Latest news about the future of interceptor aircraft
On August 8, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin visited Nizhny Novgorod aviation Sokol plant, which had previously built MiG-31 aircraft, but is now repairing and upgrading them. The official called this interceptor unique and unparalleled, but at the same time having prospects. According to Rogozin, the MiG-31 will remain in service for at least 15 years in new versions that meet the requirements of the time. In addition, the Deputy Prime Minister believes that the serial construction of the MiG-31 interceptors should be restored. He emphasized that this opinion was expressed at the hearings in the State Duma and received support from the military department, the Military Industrial Commission and specialized industrial enterprises.
It should be noted that the future of the MiG-31 aircraft has been repeatedly discussed in various instances. One of the results of such discussions was the current program of equipment modernization. In accordance with the existing plans, up to 2020 will be repaired and upgraded by the MiG-31BM project, 60 aircraft from approximately 250, which are in the air force, will pass. The further fate of the MiG-31 aircraft is still unknown, but suggestions are being made about the possible continuation of upgrading technology or the appearance of a new modernization project.
Regardless of plans for the distant future, the existing interceptors MiG-31 will continue to carry out their tasks. On Monday, Air Force Commander Colonel-General Viktor Bondarev confirmed the high ability of MiG-31 aircraft to intercept various air targets. These capabilities were recently again demonstrated during the Air Force and Air Defense exercises at the Ashuluk training ground in the Astrakhan Region.
In addition, Bondarev told about training flights, the purpose of which was to determine the capabilities of the equipment. So, with two refueling interceptor MiG-31 was able to reach the 82-th parallel. The plane had a safety margin, but it was decided not to risk the machine and the pilots. In the course of further training flights, it is planned not only to fly over the Polar region again, but also to reach the North Pole. In this way, the MiG-31 will demonstrate its ability to act in high latitudes.
Despite the high performance, in the future, the MiG-31 will have to be replaced. The Air Force Command already has certain plans for this. According to Colonel-General V. Bondarev, the development of a promising long-range interception aviation system, which will replace the similar system based on the MiG-31 aircraft, will start in 2017 year. To carry out all the necessary work will take several years.
For obvious reasons, the exact timing of the program is not yet known, but the Air Force Command has already made an approximate schedule of work. So, in 2017, research works will begin, during which the appearance of the prospective aircraft and the technical requirements for it will be determined. Deliveries of serial cars to the troops can begin as early as 2025. Other details of the plans have not yet been announced.
Based on the available information on the tactical niche of existing MiG-31 aircraft, one can make some assumptions about a promising interceptor, the development of which will begin at the end of the current decade. Obviously, it will have to, interacting with the ground elements of the interception complex (radar and controls), attack enemy aircraft and cruise missiles at a greater distance from the protected objects and areas.
It should be noted that the development of a promising long-range aviation intercept system will be one of the most complex recent projects in the field of aviation and air defense. The fact is that in addition to the interceptor aircraft, the complex will include weapons (air-to-air missiles, probably of long range), ground components (radar stations, data transmission and control systems), as well as a number of auxiliary systems, for example, airborne early warning and control aircraft. Thus, not only aircraft manufacturers and aircraft equipment developers, but also a number of other organizations from other branches of the defense industry will be involved in the project work.
Creating such complexes is an extremely difficult task, which is why even at the peak of its power, our country was able to develop only a few such systems. The latest of these was a complex based on the MiG-31 interceptor. At present, the modernization of this aircraft continues, but to significantly improve the characteristics of the complex, the development of completely new systems is required. Such a project is a serious challenge for the Russian defense industry. Its implementation will show the full potential of not only the aircraft industry, but also other industries.
On the materials of the sites:
- Ryabov Kirill
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