New industrialization of Russia is a matter of survival. In the context of the global systemic crisis, which grows through the ulcers of regional and local wars, only the new industrialization will allow the Russian Federation to survive and make a breakthrough in the future.
The raw material model that prevails in today's Russia is a guaranteed defeat of Russia in the raging sea of the global crisis and, apparently, a new disintegration of statehood and the elimination of Russian civilization from a number of global players. There will be new industrialization, science and education will begin to rise, the defense potential will be preserved and improved, the people will retain the skills of creation and production.
According to Izvestia, the Russian government plans to go to the calculation of indicators of socio-economic development for the long term. An action plan for Russia to achieve its targets will be for the 5-year period. According to a high-ranking government source, this plan will be considered in the Russian government and approved by a special decree. The first plan for the economic and social development of the Russian Federation is planned to be submitted to the head of state in the current month. A plan to achieve certain targets will be prepared for industry, social services, transport and other industries. Every six months, government meetings will be held to discuss issues related to the implementation of the approved plan.
Source Izvestia noted that the question of eliminating the dependence of the economy and the budget of the Russian Federation on the prices of hydrocarbons (oil and gas) has been standing for a long time. Many people understand that it is necessary to develop industry, engineering, high technologies. In principle, it is necessary to do what was successfully done in the Soviet Union. And for this it is necessary to set and carry out tasks for a certain period of time - the "five-year plan."
Russian President 1 July signed the law "On Strategic Planning", in which the concept of planning economic and social development for a long period fits. The main idea of strategic planning is the formation of a legal framework for the development, creation and operation of a comprehensive planning system for the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, which will allow to solve the tasks of growth of the Russian economy, state security and increase the welfare of citizens. Recently, the need for such a system has greatly increased, since decisions in the defense, socio-economic, and technological spheres have a strategic character.
True, a spokesman for the head of the Russian government, Dmitry Medvedev, Natalia Timakova, denied the press report about the introduction of the "five-year plans" in Russia. “There are no plans for the transition to the five-year plan in the government, it is fiction,” said Timakova.
However, this message enabled the expert community to return again to the question of the vital necessity of accelerated new industrialization for the country. Experts believe that the new industrialization for Russia is the primary issue that is associated with the future position of Russia in the world.
Most analysts agree that economic development planning is a move in the right direction. With good organization of this business, the economy is waiting for rapid growth. The five-year plan allows us to predict the economic development of the country, to prevent dangerous situations. It is obvious that the successful Soviet experience (Gosplan since I. Stalin contributed to the development of the economy of the state) is not exhausted and is not outdated. With some improvement, this experience will allow the country to solve a number of important tasks in the sphere of defense, economy, science, education and society.
The experience of the Stalinist empire contains points of growth for the future, and not only Russia. No wonder China is paying a lot of attention to studying the Stalin era, especially in the economic sphere. The western world also studied in the Soviet five-year plans. In any large western and eastern enterprise, in TNCs, planning is used and applied very widely. We also need to carefully study this experience, which allowed in the shortest possible time to turn Soviet Russia into a superpower, to survive and win in a fight with almost all of Europe led by Germany, and in just a few years to recover and continue its rapid growth. It is necessary to take models of the Stalinist USSR and understand that Soviet Russia has far from exhausted its take-off opportunities. Certain stagnation and degradation of the epoch of Khrushchev, Brezhnev and later times is connected not with the problems of planning, but with its content. The extent to which it corresponds to the tasks of the development of society, the extent to which it sets the right goals, and the use of the resources of the country
The same problem stands now. Many experts point out that the Soviet experience can help the Russian Federation, and the idea of the “five-year plans” is correct. However, given the liberal course of our government, which continues to introduce Western standards in Russia, any plan will be extremely difficult or even impossible to fulfill. Liberal economy remains a “sacred cow” for Russian economists and financiers. Therefore, before proceeding to strategic planning, it is necessary to break the liberal concept. This is task number XXUMX for the supreme power of Russia. In essence, Russia needs a "revolution from above" and "nationalization of the elite." Only after solving this task will it be possible to realize the right plans for the “modernization” of the country, the introduction of strategic planning in the economic sphere.
Как said Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Institute for Demography, Migration and Regional Development Yuri Krupnov, in order to proceed to planning, it is necessary to solve the problem of preliminary design. Over the years since the collapse of the USSR, "reforms", "modernization" and "optimization" in the country have destroyed the applied science, "killed" all the research institutes and the institute of general designers. The stratum of specialists who determined what needs to be included in the State Planning Committee, what will develop and “feed” the country, was destroyed as a class.
To organize a five-year plan, it is necessary to prepare a legislative base, draw up a strategic plan with decrees and laws. Then go to the design of the State Planning Committee, which can prepare the existing ministry, department and the new structure. When planning it is necessary to build on the objective tasks of the state and society. Create general schemes for the growth of the population of the country and its resettlement, for the electric power industry, transport, distribution of productive forces and so on. This will create a basis for decision-making at the federal and regional levels.
The current officials are simply not able to solve such problems. So, Delyagin noted that strategic forecasting and planning is very different from the usual planning. In his opinion, the Russian leadership “is fundamentally unable to do this, and is not doing anything to prepare appropriate personnel. Nothing is being done to prepare the organizational structures that will deal with this. ”
Everything rests on the political will of the top leadership of the country. The question is whether the Kremlin is ready to go for a "revolution from above," a change of the liberal concept and the "nationalization of the elite." If this happens, strategic planning will become a reality, rather than beautiful words.