German Resistance and the "Conspiracy of Generals"

German Resistance and the "Conspiracy of Generals"

70 years ago, 20 July 1944, the most famous assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler took place at Fuchrer's “Wolf's Lair” in Rustenburg (East Prussia). The colonel of the ground forces reserve headquarters, Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg, and his adjutant, Lieutenant Werner von Heften, attempted to assassinate their commander-in-chief. A powerful explosion was the culmination of the so-called. “Conspiracy of Generals” (“July 20 Conspiracy”), with the goal of eliminating Hitler and overthrowing the Nazi government.

Part of the German generals and senior officers, foreseeing the inevitable defeat of Germany in World War II, went to the conspiracy to eliminate Hitler and conclude a separate peace with the Western powers, thus preventing the final defeat of the Third Reich. However, Hitler was literally saved by a miracle - during the meeting, one of the officers moved a briefcase with an explosive device a few meters away. A strong explosion led to the death of 4 people, the rest were injured or injuries of varying severity. Hitler was also injured. The investigation revealed a widespread conspiracy - more than 7 thousand people were arrested, about 200 people were executed. The German Resistance was crushed.


The attempt on 20 July 1944 was not the first. On Hitler, more than 40 attempts were made. Often the Führer survived by some miracle. Hitler's popularity was very high in the German people, but there were plenty of enemies. The resistance movement arose in Germany immediately after the coming to power of the National Socialists. The resistance movement was not united and homogeneous, it included pacifists, liberals, conservatives, religious leaders, extreme nationalists (the Black Front), communists, social democrats and military. But the greatest capabilities were possessed by the military, dissatisfied with the reinforcement of the SS troops and who believed that Germany was not ready for a big war, that Adolf Hitler was leading the country to a catastrophe.

From the left the Fuhrer, basically, tried to eliminate the loners. In 1930, four serious attempts were made to liquidate the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). 9 November 1939. Hitler spoke on the occasion of the anniversary of the “beer putsch” that failed in 1923 in the famous Munich beer house. Former communist Georg Elzer organized an assassination attempt. He prepared and detonated a bomb. Hitler was not injured, although several people were killed during a severe explosion, and more than sixty people were injured. For some reason, Hitler completed his introduction ahead of time and left the building a few minutes before the bombing.

Part of the German military elite and diplomats believed that the Third Reich was not yet ready for war. Many of them were aristocrats and monarchists, did not approve of the ideology of national socialism and were unhappy with the rise of the SS troops. The big war, in their opinion, should have led Germany to a military-political catastrophe. Back in 1938, there was a conspiracy against Hitler. The conspirators believed that the conflict over Czechoslovakia would lead to war with the great Western powers - France and England, as well as the Soviet Union. The weak German army, which has just begun the process of transformation and rearmament, will be defeated. Germany will survive the catastrophe. Therefore, it was decided to remove Hitler after he gave the order to attack Czechoslovakia, to form a provisional government and hold new democratic elections.

Among the conspirators was Colonel General Ludwig Beck, Chief of Staff of the Ground Forces. He believed that Hitler put Germany at unnecessary risk. In July, the 1938 general sent a memorandum to the commander-in-chief of the land forces, Colonel-General von Brauchitsch, where he invited the top military leadership of Germany to resign and prevent the outbreak of war: “The question of the existence of a nation is at stake. History will brand the leadership of the armed forces with bloody guilt, if they do not act in accordance with their professional and state-political qualities and conscience. " But, the rest of the German generals did not have such a force of will, besides, many were passionate about the idea of ​​revenge, so Beck was not supported. The general resigned and gradually became the head of the military opposition.

20 July Performance Leader Ludwig Augustus Theodore Beck (29 Jun 1880 - 20 July 1944). After the failure of the conspiracy, he tried to commit suicide and was finished off by the subordinates of General Friedrich Fromm (participated in the suppression of the conspiracy)

The new chief of staff Franz Halder shared the views of Beck, the commander of the 1 Army (defending the German-French border during the Sudeten crisis) General Erwin von Witzleben was also ready for action. In the active group of conspirators were one of the senior officers of the Abwehr, Colonel Hans Oster, supported him and the head of the Abwehr, Wilhelm Franz Canaris, Generals Erich Hoepner and Walter von Brockdorff-Ahlefeld, the Prussian Finance Minister Johannes Popitz banker Hjalmar Schacht, the former mayor of Leipzig, Carl Goerdeler and diplomat Ulrich von Hassel. The chief of the ground forces, Walter von Brauchitsch, also knew about the plot. He refused to participate in it, but did not inform on the conspirators.

The conspirators tried to establish contacts with the British, planning to speak when a military-political crisis broke out. When the great powers enter against the policies of Hitler. However, England and France simply surrendered Czechoslovakia at the Munich Conference. Czechoslovakia, under pressure from the great powers, gave Germany the Sudetenland without resistance. As a result, Germany was overjoyed, and the entry of military conspirators became meaningless. A significant part of the conspirators was disappointed in the possibility of overthrowing the Hitler regime. So, Vitsleben declared: “... for this unfortunate stupid people, he is again“ our beloved Fuhrer, ”the only one sent by God, and we ... we are just a pitiful handful of reactionaries and disgruntled officers and politicians who dared at the time of the highest triumph of the greatest politician of all time throwing stones in his way. "

Erwin von Winzleben (1881 - 1944). After the assassination of von Stauffenberg against Hitler, he assumed the duties of the commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht. 8 August, like the other defendants, was sentenced to death by hanging

The next time the conspirators intensified in the 1939 year, when Hitler decided to attack Poland. The motive was the same. The military believed that Germany was not ready for war, and a strike by France and England from the west would lead to a military catastrophe. Halder, Schacht and other conspirators on several channels warned the British and French governments of intelligence about Germany’s impending strike on Poland. In fact, the conspirators committed an act of betrayal, telling the potential adversary about the decision taken by Hitler, the alleged timing of the attack. Moreover, they proposed retaliatory measures that would contain the aggression of Germany. In particular, it was proposed to send a squadron to the Baltic Sea to support Poland from the sea, transfer British troops to France and introduce Chamberlain Winston Churchill to the British cabinet, which was ready to actively resist German aggression.

However, London and Paris did not use this opportunity. The West at this time believed that after Poland Hitler would strike the Soviet Union. Therefore, Poland gave Hitler. A “strange war” began when the armies of England and France were inactive, while the Wehrmacht smashed Poland. The plans of the conspirators were not implemented.

When, after the defeat of Poland, the Fuhrer gave the order to prepare for war with France, the conspirators became more active again. The head of the Abwehr, Canaris, and the Deputy Chief of the General Staff, First Chief Quartermaster, General Karl Heinrich von Stülpnagel, attempted to persuade Halder and Brauchitsch to lead the coup d'état. But, Halder and Brauchitsch showed hesitancy.

In addition, Oster handed over to the military attache of the Netherlands in Germany information about the forthcoming attack of the Third Reich on Belgium and the Netherlands. The same information was given to the Belgian ambassador in Rome and to the Belgian king. In addition, Austen contacted Great Britain and France through Rome. Secret negotiations were even held in Rome on a draft peace treaty between Germany and Great Britain after Hitler was eliminated. This Memorandum X project was drafted in the Vatican and delivered to Berlin. However, all these plans, due to the indecisiveness of high-ranking conspirators and the passivity of Britain and France, who did not take full advantage of the secret information provided, were not realized.

Hans Paul Oster (9 August 1887 - 9 April 1945). Executed 9 on April 1945 with Admiral Canaris

It should be noted that in the future the leaders of the German Resistance gave out the secrets of Germany and offered the Western powers to enter into negotiations. Thus, the main informant for Allen Dulles, who was the special representative of the American President Roosevelt and headed the Swiss Residency of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) of the United States in Switzerland, was Vice-Consul of the German Consulate General in Zurich Hans Gizevius. Abwehr agent Gizevius was an active conspirator and the "eyes and hands" of Admiral Canaris in Switzerland. Among the German informers Dulles was another conspirator, adviser to the German Foreign Ministry, Adam von Trott zu Solz. The Germans actively tried to conclude an agreement with the Western powers. Dulles, on the other hand, considered negotiations with the German opposition as a means of establishing a regime advantageous for the United States in post-war Germany.

Karl Friedrich Hordeler, one of the key civil figures in the German opposition (he was considered as the future Chancellor), was guided by the UK and the United States. Goderdeler, like Beck, pushed through the "Western solution" - an alliance with Britain and America against Russia. Goderdeler especially tried hard to make an alliance with London.

However, the United States and Britain did not go to direct negotiations and did not give guarantees to the leaders of the German Resistance. Roosevelt demanded the unconditional surrender of Germany. Churchill, who was eager to crush not only Hitler’s National Socialism, but also “Prussian militarism,” wishing to permanently destroy Germany as a rival of England on the world stage, opposed any contact with the German opposition figures. Only in 1944, after the victorious spring-summer offensive of the Soviet troops and the landing of the Anglo-American forces in Normandy, when the German opposition was defeated, the leader of the West began to look for an opportunity to conclude a separate agreement, and negotiated with SS Reichsführer Himmler.

Karl Friedrich Hordeler (July 31 1884 - February 2 1945). A few days before the July attempted 20 coup, he went into hiding, having learned that the Gestapo plans to arrest him. A reward of one million marks was assigned to his head. 12 August identified and captured. The execution was delayed due to the development of a program for the development of local self-government, the economy and the urban economy. 2 February 1945 He was executed in Plötzensee prison

The unexpected successes of Hitler and the Wehrmacht in Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland and France, and later in the USSR, also became the defeat of the German Resistance. Some believed in the "lucky star" of Hitler, others lost heart and became disillusioned. Fought only the most implacable with the policies of Hitler.

Thus, among the active opponents of the war with the USSR was the former German ambassador to the Union, Count Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg. Even before the German attack, von Schulenburg in May 1941 warned Moscow about the imminent German attack on the USSR. He made every effort to prevent the war, informing Berlin about the powerful military-industrial potential of the USSR. After the defeat of the German troops near Moscow in the winter of 1941-1942. and the failure of the blitzkrieg, Schulenburg sent a note to the Führer with a proposal to start separate negotiations with Moscow, but did not receive support. After that, Schulenburg became a leader of the Resistance and was considered a possible candidate for the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs after the coup.

Schulenburg in the German Resistance represented the wing, which was oriented not only to the Western powers, but also to the USSR. They opposed an alliance with Britain and the United States against the USSR. They did not consider the Stalinist regime an obstacle to the restoration of normal relations after the liquidation of Hitler, since Weimar Germany successfully cooperated with Moscow, including the military-technical sphere. Schulenburg and his associates wanted peace with the USSR and the resumption of mutually beneficial German-Soviet relations.

Friedrich-Werner von der Schulenburg (20 November 1875, Kemberg - 10 November 1944). After the failed 20 on July 1944, the attempt on the life of Schulenburg was arrested and imprisoned in Pletzensee Prison in Berlin, where 10 on November 1944 was executed by hanging

One of the most irreconcilable conspirators was a Prussian nobleman, an officer of the General Staff at the headquarters of Army Group Center, Henning von Treskov. He established contacts with conspirators back in the 1938 year, and after the start of the war with the USSR, he expressed a sharp rejection of terror in relation to Jews, commanders and political workers of the Red Army. Considering that the bloody terror leads to the loss of honor of Germany: “Germany will finally lose its honor, and this will make itself felt for hundreds of years. The blame for this will be laid not on Hitler alone, but on you and me, your wife and mine, your children and mine. ”

Even before the start of the war, Treskov asserted that only the liquidation of Hitler would save Germany. Treskov believed that the conspirators should revolt in any case. Even if the assassination attempt of Hitler and the military coup fails, they will remove the shame from Germany, show the whole world that not all Germans agree with the policies of the National Socialists. In addition, Treskov, as Schulenburg and Count Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg, was a supporter of good relations with the USSR. The Stauffenberg and Treskov group believed that peace should be concluded not only with England and the United States, but also with the USSR.

Treskov, being on the eastern front, prepared several plans for the assassination of the Fuhrer. However, each time something interfered with the implementation of the plan. So, 13 March 1943, during a visit to Adolf Hitler Army Group "Center", the plane of the Fuhrer laid under the guise of sending a bomb (Operation "Flash"). She was supposed to explode during the return of Hitler on a plane from Smolensk to Berlin. But the fuse didn't work. There is a version that it did not work due to too low temperature in the luggage compartment of the aircraft.

Henning Hermann Robert Karl von Treskov (January 10 1901 - July 21 1944). Upon learning of the failure of the July 20 conspiracy, Treskov imitated a fight with the enemy, and then blew himself up with a hand grenade to save his family members from persecution and not extradite his comrades during the torture

A few days later, the commander of Treskov, Colonel Baron Rudolf-Christoph von Gersdorf, attempted an attempt on the Fuhrer. 21 March 1943, Hitler and other top leaders of the Third Reich were to attend the war trophy exhibition at the Ceughgauz arms museum on Unter den Linden, where the war was commemorated. Hitler should have stayed Zeihgauze hour. As the guide, the head of the intelligence of Army Group “Center” von Gersdorf was supposed to act.

Gersdorf was ready to sacrifice himself for the common cause. The colonel hid two small time-lapse magnetic mines in his clothes and planned to blow himself up in close proximity to Hitler and his entourage. When the Führer appeared on the inset of captured weapons, Gersdorf set the fuse to 20 minutes. But after 15 minutes, Hitler unexpectedly left the building and the plan was not implemented. With great difficulty, the officer managed to prevent an explosion.

There were other German officers willing to sacrifice themselves to eliminate the Fuhrer. In November, 1943, a young German officer, Axel von dem Boucher, planned to kill Adolf Hitler during a demonstration of a new German military uniform. During the show, he hid a grenade in clothes and planned to undermine them when the Führer approached. However, for some unknown reason, Hitler did not arrive at the show.

A similar attempt was prepared by Lieutenant Edward von Kleist. Recovering after being wounded on the Western Front, the 22-year-old Wehrmacht lieutenant received a telegram instructing to return immediately to his unit. The commander of the reserve army, von Stauffenberg, met with the lieutenant and asked whether he would agree to destroy the Fuhrer at the cost of his own life.

Hitler was going to present a distinguished compound and show a new form. Kleist was supposed to bring an explosive device on himself and blow it up when Hitler was nearby. Edward's father, a native of the aristocratic Prussian clan and commander tank during the invasion of France and the USSR, the Field Marshal supported the son: “you have to agree. If you miss a moment, there will be no meaning in your life. And I made up my mind. I do not think that the reason for this decision was my courage. The reason was conscience. ” However, this attempt was not realized. The entire stock of the new form was destroyed during the bombing, the parade was canceled.

Rudolf-Christoph von Gersdorf (March 27 1905 - January 27 1980). After the failure of the "Conspiracy of the Generals" was one of the few who managed to survive. His accomplice, one of the leaders of the German military intelligence, Colonel of the General Staff, Baron Wessel Freytag von Loringofen committed suicide, but did not extradite the Gestapo comrade.

To be continued ...
Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +4
    20 July 2014 06: 37
    Hitler has already made more than 40 attempts. Often the Fuhrer survived by some miracle.
    Total in Germany was undertaken 49 attempts kill Hitler. Some mystics even talked about the conspiracy of the Fuhrer with evil spirits.
    1. -1
      20 July 2014 12: 40
      spakuha guys! stop
      The new chronology of Fomenka will put everything in its place
      conspiracy mutil Bormann Goering - Minister of Agitation of the Third Reich
      then successfully fled from justice, dividing his biography into several personalities
      1. sleepy
        20 July 2014 22: 14
        Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
        "In total, 49 attempts were made in Germany to kill Hitler.
        Some mystics even talked about the collusion of the Fuhrer with evil spirits. "

        It is unlikely that there was a contract such a contract.
        It is believed that Hitler was saved from assassination attempts by a team of Tibetan monks who were taken out by Ernst Schaeffer, leader of the German expedition to Tibet in 1939. The expedition was organized by the Anenerbe Institute with the direct support of the SS Reichsfuhrer Himmler, the organization Thule was curator.
  2. +8
    20 July 2014 06: 43
    Hitler was brought to power by the secret services of England and France, who needed cannon fodder for the war with the reviving Russia (USSR). Therefore, up to the attack on France, Hitler knew very well that they would give him full support, and Stalin, managing to imagine how to conclude the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, managed to disrupt the initial plans of the opponents.
    1. +3
      20 July 2014 06: 48
      One of the brightest adherents of this theory is, for example, the famous Russian historian and publicist Nikolai Starikov. In their article, "Attack on the Soviet Union Hitler forced England and the United States?" he writes in particular: “Adolf Hitler was brought to power by London, Washington, and to a lesser extent Paris. It was a kind of chain dog, which was fed for one purpose - the attack on Russia. They themselves do not like to fight, someone must do it for them. They brought to power a strong-willed person, a fanatic, gave him money, loans, stopped charging reparations from Germany, and restored industry. But how can Hitler start a war with the USSR if there are states between them? ”
        20 July 2014 08: 00
        Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
        “Adolf Hitler ... It was a chain dog that was fed for one purpose - attacks on Russia. They themselves do not like to fight, someone must do it for them.

        No doubt, I believe. By the way, we must live to 2017, the "lemongrass" seem to have promised (once again!) To declassify materials on R. Hess.
      2. +3
        20 July 2014 11: 07
        I read all the books of Starikov. The most interesting thing is that I did not learn anything fundamentally new from them - I knew 80 percent before, but the analysis itself and the reduction of seemingly unrelated events into one clear and logical chain. Frankly, I definitely wouldn’t have enough brains for that.
          20 July 2014 13: 53
          Quote: Dart2027
          I'll be honest - I definitely wouldn’t have enough brains for this

          It’s just that at that time you didn’t set such a task for yourself ...
          1. +2
            20 July 2014 14: 22
            I didn’t. But this just indicates that the brain was not enough.
      3. 0
        20 July 2014 18: 48
        Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
        One of the brightest adherents of this theory is, for example, the famous Russian historian and publicist Nikolai Starikov. In their article, "Attack on the Soviet Union Hitler forced England and the United States?" he writes in particular: “Adolf Hitler was brought to power by London, Washington, and to a lesser extent Paris. It was a chain dog that was fed for one purpose - attacks on Russia
        IMHO not quite so, England, contrary to the opinion of France, contributed to the arming of Germany, to maintain the "balance of power in Europe." Poland could become a potential ally of Hitler against the USSR, but fortunately for us, they did not agree, thanks to the stupid obstinacy of the pshek. There was an attack on Poland, entry into the war of England and France. Then, Hitler, like a mad dog, rushed across Europe, neutralizing the real and potential allies of England. And partly thanks to the efforts of the Anglo-Americans, the USSR, according to Hitler, turned into "England's last hope on the continent," besides, Hitler represented the USSR as a "colossus with feet of clay" and was going to arrange "a demonstrative flogging for England on the example of Russia." I tried in every possible way to make peace. However, such a strong Germany already frightened England too much, which predetermined the course of the Second World War.
        1. 0
          20 July 2014 23: 43
          Quote: enot73
          entry into the war of England and France

          A strange war.
      4. 0
        21 July 2014 02: 01
        Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
        But how can Hitler start a war with the USSR if there are states between them? ”
        He demonstrated how.
  3. +3
    20 July 2014 06: 51
    Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
    even talked about the conspiracy of the Fuhrer with evil spirits

    I have no doubts. 1936 is indicated in black and white. "Agni Yoga" E. Roerich. long before the events.
    1. +1
      20 July 2014 06: 59
      Of course, the 36th year is indicated as the year of the laying of great foundations and changes. ... The very boundary between black and white magic becomes elusive in its complexity ..
      1. +1
        20 July 2014 07: 16
        I am glad that there are people on the way! And it’s somehow boring.
        20 July 2014 08: 12
        Quote: ya.seliwerstov2013
        The very border between black and white magic becomes elusive in its complexity ..

        And why did they draw Elena?
    2. +2
      20 July 2014 09: 19
      you would not read the Roerichs. those still "enlightened" Satanists.
  4. +3
    20 July 2014 07: 17
    Whatever motives these people now think up (current historians and experts), they tried to destroy the main cannibal of the world. And they are patriots of their country. At least for this, it’s my honor and praise.
    1. Leonidych
      20 July 2014 08: 10
      you have big brain problems, tie up with dope
  5. +11
    20 July 2014 07: 17
    Not all Germans are Nazis. And, as it turns out, not all Nazis are Germans.
    1. +1
      20 July 2014 07: 24
      Remove the Turks from there. It will be more fun.
    2. 0
      20 July 2014 07: 24
      In the post-war decades, most Germans did not want to hear that there could have been any other option than forced humility or cooperation with the Nazi regime.
      1. +3
        20 July 2014 09: 09
        Leonidych. Yes, I agree, I have a brain problem. No brains, no problems, right? laughing
  6. 0
    20 July 2014 07: 27
    Well, I don’t know, maybe this providence "saved" the Fuhrer, because if it succeeded, the Reich would have remained within its former borders at that time ...
    1. +2
      20 July 2014 07: 50
      Borders would certainly not remain the same topic. As if the conspirators did not want this. At that time, there was such a statesman of one country that had already defeated Germany. Someone Stalin. And he at that time was absolutely monopenisal, who will lead Germany. An agreement with the West would not save the Germans. Rather, Paris would be liberated by Soviet troops.
      1. sleepy
        20 July 2014 22: 02
        Quote: tanit
        "... In those days there was such a statesman of one country,
        already defeating Germany. Someone Stalin. And he at that time was absolutely monopenisal, who will lead Germany.
        An agreement with the West would not have saved the Germans ... "

        I.V. Stalin was not going to conquer the Western countries,
        no matter how writers attributed to him like Suvorov (Rezun).
        He was interested in the Eastern direction - Mongolia, China, India and TIBET.
        Korea was not excluded.
        In order to conquer Mongolia, even fighting with the local population was not necessary.
        The only enemy in this direction is Japan, which did not intend to
        it’s so easy to give the USSR such a large zone of influence.
        Given the possibility of war with the Japanese, the sites were laid near the Urals
        for military factories and repair enterprises.
        1. 0
          21 July 2014 02: 05
          Quote: sleepy
          He was interested in the Eastern direction - Mongolia, China, India and TIBET.
          Korea was not excluded.
          In order to conquer Mongolia, even fighting with the local population was not necessary.
          The only enemy in this direction is Japan, which did not intend to
          it’s so easy to give the USSR such a large zone of influence.
          Given the possibility of war with the Japanese, the sites were laid near the Urals
          for military factories and repair enterprises.
          It would be nice to at least somehow confirm your thesis.
          21 July 2014 05: 37
          Quote: sleepy
          To conquer Mongolia even fight

          Conquer ally? Do not smack nonsense, dear!
      20 July 2014 08: 03
      Quote: Freeway_ 3007
      the Reich would still remain within its former borders at that time ...

      Within the "borders" of 1944? Haha ... laughing
      1. +1
        20 July 2014 08: 37
        Within the bounds of a theoretically successful attempt. Oh, this alternative story. But, I’m sure that De Gaulle would still head the Federal Republic of France (he wouldn’t have anything to do)
  7. -1
    20 July 2014 07: 28
    for me so a bunch of traitors, if you omit who Hitler is
    1. +5
      20 July 2014 07: 37
      Not traitors for sure. Betrayed Hitler? I agree. Betrayed Germany? No.
      20 July 2014 08: 09
      Quote: KG_patriot_last
      for me so a bunch of traitors, if you omit who Hitler is

      This is what you think, but turn the situation around, that Hitler is in place, it turns out that the patriots of Germany.
  8. +2
    20 July 2014 07: 29
    Interesting article! Hitler Kaput, Obama Kaput, Parashenka Kaput.
    1. +2
      20 July 2014 08: 06
      The word "kaput" became Russian long ago smile ... The most interesting thing is that none of the "Russian-correct" linguists demands that it be removed from the language. Paradox, however smile
      1. +5
        20 July 2014 08: 39
        There is a karachun, a karapets, a paragraph, a finish line, and a dope.
        kaput is not a paradox at all.
        Great and Mighty - Russian language!
        1. +2
          20 July 2014 09: 06
          The presence of other analogues (by the way, the same did not arise from scratch) does not detract from the meaning of the word kaput. Not Russian from the very beginning, but now it's native.
  9. Ruslan 56
    20 July 2014 08: 45
    Informative article, thanks to the author for the work.
  10. No. 4№y
    20 July 2014 08: 53
    The word "kaput" is a trophy of that war.
      20 July 2014 09: 01
      Quote: No.4№й
      The word "kaput" is a trophy of that war.

      ... and rhymes well with Hitler.
      Poroshenko "ist" is not "gut", which means he kaput!
      1. 0
        20 July 2014 09: 16
        Rhymes well with everything. smile
  11. +2
    20 July 2014 09: 54
    Informative article. The author does not correctly draw far-reaching conclusions. Sapienti sat!
  12. +2
    20 July 2014 10: 55
    Elena Prudnikova, in the book "The Double Conspiracy", has analyzed the conspiracy of the generals very well, I recommend it.
    And in the German conspiracy, I personally was surprised by the unconditional personal courage of the German generals and officers participating in it, and at the same time their fear of responsibility before the armed coup. In fact, only Stulpnphel in Paris coped with his task, having arrested all the SS sheep and the Gestapo.
  13. +3
    20 July 2014 11: 02
    A hint that someone is banging a pig. And if you look, then who needs it. By boiling anger (very deserved among the militias) - yes,
    as a politician - no (in normal people he is not associated as a politician). In general, the city is the same.
    And die to them: Poroshenko. Yatsenyuk, Turchynov, Avakov and others like them will still have to.
    1. +1
      20 July 2014 12: 20
      And they will die obviously prematurely. They know too much.
  14. +1
    20 July 2014 12: 19
    Something is filthy with Operation Valkyrie.
  15. 0
    20 July 2014 13: 34
    Worthy, courageous people. And after all, with the assassination of Hitler, their goals would probably not have been fully achieved. The ideas of revenge were embedded in the minds of the Germans so deeply that with the death of Hitler they would not disappear anywhere. There would be another Fuhrer (Goebbels, for example ...), and the regime would be even tougher in relation to the opposition.
    1. +1
      20 July 2014 19: 17
      Worthy. Courageous. And originally doomed. One way or another, but all the same People.
  16. 0
    21 July 2014 01: 50
    Watch the movie "Operation Valkyrie" "with Tom Cruise, he just about it. Quite a good movie.
  17. -1
    21 July 2014 02: 12
    “... for this unfortunate foolish people, he is again“ our beloved Fuhrer, ”the only one sent by God, and we ... we are just a miserable bunch of reactionaries and disgruntled officers and politicians who dared to throw stones at his highest triumph of the greatest politician of all time ".Yes, dear forum users forgive me, but in connection with this phrase I have some associations in favor of the current moment ...
  18. 0
    21 July 2014 15: 12
    Such an operation would be "muddied" in Kiev ...

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"