Military Review

Heavenly hero. Stepan Suprun Pavlovich

Heavenly hero. Stepan Suprun PavlovichThe future pilot was born in Ukraine in the village of Rechka 2 in August 1907, at the home of his grandfather Mikhail Savelyevich. The young parents of Pavel Mikhailovich and Praskovya Osipovna Suprunov Stepan was the second child. His grandfather, a man with a very complex and contradictory character, already in the fall of 1907, strongly quarreling with his son, kicked him out of the hut with his wife, who had two babies in her arms.

Not without effort, Paul managed to find a family room in the hut. Working from dawn to dusk, he soon became a famous mechanic for steam plows, and his family grew by one more person - a boy was born who was named Fyodor. It seemed that the young couple had settled down forever in this place, however, a local sugar strike had a strike at 1910, in which Pavel Mikhailovich took part. The police, who was looking for the instigators, became intensely interested in him, and in the spring of 1911, a mechanic-mechanic, leaving his relatives, went along with the group that went overseas to Canada. For two years, Pavel Suprun adapted himself to someone else’s life, he was also a carpenter with a contractor, a woodcutter, a farm laborer, and even an assistant photographer. By 1913 he managed to save money on a cipher card, and Supruna Trofim Voloshin’s old friend brought Praskovya Osipovna and his three children to the Canadian town of Winnipeg. Abroad Stepan Suprun and graduated from high school. Gifted by nature, like his father, Stepan was a tall and strong boy, dominated among his peers and often disturbed his parents with various tricks.

A crisis broke out at 1915 in Canada. Pavel Suprun, as a foreign worker, was fired and left the city. Together with his relatives, he settled in the forest next to Lake Winnipeg, cut down a section of the forest, sowed wheat, got chickens, built a hut, and then a good-quality wooden house. In 1917, Suprun Sr. became a communist, became close to a professional revolutionary Boris Devyatkin and took part in founding the Russian branch of the Canadian Communist Party in the city of Winnipeg. Also according to the decision of the father in 1922, his sons Fedor, Stepan and Grigory entered the local League of Young Communists in the local.

While the family of Pavel Mikhailovich was in Canada, his father moved to Altai. The Ukrainian land surveyor, who was ruined in the village of Rechka, built a new house on the Siberian land, became a middle peasant, and remembered his “foreigner son”. Mikhail Savelyevich sent to Canada many letters in which he said that he was already old, blind and he needed help. By the way, Suprun Sr. was also haunted by the thought of returning to his homeland.

At the beginning of 1924, having received permission to leave Canada through the Comintern, Pavel Mikhailovich together with his wife and already six children sailed on a ship to the shores of Europe. From Riga they moved to Moscow and stayed at the Baltschug Hotel. For Pavel, a job was immediately found in the capital, and his family was offered a new apartment. Nevertheless, he, remembering the appeal of his father, arrived in the summer in the village of Vostrovo, where Mikhail Savelyevich lived. Locals gladly accepted the “foreign specialist”, after a few weeks Pavel Mikhailovich managed to repair the mill that worked intermittently.

However, the quiet life of a devout father and a communist son failed again. Shortly after arriving in the reading room, Pavel addressed the villagers with an anti-religious lecture, which caused his father's anger. That same evening, the whole family of the “damned atheists” was left without dinner, the grandfather locked the barn, the storeroom and the cellar. Ten-month attempts to improve relations ended with the fact that the family of Pavel Mikhailovich harnessed the horses in two carts and, having packed up, left the village.

Through thousands of kilometers, semi-deserts and steppes, under the sun and rain, Supruns moved to Alma-Ata. Stepan remembered for all his life how on one of the moonless nights a detachment of mounted Basmachis attacked the sleeping camp of immigrants. Pavel Mikhailovich was not scared, pushed the middle son, knowing that he is fluent weaponsand handed him a second shotgun. One friendly salvo was enough to scare away the robbers.

Alma-Ata met travelers with the sultry heat of burning pavement stones and buildings collapsed from an earthquake. Many residents, having lost their jobs, left the city. However, Suprun-father, having two boxes of first-class tools, neglected the village forges and drove the horses to Pishpek (now the city of Bishkek). However, there was no luck, their family had to sell carts, horses, guns, and with the remaining belongings on the train to go home to Ukraine. Since the autumn of 1925, a large family first lived with relatives in Belopolye, and then rented two small rooms in Sumy. Pavel Mikhailovich got a job at the local machine-building plant, and in 1927, he, as a first-class specialist and social worker, was given a two-room apartment in Pisarevsky Lane. Later Suprun Sr. was elected secretary of the Sumy Regional Executive Committee.

Step here was originally a student of the Belopolsky handicraftsman. For the slightest disobedience, Nepman mercilessly beat the boy. After eleven months of work in the workshop, the family of Stepan moved to Sumy, and a nineteen-year-old Komsomol member went to work as a carpenter on the committee to combat unemployment. Simultaneously, Stepan continued his studies - in Canada he managed to finish only seven classes. And in July, 1928, Pavel Mikhailovich identified him and his eldest son Gregory for his plant.

In 1926, a great grief happened to a close-knit family, twelve-year-old Andrei Suprun, Stepa's brother, drowned while swimming in the river. This was a terrible shock for all family members. By the way, in the 1928 year, being a Pioneer leader, Stepan himself almost drowned, saving schoolchildren who had swum too far from the shore. He managed to catch drowning hair, but he didn’t have enough strength to pull it out of the water. The boys who lost control of themselves escaped from his hands, grabbed his neck, drowned him. Working desperately with their feet, Stepan kept on the water until the guys sailing on a raft rescued them all.

In 1929, Stepan Pavlovich joined the Red Army. In 1930, he successfully graduated from Smolensk school of junior aviation specialists and in 1931 entered the school of military pilots. Since 1932, he has already been talked about as a resourceful and very talented pilot. Serving in Bryansk and Bobruisk, he earned certification of an excellent pilot, who perfectly mastered the technique. Stepan's letters to his relatives, exciting stories about the service, turned his younger brothers around. The whole family went to him in Bryansk, where the pilot showed his airfield and aircraft. There was another reason for these trips - a terrible famine reigned in Sumy. In general, throughout his life Stepan Pavlovich maintained the most touching relations with his relatives. He sent them money, helped the brothers Alexander and Fyodor to enroll in flight schools, gave his mother a surgery for the best metropolitan doctor. Here is one of his letters, sent to his father during the days of hot fighting in China: “I ask you to write me how my mother feels. Let Anya (younger sister) take money from my passbook and buy a ticket through our medical unit. And dad also needs to undergo treatment ... ”. One summer in summer, 1936, being on a business trip in Kharkov, Stepan Pavlovich, taking part in flights and having no time to call home to his parents, made two circles over the house, shook his wings and carried off. In the evening, Pavel Mikhailovich was brought a telegram: “I was your guest. Kisses. Stepan.

In 1933, Suprun was recommended to the Red Army Air Force Research Institute. When he was offered to move to the post of test pilot, they said: “Responsible work, with risk. Before giving the answer, think well. On reflection, two days. However, for Stepan Pavlovich everything was clear: “I have already decided everything. Aviators only dream about such flights. ”

In July, 1933, Stepan Pavlovich became one of the pilots of the Air Force Institute. The newest Soviet aircraft, often made in one piece, were tested on the aerodromes of the institute. They were tested by the best pilots of the country: Valery Chkalov, Vasily Stepanchenok, Alexander Anisimov ... At first it was easy to earn a beginner, moreover Suprun had not done anything outstanding by that time. However, he appeared at the Air Force Institute at the time when aircraft designer Vladimir Vakhmistrov — the inventor of the heavy TB-1 bomber with two fighter aircraft on the plane — suggested dragging a third aircraft onto the fuselage. For some reason, the designer was prevented by the tail and the wings of the upper aircraft, and on the top of the bomber, he proposed to install a fighter without them. Test test pilots protested here, none of them wanted to get into the cockpit of an unguided torpedo-shaped apparatus. Tests were postponed until novice Suprun expressed a desire to participate in the tests in the "wingless". Flying in the cockpit of a torpedo plane without a tail and wings brought Stepan Pavlovich fame among pilots, technicians and other specialists of the Air Force Institute. Soon the ugly wingless apparatus was taken away, the idea of ​​its use was rejected, and Suprun entered the circle of experienced flight masters.

In the summer of 1934, my sister Anya came to visit her brother-pilot, graduating from the ninth grade. Suprun, engaged in complex group flights, introduced her to all the pilots of the link - Viktor Evseev, Vladimir Kokkinaki and others. Five flight planes rose into the sky and performed aerobatics, being interconnected by silk ribbons. In those days when my sister was staying with him, Stepan went to the hospital - one of the landings was unsuccessful.

Injured, the pilot did not leave training in the link. Five cars of fiery red color, fastened as if not with ribbons, but with metal rods, were worn together across the sky, joined together at the peak, without losing the system, performed loops and other complex figures, and at the end joined the field together. The flight of pilots Vasily Stepanchenko, Stepan Suprun, Vladimir Kokkinaki, Edgar Preman and Viktor Yevseyev over Red Square in the spring of 1935, astonished thousands of Muscovites. The “devils” of the first five, having shown their art in the sky, involved dozens and hundreds of other aviators in this business - heavenly acrobatics quickly became fashionable. During that flight, Commissar of Defense Clement Voroshilov awarded Stepan Pavlovich with a gold nominal watch.

Curiously, Stepan Pavlovich showed genuine mastery when it came to single flights. One by one, the most complicated figures glimpsed in front of the eyes of observers who had stared in horror just a few meters from the ground. It seemed that the aviator was playing with death. His flights were admired not only by fans of air sports and young pilots, but also experienced aces. Many people remembered 18 August 1937 for all their lives, when Suprun showed the play “Instructor with Student” at the Tushino airfield. First of all, he performed complex aerobatics, and then began to depict an inept student in the air. His plane lost speed, he moved uncertainly, got into difficult emergencies, his tail fell, he fell to the ground ... Already at landing, the pilot's car hit the lane with wheels and immediately flew up, then again hit and jumped again. Only Suprun could venture on such!

Exist историяas in the autumn of 1935, while resting in Khost on the Black Sea, the pilot saw a guy pulling out a boat. He helped him, and he immediately recognized Stepan Pavlovich. He really liked the guy, they repeatedly went to the sea together in a boat, talked a lot. The young man admitted that he is an aircraft technician, but he is denied transfer to the flight crew. Suprun answered this: “Do not be discouraged, and I didn’t manage to rise immediately into the sky. But got up! Rise and you, most importantly - do not lose your dream and save your knowledge. It is extremely important for a real ace - to be fully prepared ... ". In 1939, a new friend of Suprun graduated from the Kachin pilots flying school, during the war he shot down 59 fascist aircraft, three times became a Hero of the Soviet Union and a marshal aviation. His name was Alexander Pokryshkin. He said: “That meeting I remembered forever. After all, in fact, my flying life began with her. ”

Not once or twice the test pilot Suprun had to go into life-threatening situations. Once when testing the latest oxygen device, he, having reached the "ceiling", suddenly lost consciousness. Only mighty health awakened Stepan Pavlovich’s body when diving to the ground. When he awoke, he guessed - the oxygen device refused. In another flight, his plane caught fire when Suprun turned it into a normal position from a state of up wheels. “Cutting off” air streams of flame beating from the engine, the aviator successfully landed the car. The conclusion showed that at the time of the coup there was a fuel leak caught on the hot engine parts.

The most complex test experiments stated the skill of the pilot, in the documents of the Air Force Institute it was stated: “It is disciplined in the air and on the ground ... In flight work, it is tireless and enduring. Ideologically stable. Mastered all types of fighters. Well knows the elements of the air battle of high-speed aircraft. Damage and accidents does not have. 25 May 1936 Mikhail Kalinin in the Kremlin presented Stepan Pavlovich with the Order of Lenin. Suprun glowed with happiness and was very embarrassed. And in August 1936 Voroshilov and Ordzhonikidze presented the pilot M-1 car.

In 1936, a civil war began in Spain. Soviet volunteer pilots began to appear in the anti-fascist international brigades. Italian and German aircraft suffered heavy losses from Soviet aircraft. But soon new, improved Messerschmitts appeared on the front lines of the war, in battles with which our I-16 fighters lost. Failures in the Spanish sky worried the Soviet aviators, took them to heart and Stepan Pavlovich. Working with the latest models of aircraft, he had the opportunity to notice all of their shortcomings, in addition, he often consulted with other pilots, had conversations with the designers and leaders of the Air Force. Design office engineers who worked with him wrote: “He was a frequent guest with us. He was very loved, he attracted his cheerfulness. Slender, tall brown-haired with a charming appearance is always dapper and tidy in a blue flight form, in general, handsome in the full sense of the word. " In the summer of 1937, Suprun wrote a letter to Joseph Stalin in which he expressed his views on the creation of new types of military aircraft. It was written in an overly passionate form and, unfortunately, was not approved.

In November, Supruna 1937, along with Valery Chkalov, was nominated as a candidate for deputy to the Supreme Council from the Sevastopol District. And in December, the 1938 of the year at the Central Aerodrome of Moscow, where the flight part of the Air Force Scientific Research Institute was then based, appeared a modified copy of the I-180, the new fighter of legendary aircraft designer Nikolai Polikarpov. To test this high-speed car 15 December Valery Chkalov arrived. He firmly believed in the I-180 and in the aircraft designer Polikarpov. The death of the famous pilot in the course of testing the new fighter was a real tragedy for all residents of the country. The event was discussed in the government. As a result, it was decided to build three more I-180 samples and try to fly around them. Here are just who to entrust the test? At this time, Stepan Pavlovich, who became the elect of the people and felt his care and protection from difficult flights, wrote a letter to Voroshilov: “Comrade people's commissar. It became extremely difficult for me to work - in order to insure all the bosses are trying to push me aside in all sorts of ways, if only I did not fly. For six months I flew on a high-speed fighter for no more than five hours, and there is no car I could train on. People are afraid to instruct me to conduct tests only because I am a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. All this is extremely offensive ... ".

In the end, Stepan Pavlovich received permission to test the I-180. Time after time Suprun drove a fighter into the sky, trying to find the cause that killed Valery Chkalov. And could not find. When it was already possible to believe in the perfection of the new high-speed aircraft, the car, hitting the landing strip with its wheels, crashed. The unconscious Stepan Pavlovich was hardly removed from the cabin and taken to the Botkin hospital. On the same day, his ward was filled up with flowers, and a crowd of concerned residents lined up at the door of the office. However, the authority of the designer Polikarpov was too great for the second failure to put an end to the tests of the fighter. The next tester of the X-NUMX was Tomas Susie.

During the next flight, having thrown the plane from a great height into a corkscrew, Susi suddenly realized that the flying apparatus did not obey him. The pilot jumped out of the cockpit, but did not manage to use the parachute and crashed. I-180 rejected, Stepan Pavlovich hard experienced the death of famous pilots, his friends. In the autumn, resting in Sumy with his parents, he joked seriously: "No, I will not marry, I have no right ... Here is Annie's firstborn child, and I will take him to be raised ...".

Stepan Pavlovich’s certification sheet for 1938 says: “1.X. 1938 has 1282 hours of 12 minutes (3837 landings) on 35. At night, 29 hours are 1939 minutes. He works on increasing knowledge with interest, studies new equipment and is irreplaceable in this part. Well developed and physically healthy. By knowledge of the matter and personal qualities can command a fighter brigade and a regiment. " In the description for the next year, XNUMX was added: “I took part in the survey of almost all experienced aircraft. Among the designers he enjoys great prestige, has an impact on the improvement of aircraft. "

In the early summer, 1939 fifty Soviet volunteer pilots brought their cars to Chongqing, the temporary capital of China. Their arrival was associated with the request of the government of this country to protect the city from Japanese bombers, whose massive attacks from 4 in May compared entire areas to the ground, killing women, children and the elderly. The group of fighters, led by Major Suprun, quickly brought order over the city. Due to heavy losses, in July the Japanese were forced to abandon the daily raids. Having guessed about possible night attacks, Stepan Pavlovich dispersed his group in the bushes next to the highway leading to the airfield. The pilot's ingenuity allowed him in the dark to raise squadrons into the air, destroy Japanese bombers, and then land cars with bat-type lanterns and in the light of headlights standing at an airfield.

15 November 1939 Japanese landed a big landing in Qinzhou, trying to occupy Nanning and cut Chinese ties with Burma and Indochina. In this regard, the Stavka transferred thirty cars of the Chongqing group led by Stepan Pavlovich to the airfields of Liuzhou and Guilin. Thanks to the support of Soviet volunteers, the front was stabilized, and in December, the Chinese troops launched an offensive. For all the fighting, the Suprun pilots shot down over thirty enemy aircraft (of which six Stepan Pavlovich shot down personally), and also more than twenty aircraft were destroyed by them on the ground. The group’s own losses were five cars. In January, 1940 Suprun was summoned to Moscow, and instead, the group commander became Konstantin Kokkinaki.

In March, 1940 Suprun went on a mission to Germany as part of a commission headed by Ivan Tevosyan. There he met with the famous German aircraft designers Messerschmitt and Heinkel, visited many factories, successfully piloted completely unfamiliar aircraft, delighted with this German test pilots, the public and journalists. After the war, Ernst Heinkel wrote about Stepan Pavlovich in his memoirs: “Before the first time to take off on Xe-100, the fastest of all the cars he (Suprun) ever flew, one of my best testers spent ten minutes with him consultation. After that, having lifted the car into the air, he began to fling it across the sky, making such figures that all my pilots were numb with surprise. ” From Germany, Stepan Pavlovich brought a lot of work. German aircraft Junkers-88, Messerschmitt-109, Heinkel-100 were purchased, which were to be tested. And 20 May 1940 Suprun awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Before the Great Patriotic War, Stepan Pavlovich was working hard to test the latest fighter aircraft. In June, together with Stefanovsky, he conducted a LaGG-3 state inspection. “It’s all the same to sit down on this thing that kissing a tigress is dangerous and no pleasure,” he said after landing. “The whole Suprun was in this phrase,” said the honored test pilot of the USSR Andrei Kochetkov later recalled. Stepan Pavlovich was always witty and very accurate in the formulation of phrases. “From screw to tail, the machine is not the same,” is his capacious assessment of one aircraft.

In June, 1941 Suprun rested in a sanatorium in the city of Sochi. On the 12 clock of the day 22 June, Molotov's voice from the loudspeaker announced that fascist Germany had attacked our country perfidiously. Within a couple of minutes, Stepan Pavlovich went to the airfield. There were no airplanes in the capital, and neither the deputy’s identification card nor the telephone calls helped him to escape from the city before the evening. Already on the way he learned scary news that the Germans had bombed a lot of our airfields, that hundreds of planes did not even have time to take off. At dawn 23 June Suprun flew to Moscow and the first thing he did was make an appointment with Stalin.

The next day, the pilot was called by the assistant of Joseph Vissarionovich - Alexander Poskrebyshev: “Come urgently.” Stepan Pavlovich was led to an office in which, apart from Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov and Kalinin were located. Surmounting from excitement, Suprun outlined his thought about the urgent formation of several regiments consisting of test pilots. He explained this by the fact that the pilots of the Air Force Institute, experienced and courageous people, are able to immediately respond with a blow to the fascists, as well as check our vehicles in real combat, give comments on improving the design of aircraft, study the fighting qualities and tactics of the enemy, raise the morale of the Soviet troops. Stalin agreed with his proposal; Suprrun was given three days to create new units from the country's best pilots.

These were one of the most difficult days in his life. The news that volunteers began recording at the front instantly spread through all the rooms and departments of the institute, the pilots gathered in groups and exchanged opinions. Each link, each squadron entered at will. The core of the regiments were aviators who beat fascists in Spain and Japanese samurai in the skies of Mongolia and China. The newest aircraft were discharged from the plants: IL-2, MiG-3, TB-7, LaGG-3 and others.

27 Jun Supruna, Kabanov and Stefanovsky summoned to the Kremlin. Three days allotted for the formation of aviation regiments, was not enough. Uniforms of ground and aircrews were still going on, aircraft and ammunition were received from factories, maps were studied, weapons were shot down ... Total 6 regiments were created: two fighter Suprun and Stefanovsky on MiG-3, two bomber Kabanov and Zhdanov on dive Pe-2, Malyshev assault on the IL-2 and long-range bomber Lebedev on the Pe-8. After listening to the report of the pilots, Stalin said: “To complete the formation, leave your deputies. And themselves, on receipt of an order with ready-made crews, go to destinations ”. Two ready squadrons of Stepan Pavlovich's fighter regiment were ordered to fly to the front (in the Vitebsk region) on June 30 at 5 o'clock in the afternoon. His deputy, Konstantin Kokkinaki, remained in Moscow.

It is known that before the departure the legendary pilot really wanted to see his younger brother Alexander, who had just graduated from the flight school. However, they never met. By the way, following the example of Stepan, his brothers Fedor and Alexander decided to become military pilots. Fyodor Pavlovich worked as head of the faculty at the Kiev Higher Military Aviation Engineering School, and during the war years he was sent along with Andrey Kochetkov to the United States to test and refine American Erkobra airplanes entering our country. Alexander Pavlovich participated in the Great Patriotic War, shot down six German aircraft, and after the war he became a test pilot at the same Air Force Institute where his elder brother worked. Stepan Pavlovich himself said on this occasion: “My father brought us up as communists, and I am brothers - pilots”.

He sent a message to his relatives: “Dear ones! Today I am going to the front to defend my people, my homeland. I picked up some wonderful eagles. I will do my best to prove to the fascist bastards what the Soviet pilot is capable of. Please do not worry. I kiss you all. Stepan. Everyone who saw Suprun before flying away, remembered him focused and strong-willed. He led thirty test pilots to the war, the number of 13 was on the fuselage of his car, so Stepan Pavlovich showed his contempt for superstitions.

Already on the first day of arrival at the front, an experienced pilot personally shot down two German planes. The fighting situation in those days was extremely difficult. Fascist aircraft bombed the rear and dominated the air. Soviet aircraft were sorely lacking, on the Western front there were only 120 operational vehicles (of which the fighters were 22). It was their number that joined the 30 401 aircraft of the Suprun regiment.

On July 1, Suprun raised his squadrons several times. On this day, an order was received to strike with aviation on two groups tank troops Guderian during their crossing over the Berezina. Having flown off for reconnaissance, Stepan Pavlovich proposed a daring idea - to bomb the crossings from fighters. He personally instructed the pilots on how to enter the crossing, how to hang bombs, how to storm. A sudden raid by two Soviet squadrons sowed panic among the Nazis. Bombs did their job, cars turned to rubble, ammunition exploded, tanks burned, horses and soldiers scattered. On this day, the 401st regiment also shot down four "Messers", one of which became Stepan Pavlovich's personal prey.
The commander of the first squadron, Valentin Khomyakov, recalled that over the next two days Stepan Pavlovich twice alone fought a battle with four and six German fighters. In both cases, the brave pilot was sure of himself. “They are shot down,” they said at the airfield. To which he replied: “No, they will not be shot down! The Germans cannot do anything with me. ” July 3 squadron test-pilot Suprun bombed two more crossings, blew up the railway bridge, destroyed many enemy equipment, and at the end of the day made a raid on a German airfield, which burned more than a dozen aircraft, warehouses with ammunition and fuel. Each time, the regimental commander rose into the sky with his aces and led them into clashes with German fighters or to escort bombers. He taught subordinates skill and dedication, in the evenings he explained to the pilots the advantages and disadvantages of the Soviet MiGs. Suprun personally flew reconnaissance, guided the regiment to the destruction of single low-flying German vultures, introduced in the strictest order - every minute the pilots were ready for departure.

In the morning of July 4, Stepan Pavlovich together with Ostapov flew into reconnaissance, then he went up three more times to accompany the bombers. Before the fourth flight, the lieutenant colonel dejectedly told the technicians: “Today I do not recognize myself. For the fourth time I am flying out, but have not yet shot down a single enemy. ” In the afternoon, he again, together with Ostapov, set off to investigate the military situation. Ostapov, noticing the Focke-Wulf 200 bomber in the sky, rushed after him and was shot down. Fortunately, the lieutenant survived and returned a day later to the regiment. Suprun flew into the clouds on the second “Focke-Wulf 200”. Not seeing the accompanying fighters, he rushed to the attack, made a left turn, opened his chest and was wounded by the shooter. Immediately arrived six "Messers". Suprun, bleeding profusely, set fire to one of them, but his MiG caught fire from an enemy hit. Straining the last forces, the Soviet pilot managed to land the plane at the edge of the forest, but at the last moment the ammunition and fuel tanks exploded. Several men and children - residents of nearby villages - rushed to the burning plane, wanting to help the pilot. However, the flames did not let the pilot fly out of their arms. Burnt, he sat motionless in an open cockpit, still gripping the control lever. The next morning, the collective farmers buried the body in a shallow pit near the site of the fall.

Stepan Pavlovich fought only four days, but his name, like a banner, dawned on the regiment during the entire war, instilled courage in pilots, prompted them to feats, gave rise to an indestructible will to win. Each of the six regiments created at the suggestion of Suprun from the test pilots of the Air Force Scientific Research Institute, had its glorious combat biography. For four days of battles, part of Stepan Pavlovich shot down twelve German aircraft, and in three months — already under the command of Konstantin Kokkinaki — fifty-four enemy vehicles. The experience of test pilots gave a lot of usefulness in the development of tactics for conducting air battles, the use of new aircraft. Suprun foreseen it all. 22 July 1941 Stepan Pavlovich was awarded the title of twice Hero of the Soviet Union.

In the summer of 1960, Colonel Fedor Suprun resumed his search for the place where his brother was killed. A special commission was created, hundreds of people were interviewed. However, the search for the tomb of Suprun for a long time did not give anything. Only after the Tolochinsk regional newspaper published the corresponding article did one of the witnesses to the death of the famous pilot come to the editorial office. The same summer, the remains of Stepan Pavlovich were transported to Moscow and buried with honors at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

According to the materials of the books of P. M. Stefanovsky "Three Hundred Unknowns" and V. Fadeev "Stepan Suprun" from the series "ZhZL".
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  1. avt
    avt 25 July 2014 09: 33
    We can safely say about him - he is from a cohort of legendary, Soviet people.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 25 July 2014 09: 42
    An interesting person, an interesting biography .. thanks ..
  3. Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 25 July 2014 10: 52
    Pilot from God.
  4. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 25 July 2014 11: 27
    Very interesting and true article. The blessed memory of the great pilot Stepan Pavlovich Suprun.
  5. Dimych
    Dimych 25 July 2014 11: 54
    Stalin's falcon!
  6. Trom
    Trom 25 July 2014 12: 11
    Nice article, thanks! And most importantly by the time, let the old ukrofashists remember how they were beaten, and the young ones will find out who they have to deal with, so that there is time to think about their unenviable future
  7. _Krechet_
    _Krechet_ 25 July 2014 12: 30
    To make nails out of these people - there wouldn’t be any stronger nails in the world.
    It is necessary to level off precisely on such.
  8. dizelniy
    dizelniy 26 July 2014 10: 24
    Thank you for the article. Such information is clearly not enough.
  9. RoTTor
    RoTTor 26 July 2014 16: 54
    Great pilot, a real HERO!
    And what a handsome man, an example for everyone, a real Stalin Falcon. And an interesting biography with its Canadian pages did not interfere with his honest and glorious career.
    Little inaccuracy: his brother Fedor is a Hero of the Soviet Union. He really worked in the Kiev VIAVU Air Force as a civilian in the research department, but was not the head of the faculty.
  10. badger1974
    badger1974 27 July 2014 00: 34
    their three brothers are acrobats, and all are SUPRUNES, I won’t be many, these are legendary pilots, there’s no one to argue with, later I’ll write parts of biographies in posts
  11. Alf
    Alf 27 July 2014 22: 20
    The most interesting thing is that in the photo in the screensaver Suprun climbs out of the XE-100.