The attack on Russia on All Saints Day in the land of Russia who shone was not so much a challenge to “fate” as by the calculation of a sophisticated mystic. Hitler was absolutely sure that Russia died in its post-revolutionary years and now its gigantic open spaces are the deserved prey of the strongest; there is neither power, nor will, nor holiness in it ...
Good to know Russian is correct. But not enough
Otto von Bismarck warned the Germans against wars with Russia. Adolf Hitler disobeyed, argued as follows: “Fate itself points us with a finger. By giving Russia into the hands of Bolshevism, the fate deprived the Russian people of that intelligentsia, on which its statehood still held and which alone served as a guarantee of the known strength of the state. Non-state talents of the Slavs gave strength and strength to the Russian state. For centuries, Russia has lived precisely at the expense of the German core in its upper strata of the population. Now this core has been completely destroyed. The place of the Germans was occupied by the Jews ... This gigantic eastern state is inevitably doomed to ruin. All the prerequisites are ripe for this. The end of Jewish domination in Russia will also be the end of Russia as a state. Fate intended us to witness such a catastrophe, which, better than anything else, will confirm the absolute correctness of our racial theory. ”
"Fate" is not confirmed. And what's more, to whom it was given to see, he saw: The Soviet Union, in a most difficult and deadly dangerous moment for itself, suddenly changed, as it turned out to be the very seemingly already killed historical Russia, mystical Holy Russia ...
It was. So it can happen in the future.
It can happen before our eyes - in the present.
Bismarck knew Russian well. Being the Prussian envoy, he lived in Russia for several years. His teacher, he, the future chancellor of Germany created by him, called the Russian chancellor Gorchakov (a fellow practitioner of Pushkin sent Bismarck's thoughts in the right direction; that's for sure - Pushkin is everywhere with us; truly ours).
Alfred Rosenberg, the Nazi ideologue and in a sense, Hitler's teacher, knew Russian better than Bismarck. He graduated from the institute in Moscow of the 1918 model of the year and, seeing the beginning of the red terror, believed that in the form of a commissar with a black Mauser, death had come to Russia. The fact that Russia goes its confessional way - and this was not in his thoughts.
Militia as an Awakening
On the invasion, the people responded with what they had previously answered - with the militia. It happened in Russia even before the reforms of Princess Olga, and so it happened later. The most memorable to us militias - 1612-th and 1812's. 1941 is the year of this series. Anyone who is ready to assert that the 1941 militia of the year was recruited under duress and in the first rows were “the children of Arbat”, he will sin against the truth. Although the children of Arbat said their heroic word.
Head of Department stories Candidate of Historical Sciences V.K. Ivanov writes: “Considering the process of formation of national militia divisions, one should, first of all, dwell on the principle of voluntariness as the main principle and the most important feature of this process. Unlike the formation of regular military units in the militia, people were not called. On the contrary, there were those who could not be recruited into the army, but sought to take a direct part in the armed struggle against the aggressor. And this voluntariness manifested itself in the first days of the war ... Two hours after the appearance on the radio, V.M. Molotov with a report on the perfidious attack of fascist Germany on the Soviet Union in the military registration and enlistment office of Rostokinsky district were submitted 40 applications from volunteers. During 22 June, more than 2-x thousand applications were received from the communists in the Kiev RK VKP (b). On the same day, 5 of thousands of young men and girls from the Timiryazevsky district submitted applications for sending them to the front. There are quite a few such examples. They testify to the true patriotism of the Soviet people, a sense of personal responsibility for the fate of the country and their hometown ... "
Extremely important was the reaction “from above”. Meeting in the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) on the night of July 2 1941, and radio performance I.V. Stalin 3 July became decisive for the beginning of the formation of militia divisions.
But even before the Kremlin meetings, volunteer units had already begun to form. For example, the Vitebsk Osaviahima battalion was formed on June 27. The conditions under which the formation of the militia took place, documents say. Here is the telegram of the main party functionary of Ukraine from 5 July 1941 of the year.
In Ukraine, 657 fighter battalions are organized, which have 319 machine guns, 34 thousands of rifles, 279 revolvers, 8 thousands of different weapons, including hunting rifles. 1032 vehicles, 4 thousands of bicycles, 2700 feed, 6 thousands of horses are assigned to the fighter battalions.
You can organize in Kiev national militia 50 thousand people, Kharkov - 50 thousand people, Odessa - 40 thousand people, Dnepropetrovsk - 40 thousand people, cities of the Stalin region - 100 thousand people, cities of Voroshilovgrad region - 80 thousand people, Dneprodzerzhinsk and Krivoy Roghe - by 15 thousand people.
There are no weapons for the militias.
I ask your instructions.
Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) of Ukraine Khrushchev.
I ask your instructions.
Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) of Ukraine Khrushchev.
All that ideology of the militia movement, which V. Ivanov speaks of, refers to the militia movement of both Ukraine and Belarus. “On the same days,” writes Ivanov, “in all districts of Moscow, fighter battalions were created on a voluntary basis, into which 12500 people entered. All this suggests that the Muscovites themselves were the initiators of the voluntary, militia movement. The merit of the state, party and Soviet bodies was that, having understood and appreciated the significance of the patriotic rise of the masses, they supported it, translating it into concrete organizational forms. ”
Thread for the Banner of Victory
The history of the Vitebsk People’s Militia, which was one of the first to enter into the toughest battles, is ... The story is heroic Vitebsk could rightfully bear the title Hero City.
The militia consisted of 4 battalions of about two thousand men. 70 percent of the fighters are young ... When they say "young people", speaking of the militia, they have in mind the pre-conscription age of 17-18 years. The remaining 30 percent - the age is already non-appealing, but before 55 years. Of course, we know, there have been age exceptions.
Vitebsk militia, together with the police regiment, participated in the heroic defense of Vitebsk on July 8-11. Minsk has already fallen. The battalion 1-I company of the Pervomaisky district (commander AA Monakhov, Commissioner Nagorny) together with the soldiers of the 153 rifle division kept the sector on the left bank of the Zapadnaya Dvina in the center of the city. They thwarted three attempts of the Nazis to force the river. The battalion of the Zheleznodorozhny District (commander B.K. Semenov, Commissioner Grigoriev) consisted of an 900 man ... Who are these people? Students, teachers, workers of the machine-tool plant and the railway junction ... Not the arrows, say any military man, not fighters. The battalion fought a five-hour battle near Lake Losvido, covering Vitebsk. The Osaviakhima Battalion mentioned earlier (consisted of 450 man, Commander Kleinov, Commissioner Usatenko) on June 9 and on the night of 10 defended the left bank of the Western Dvina, the Germans forced the river on rafts under the cover of fire ...
The surviving militia fighters, who did not join the regular units of the Red Army, will soon be part of the partisan detachments and underground groups.
It was the rage of the people, a feasible response to European military expansion.
The guerrilla movement is essentially a part of the militia movement. We remember that Egorov, one of the soldiers who hoisted the Banner over the ruins of the Reichstag, met the war in their 17 and began to fight in the partisan detachment ... It was in the people's militia that the thread for the Banner of Victory drew up.
If the small town of Vitebsk managed to assemble two thousand militia, then during the defense of Kiev, 300 thousand participated in the people's militia and destructive battalions - young men and women, scientists, teachers, workers, party functionaries, employees ... And the militia were torn and the boys were 15-16 years old, and people are quite old, but feel cheerfulness in the heart. Only from the walls of the famous confectionery factory. Marx in the militia took thousands of people 2,5. (Now this factory is famous for the fact that “during the redistribution” of national property, it was acquired by one of the orange barons, whose Russophobic television channel is the most pro-American poisonous on the territory of present-day Ukraine.)
Marshal I.X. Baghramyan - a famous commander, twice Hero of the Soviet Union - recalled the days of the defense of Kiev. The director of the Kiev confectionery factory was also mentioned (it was about the airborne brigade of Colonel Rodimtsev, who, supported by other units (including the militia), knocked out the fascists from the Goloseevsky forest): “The militiamen astonished us ... poorly trained, unexperienced fighters, and fought heroically . The company of the Moscow district militias under the command of Kuznetsov did not retreat even under the threat of complete encirclement. Machine gun crews suffered great losses, but the weapon did not stop as long as the cartridges remained. Fearlessness and resilience were shown by the militia of the Dzerzhinsky plant and the Karl Marx factory, headed by its directors N.N. Slobodskiy and M.G. Awasafyan ... "
Odessa people's militia entered 55 thousand people, in Sevastopol - 20 thousand. In the Zaporozhye region by the end of July, the militia took up arms - 200 thousands. Kherson militia consisted of 22,5 thousands of fighters, Donbass - 220-and thousands, Nikolaev - 63. Militia divisions were formed in Kremenchug and Poltava. In Dnepropetrovsk and Kharkov - militia corps.
The nazi armies were still victorious, but, in fact, were already doomed ...
In October-November, 1941, when German troops occupied the 27 districts of the Moscow Region, members of the underground, more than 15 thousands of partisans, 337, sabotage and reconnaissance and subversive groups, fought. In defense of Stalingrad, 80 thousands of militias will stand up in their time. Militia Cossack divisions will be formed on the Don and Kuban. In Bashkiria, there are two national cavalry divisions, in Kazakhstan - a rifle volunteer division ... Everyone knows the glory of the Siberian volunteer formations. We also remember that the Urals Volunteer Tank Corps was created on the personal funds of our predecessors ...
In total, according to historians' estimates, at least 4 million people participated in the people's militia and other volunteer formations of the Soviet Union ...
About our song
In the years preceding the destruction of the USSR and all the 20 years that followed, “our” media tried not to recall the heroic militia movement. If they did, it was about the tragedy and unjustifiedness of the victims. But this, of course, is not the whole truth. Can we judge the truth of human destinies and the purpose of God? So judging as narrowed is wrong. It seems that you just need to know that the Truth of the people's militia is the holy truth, an integral part of the great truth of Holy Russia.
Hitler concluded his book “My Struggle” with the thought: “The state that in the era of racial poisoning will devote itself to the improvement of the best racial elements on earth will inevitably take over the whole world sooner or later. Let supporters of our movement never forget this. In the face of this great goal, no sacrifice will seem too great. ”
Hitler fanatically believed that he had grasped the secret of owning the world and had no doubt that with mathematical precision he would inevitably come to what he intended. In essence, he was driven by the very present satanic temptation, the suicidal temptation, which can probably even be called absolute, for the devil of Christ tempted him with the promise of all the kingdoms of the world. The Savior’s recipe is absolute: “Get away from Me, Satan ...” Hitler was not ready for this method of overcoming temptations. Moreover, in his dream of the Millennial Reich, he seemed to want to see himself in the role of holding humanity before the onset of the last act of history, without feeling the evil parody of his position.
The sanctity of Russia manifested itself suddenly and instantly, almost simultaneously with the first 1941 bombing of the year. This fact was even recorded on the pages of two Soviet newspapers, perhaps against the will of some editors. June 24 of the newspaper "Izvestia" and "Krasnaya Zvezda" placed the verses of V.I. Lebedeva-Kumach "Holy War." Composer A.V. Alexandrov very quickly wrote music; On June 26, the great song was first performed at the Belorussky railway station - the “Victory Station” ...
Now, on the facade of the building there is a bas-relief monument to this song, which has become an anthem of the people's will, strength and holiness.
The conductor's stick shot up, and we hear ... buzzing in your ears ...
Get up, the country is huge,
Get up to mortal combat ...
Let the rage be noble
Boils like a wave, -
There is a people's war,
- Oleg Slepynin
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