Upgrade of the Strategic Missile Forces in 2014
One of the main areas of work within the framework of the State Armaments Program, calculated up to 2020, is weapons and technology of the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN). A few days ago, on July 17, a meeting of the Military Council of the Strategic Missile Forces was held, devoted to the development of this kind of troops, namely the implementation of plans for the current 2014 year. During the event, which was chaired by Colonel-General Sergei Karakaev, Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, the military leaders discussed the implementation of the State Defense Order-2014 and the prospects for the development of troops.
The meeting of the Military Council was attended by the heads of directorates, services and divisions of the strategic missile forces command, representatives of several departments of the Ministry of Defense, as well as heads of some defense enterprises engaged in the production of weapons for the Strategic Missile Forces. Representatives of the military and defense industries discussed current work and future plans.
Work on the implementation of the state defense order-2014 is conditionally divided into two directions. The first involves the purchase of serial equipment and weapons, the second - the implementation of research and development work. A similar approach is used in the preparation of plans for the year, as well as in the allocation of expenses for the development of rocket forces.
The state defense order for this year was drafted in such a way that the Strategic Missile Forces would receive the required number of missile systems, control and support systems. At the same time, the plans took into account the need to maintain the required combat strength of the troops and ensure the required efficiency. To maintain the combat capability of the Strategic Missile Forces at the proper level, the existing missile systems must be at a high level of readiness. At least 96% of strategic missile systems should be ready for use at any time.
The main item of expenditure on the purchase of weapons and equipment is the latest Yars missile systems. Strategic Rocket Forces continue to receive these systems in stationary (mine) and mobile versions. In the future, the Yars system should become the main strike weapon of the Strategic Missile Forces, gradually ousting obsolete missiles of the appropriate class. In addition, much attention is paid to the purchase of training complexes, as well as polygon-measuring systems.
The State Defense Order of the Strategic Missile Forces for this year included the costs of developing several different projects. By order of the Strategic Missile Forces, the domestic defense industry is creating new missile systems with different characteristics and in different base variants, new types of missile equipment, anti-missile defense systems, control systems, etc. In addition, the defense industry is upgrading existing systems.
The Strategic Missile Forces continue to receive various combat and auxiliary equipment, and the volume of such supplies has grown significantly this year. In early June, the official representative of the missile troops, Colonel Igor Yegorov, spoke about the deliveries planned for the 2014 year. Until the end of this year, troops will receive more than 200 armored personnel carriers of several models, including a half dozen BTR-82А and BTR-82АМ. In addition, about a hundred KAMAZ trucks, including more than 60 KAMAZ-53501 vehicles, must be received in units. It is also planned to repair and upgrade parts of the existing equipment. According to I. Egorov, the achieved rates of supply of new motor vehicles make it possible to completely renew its fleet every 20 years.
To date, the development of several types of new technology for the Strategic Missile Forces has been completed. Auxiliary machines of several types have already reached the stage of testing or serial construction. So, in August last year, the Strategic Missile Forces received the first and so far the only copy of the Tayfun-M combat anti-sabotage vehicle (BPMD). The vehicle, based on the BTR-82 armored personnel carrier, is designed to monitor the situation and protect mobile missile systems from attack. BPMD “Typhoon-M” carries a set of surveillance tools, allowing to detect the enemy’s equipment or manpower at a distance of several kilometers. Among other systems, the machine is equipped with light unmanned aerial vehicles. If necessary, the crew of the BPMD "Typhoon-M" can independently destroy the enemy with the help of the existing PKTM machine gun or call in reinforcements.
In 2014, deliveries of serial engineering and camouflage machines (MIOM) 15М69 continue. The machine based on the MZKT-7930 wheel chassis is capable of performing a number of works to ensure the combat duty of mobile missile systems. MIOM 15М69 using a set of sensors can check the ability to travel mobile launcher on an unprepared route. For this, the machine equipment can check the bearing capacity of the ground or bridge, as well as determine the dimensions of the passage and compare them with the dimensions of the launcher. In addition, using a grader device, MIOM 15М69 can destroy the tracks of the missile complex and, in order to disguise, “roll in” false tracks. One engineering and disguise machine is capable of placing up to six launcher simulators in false positions.
At 2014, the year was scheduled for the start of mass production of the Foliage (MDP) remote demining machines. This vehicle, based on the 69501 Item chassis, of the KAMAZ plant, is equipped with a set of electronic equipment to search for and deactivate explosive devices on the routes of mobile missile systems. It was argued that the equipment of the Foliage machine is capable of searching for mines at a distance of 100 m within a sector with a width of 30 °. Depending on the type of explosive device found, the crew of the vehicle can clear it manually or use a microwave emitter, causing the electrical components of the mine to become unusable.
Currently, the Moscow Thermal Engineering Institute is developing a new missile system under the code name "Rubezh". Very little is known about the new rocket, and most of the information is classified. However, last year the commander-in-chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, S. Karakayev, said that the rocket of the new complex would be lighter than the product of the Yars system. According to various sources, the range of the Rubezh missile will exceed 10-11 thousand kilometers and it will be able to carry several warheads. A few weeks ago, domestic media reported that the complex "Rubezh" will begin to arrive in the army next year.
Over the next few years, the Strategic Missile Forces should receive another new intercontinental ballistic missile, the development of which is now engaged in Miass State Rocket Center. V.P. Makeev. The Sarmat project missile should replace the outdated products of the Р-36М family, which are still on duty. According to reports, announced by officials, the starting mass of the new rocket will exceed 100 tons, and the range can reach 10-11 thousand km. In May of this year, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said that the Sarmat rocket would carry several maneuvering warheads. Other details of the payload of the rocket remain unknown. Earlier it was reported that in the 2014, the construction of a new rocket will begin. The estimated delivery time of the first production missiles of the new model is 2017-18 years.
In anticipation of the new Rubezh and Sarmat missiles, the Strategic Missile Forces personnel continue to master the Yars complexes, as well as train to use other types of weapons. In early June, Colonel I. Egorov revealed some details of upcoming training events. In total, by the end of the year, it was planned to conduct 120 various exercises, checks and fees. Within the framework of the current summer period of training (from the beginning of June until the end of autumn), 40 headquarters and 20 command-staff trainings, 10 command-staff exercises and fifty tactical and tactical-special exercises must pass in the missile forces. In addition, before the end of 2014, 12 strategic missile launches will take place. This number includes launches designed to train personnel and test equipment, as well as test launches in the framework of new projects.
In accordance with the State Armaments Program, up to 2020, the share of new weapons and equipment in the army should reach 70%. The updating of strategic missile forces is in full compliance, and on some points, and ahead of the established plan. Deputy Minister of Defense Y. Borisov said earlier that, while maintaining the current rates, by the 2020, the Strategic Missile Forces could be completely transferred to new equipment and weapons. A little more than five years are left before the end of the current state program, and therefore the industry and the rocket forces have enough time to implement all the plans. Nevertheless, work should be continued now, but not indulge in the notorious dizziness of success.
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