Foundation Day of Naval Aviation of Russia

July 17 is considered the day of the founding of the sea aviation Russian Navy. It was on this day, back in 1916, that the Russian pilots won their first military victory over the Baltic Sea. Four M-4 seaplanes took off in the battle, taking off from the Orlitsa Baltic carrier fleet. In the sky they were opposed by 4 German aircraft. Victory in this aerial battle of World War I laid the foundation stories domestic naval aviation.

In Russia, naval aviation began to develop with the 1911 of the year with seaplanes, with the first cars being purchased abroad. However, soon domestic designers created several types of flying boats that took part in the First World War. Russian seaplanes were used to fire and bombard ports and naval bases, ships at sea, and also to destroy enemy aircraft in the air.

In July, 1917 was created in Russia, the Office of Naval Aviation and Aeronautics, and in the fleet for the first time appeared two separate air divisions - one on the Black Sea, the other on the Baltic. After 1917, a separate special air brigade began to form in the Baltic Fleet. Later, individual squadrons of seaplanes appeared in the Caspian, Volga and other flotillas. All in all, 19 of naval aviation detachments was used on all fronts of the civil war.

In the 1930s, when the whole country was “sick” with the Arctic and followed the fate of the Cheliuskites, it was the sea pilots who took an active part in the rescue of the polar expedition. For the rescue of polar explorers, the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union was presented to Anatoly Vasilyevich Lyapidevsky, who was a graduate of naval aviation.

During the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945, the Soviet fleet aviation was the first to strike at Berlin. She became the main threat to the Nazi invaders in the war at sea. During the Great Patriotic War, naval pilots flew more than 35 thousands of combat missions on various missions. In air battles with the enemy and at airfields, they destroyed more than 5,5 thousands of enemy aircraft. From the strikes of naval aviation pilots, Germany and its allies lost 407 battleships to the sea, as well as 371 transport with troops and cargo. This is 2 / 3 total enemy losses from the impact of the Soviet Navy. Since then, the role of naval aviation of the Russian Navy has only increased.

Already in the postwar years, naval aviation continued to improve, honing its combat skills and mastering new equipment coming into service. It was the North Sea Pilot pilot in 1961 who first laid the path of humanity to the stars. At the same time, new types of naval aviation appeared in the country - naval anti-submarine and missile-carrying, and maritime reconnaissance aviation was being improved. A fundamentally new direction for the fleet was the appearance in its composition of ship-based vertical take-off and landing aircraft, as well as the construction of the first aircraft-carrying cruisers Minsk, Kiev and Novorossiysk. In the future, the appearance of carrier-based fighter aircraft, the main purpose of which is to cover fleet groups in the sea, was a landmark event in the development of Russian naval aviation.

At present, the Russian Navy has in its composition combat-ready fighter aircraft pilots, as well as crews of ship-based helicopters. The traditions of renowned sea veteran pilots carefully preserve and multiply the current generation of sea aviators, who continue to serve and dedicatedly work to strengthen the combat readiness of the national navy.

Today, modern jet planes and various helicopters are in service with naval aviation of Russia. All 4 fleets of our country have their own aircraft: Northern, Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific. At the same time, naval aviation continues to be one of the most maneuverable branches of the military as part of the Russian Navy, which can act both in cooperation with other branches of the military and fully independently.

Naval aviation is a separate branch of the Russian Navy. It is intended for search and subsequent destruction of the enemy assault detachments, its fleet combat forces, sea convoys and single vessels both at sea and in naval bases. In addition, naval aviation provides cover for fleet objects and groupings of ships from enemy air strikes, is engaged in the destruction of air targets: aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles of the enemy. Also, naval aviation carries out aerial reconnaissance, guidance to the enemy ships of their own strike forces and issue them the necessary target indications. Maritime aviation can be engaged for setting minefields, carrying out mine action, air transportation and landing of troops and cargo, electronic warfare (EW), search and rescue operations at sea. Its basis today consists of airplanes and helicopters for various purposes.

Functionally, Russian naval aviation is subdivided into aviation types: fighter, naval missile-carrying, anti-submarine, reconnaissance and auxiliary purposes (EW, radar detection and guidance, control and communications, anti-mine, transport, search and rescue, sanitary, aircraft refueling with fuel in the air ). Naval aviation can be based on aircraft carriers and airfields. According to its location, it is divided into coast-based aircraft and carrier-based aircraft.

Foundation Day of Naval Aviation of Russia

The overwhelming part of Russian naval aviation is coastal based. Currently, only one aircraft carrier is part of the Russian fleet - the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov. As of 2014, Russian ship aviation is represented by four types of aircraft: Su-33 and MiG-29K fighters, as well as Su-25UTG training aircraft and MiG-29KUB combat-training aircraft. All of them during trips can be based on the deck of a Russian aircraft carrier, along with the Ka-27 and Ka-29 helicopters.

At present, Russian naval aviation is replenished with new products, which include MiG-29K aircraft, which must completely change the Su-33 aircraft aboard the Kuznetsov. In addition, 15 July 2014, the Russian Navy was transferred to the first production aircraft IL-38H, which is a modernization of the patrol and anti-submarine aircraft still of Soviet production. The upgraded IL-38Н was equipped with a new aim-navigation complex "Novella-P-38". IL-38H was built under the first contract, which was concluded between the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the KLA. In total under the contract Russian military should receive 5 of such planes. The first production aircraft of this type was transferred to the center of combat training and retraining of flight personnel of naval aviation, located in Yeisk. Currently, there is already a training of onboard operators and pilots for the Il-38H.

Unlike the original car, the updated IL-38H is equipped with modern digital equipment, which significantly expands the capabilities of this aircraft. The machine can be used to track enemy surface and submarine ships, patrol the Russian economic zone, conduct search and rescue operations at sea. The equipment of the modernized aircraft has an open architecture, which makes it possible at any time to supplement it with various kinds of equipment, depending on the tasks facing the aircraft. During the modernization of the IL-38H, the overhaul was also carried out, which made it possible to extend the service life of the aircraft by another 20-25 years. In total, the Russian Navy currently has about 40 aircraft of this type in service, of which it is planned to upgrade 28 to 2020.

Based on open source materials.
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  1. +8
    17 July 2014 09: 44
    All the real patriots of RUSSIA with a holiday! soldier
    1. +5
      17 July 2014 09: 49
      Happy holiday, dear naval aviators! We wish you successful flights and reliable protection of our maritime borders.
      1. +3
        17 July 2014 09: 58
        July 17 (July 4 old style) 1916 of the year was the first victory of Russian naval pilots in domestic seaplanes in an air battle over the sea.
        On that day, four M-9 seaplanes from the Orlitsa aircraft carrier of the Baltic Fleet conducted an air battle over the sea to protect the Russian naval base on the island of Saaremaa from attacks by German aircraft. During the battle, two Kaiser's planes were shot down, and the other two fled. The Russian pilots returned without casualties. This day is considered to be the birthday of the naval aviation of the Russian Navy.
        However, the events associated with the birth of Russian naval aviation took place long before this date. With the advent of the first combat aircraft, naval specialists understood the importance of aviation in armed struggle at sea. In 1909, Captain Lev Matsievich, at a meeting of the Marine Technical Committee, in his report "On the Type of a Marine Airplane," outlined the idea of ​​the possibility of using aircraft from ships. In March 1910, French engineer Henri Fabre made the first successful takeoff from the water in a seaplane, and in August 1911, the first flight in the Canar amphibious aircraft. The first float plane in Russia was built in February 1911 by engineer Yakov Gakkel.
        For the rise of domestic marine aircraft construction in 1911-1913, the Russian government purchased aircraft abroad. The same aircraft in a modified form were then built at domestic plants.
        In 1913, the production of airplanes, including seaplanes, was put on an industrial basis in France, Germany, Russia, Italy and England. Five aviation plants were created in Russia, and in the same 1913 year, 270 aircraft were already built.
        In the 1913-1914 years in Russia, aviation military units were formed for the first time, including hydroaviation stations for the navy. In the same period, the first flights of the Russian seaplane C-10 Igor Sikorsky were carried out.
        The first ship's aircraft were seaplanes launched by a crane onto the water for takeoff and lifted onto the ship from the water after landing. This is due to the cheapness and ease of execution of this method of organizing flights at sea. In the Russian fleet, for the first time in the world, back in 1913, re-equipment of steamboats into air transport was begun.
        By the beginning of World War I, Russia had 65 naval military aircraft.
        1. avt
          17 July 2014 10: 18
          Quote: Duke
          July 17 (July 4, according to the old style) of 1916, the first victory of Russian naval pilots in domestic seaplanes in an air battle over the sea was won.

          And even before the war, the naval pilot Matsievich proposed the idea of ​​carrier-based aviation and even received an old battleship of the type "Admiral Spiridov" for this business. platform on the tower, would be the first flight in Russia!
          Quote: Hammer 75
          HAPPY !!!

          1. +4
            17 July 2014 11: 47
            Happy sea flyers !!!!

            you are the conquerors of two environments of the sea and airspace!!!!

            Let's make a toast to you drinks Let the number of departures will always be equal to the number of landings !!!

            and where are the planes request ????(joke)))
            1. 0
              17 July 2014 19: 47
              Gorgeous frame! good
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. diesel
      17 July 2014 12: 12
      T.A. Apakidze remember, moderators, God forgive you.
    4. +1
      18 July 2014 00: 26
      Happy holiday and Peaceful sky!
  2. +3
    17 July 2014 09: 48
    HAPPY !!!
    1. +4
      17 July 2014 09: 52
      Thy air and sea,
      Congratulate, buddy, I hurry you,
      Happy glorious marine aviation day!
      Profession glorious, and definitely masculine
      You are very good. So be strong
      He’s in love with his work!
      May you always be lucky, my dear friend,
      Friends, let reliable be around!
  3. +1
    17 July 2014 09: 48

    Fly more often at the borders of our sworn friends and hehe ... partners, let the diapers change more often.
  4. +3
    17 July 2014 09: 50
    It was necessary to barrage over the surface of the seas and oceans, so that all Russians on the occasion of the defenders of the sky from the sea !!!
  5. Vik.Tor
    17 July 2014 09: 52
    I would like to see the restoration of naval aviation proceed at an accelerated pace, especially with the return of the Crimea. Well and of course with the holiday Guys !!!
  6. +1
    17 July 2014 09: 52
    It would be possible to make a feature film or even a series of paintings about fleet aviation. And in the final series there would be a story about our aircraft carrier and how two design bureaus conducted tests on nm. Type of state border, here's a series.
    1. 0
      17 July 2014 18: 24
      I am afraid that our directors will make a second "Stalingrad". Now it is fashionable for us to scold our story (((
  7. +1
    17 July 2014 10: 03
    All colleagues in our native Naval Aviation - happy holiday, friends. Let the number of take-offs always coincide with the number of landings. Flying long anniversary and all the blessings, earthly and unearthly. This is our holiday! drinks
  8. P-38
    17 July 2014 10: 08
    Fly beautifully and happily
  9. +4
    17 July 2014 10: 10
    Unfortunately, naval aviation has never been in favorites with the leadership of the USSR Armed Forces, and even more so the Russian Federation ... Now we can say that it is in a deplorable state, anti-submarine aviation generally dies out as a class, IL-38 does not solve problems, but only prolongs the agony. .. Despite the fact that there are no less threats from the sea than from land. I have always believed that naval aviation pilots are a class higher than land because in the conditions that they fly it is impossible to be an under-professional, no one will tell you from the ground, no one will adjust the course, no one will save if something happens ...
    People of a heroic profession! Congratulations!
  10. +6
    17 July 2014 11: 00
    Happy holiday to you, sea flyers drinks and so that the number of your take-offs is always equal to the number of landings !!! good soldier

  11. +1
    17 July 2014 11: 05
    Happy holiday winged sailors!
  12. +3
    17 July 2014 11: 48
    My friend’s father plowed in such a sky
  13. +2
    17 July 2014 13: 11
    Happy Holidays !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  14. Shkolnik
    17 July 2014 13: 43
    Happy holiday, comrades!
    As well as the development and prosperity of MA Russia !!
  15. 0
    17 July 2014 13: 45
    Happy holiday, seaman-flyers !!! drinks
  16. +1
    17 July 2014 14: 48
    From a major in reserve aviation Pacific Fleet (Ka-27) - with a holiday, flyers !!!!
  17. +2
    17 July 2014 14: 49
    Su-33 (Su-27K) - a multi-purpose ship fighter of deck-based, horizontal take-off and landing, with folding wings and horizontal tail for hangar ...
    The aircraft was created to defend the Navy ships from enemy air attack equipment and is equipped with a flight refueling and fuel transfer system.
    Since 1989, at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Production Association named after Yu.A. Gagarin, production of the installation batch of Su-27K began. The first serial aircraft was circled in February 1990. State tests of the Su-27K were carried out in 1991-1994. In April 1993, the first batch of ship fighters was transferred from KnAAPO to the Northern Fleet Aviation. On August 31, 1998, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the Su-27K was put into service under the designation Su-33.
    On July 85, near Pskov, during a demonstration dedicated to the 33th anniversary of the Naval Aviation, a Su-2013 fighter crashed, piloted by the Deputy Commander of the Naval Aviation, Major General Timur Apakidze. In 33, a monument to the Su-XNUMX dedicated to T. Apakidze was unveiled at KnAAz (formerly KnAAPO).

    Sea surface melts under the wing
    Tearing away mists of water.
    And nailed a gray strand on me
    The ship is hiding from me.

    I know, somewhere in the sea a strip,
    She has steel cables
    She has a sharp and sharp temper,
    There you decide whether you are right or wrong.

    Work like a sniper, mine,
    The task, like him, is not to miss.
    My target is on the ship’s body
    And I have to touch it with a hook.

    As a strip attracts a magnet,
    There she pulled a rope.
    RVP is silent - a good sign
    So, where it should be, the hook will fall.

    From stress - wet back,
    As a jeweler I sharpen my glide path.
    The ship is waiting impatiently for me
    Do not rush - I will certainly sit down!

    As a strip attracts a magnet,
    As if nerves were lifted by a rope.
    The wind on the left will be a lesson to me
    I jump out sideways.

    A metal ship crashed on me
    Landing confirming with rapture.
    But only the hook is the crown of everything and everything,
    My soul will give birth to calm.

    A band is playing beneath me
    All cables remained behind.
    Only one followed me
    If only he would not break off now.

    And now the landing is behind,
    I touched the deck in the proper place.
    And those of mine that will be ahead
    Wish me - not to miss!

    As before, the strip beckons
    A rope is pulled across.
    RVP is silent - a good sign
    So, where it should be, the hook will fall.

    As before, the strip beckons
    A rope is pulled across.
    RVP is silent - a good sign
    So, where it is necessary, lies hook ...
    words of T. Apakidze.
  18. +1
    17 July 2014 14: 55
    Airplane with tail number 64 reminds us of Apakidze, whose photo is placed on board (see above).
    1. 0
      18 July 2014 13: 17
      Guys! Wrong. Board number on the monument -70. Today I personally checked.
  19. Volkhov
    17 July 2014 15: 31
    What if China gives an aircraft carrier with 4 destroyers on holiday ... like, will it return to its homeland in exchange for gas?
    After all, for some reason the Su-33 was given for repair and the Mig-29K in the LII unpainted fly ...
  20. KIRON
    17 July 2014 17: 46
    Happy Holidays guys! I envy you.
  21. 0
    17 July 2014 18: 41
    Happy holiday guys. As the saying goes: "... fewer early rises, night alarms and combat losses." Happiness and prosperity in your homes.
  22. 0
    17 July 2014 20: 24
    Happy Holidays! If you, bastards, didn’t rumble at 7 in the morning, when I’m 20 years old, and didn’t perturb until the `` landing '' of the tail between the five-story buildings, I would ... even splash an awl
  23. 0
    17 July 2014 21: 27
    Yak-38, night flying on a roar resembled a rocket launch from Baikonur.
  24. 0
    17 July 2014 22: 21
    happy holiday!
  25. +3
    17 July 2014 22: 44
    ... Happy Holidays! .. Guys, one more strip will come to life for you in the near future, 2 km. Runways and slopes for seaplanes .. :) ..
  26. 0
    18 July 2014 01: 27
    All aviators of the Navy Air Force, with a holiday. Good luck, peaceful sky clear and blue. Congratulations to all Maritime Aviation employees on this holiday. Congratulations from Crimeans.
  27. Cheldon
    18 July 2014 08: 08
    Happy holiday! It is only a pity that we have fewer astronauts on deck pilots.
  28. +1
    23 July 2014 17: 15
    Here is the habits of the pilot in M ​​F.

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