Prospects for Russian naval aviation

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The Navy has historically been distinguished by a higher political importance in comparison with other types of the Armed Forces, approaching in this indicator to the generation of modern times - the strategic nuclear forces. For rearmament processes fleet and its reorganization in this regard are closely monitored in all major powers - and Russia is no exception. Marine development aviation, the most important component of fleets all over the world, can say much more about the state’s military plans than many other processes.

In the post-Soviet period, Russian naval aviation experienced one of the most difficult periods of its existence, when only a few dozen vehicles left separate forces with an obscure future from the formidable force of several hundred planes and helicopters of various classes. The revival of naval aviation today begins largely from scratch, and there is still a long way to go before bringing it back to normal.

In 2011, Russian naval aviation almost completely lost its strike component - its Tu-22М3 missile bombers, MiG-31, Su-27 fighters, Su-24 front-line bombers, and part of the transport aircraft were transferred to the Air Force. The only exceptions were the Su-24 bombers from the Black Sea Fleet aviation, which remained subordinate to the Navy due to the fact that agreements between Russia and Ukraine allowed only Naval Aviation to be based in the Crimea, but not the Russian Air Force.


www.militaryphotos.net
Ilya Kramnik: Russian aircraft carrier:
it's time to get down to business


In addition to the squadron of the Black Sea Su-24 in the fleet aircraft were anti-aircraft IL-38 and Tu-142, seaplanes Baie-12, carrier-based Su-33, Su-25, carrier-based helicopters Ka-27 and a number of transport aircraft and helicopters.

The removal of strike forces from naval aviation was caused by the desire to simplify the management and maintenance of the relevant parts and formations, as well as their very poor condition due to chronic underfunding - out of several dozen missile carriers Tu-22М3, no more than ten machines could perform combat missions.

The carrier-based aviation was also in a deplorable state: the only Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov with an air group of about a dozen Soviet-built Su-33s, several Su-25UTG training aircraft and helicopters went to sea quite rarely, and the prospects for upgrading the deck aviation fleet were more than foggy. In this state, we could talk more about the elimination of naval aviation as a kind of naval forces, than about any prospects.


RIA-News
Russian fighter 5 generation


Deck Aviation: New Hope

Prospects for major changes began to emerge after the contract for the construction of universal Mistral-class amphibious assault ships for the Russian Navy was signed in 2011. Receiving even two such ships implies a major modernization of the fleet of helicopters and the construction of new cars. The main novelty was the carrier attack helicopters Ka-52K, designed to support the marine corps and special forces units during operations on the coast. In addition, they will be able to hit and surface targets. Currently undergoing tests of this type of helicopter. 8 February 2014 was signed a supply contract for the Russian Navy 16 Ka-52K.

Following the renewal of the fleet of helicopters (expressed, among other things, in the entry of modernized anti-submarine Ka-27M with digital equipment into the fleet), it was the turn of modernization of the wing of the only Russian aircraft carrier. In addition to the overhaul of the remaining Su-33, which can then be operated until the mid-to-late 2020-s, the Admiral Kuznetsov should receive new deck fighters MiG-29K. As a result, his air wing will include 12-16 Su-33 and 24 MiG-29K fighters, which will significantly increase the capabilities of an aircraft carrier, bringing its air group composition closer to the originally planned 1980-s.

As a more distant prospect, a promising fifth-generation carrier-based fighter aircraft is being considered, which is being created as part of the PAC KA program, a promising aviation naval aviation complex. It is assumed that this machine will be a fleet version of the "ground" fighter of the fifth generation T-50, first lifted into the air in the 2010 year, and is currently undergoing testing. The appearance of a new batcher is possible in the first half of the 2020-ies, and it will have to replace the Su-33 on the capitally repaired Admiral Kuznetsov, as well as form the basis of the new Russian aircraft carrier's wing, the project of which is currently being developed.


topwar.ru
Su-30CM multipurpose fighter


After the Crimea: the return of shock power

In 2014, the development plans of the armed forces in general and the Navy in particular had to be seriously adjusted to reflect the changing situation: reunification with the Crimea greatly changed the situation not only in the south-western borders of Russia, but in the world. The changes affected the naval aviation. In particular, shock forces will return to its structure. These plans were discussed even before the Crimean events, but they became a catalyst for the process.

In the next few years, the fleet will receive multipurpose Su-30CM fighters that can provide effective support to warships both at sea theaters (in the Black, Japan, Baltic Seas) and increase the radius of aviation support in oceanic theaters, operating from bases on the Kola Peninsula, Sakhalin and Kamchatka.

It is expected that by the end of 2015, a contract will be signed for the supply of 50 fighters of this type for the Russian Navy, an increase in this number is possible in the future. Su-30CM also available for the Air Force (60 aircraft for two existing contracts).

The update will also affect anti-submarine aircraft, the scope of which will significantly expand. In the majority of developed countries, as the development of onboard radio-electronic equipment, anti-submarine aircraft, during upgrades, began to turn into multi-purpose marine patrol vehicles. A striking example is the upgraded P-3 Orion US Navy, the same age and classmates of the Russian Il-38.

In the course of evolution over the past 30 years, Orions learned how to attack surface ships with anti-ship missiles, work as an early-warning radar detection and control aircraft, patrol the exclusive economic zone and territorial waters, searching for smugglers and poachers.

A similar modernization is already under way on Russian anti-submarine vehicles - the first Il-38H was transferred to the 15 fleet in July 2014. But for the whole range of tasks that Russia’s longest sea border in the world, combined with the steady melting of polar ice, puts 28 IL-38, which are planned to upgrade, is not enough - for example, the US has 130 machines of this class. At the same time, many American experts also believe that this number is insufficient.

Prospects for Russian naval aviation

www.beriev.com
A-42PE Seaplane Project


Russia cannot compete with the United States, catching up with the number of naval aviation, but there is room for substantial gain in naval aviation by purchasing new cars.

First of all, we are talking about the seaplane A-42, which was created on the basis of the A-80 "Albatross" developed in the 40 of the last century. These machines, capable of boating, in addition to all other tasks of sea patrol aircraft, can be used in rescue operations.

The plans for the purchase of A-42 military department has already announced. In particular, in the 2008 year, it was announced that it intended to purchase four such airplanes in the search and rescue variant by 2010, and then proceed to the procurement of multi-purpose vehicles capable of carrying weapons. However, while these plans are not implemented. According to the ex-commander of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Navy, Lieutenant General Valery Uvarov, the Russian Navy would have enough 15-20 new seaplanes to cover the needs of search and rescue vehicles and significantly strengthen the anti-aircraft fleet. It is hardly possible to talk about the complete replacement of old machines with А-42 - taking into account the condition of the Taganrog plant where these machines are manufactured, as well as the smaller Be-200 purchased by the Emergencies Ministry, it may take about 40 years to complete an order for 20 .

Another option that would allow completely replacing the fleet of old aircraft in a reasonable time frame is the purchase of Tu-214P aircraft. This machine, created on the basis of the Tu-204 / 214 liner, according to ideology, approximately corresponds to the newest American patrol aircraft P-8 Poseidon, created on the basis of the B-737 liner.


www.militarists.ru
Landing ship "Mistral"


Deploying serial production of such machines on order of the Navy is a more realistic task than launching into the large A-42 series, and, among other things, it will support the production of Tu-204 aircraft for which there are practically no commercial orders. Production of 50-60 of such machines for ten years, combined with a small series A-42, focused primarily on rescue tasks, could generally alleviate the problem and lay the foundation for the further development of naval aviation. Finally, the aviation grouping in the near zone can be maintained by ordering Il-114 aircraft in patrol modification. Such vehicles can quite effectively provide patrols on closed sea theaters, freeing up modernized IL-38Н and, if ordered, the Tu-214П, for oceanic theaters.

***

Assessing the prospects for changes in naval aviation as a whole, one can say that the key task of this kind of naval forces remains to ensure the fleet’s ability to protect its own sea frontiers. Nevertheless, some attention is also paid to the projection capabilities of the force - the modernization of the Admiral Kuznetsov air wing, the planned overhaul of the aircraft carrier itself, and the construction of two Mistral landing ships will allow the Navy to form a core of forces capable of conducting local operations at a great distance from the bases with full-fledged aviation support. A further increase in such opportunities depends primarily on the prospects for the economic development of the country.
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  1. +8
    29 July 2014 09: 51
    Everything in the article is wonderfully displayed - only one thing worries. All prospects are aimed at the 20 years, and then, as we see, we no longer have time. We will rearm during the war during the 2 World War. soldier
    1. +5
      29 July 2014 13: 21
      If God forbid, no one has time, now it’s not the 40s of the 20th century, no one will calmly evacuate and raise production, and you won’t put women and children as well as other low-skilled forces at the machine, therefore we’ll fight with what’s available, more or less serviceable .. And this is subject to the non-use of nuclear weapons on a massive scale. means of destruction became long-range and accurate, but military products will be very difficult and time-consuming in the face of serious military operations, the production thereof will be impossible ..
      1. +3
        29 July 2014 13: 45
        Quote: max702
        If God forbid, no one has time to do anything, now is not the 40 of the 20 century, no one will calmly evacuate and raise production, and you will not put women and children as well as other low-skilled forces into the machine, therefore we will fight with what is available, less serviceable ..
        The fact that kilometer runways will survive is also very doubtful. Nevertheless, speaking about the prospects of our naval aviation, the topic of VTOL aircraft seems to be completely buried, despite the fact that VTOL aircraft can be used both as a universal carrier-based aircraft and as a global nuclear war aircraft, with the ability to take off, when necessary, from any pit, from any shelter.
    2. Vik.Tor
      +3
      29 July 2014 13: 37
      It is very difficult to raise something after the collapse, not everything will be right away, the main thing is to follow this course consistently and slowly but surely raise naval aviation.
    3. Name-SBB-409
      0
      8 September 2014 23: 34
      Do you still live in your head with the thought that there will be a third world? Funny) As practice has shown, the most armed country can be destroyed without the use of force.
  2. RSU
    +4
    29 July 2014 10: 12
    In virtual reality, everything will ever be awesome, but in real life, everything that has been gouged and have not done anything new.
  3. 0
    29 July 2014 10: 26
    Quote: Archikah
    Everything in the article is wonderfully displayed - only one thing worries. All prospects are aimed at the 20 years, and then, as we see, we no longer have time. We will rearm during the war during the 2 World War. soldier

    In Russia at all times, all industry, defense industry and technology developed faster during conflicts and confrontations, whether it be the Great Patriotic War or the Cold War. Who knows, maybe now domestic industry will quickly go uphill?
  4. -1
    29 July 2014 10: 38
    There are many ways to level out the dominance of a country in various theaters of possible military operations. And in my opinion on the ocean expanses, one of the options is to conduct an underwater nuclear explosion at a depth that is guaranteed to cause a large wave and the types of impacts associated with a nuclear explosion. Second the option is to conduct a neutron explosion at a height to guarantee the destruction of manpower. The third option is to use means that use electromagnetic waves as the main force perturbation of high and ultra-high moschnosti.Ili all this at the same time to guarantee the disabling most of the carrier battle gruppy.Pomimo other things, why not take advantage of the territorial factor on the similarity Yelloustonskoy.Vpolne possible that the US assured destruction will suffice five nuclear warheads.
    1. +6
      29 July 2014 11: 06
      in my opinion, in ocean open spaces, one of the options is to conduct an underwater nuclear explosion at a depth that is guaranteed to cause a large wave and the types of effects that accompany the nuclear explosion. The second option is to conduct a neutron explosion at a height to ensure the destruction of manpower. The third option is to use means that as the main force, electromagnetic disturbances of high and ultrahigh power are used.
      Living after everything suggested, where are you going? In the underground bunker or on Mars?
    2. +1
      4 August 2014 22: 13
      minus for bloodthirstiness (I would for the call to genocide 300 million people-banned the damn mother. And I would have met a similar moral sucking - in the face gave),
      and minus for ignorance of the materiel: both the underwater nuclear and high-altitude neutron - this is a finger to the sky.
      Take the trouble to read some specialized literature on the attenuation of neutron radiation in air (and at the same time why they do not make powerful neutron charges), and on the principles of screening from it (why neutrons are now forgotten).
      Also bother to learn about the propagation of a shock wave in a liquid medium - and why underwater explosions (even nuclear ones) are ineffective against large surface targets.
  5. Crang
    +3
    29 July 2014 11: 15
    Well, that's okay. UDC "Vladivostok" and "Sevastopol" can act as:
    1. UDC - KA-52K and KA-29 helicopters.
    2. Cruisers PLO - helicopters KA-27 and KA-31.
    3. Command and staff ship - KA-27, KA-29.
    4. Light aircraft carrier - KA-29, KA-52K and aircraft GDP Yak-41.
    Fine in general. Moreover, there are two of them. Already a series. For the first time for hz knows how old.
    1. +3
      29 July 2014 16: 30
      Yak-41 rather for show than for efficiency.
  6. +1
    29 July 2014 11: 34
    A-42 is a good car. And probably it could be attached to India and China. It is possible that Brazilians and Argentina (our BRICS partners) would be interested. This is already money for which normal production in TAganrog can be countered. Necessarily five cars need to be placed in Cuba.
    And about the Tu-204 ... Here our air carriers need to knock. Stop buying junk abroad. Especially now. They imposed sanctions on us, but we took advantage and Boeings were thrown from our market. Raise duties on the import of goods and machinery, analogues of which we produce ourselves.
  7. +6
    29 July 2014 12: 19
    The article is certainly optimistic, but it would be nice if the author, in addition to listing the types of aircraft armed with the Navy, indicated the number of units of this very equipment. And also the share of serviceable, capable of actually performing combat missions.
  8. Matt
    0
    29 July 2014 12: 20
    Good article, thank you very much, the first time I heard about the T-50 version for the fleet.
    1. +3
      29 July 2014 13: 03
      Because the article is interesting, but very optimistic.
      "Stop smacking the gag! - In the days of Shakespeare, there were no cigarettes Friend" (c) wink
  9. +3
    29 July 2014 12: 47
    T-50 data is erroneous or outdated !!
    As long as the native engine (the so-called second stage engine) does not stand on it, all speed data, combat load are only fiction and fortune-telling on coffee grounds!
  10. 0
    29 July 2014 12: 55
    Please tell me about the vertical take-off and landing aircraft (VTOL).
    The Yak 141 aircraft was developed.
    Why is it not taken into operation?
    1. Hawk2014
      0
      5 August 2014 17: 40
      The program was discontinued in the early 90s of the last century. After one accident during the tests, there was a formal reason to close the project. The real reasons are the disappointment of the military in VTOL aircraft following the operation of the Yak-38 and, most importantly, the refusal of the Navy to order heavy aircraft-carrying cruisers (TAK) in the future. Three cruisers of the project 1143, "Kiev", "Minsk" and "Novorossiysk" were sold for scrap, and the project 1143.4 "Admiral of the Soviet Union Gorshkov" was converted into an aircraft carrier and sold to the Indian Navy. There are no VTOL carriers in the Russian fleet.
  11. Leshka
    0
    29 July 2014 13: 08
    Hurry, it’s all in order, and at that time it’s running out
  12. 0
    29 July 2014 14: 53
    Time and money! This is what rearmament will determine, including and pestilence. aviation.
  13. 0
    29 July 2014 16: 31
    the T50 table shows a huge target radius of 400 km
    moreover, it is significantly larger than that of Americans who have turned on the topic of advantage in the initiative.
    Who can comment on the real situation?
  14. +2
    29 July 2014 18: 06
    It may sound unpatriotic, but the development of naval aviation will be possible when full-fledged aircraft carriers with full-fledged aviation groups appear, which will include the entire set of aircraft (fighters, AWACS aircraft, PLO aircraft and helicopters, and of course electronic warfare aircraft. only about the development of coastal aviation used in the interests of the Navy within its (aviation) range of action.Kinno-long-range bombers and special aircraft of the TU95S type can reach the shores of America, but it is unlikely that the same aircraft carrier aviation of a very likely enemy will allow them. before AIG, the same aviation would hardly allow bombers of the TU 22M3 type to fly over a distance guaranteeing the destruction of the AUG. with strike cruisers), you can forget about full-fledged naval aviation. The development of a full-fledged aircraft carrier Ulyanovsk and an AWACS aircraft has begun. At least it would be good for now to attend to the creation of analogues of the F35 and Hokai with vertical or shortened takeoff / landing for basing on the same Mistral, Kuznetsov and other already existing naval ships with helipads. And in parallel to launch the process of creating domestic floating airfields, and not necessarily surface ones. The experience of creating such nuclear submarines as the Akula nuclear submarine makes it possible to create such an underwater aircraft carrier. The Chinese have a project of such an aircraft carrier already on the drawing boards.
    1. Hawk2014
      0
      5 August 2014 18: 02
      Quote: gregor6549
      it would be good for now to attend to the creation of analogues of the F35 and Hokai with vertical or shortened takeoff / landing for basing on the same Mistral, Kuznetsov and other already existing naval ships with helipads. And in parallel to launch the process of creating domestic floating airfields, and not necessarily surface ones. The experience of creating such nuclear submarines as the Akula nuclear submarine makes it possible to create such an underwater aircraft carrier. The Chinese have a project of such an aircraft carrier already on the drawing boards

      Will the deck of this very "Mistral" survive at least the same Yak-141? what This ship was built using civilian technology. Leaving aside all the rehearsals of the appearance of this "miracle" in the Russian fleet, I note that even helicopters were not found for it! Therefore, they decided to place the Ka-52 on it, which was originally created for the army aviation. It was logical to equip this Mistal with Mi-171 transport and landing helicopters, but ... it was equipped with anti-tank helicopters. I wonder why? what
      As for the drawing boards of the Chinese ... Over the past century and a half, there have been a lot of things on drawing boards and very many. Much has remained there.
  15. 0
    30 July 2014 05: 55
    An article with optimism for the future, and in the present, a repaired IL and a late order for a new generation of anti-submarine helicopters. The situation in naval aviation has not yet moved from the terry 90s ...
  16. arthur_hammer
    0
    30 July 2014 10: 50
    Mistral in France
  17. arthur_hammer
    0
    30 July 2014 10: 52
    waiting in Vladivostok "Vladivostok" bridges are similar))) (bridge to Russky Island)
  18. arthur_hammer
    0
    30 July 2014 10: 56
    this bridge is in the city center
  19. spot
    0
    30 July 2014 18: 46
    Quote: Archikah
    Everything in the article is wonderfully displayed - only one thing worries. All prospects are aimed at the 20 years, and then, as we see, we no longer have time. We will rearm during the war during the 2 World War. soldier



    From your comments, I protect ... Destroyed the country for at least 15 years. Recovery also takes time.
    A lot is being done now and that’s good. Russia has something to fight, but we are not standing still.
  20. 0
    4 August 2014 19: 07
    Does anyone have information on our designed aircraft carriers? I would be grateful if someone posted the link.
  21. +1
    5 August 2014 13: 47
    Small comparison. In 1996 at the airfield (flew from Elizovo to Vladik, passed on the starboard side at 2600m.) I don’t remember the name, about 50 Tu-95s were scrapped. The commander said that they cut all the aircraft carriers (Chervona Ukraine remained), plus the missile aviation was reduced. And now this is what: 18 years have passed, rearmament began 5 years ago, and the Americans did not cut anything, but only increased it. You IMAGINE how much needs to be done to at least catch up with the USA. Everything needs to be lifted almost from scratch! And development and production! Thanks to VVP for starting this process. We're in complete OPE. Enough work, oil too.
  22. Hawk2014
    0
    5 August 2014 18: 32
    The article is not bad, but in my opinion a little crumpled. Probably it should have been divided into two. Devote one to strike naval aviation, and the second to basic patrol and search and rescue. It’s ridiculous to give a contradictory assessment. On the one hand, it seems to be good that the problem is indicated. On the other hand, it is pertinent that the basic patrol and search and rescue aircraft are in such a deplorable state. Okay, about strike aircraft, we can say that will a big war begin in the foreseeable future or not? - it’s all written with a pitchfork on water, and you can infinitely guess about it on the coffee grounds. But poaching in national waters, smuggling, natural disasters is an everyday reality. And these phenomena no longer have the problem of forming a military budget. Therefore, to console oneself with the thought is the same with the enemy, it’s a futile business.
  23. Odin3489
    0
    11 August 2014 13: 35
    It's nice that our planes are faster than American ones.
  24. 0
    20 August 2014 21: 31
    Mistrals were purchased for other non-military reasons. We do not have enough of these Mistrals and the Maldives. The aircraft carriers for the theater of operations are far from outside the country. And where is it ??? Only scouts and anti-submarine aircraft really remain. Why is the Navy not interested in percussion and reconnaissance unmanned aircraft. Probably this type of armament would be cheaper and the 180m decks are not necessary for them.

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