Military Review

American experts have identified the capabilities of the Chinese carrier-based fighter J-15 and did not rule out the appearance of the twin-engine deck-mounted J-10

American experts have identified the capabilities of the Chinese carrier-based fighter J-15 and did not rule out the appearance of the twin-engine deck-mounted J-10

United States Naval College Associate Professor Andrew Erickson and security expert Gabe Collins published an article analyzing the capabilities of the Chinese J-15 Flying Shark carrier-based fighter, the first official photos of which appeared 24 in April of this year. The plane was photographed at the plant's airfield No. XXUMX of the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (translation is given with abbreviations).

J-15 was created on the basis of the Russian carrier-based Su-33 combat aircraft, but has more advanced avionics, reduced vertical tail, elevation, and more powerful chassis. The absence of a second cockpit on an aircraft may mean that the aircraft’s on-board equipment is fairly modern, integrated and automated (the electronics may be largely similar to those installed on the J-11B, which in turn is a compilation of the Su-27SK). In addition, the second cabin can cause great aerodynamic resistance during take-off from the springboard. The first prototype was assembled in the 2008 year, the first flight was 31 August 2009, the first take-off from the ground springboard was dated 6 May 2010 (Yanlian air base, Shaanxi province).

The combat capabilities of the aircraft will be limited by a springboard take-off and the absence of deck-based tanker aircraft. To increase the combat radius of these aircraft will depend on land-based air tankers. The normal take-off weight of the aircraft can be comparable to the same parameter of the F-14 Tomcat fighter aircraft, which was deactivated by the US Navy. The capabilities of J-15 will increase significantly if it is equipped with a radar with active phased array, which will allow it to conduct a more secretive flight, fight low-flying cruise missiles and have a great potential for EW.

Airplane glider holds a large amount of fuel. Even during a springboard take-off, the aircraft can have a 700 km combat radius, and the PL-12 air combat missiles can increase its strike range by another 100 km. In close combat, a fighter can also be a very dangerous enemy, given the low unit load on the wing and high thrust-to-weight ratio.

But still, the springboard takeoff will significantly limit its capabilities. Taking off from the springboard introduces significant restrictions on building up the maximum take-off mass. In addition, the springboard does not allow the use of DRLO aircraft, limited to helicopters of such purpose, which have significantly less potential. As mentioned above, there are also no tanker aircraft. Even if China adopts three aircraft carriers with a springboard launch of aircraft, the aircraft groups of aircraft carriers will significantly depend on the interaction with the ground-based air forces - AEW and air tankers. For these reasons, the first generation of Chinese aircraft carriers cannot pose a serious threat to the US Navy.

Questions and problems

1) Develop an aircraft ejection system. Springboard requires a reduction in fuel mass and combat load. China faces a shortage of air tankers, especially considering the problems that arise when purchasing Russian-made Il-78 tankers, which are used to refuel the Su family, on the basis of which J-15 was created.

2) Strengthen the chassis of the aircraft, which should compensate for the hard landing, otherwise it can lead to great damage on the deck of the aircraft carrier. The heavier the car, the greater the load on the glider.

3) It is necessary to create a deck-based AWACS aircraft, similar to the E-2 Hawkeye, used on American and French aircraft carriers.

4) China needs to create promising long-range air-based and long-range air-to-air missiles to compensate for the limited radius of deck-based aircraft taking off from the springboard. For example, to create rockets with a range of 300 km - UR classes K-100 Novator or P-37 Pennant, supersonic KP Bramos.

5) If China does not want to depend on Russia in the production of deck fighters, it must start mass production of its own WS-10 engine, and for this it is necessary to solve the problems with the safety of the RDDF. Many analysts believe that the J-15 prototype is equipped with Russian AL-31F engines. China has the potential to modernize and overhaul them.

6) It is realistic to expect the creation of a modification of the thrust vectoring engine. It may be that work will be done to reduce the EPR of the aircraft by changing the design of air intakes and other systems. Most likely, over the next five years, the aircraft’s avionics will be upgraded.

7) How many PLA Navy J-15 have plans to purchase? It is believed that at first only helicopters will be based on the Chinese aircraft carrier.

8) It will be interesting to see if the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group creates the deck version of the J-10 fighter as an addition to the J-15. Rumors about the creation of the deck version of the aircraft have been circulating on the Chinese Internet for several years, but so far there is no concrete evidence of this work. Delta-wing aircraft can be operated from the deck of aircraft carriers, but they require substantial structural reinforcement. Perhaps when China creates an ejection launch system, such an aircraft will be created. A good example is the French fighter Rafale C, which has both ground and deck versions. A two-engine deck version of the J-10, equipped with Russian RD-33 engines or Chinese WS-13, can be created. These engines are mounted on the export fighter FC-1 / JF-17. The aerodynamic characteristics of such an aircraft are likely to be close to the parameters of the Rafale.

Thus, the creation of J-15 should not be seen as aimed at solving specific goals, but rather as part of the long-term development plan of the Chinese Navy, which seeks to create more reliable opportunities in the long term.
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  1. The Soviet
    The Soviet 29 June 2011 08: 27 New
    They would cooperate honestly ..... long ago they would have had their own modern engine ... otherwise they steal and steal all the time ..
    1. Krilion
      Krilion 2 November 2011 04: 06 New
      How can honestly cooperate with one of the most likely opponents?
      1. plotnikov561956
        plotnikov561956 19 February 2012 10: 04 New
        In the Far East and Eastern Siberia, migration expansion is observed, while the indigenous population travels to the western regions
        The colonial policy in relation to these areas has not changed radically since the time of Soviet power. There is a need to give due progress, but this is a drop in the ocean It is necessary that the power of Russia grows with Siberia. And not the power of China ...
  2. Stavr
    Stavr 29 June 2011 14: 37 New
    We are trying to cooperate with America honestly and they are ready to put all their latest technologies in our pocket for a gift. Already so many "imposed" that "we do not have time to master"! If we did not steal the secrets of creating the atomic bomb in due time, what would become of us all now? They would be ten years late with its creation and get a radioactive desert, instead of forests, fields and rivers.
    There is no honest cooperation in military technology! Only mutual political interests can bring them closer in this matter. And we, thanks to our "smart" rulers, remained alone in the world, leaving and betraying all the friends that the Soviet Union had. Moreover, now we criticize him for the fact that he collapsed because of the too exorbitant support of his "friends".
    1. His
      His 29 June 2011 14: 51 New
  3. The Soviet
    The Soviet 29 June 2011 17: 53 New
    The USSR created an atomic bomb on its own .... and this is a fact, but the fact that it was stolen from the Americans was not of special use
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 18 October 2011 23: 08 New
      What are you talking about, if you hadn’t done it, then you would have to develop a bomb in such a difficult time for a couple of years
  4. orth
    orth 29 June 2011 19: 48 New
    >>> Do not steal in due time the secrets of the atomic bomb ... <<

    They knew how to make a bomb for a long time, work was carried out almost from the beginning of the 20s, only experimental data were lacking - we actually fought, in contrast to them, - therefore we "stole" the details of the necessary experiments, which did not have enough time ... A delay of one or two years could be fatal. So we created the bomb on our own, the necessary potential was already prepared by the end of the war.
    1. His
      His 29 June 2011 19: 49 New
      I agree. But the satellite and man into space, we really first launched
  5. Kilmore
    Kilmore 30 June 2011 07: 36 New
    And the glider is almost one to one with the Su-27 licked ... and our engines are standing. The Chinese, of course, are well done in many respects, but they have problems with unique developments.
  6. L. konstantin
    L. konstantin 20 October 2011 02: 54 New
    correct with su -33 mucus.
  7. plotnikov561956
    plotnikov561956 19 February 2012 09: 45 New
    We can polemize over friendship with China for a long time, for sure, one number of friends and enemies of Russia is directly dependent on its military and economic power. We all know that due to the geographical situation by the availability of natural resources, we will never suffer from the absence of enemies. It is necessary to make full use of the positive potential expressed in the mentality of all the peoples of Russia
    Russia really did not conquer, but defended the right to be a Great Power,
    The screeching and howling of various hyenas, moseks. Jackals once again confirm the correctness of the current course.