. Fox 070
    Fox 070 17 July 2012 11: 56
    +7
    I heartily congratulate our marine aces and wish them good luck in their hard work !!!
  27. Geokingxnumx
    Geokingxnumx 17 July 2012 12: 32
    +5
    s prazdnikom :)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aP0N8VC4Y7A
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZcEMEOrSKc
    Timur apakidze :)
    1. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 17 July 2012 14: 44
      +6
      I hope the monument stands in Georgia?


      Monument to T. A. Apakidze (Novofedorovka)
      A bust and a commemorative composition in honor of the outstanding naval pilot of the USSR and the Russian Federation, one of the pioneers in the development of the Kuznetsov aircraft carrier and the first commander of the 100 kyap regiment, whose combat pilots mastered flights from the Kuznetsov aircraft carrier on Su-27K (Su-33) aircraft and Su-25UTG, Hero of Russia, Major General of Aviation Timur Avtandilovich Apakidze. He was tragically killed on July 17, 2001, during a demonstration flight over the Ostrov airfield in the Pskov region during an air festival dedicated to the birthday of the naval aviation of the Russian Empire.
      1. Geokingxnumx
        Geokingxnumx 17 July 2012 17: 00
        +5
        of course not :)
        he worked for Russia, not for Georgia.
        for the Georgian people this person is not Heroes and not a Traitor :) simple admiration and sympathy of course.
        1. Lord of the Sith
          Lord of the Sith 17 July 2012 18: 43
          +5
          In general, he fought and fought for the entire Soviet people and no matter in which of the Soviet republics a person lives. He fought for all of us !!
          1. Geokingxnumx
            Geokingxnumx 17 July 2012 20: 22
            +6
            yes, but after the breakup I say.
            we do not remember our Heroes :(
            here is my father, a cardiologist (known in the Adjara region), he had a patient, an Afghan war veteran, he is disabled, he has no pensions, almost no pensions. He rubbed his feet to save friends. An Afghan warrior remained a stranger to Georgia. our Heroes (the class fought in Abkhazia and in Samachablo (South Ossetia)) the governments and the people themselves are killed, they are remembered for political factors. Nadeyus Ivanishvili and his party (and People) will change all this :)
            Of course, there are Many ktorii chtiat remembers Heroes and Proud :)
            Vopscheta I Gorzhus that he was famous and a Hero :)
        2. esaul
          esaul 17 July 2012 19: 38
          +4
          Geokingxnumx,

          Greetings llo. Nice to see such comments on your part. It would be more convenient for everyone if you always had them written in Cyrillic.
          1. Geokingxnumx
            Geokingxnumx 17 July 2012 20: 31
            +6
            Thank you, I always spoke the Truth and what I think.
            :) drinks
  28. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 17 July 2012 12: 46
    +7
    Seven feet under the keel and clear skies! smile Happy holiday to you! love Good luck in service and good health! drinks
  29. Sokerin
    Sokerin 17 July 2012 13: 28
    +3
    Here is reliable information:

    What do we know about "naval aviation"?

    http://forum.evvaul.com/index.php?topic=45.135


    July 17 - HOLIDAY of Naval Aviation, but not birthday
    how journalists write from publication to publication.

    "the event taken as the date of birth of the Naval Aviation, allegedly occurred on July 4 according to the old style, or on July 17 according to the new style, 1916 happened on a completely different day, namely June 21, 1916, and it was still far from first in the BF, especially throughout the MA of that period. "
  30. Odessa
    Odessa 17 July 2012 13: 53
    +6
    Congratulations to all on a holiday!
    1. TekhnarMAF
      TekhnarMAF 17 July 2012 14: 12
      +6
      Thanks Esther! Here is such a car, a dream of a sea pilot!
      1. Ruswolf
        Ruswolf 18 July 2012 07: 14
        +2
        Buddy!
        Before the Second World War, the USSR Naval Aviation almost became submarine.
        Technology failed. Or maybe not!?

        "The flying submarine was intended to destroy enemy ships in the open sea and in the water area of ​​naval bases, protected by minefields and booms. Low underwater speed and limited power reserve under the water of the LPL were not an obstacle, since in the absence of targets in a given square (area of ​​action) the boat could find the enemy itself. Having determined its course from the air, it landed behind the horizon, which excluded the possibility of its early detection, and sank in the line of the ship's path. Until the target appeared at the point of the salvo, the LPL remained at a depth in a stabilized position, without wasting energy by unnecessary moves ...
        If the enemy allowed the deviation from the course line, the LPL went closer to it, and with a very large deviation of the target, the boat passed it over the horizon, then surfaced, took off, and again prepared for the attack.
        The possible repetition of the approach to the target was considered as one of the significant advantages of an underwater-air torpedo bomber over traditional submarines. The action of flying submarines in a group should have been especially effective, since theoretically three such devices created an impassable barrier up to nine miles wide in the enemy's path. The LPL could penetrate into the harbors and ports of the enemy at night, submerge, and during the day, conduct observation, direction finding of secret fairways and, if the opportunity arises, attack. "

        Flight and tactical characteristics of the LPL B.P. Ushakova, USSR 1935-1938

        Crew, people. 3
        Takeoff weight, kg 15 000
        Speed, knots (km / h) 100 (~ 200)
        Flight range, km 800
        Ceiling, m 2 500
        Number and type of aircraft engines 3xAM-34
        Takeoff Power, hp 3x1200
        Max. add. excitement during take-off / landing and diving, 4-5 points
        Underwater speed, knot 2-3
        Depth of immersion, m 45
        Cruising range under water, miles 5-6
        Underwater autonomy, h 48
        Power of the outboard motor, hp Xnumx
        Duration, min 1,5
        Ascent time, min 1,8
        Armament:
        - 18 inch. torpedo Xnumx
        - coaxial machine gun. Xnumx


        There is data on the test in the pool; no data on flight qualities. There are no resolutions either. It did not enter production.
        It is possible that the creation of underwater aircraft carriers, which France and the USA and Germany, Japan and the USSR did, seemed more promising.
  31. Andrey77
    Andrey77 17 July 2012 14: 05
    +4
    No one to congratulate! All sea pilots in Kuznetsovo in quantity (I will not call it a shame). That's all our naval aviation. Thanks at least to those guys who sometimes take off from the Grasshopper to repair their own Su-33 and Mig-27K.
    1. Drednout
      Drednout 17 July 2012 18: 15
      +3
      Quote: Andrey77
      No one to congratulate!

      Andrey, why so? Naval aviation is not always decks. Yes, and helicopter pilots on the BOD and so on. also aviation.
      Happy holiday to all the guys.
  32. Ruswolf
    Ruswolf 17 July 2012 14: 13
    +4
    Clear sky! and calm sea!
    Happy Holidays!
    And many thanks for your work!
    For your hard work!
    drinks
  33. IRBIS
    IRBIS 17 July 2012 14: 17
    +2
    Happy holiday to all pilots of naval aviation !!!
  34. Vyalik
    Vyalik 17 July 2012 14: 22
    +5
    I congratulate all those associated with MARINE AVIATION on HOLIDAY. All the best, good health and clear sky!


    I am not a sailor, but the flag of St. Andrew is my flag.

    I raised him in the skies, closer to God,

    So that everyone sees the honor of Russia: friend il enemy -

    One to hope, and the other to alarm.

    They say to me with a grin sometimes:

    "Marine, and I have never gone to sea."

    And I’m marine only to never

    Sorrow did not knock on the sailor’s house.

    I am not a sailor, but I have not seen the sea in the movies

    And I didn’t admire the wave on the beach,

    I did not experience a storm at sea, but

    No wonder I am called Marine Aviation.

    Let the ships, wandering among the alien seas,

    They will be calm, angels from heaven will help:

    They’ll save, cover and drive away all the devils,

    And it will be necessary, and eyes will open to God.

    Here is the position: between heaven and water.

    God of the sea did not recognize his own in me,

    And the god of heaven said to me: "God is with you."

    I, like a bastard, do not know who conceived me.

    I am not a sailor, shoulder straps and I wear marine,

    But so as not to confuse me with sea lads -

    Stripes of sky on epaulettes are blue,

    Washed with salt water.

    But whoever I may be: an aviator or a sailor,

    Or all together: an aviator, but a marine,

    For this, I got under our flag of St. Andrew,

    So that it develops over a proud country.

    To the windows that my ancestor cut through

    We looked into the distance of the sea, and not into the walls,

    And so that my son proudly said:

    “Thank you, Dad,” he took the sea foam in his hands.

    "Naval Aviation

    Worse than radiation. ”

    Let them say, but I'm not offended.

    Marine aviators

    Air wake

    Lay in the sky day by day
  35. walter_rus
    walter_rus 17 July 2012 16: 33
    0
    Congratulations to everyone who is involved and who is just not indifferent on the day of the Navy's aviation!
    Here is a technique that was once made for our naval aviation. (If possible, upload a video).
    But modern everyday life of naval aviation.
  36. walter_rus
    walter_rus 17 July 2012 16: 39
    0
    Congratulations to everyone who is involved and who just cares about Navy Aviation Day! This is the kind of equipment that came into the arsenal of the fleet (if possible I’ll upload a film).

    But these are modern everyday life of naval aviation.
  37. walter_rus
    walter_rus 17 July 2012 16: 44
    +4
    Congratulations on Navy Aviation Day to everyone who is involved and who is simply not indifferent. Here such a technique arrived at the time in the arsenal of the fleet (if possible, throw off the film).
    1. ICT
      ICT 17 July 2012 20: 58
      +3
      look at the site in the archive about ekranoplanes here a lot, there were articles,

      but they and crews didn’t ascribe them to the Air Force, and they belonged to sailors, (of course I could be wrong, but at first it was)
  38. Miroslav
    Miroslav 17 July 2012 16: 48
    +4
    Naval aviation - the most romantic and heroic aviation - is a synonym for the sea soul. Good luck and clear skies!
  39. Evgeny B.
    Evgeny B. 17 July 2012 17: 37
    +4
    All pilots - a holiday! The remaining residents of the site - celebrate with them!
    Health to all and success!
  40. Nick
    Nick 17 July 2012 22: 29
    +4
    Happy holiday to all employees and employees in the naval aviation of Russia! Health and clear skies! And so that the number of take-offs equals the number of landings! HOORAY!
  41. Dimitr
    Dimitr 17 July 2012 22: 29
    +3
    Happy Holiday !!! Real man's work !!! HOORAY!
  42. bubalik
    bubalik 18 July 2012 00: 14
    +1
    Article plus pity the witness that they could confirm their booty
  43. Zlu
    Zlu 21 July 2012 14: 40
    0
    Quote: Vadivak



    Vadivak July 17, 2012 09:15 ↑ ↓


     35 

    Bursting with pride in the homeland. After all, only we have such people






    Eternal memory to our first pilot who landed on the aircraft carrier Apakidze Timur Avtandilovich In 1991, after the collapse of the USSR, the 100th Aviation Regiment, which he commanded, refused to take the Ukrainian oath, and the commander himself rejected the offer to head the Georgian Air Force. "They take the oath only once," he explained, and together with the regiment's pilots and the battle banner, he flew to Severomorsk on his own. There he was appointed commander of the only 279th separate shipborne fighter aviation regiment in Russia, and in 1994 - commander of the mixed naval aviation division of the Northern Fleet. The following year, for the excellent development of the Su-33 and the training of fighter pilots for the aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" Apakidze was awarded the title of Hero of Russia. July 17, 2001, during demonstration performances at the celebration of the 85th anniversary of naval aviation at the Combat Training Center and retraining the flight personnel of the naval aviation near Pskov Timur Apakidze, having completed all the aerobatics, came in to land when his plane, which was several kilometers from the runway, behaved unstable. After reporting this, the pilot received the command to eject at the flight control point. However, Apakidze decided not to eject, and remained in the pilot's cabin until the plane hit the ground and exploded, trying to save the plane. The plane fell on non-residential outbuildings on the outskirts of the village of Cherepyagino and caught fire. As the state commission later established, Apakidze died "due to psychophysical overload." He turned off the limiters of the maximum angles of attack and overload in order to perform difficult aerobatics, and as a result, during one of the maneuvers, he experienced eight-fold overload.
  44. Zlu
    Zlu 21 July 2012 14: 42
    +1
    Quote: Vadivak
    Vadivak July 17, 2012 09:15 ↑ ↓


     35 








    Eternal memory to our first pilot who landed on the aircraft carrier Apakidze Timur Avtandilovich In 1991, after the collapse of the USSR, the 100th Aviation Regiment, which he commanded, refused to take the Ukrainian oath, and the commander himself rejected the offer to head the Georgian Air Force. "They take the oath only once," he explained, and together with the regiment's pilots and the battle banner, he flew to Severomorsk on his own. There he was appointed commander of the only 279th separate shipborne fighter aviation regiment in Russia, and in 1994 - commander of the mixed naval aviation division of the Northern Fleet. The following year, for the excellent development of the Su-33 and the training of fighter pilots for the aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" Apakidze was awarded the title of Hero of Russia. July 17, 2001, during demonstration performances at the celebration of the 85th anniversary of naval aviation at the Combat Training Center and retraining the flight personnel of the naval aviation near Pskov Timur Apakidze, having completed all the aerobatics, came in to land when his plane, which was several kilometers from the runway, behaved unstable. After reporting this, the pilot received the command to eject at the flight control point. However, Apakidze decided not to eject, and remained in the pilot's cabin until the plane hit the ground and exploded, trying to save the plane. The plane fell on non-residential outbuildings on the outskirts of the village of Cherepyagino and caught fire. As the state commission later established, Apakidze died "due to psychophysical overload." He turned off the limiters of the maximum angles of attack and overload in order to perform difficult aerobatics, and as a result, during one of the maneuvers, he experienced eight-fold overload.


    It prides, After all, only we have such people
  45. Vitalievich
    Vitalievich 25 August 2012 11: 26
    +1
    I look at the old documentary with great interest) thanks